Fractures Presentation For Chapter 4

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Fractures Presentation For Chapter 4

  1. 1. By Michal Peters Bio-120 Presentation Chpt. 4
  2. 2. What is a Bone Fracture? <ul><li>“ A bone fracture is a medical condition in which there is a </li></ul><ul><li>break in the continuity of the bone. A bone fracture can be the </li></ul><ul><li>result of high force impact or stress, or trivial injury as a </li></ul><ul><li>result of certain medical conditions that weaken the bones, such as osteoporosis, and bone cancer .” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Fracture ** Those highlighted in red will be discussed in this presentation <ul><li>Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Colles’ </li></ul><ul><li>Comminuted </li></ul><ul><li>Compound </li></ul><ul><li>Compression </li></ul><ul><li>Greenstick </li></ul><ul><li>Impacted </li></ul><ul><li>Oblique </li></ul><ul><li>Pathologic </li></ul><ul><li>Spiral </li></ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Transverse </li></ul>
  4. 4. Comminuted Fracture <ul><li>A fracture in which the bone involved in the fracture is broken into several pieces. </li></ul><ul><li>At least three separate pieces of bone must be present in order to be classified as comminuted. </li></ul><ul><li>Often involves crushing or splintering of the bone and can occur anywhere along the length of the bone. </li></ul><ul><li>Most common in elderly people or people that have certain conditions that weaken the bone. </li></ul><ul><li>Can also occur as result of a severe trauma such as a car accident or a severe fall. </li></ul><ul><li>Patient will experience extreme pain, possibly causing person to pass out at the time of break. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually easy to diagnose with an x-ray. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Comminuted Fracture
  6. 6. Spiral Fracture <ul><li>A type of bone fracture that is caused by a twisting force. </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to treat, often requiring months in a cast and possible surgery. </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosed by x-ray and examination. </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for playing a part in the detection of abuse, especially in children. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Compound Fracture <ul><li>Also known as an Open Fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Fracture in which the broken bone pierces through the skin. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually needs immediate surgical treatment for best healing. </li></ul><ul><li>If left untreated, bacteria can enter the wound and cause infection. </li></ul><ul><li>Length of healing is typically at least 2 months or more depending on the severity of the break and surgery. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Signs and Symptoms of Fracture <ul><li>Signs and symptoms of fracture can vary depending on both the </li></ul><ul><li>individual and the type of fracture. Some general signs and </li></ul><ul><li>symptoms of fracture include: </li></ul><ul><li>Local Pain </li></ul><ul><li>Local Swelling </li></ul><ul><li>Discoloration </li></ul><ul><li>Deformity/Dislocation </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to apply pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Low pulse below fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Possible nerve damage (numbness/paralysis) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Types of Treatment for Fracture <ul><li>Splinting </li></ul><ul><li>Plaster Cast </li></ul><ul><li>Surgery </li></ul><ul><li>Traction </li></ul><ul><li>Metal Supports (screws, rods, plates, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of fracture (aligning of broken ends of bone) </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>Physiotherapy </li></ul>

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