Instructional Design

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Instructional Design

  1. 1. Instructional Design(alsocalledInstructionalSystemsDesign(ISD)) isthe practice of maximizingthe effectiveness,efficiencyandappeal of instruction andotherlearningexperiences. The processconsistsbroadlyof determiningthe currentstate andneedsof the learner,definingthe end goal of instruction,andcreatingsome "intervention"toassistinthe transition.Ideallythe processis informedbypedagogicallyandandragogically(adultlearning) testedtheoriesof learningandmaytake place instudent-only,teacher-ledorcommunity-basedsettings.The outcome of thisinstructionmaybe directlyobservable andscientificallymeasuredorcompletelyhiddenandassumed.There are many instructional designmodelsbutmanyare basedon the ADDIE model withthe phasesanalysis,design, development,implementation,andevaluation.Asafield,instructional designishistoricallyand traditionallyrooted incognitiveandbehavioralpsychology.

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