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Lecture graphic organizer

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  • 1. Your Name______________________ Block___________________Quiz Partner___________________ 1. Cell Theory 1. All ________________________ are composed of _________________________ 2. _______________________ are the smallest _________________ things. 3. Cell arise only from pre-_______________________ cells. 2. Cell Wall Structure Rigid ______________________ layer of ______________________ cell Made of ________________________ It is ____________________________ 3. Common Cell Traits Cells come in different _______________________ and ______________________. All cells have a _________________ _______________________ which is an outer covering that controls what comes into and out of a cell. All cells have a ________________________ which is a _________________ like material. 4.Plasma Membrane Structure Thin ____________ ______________________ membrane. Consists of _______________________ and ______________________________. Function Regulates and Controls __________________________ of substance ____________ and ____________ ofcell.
  • 2. Your Name______________________ Block___________________Quiz Partner___________________ 5. Cytoplasm Structure Jelly-like liquid Function Place for biochemical reactions 6. Organellesin the cytoplasm ___________________ are cell structures within the cell which carry out specific functions. Examples include the Nucleus, Mitochondria, Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER), Golgi bodies, Chloroplasts, Vacuoles, lysosomes and more. 7. Nucleus of a cell The_______________________ is the control center of the cell because it holds ______________________ material which tells the cell what to do. It is protected by a membrane called the _______________________ ________________________ The ______________________________ is inside the nucleus and this is where ___________________ are made. 8. Nucleus of a cell (continued) It is spherical It stores genetic material. _____________ is organized with __________________ to form _________________ Function: __________________ all __________________ of the cell.
  • 3. Your Name______________________ Block___________________Quiz Partner___________________ 9. Ribosomes _______________________________ are very small grain-like structures that function as factories to _______________________________ ________________________________ They may be attached to the _______________________ ______________________ or they may ______________________ in the cytoplasm. 10. Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) The __________________________________________ is a series of folded membranes or passageways that carry __________________________ , lipids and other __________________ from one part of the cell to another. It may be rough or smooth. The _____________________ has no attached _______________________. The rough ER has attached ribosomes. 11. Rough ER Structure Membranes that create a __________________________ of ___________________________ throughout the cytoplasm Attachment of _______________________ to the membrane gives a ___________________appearance Functions Synthesis of ______________________ to be ______________________ or sent to ________________________ or ____________________ ___________________________________. (Secreted= leaves the cell) 12. Smooth ER Relatively ___________ ribosomes attached. Functions 1) Synthesis of ________________________ ________________________ 2) Detoxification of drugs
  • 4. Your Name______________________ Block___________________Quiz Partner___________________ 13. Golgi Bodies The _______________ bodies are stacked, flattened membranes which receive _________________ and other newly formed materials from the ___________. The Golgi then ___________________ and _____________________ the proteins to other parts of the cell. Golgi bodies are like ____________. 14. More on Golgi Proteins enter and exit Golgi in vesicles. The picture shows a vesicle that is being ____________ off the Golgi. 15. Transport of proteins. Proteins are made by _____________________Newly made proteins move from the ___________ to the Golgi in _____________________ vesicles. Sorted proteins that will leave the cell travel in _______________________ _________________ to the plasma ________________________. 16. Lysosomes _________________________ are small round structure containing chemicals that ________________ __________________ certain materials in the cell. Lysosomes are the cell’s _______________________ ____________________ 17. More on Lysosomes Membrane bound organelles Contain digestive _________________________ to ______________________ _________________________ _________________________________________________ Lysosomes destroy cells or foreign matter that has entered the cell.
  • 5. Your Name______________________ Block___________________Quiz Partner___________________ 18. Mitochondria ________________________ are rod-shaped organelles known as “_____________________________” of the cell. They convert energy in _________________ molecules to ______________________ the cell can use to carry out its ________________________. 19. More on Mitochondria Mitochondria are cylindrical shaped They have two layers of membrane (The inner membrane is folded). Function: Mitochondria are the site for cellular _______________________________ Respiration: Break down __________________ to ____________________ ___________________in the form of ________________ ATP = Adenosine ____________________ 20. What is Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) (Mr. Robbins will tell you, -not on board) ATP is made in the ______________________________. It has high ________________ chemical bonds between _______________ groups. When energy is needed it is captured by __________________ one of these high energy ______________. When this happens a phosphate is taken of _____________ and the energy contained in this bond is ____________________. Since ATP lost a phosphate group when its bond was broken it is now called ___________________. ADP is converted back to ATP during ___________________ in the ____________________________. 21. Why does the mitochondria need to be highly folded? Answer here:
  • 6. Your Name______________________ Block___________________Quiz Partner___________________ 22. Chloroplasts. ______________________ cells have ______________________ which are _________________ organelles that capture the __________________ from ________________________ and use it to make _________________. _________________________ make leaves _____________________. 23. What is the purpose for the shape that chloroplasts have? 24. More on Chloroplasts. Chloroplasts are disc-shaped organelles bound by two membranes. Grana are stack in the stroma of the chloroplasts that contain ________________________. 25.Chloroplast verses Mitochondria 1) Chloroplast use __________________ from __________________________ to make _________ that is _____________ used to make ________________ sugar from ___________________. This glucose is ________________ for the plant and is transported to plant parts that ______________ _______________. It can also be stored for later by making a carbohydrate called starch. We eat plants. 2) Mitochondria make ___________________ by breaking down ____________________ like glucose sugar. This ATP is used for _______ other ___________________ ____________________ of the cell. Energy Needs: All life __________________________ require energy.
  • 7. Your Name______________________ Block___________________Quiz Partner___________________ 26. What important process occurs in chloroplasts? _________________________________________ Where does respiration occur? _________________________________________ In photosynthesis, ______________________ sugar is made using the carbon contained in __________________ __________________________. To get energy to make this _________________, red and blue light from the ___________ is absorbed by __________________ _____________________ pigments. The chloroplasts are similar to ___________________ panels. The energy from the sun bounces around the chlorophyll molecules until it is able to be converted to _______________ energy by breaking up water molecules. This chemical energy is used to make the plant _______________. Plants do _______________________ and people do not. Both plants and animals have mitochondria and therefore do ____________________________. The chemical process for respiration is the reverse of ____________________________. In photosynthesis ______________________and _______________ and ________________ are inputs and _____________________ and __________________ and ______________________ are outputs. In respiration ____________________ and ____________________ are inputs and _____________________ and __________________ and ___________________ energy are outputs. Our process of ____________________ must depend on the outputs of plant ____________________ to live and plants similarly benefit from the outputs of animal _______________________. We get __________________ from plants and they get ___________________ that we exhale.
  • 8. Your Name______________________ Block___________________Quiz Partner___________________ 27. Vacuoles Spherical or oval shaped filled with _____________________ Cell sap contains sugar, salts, amino acid and waste substances Bound by a semipermeable membrane called the tonoplast. There are two different types. A contractile vacuole and a food vacuole. 28. Cytoskeleton Microtubules and Microfilaments both make up the cytoskeleton framework. They both ___________________ support the cell. 29. Centrioles Have a small cylindrical appearance. They form the spindle fibers involved in cell division.

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