Wofi adult 1_-_independence


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Wofi adult 1_-_independence

  1. 1. Write on for Israel Israel Advocacy Training Week 1
  2. 2. Historical Background Antiquity Exile Modern Zionism 1947-1949 The Problem of Refugees
  3. 3. Map of firstkingdoms
  4. 4. Years of Diaspora313 - Byzantine Rule636 - Arabian Rule1099 - Crusader Rule1291 - Mamluk Rule1517 - Ottoman Rule1918 - British Rule
  5. 5. Map ofDiaspora age
  6. 6. The Zionist movementThe Zionist IdeaHerzlThe Five AliyotBritish MandateArab-Jewish Conflict
  7. 7. Arab-Jewish ConflictArab NationalismThe MuftiStrikes and “intifada”s
  8. 8. Underground ArmiesHagana - Palmach(Havlaga policy)Etzel - Irgun TzevaiLeumiLechi - Luchamei CheirutYisrael
  9. 9. Unscop - 1947TestimonyDisplaced Person CampsExodus
  10. 10. partition Plan Two State Solution
  11. 11. War of Independence Civil War Arab Invasion
  12. 12. Arab Invasion
  13. 13. The State of Israel
  14. 14. Benny Morris- The New Historians 228 Abandoned Arab Villages The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, 1947-1949 41 - Expelled (1988) The Birth of the Palestinian 90 - Fled Refugee Problem Revisited (2004) 46 - Unknown
  15. 15. Deir Yassin
  16. 16. Arab Refugees
  17. 17. Jewish Refugees
  18. 18. Declaration of Independence (May 14, 1948)• “We appeal - in the very midst of the onslaught launched against us now for months - to the Arab inhabitants of the State of Israel to preserve peace and participate in the upbuilding of the State on the basis of full and equal citizenship and due representation in all its provisional and permanent institutions.• “We extend our hand to all neighbouring states and their peoples in an offer of peace and good neighbourliness, and appeal to them to establish bonds of cooperation and mutual help with the sovereign Jewish people settled in its own land. The State of Israel is prepared to do its share in a common effort for the advancement of the entire Middle East. “ - Source: Declaration of Independence of The State of Israel, paragraph 16,17 www.mfa.gov.il
  19. 19. May 15, 1948: Arab Response“Our position is clear, andhas been proclaimed onevery occasion. It is neverto allow the creation of aJewish State in Palestine,and to exclude partition.” Prime Minister of Transjordan, Tawfiq Abu al-Huda, as quoted in UN Progress Report on Palestine
  20. 20. RefugeesUN definition:“[A person who] owing to a well-founded fear of beingpersecuted . . . is outside the country of his nationality”Causes:• War, famine, displacement, escaping conflict20th Century Refugees:• Over 70 million refugees in post-WWII Europe
  21. 21. Palestinian RefugeesUNRWA (Not UNHCR):United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugeesin the Near East (founded in 1949)Palestinian Refugee Definition:Persons whose normal place of residence was Palestine betweenJune 1946 and May 1948, who lost both their homes and meansof livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict[including] the descendants of persons who became refugees in1948.Number of Palestinian refugees:1950: 914,0002005: over 4.2 million
  22. 22. The Forgotten Refugees
  23. 23. Palestinian-Arab Refugees Used as Pawns“Since 1948 Arab leaders haveapproached the Palestineproblem in an irresponsiblemanner…. They have used thePalestinian people for selfishpolitical purposes. This isridiculous and, I couldsay, criminal.” King Hussein of Jordan, Daily Star (Beirut), Jan. 19, 1960
  24. 24. Camp David, July 2000
  25. 25. Camp DavidProposal Source: Ross, Dennis. The Missing Peace
  26. 26. World Public Opinion Poll “As was the case a year ago, Iran and Israel received the most negative ratings…” worldpublicopinion.org
  27. 27. Responses to reading at OSU“I didnt know about the way Israelconstructed the check points and theroads. Its like they are herding thePalestinians like animals... Iabsolutely could not believe how evilthese people were.”“I know that the relationship betweenthe US and Israel will never change,but I cant believe that ourGovernment, present and past, wouldallow and support this kind ofGovernment.”“Palestinians people lost everythingthey had before and Israel took a landwhich is not belonging to them andthe Israeli government said they wantto live in peace which I think untrue”
  28. 28. Our Guiding QuestionWhy is anti-Israel sentiment on the rise on campuses and in various communities?
  29. 29. The ElephantThe Elephant Exercise: Context Zooming in Zooming outThe Arab-Israeli Conflict?
  30. 30. Partial Truth
  31. 31. Essential Contextwww.intelligence.org.il (3/29/2002)
  32. 32. Our Guiding Question Why is anti-Israel sentiment on the rise on campuses and in various communities? Many academics, journalists and community leaders have provided only a partial picture of complex issues.