Benny Morris- The New Historians 228 Abandoned Arab Villages The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, 1947-1949 41 - Expelled (1988) The Birth of the Palestinian 90 - Fled Refugee Problem Revisited (2004) 46 - Unknown
Declaration of Independence (May 14, 1948)• “We appeal - in the very midst of the onslaught launched against us now for months - to the Arab inhabitants of the State of Israel to preserve peace and participate in the upbuilding of the State on the basis of full and equal citizenship and due representation in all its provisional and permanent institutions.• “We extend our hand to all neighbouring states and their peoples in an offer of peace and good neighbourliness, and appeal to them to establish bonds of cooperation and mutual help with the sovereign Jewish people settled in its own land. The State of Israel is prepared to do its share in a common effort for the advancement of the entire Middle East. “ - Source: Declaration of Independence of The State of Israel, paragraph 16,17 www.mfa.gov.il
May 15, 1948: Arab Response“Our position is clear, andhas been proclaimed onevery occasion. It is neverto allow the creation of aJewish State in Palestine,and to exclude partition.” Prime Minister of Transjordan, Tawfiq Abu al-Huda, as quoted in UN Progress Report on Palestine
RefugeesUN definition:“[A person who] owing to a well-founded fear of beingpersecuted . . . is outside the country of his nationality”Causes:• War, famine, displacement, escaping conflict20th Century Refugees:• Over 70 million refugees in post-WWII Europe
Palestinian RefugeesUNRWA (Not UNHCR):United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugeesin the Near East (founded in 1949)Palestinian Refugee Definition:Persons whose normal place of residence was Palestine betweenJune 1946 and May 1948, who lost both their homes and meansof livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conﬂict[including] the descendants of persons who became refugees in1948.Number of Palestinian refugees:1950: 914,0002005: over 4.2 million
Palestinian-Arab Refugees Used as Pawns“Since 1948 Arab leaders haveapproached the Palestineproblem in an irresponsiblemanner…. They have used thePalestinian people for selfishpolitical purposes. This isridiculous and, I couldsay, criminal.” King Hussein of Jordan, Daily Star (Beirut), Jan. 19, 1960
Camp DavidProposal Source: Ross, Dennis. The Missing Peace
World Public Opinion Poll “As was the case a year ago, Iran and Israel received the most negative ratings…” worldpublicopinion.org
Responses to reading at OSU“I didnt know about the way Israelconstructed the check points and theroads. Its like they are herding thePalestinians like animals... Iabsolutely could not believe how evilthese people were.”“I know that the relationship betweenthe US and Israel will never change,but I cant believe that ourGovernment, present and past, wouldallow and support this kind ofGovernment.”“Palestinians people lost everythingthey had before and Israel took a landwhich is not belonging to them andthe Israeli government said they wantto live in peace which I think untrue”
Our Guiding QuestionWhy is anti-Israel sentiment on the rise on campuses and in various communities?
The ElephantThe Elephant Exercise: Context Zooming in Zooming outThe Arab-Israeli Conﬂict?
Our Guiding Question Why is anti-Israel sentiment on the rise on campuses and in various communities? Many academics, journalists and community leaders have provided only a partial picture of complex issues.