PLAY‘Play is a spontaneous, enjoyable, child-like activity’
Play• Lesson Objectives:1 To understand the Characteristics of Play2 To understand the values of Play3 To explain the difference between children at play and adults at Play
Characteristics of Play• Fun and Enjoyable• Non serious• Intrinsic Value• No tangible rewards• Spontaneous• Time decided by agreement / No set time• ‘Rules’ are changeable / equipment is improvised / no officials• Standard is not important / low skill• Learning experience
So simply put…..• Fun and Enjoyable- when they stop so does play• Non serious- there is no competition or clear outcome• Intrinsic Value- it is fun!!!!!!!!• No tangible rewards- you do not win anything as such!• Spontaneous- it just happens• Time decided by agreement / No set time-• ‘Rules’ are changeable / equipment is improvised / no officials• Standard is not important / low skill• Learning experience
Exam notes…….The characteristics of play are grouped…..if you give one answer from a group youcannot give another!1 Fun and Enjoyable Non serious / Non competitive / No clear outcome Intrinsic Value2 No tangible rewards3 Spontaneous / low organisation / unplanned4 Time decided by agreement / No set time (Time and space are freely decided and can change at any time)5 Space/Place decided by participants / no set boundaries6 ‘Rules’ are changeable / equipment is improvised / no officials / no fixed numbers (Few pre determined rules- any rules are fluid and are freely accepted, but there are basic rules)7 Standard is not important / low skill8 Learning experience / physical / social / moral / environmental / cognitive skills learned / escape reality / master reality
Adults also??? Children Adults Adults play - Mimics the real world - Increases the mastery of - Tries to escape from the real world reality - Tries to escape from the also, but for - Learning to cope with emotions (cathartic pressures and stress of everyday life- function) escape from reality different - Release surplus energy (e.g. play time at - Release of emotions (cathartic function) school) - Refreshing and relaxing reasons to - Opportunity for experimentation - leads to relationships and friends Exam tip: if - Learning experience - self expression asked to children e.g. socialising and co operation discuss - Self realisation (learning differences about ones self) always - The child can learn to perform with compare i.e. success in a safe children use environment - The child copies, play pretends, practises as….whereas being an adult adults…
Homework: Answer the following exam questions 4.Using hide and seek as an example, give four characteristics of play (4 marks) 2. Both children and adults partake in play. Give three differences between children and adults in relation to play (3 marks)
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