Fractures   Presentation For Chapter 4
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Fractures Presentation For Chapter 4

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Fractures   Presentation For Chapter 4 Fractures Presentation For Chapter 4 Presentation Transcript

  • By Michal Peters Bio-120 Presentation Chpt. 4
  • What is a Bone Fracture?
    • “ A bone fracture is a medical condition in which there is a
    • break in the continuity of the bone. A bone fracture can be the
    • result of high force impact or stress, or trivial injury as a
    • result of certain medical conditions that weaken the bones, such as osteoporosis, and bone cancer .”
  • Types of Fracture ** Those highlighted in red will be discussed in this presentation
    • Simple
    • Colles’
    • Comminuted
    • Compound
    • Compression
    • Greenstick
    • Impacted
    • Oblique
    • Pathologic
    • Spiral
    • Stress
    • Transverse
  • Comminuted Fracture
    • A fracture in which the bone involved in the fracture is broken into several pieces.
    • At least three separate pieces of bone must be present in order to be classified as comminuted.
    • Often involves crushing or splintering of the bone and can occur anywhere along the length of the bone.
    • Most common in elderly people or people that have certain conditions that weaken the bone.
    • Can also occur as result of a severe trauma such as a car accident or a severe fall.
    • Patient will experience extreme pain, possibly causing person to pass out at the time of break.
    • Usually easy to diagnose with an x-ray.
  • Comminuted Fracture
  • Spiral Fracture
    • A type of bone fracture that is caused by a twisting force.
    • Difficult to treat, often requiring months in a cast and possible surgery.
    • Diagnosed by x-ray and examination.
    • Famous for playing a part in the detection of abuse, especially in children.
  • Compound Fracture
    • Also known as an Open Fracture
    • Fracture in which the broken bone pierces through the skin.
    • Usually needs immediate surgical treatment for best healing.
    • If left untreated, bacteria can enter the wound and cause infection.
    • Length of healing is typically at least 2 months or more depending on the severity of the break and surgery.
  • Signs and Symptoms of Fracture
    • Signs and symptoms of fracture can vary depending on both the
    • individual and the type of fracture. Some general signs and
    • symptoms of fracture include:
    • Local Pain
    • Local Swelling
    • Discoloration
    • Deformity/Dislocation
    • Inability to apply pressure
    • Low pulse below fracture
    • Possible nerve damage (numbness/paralysis)
  • Types of Treatment for Fracture
    • Splinting
    • Plaster Cast
    • Surgery
    • Traction
    • Metal Supports (screws, rods, plates, etc.)
    • Reduction of fracture (aligning of broken ends of bone)
    • Rehabilitation
    • Physiotherapy