Challenges & Opportunities in Rural Planning Michael Stumpf, AICP, CEcD R.A. Smith & Associates, Inc.
A Quick Overview
Population Decline <ul><li>Losing people </li></ul><ul><li>Losing jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Aging population </li></ul><ul><l...
Population Growth <ul><li>Regional services </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Retirement </li></ul>Hays, Kans...
Growth Magnets <ul><li>Higher education </li></ul><ul><li>Federal labs or installations </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></u...
Oil and Gas Exploration <ul><li>Boom and bust cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Transient worker needs </li></ul><ul><li>Environmen...
Biotechnology – Corn Refining <ul><li>Growing demand for biofuels </li></ul><ul><li>High corn prices </li></ul><ul><li>Spi...
Wind Energy <ul><li>Nearly cost competitive </li></ul><ul><li>Wind is a fixed resource </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission requ...
Railroads Laramie, Wyoming Alliance, Nebraska Huron, South Dakota <ul><li>- Congested ports </li></ul><ul><li>Track utiliz...
Manufacturing <ul><li>Access to markets </li></ul><ul><li>Access to labor </li></ul><ul><li>Low wage, low skill jobs </li>...
Retailing Wal-Mart on the Plains 312 stores in region 60 rural counties – 19% 99 micropolitan – 32% 153 metropolitan – 49%...
Tourism <ul><li>Character </li></ul><ul><li>Congestion </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of living </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li><...
Agriculture <ul><li>Consolidation and corporate farming </li></ul><ul><li>Crop Reserve Program </li></ul><ul><li>Support s...
Cattle Range <ul><li>Environmental degradation </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition and livelihood </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation  </...
Housing <ul><li>Too few buyers </li></ul><ul><li>Construction and renovation dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate infrast...
Immigration <ul><li>Hispanic immigration </li></ul><ul><li>Courting immigrants </li></ul>Lexington, Nebraska Ulysses, Kans...
Conflict <ul><li>Natives </li></ul><ul><li>Old-timer and new-comer expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Property rights </li></u...
Planning in Rural Places
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Planning & Development Issues In Rural America

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Presentation to the University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee on issues in rural community development.

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Planning & Development Issues In Rural America

  1. 1. Challenges & Opportunities in Rural Planning Michael Stumpf, AICP, CEcD R.A. Smith & Associates, Inc.
  2. 2. A Quick Overview
  3. 3. Population Decline <ul><li>Losing people </li></ul><ul><li>Losing jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Aging population </li></ul><ul><li>Losing services and resources </li></ul><ul><li>Health care and hospitals </li></ul>Almost every small town on the plains
  4. 4. Population Growth <ul><li>Regional services </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Retirement </li></ul>Hays, Kansas Mitchell, South Dakota Scottsbluff, Nebraska Dickinson, North Dakota
  5. 5. Growth Magnets <ul><li>Higher education </li></ul><ul><li>Federal labs or installations </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></ul>Billings, Montana Manhattan, Kansas Black Hills area, South Dakota
  6. 6. Oil and Gas Exploration <ul><li>Boom and bust cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Transient worker needs </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental issues </li></ul>Montana North Dakota South Dakota Wyoming Nebraska Kansas Colorado Utah
  7. 7. Biotechnology – Corn Refining <ul><li>Growing demand for biofuels </li></ul><ul><li>High corn prices </li></ul><ul><li>Spin-off industry (meat to plastics) </li></ul><ul><li>Energy, trucking, railroads </li></ul><ul><li>Attracting employees </li></ul><ul><li>Overbuilding? </li></ul><ul><li>Changing technology </li></ul>The Corn Belt: Iowa, Illinois, Indiana Also: South Dakota, Nebraska, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Missouri, Kansas
  8. 8. Wind Energy <ul><li>Nearly cost competitive </li></ul><ul><li>Wind is a fixed resource </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Bird blenders </li></ul><ul><li>Neighbors’ objections </li></ul>Colorado Wyoming South Dakota Iowa Kansas
  9. 9. Railroads Laramie, Wyoming Alliance, Nebraska Huron, South Dakota <ul><li>- Congested ports </li></ul><ul><li>Track utilization </li></ul><ul><li>Car shortage </li></ul>
  10. 10. Manufacturing <ul><li>Access to markets </li></ul><ul><li>Access to labor </li></ul><ul><li>Low wage, low skill jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Overseas competition </li></ul><ul><li>Some stand-outs </li></ul>Fort Dodge, Iowa Sidney, Nebraska Brookings, South Dakota Idaho Falls, Idaho
  11. 11. Retailing Wal-Mart on the Plains 312 stores in region 60 rural counties – 19% 99 micropolitan – 32% 153 metropolitan – 49% 207 competitors (Shopko, Target, Kmart)
  12. 12. Tourism <ul><li>Character </li></ul><ul><li>Congestion </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of living </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul>Colorado mountain towns
  13. 13. Agriculture <ul><li>Consolidation and corporate farming </li></ul><ul><li>Crop Reserve Program </li></ul><ul><li>Support services </li></ul><ul><li>Agri-tourism </li></ul>
  14. 14. Cattle Range <ul><li>Environmental degradation </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition and livelihood </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation </li></ul>Colorado Utah Wyoming
  15. 15. Housing <ul><li>Too few buyers </li></ul><ul><li>Construction and renovation dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>“ Free lot” strategy </li></ul>
  16. 16. Immigration <ul><li>Hispanic immigration </li></ul><ul><li>Courting immigrants </li></ul>Lexington, Nebraska Ulysses, Kansas Fargo, North Dakota
  17. 17. Conflict <ul><li>Natives </li></ul><ul><li>Old-timer and new-comer expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Property rights </li></ul><ul><li>Social change and power shifts </li></ul>
  18. 18. Planning in Rural Places
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