O Habermas defined the public sphere as being "made up of private people gathered together as a public and articulating the needs of society with the state" (1991).
O Through acts of assembly and dialogue, the public sphere generates opinions and attitudes which serve to affirm or challenge--therefore, to guide-- the affairs of state. In ideal terms, the public sphere is the source of public opinion needed to "legitimate authority in any functioning democracy" (Rutherford, 2000).
O Discussion O What do you think are examples of the public sphere? O Is there a private sphere, and if so what are some examples and how are the two related?
O Habermas did define the public sphere as a virtual or imaginary community which does not necessarily exist in any identifiable space.
O DeLuca and Peeples look at the transitioning of the concept of public sphere with the onset of new media. The transition is that public opinion is formed out of a new, pseudo- physical “public screen.” They talk about how the way information is shared nowadays, that you can’t really distinguish between public and private spheres. The separation between public and private is slimmer because of the mobility of our technology, as you can carry the “screens” with you. This new way of information transfer is based around the inception of new media.
O Discussion O What are the implications of a blurred line between (or an overlap of) the private and public spheres? O WWCBS?