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Lift+fing 09 Michael Shiloh slides with notes

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  • 1. Changing Things 2: Fab Labs, decentralized design, and production of material products Michael Shiloh Teach me to make michael@teachmetomake.com
  • 2. Overview I Introduction and Openmoko background II Decentralized design III What methods and equipment are available IV Limitations V Ethics and psychology VI Education
  • 3. Background Hardware Embedded computers and embedded software (Wind River Systems) Various professional and kinetic art projects (SRL, etc.) Openmoko: Community manager and advocate, communications(public speaking, wiki, FAQ, etc.) Teach me to make: Teaching art and technology via hands-on tinkering workshops Introduce myself Background (engineering, wind river, openmoko, teach me to make) Art Building things all my life What I do for Openmoko Teach Me To Make
  • 4. Openmoko ● OPen source MObile Computing platform ● More than a phone ● “Killer Application” is that community will determine what it is ● All open: software, hardware, and mechanical ● Ubiquitous computing device? Openmoko: completely open cell phone project Community: participate in discussions and involved in design decisions. Open to anyone
  • 5. What came out of Openmoko Oxford Archeology Sureda Bike? Openmocast Robotic helicoptor? Projects - track field notes, photographs, and GPS data - CAD files for OpenMoko plastic components so others can modify - Bike computer
  • 6. Where is Openmoko now "… we've decided … to turn the future of the Freerunner over to the community. "… [community has] started redesigning the Freerunner hardware ... using only Free Software tools. “all the design information will be handed over to the community along with openmoko.org (Wiki, GIT, Trac, Planet, …) "Openmoko Inc. will ... continue to fund ... server infrastructure … components to build prototypes - Sean Moss-Pultz, Openmoko CEO, 6/2/2009 FIC has stopped funding OpenMoko, so Sean turned over entire project to the community
  • 7. Overview I Introduction and Openmoko background II Decentralized design III What methods and equipment are available IV Limitations V Ethics and psychology VI Education What did we learn from OpenMoko about decentralized design and working with an online community?
  • 8. Decentralized design tools “... the design effort can be shared collaboratively “... currently controlled at several points by closed proprietary systems. “... the mission is opening the design process to allow for collaborative open source hardware development. - Steve Mosher, Openmoko VP Marketing, 6/10/09
  • 9. Decentralized design goals “The key breakthrough Openmoko achieved in my mind was to kickstart a collaborative way to develop consumer electronics. - Wolfgang Spraul, VP Openmoko engineering, 6/9/09
  • 10. Overview I Introduction and Openmoko background II Decentralized design III What methods and equipment are available IV Limitations V Ethics and psychology VI Education OpenMoko preceeded many manufacturing techniques that are just now starting to become viable
  • 11. Methods and equipment: Services ●Protomold: “From 3D CAD to injection molded plastic parts as fast as the next day” ●Firstcut: “CNC machined plastic parts at least as fast as additive rapid prototypes” ●Low volume printed circuit board services with free CAD software (PCBExpress, etc.)
  • 12. Methods and equipment: Tools for small factories and workshops ●Lower priced industrial machines accessible to smaller workshops ●3D printers (Z-corp, Dimension, etc.) ($20K, $30K) ●Laser cutters (Laser-pro, Epilog, etc.) ●Omax 55100 waterjet, work area about 1.4 m x 2.5 m, water pressure about 50K PSI, about $240K (video) Smaller companies, and in some cases individuals, can afford machines that once only large companies could afford.
  • 13. Software ●Low volume printed circuit board services with free CAD software ●Inexpensive or free versions of commercial CAD software although (e.g. Eagle) ●Free Open-Source Software (FOSS) CAD (both mechanical and electronic) “on the verge of being very good” Explosion of FOSS options
  • 14. DIY ●RepRap: Open Source plans for 3D printer that makes copies of itself (video at 1:00) ●CandyFab: “The revolution will be caramelized” ●Makerbot: 3D printer kit for $750 ●Thingiverse: Open source library of ready-to-make CAD files (somewhat like free clip art) ●Favorite: Theo Jansen inspired robot And a renewed interest in DIY
  • 15. Overview I Introduction and Openmoko background II Decentralized design III What methods and equipment are available IV Limitations V Ethics and psychology VI Education
  • 16. Limitations ● Software is free to reproduce, physical objects are not ● Software programs are based on text; no similar language for schematics and other CAD (yet) ● Consumer electronics is based on mass production: Will small volume production be able to compete? ● Parts not available in small quaitities ● But e.g. Surface Mount Technology: developed for mass production and robotic pick-and-place systems, but hackers are doing SMT in toaster ovens
  • 17. Overview I Introduction and Openmoko background II Decentralized design III What methods and equipment are available IV Limitations V Ethics and psychology VI Education
  • 18. Ethics ●We can choose what to make: consumerism no longer an issue if high volume not issue ●Environmental responsibility: mixing plastics, toxicity of components ●Designed to be repairable ●Designed to be hacked: when main function has expired, or never to be used as intended even right from the start ●Ownership of design, copyright, attribution, respect Mass production no longer absolute requirement Easier to recycle if we can know what's in a product Make what we need, instead of buying something that does much more than we need
  • 19. Psychology ●Our relationship to devices we have modified, designed, and/or created ●Ownership of design, copyright, attribution, respect ●Line between art and industrial design gets blurred Parents keep objects their children have made Gifts are more valued when handmade than store bought Clearly being part of creative items is important to us
  • 20. Overview I Introduction and Openmoko background II Decentralized design III What methods and equipment are available IV Limitations V Ethics and psychology VI Education Open designs can be studied by students FOSS brings access to the necessary tools (for software at least) to anyone
  • 21. Education ● How do we further this? ● What values do we pass on to children? ● The way people think about objects (“I didn't know you could make that, I thought you had to buy it”) ● Tinkering; taking things apart; repurposing If we are part of building something, we are less afraid to take it apart to repair or explore