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Organic foodhandoutforwebv.2final
 

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    Organic foodhandoutforwebv.2final Organic foodhandoutforwebv.2final Document Transcript

    • What is Organic Production? ! "#$%&'!()*&'+%#,!-$)%(.!./-0!).! 1#)+/*)$23!1./.+)%#)4$'23!1,*''#23!5*!1$5-)$23! +0'!65*7!15*,)#%-3!%.!7'8%#'7!%#!9'7'*)$!$)6! )#7!*',/$)+'7!+0*5/,0!)#!':+'#.%;'!! -'*+%8%-)+%5#!<*5-'..2!8*5(!8%'$7!+5!85*&=!! ! “Organic!production”!%.!7'8%#'7!4>! +0'!"?@A!B)+%5#)$!C*,)#%-!D*5,*)(!! *',/$)+%5#!).!1)!<*57/-+%5#!.>.+'(!+0)+!%.! ()#),'7!E!+5!*'.<5#7!+5!.%+'F.<'-%8%-!! -5#7%+%5#.!4>!%#+',*)+%#,!-/$+/*)$2!! 4%5$5,%-)$2!)#7!('-0)#%-)$!<*)-+%-'.!+0)+! 85.+'*!->-$%#,!58!*'.5/*-'.2!<*5(5+'!! '-5$5,%-)$!4)$)#-'2!)#7!-5#.'*;'!! 4%57%;'*.%+>=3G! What is Organic Food and Why Should I Care?
    • For Crop Farms In!simplified!terms,!! the!National!Organic!Program!regulations!require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or Livestock Operations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
    • For Processing Operations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
    • Personal Health Why Should I Care? ! C*,)#%-!<*57/-+.!)*'!<*57/-'7!)#7!! <*5-'..'7!6%+05/+!+0'!/.'!58!.>#+0'+%-!)#7!! <'*.%.+'#+!<'.+%-%7'.2!.>#+0'+%-!8'*+%$%L'*.2!! ,*56+0!05*(5#'.2!)*+%8%-%)$!%#,*'7%'#+.!)#7!! <*'.'*;)+%;'.2!)#7!,'#'+%-!'#,%#''*%#,=!! ! `'.')*-0!-5#7/-+'7!4>!+0'!"?@A2!! a)$%85*#%)!@'<+!58!b')$+02!)#7!! a5#./('*.!"#%5#!0).!-5#.%.+'#+$>!! .056#!+0)+!5*,)#%-!<*57/-+.!! 0);'!;'*>!$562!5*!#52!<'.+%-%7'!! *'.%7/'.=c! ! `'.')*-0'*.!)+!+0'!! "#%;'*.%+>!58!d).0%#,+5#!! 85/#7!+0)+!)!7%'+!-5(<5.'7!! 58!<*'75(%#)#+$>!5*,)#%-!! 8557!1<*5;%7'.!)!7*)()+%-!! )#7!%(('7%)+'!<*5+'-+%;'!! '88'-+!),)%#.+!':<5./*'.!+5!! 5*,)#5<05.<05*5/.!ICDK!! <'.+%-%7'.=3!e0'!*'.')*-0'*.!-5#-$/7'7!+0)+2! 1-5#./(%#,!8557!,*56#!/.%#,!5*,)#%-!<*57/-+%5#! ('+057.!-)#!;%*+/)$$>!'$%(%#)+'!':<5./*'.!+5!)!! 7)#,'*5/.!-$)..!58!%#.'-+%-%7'.!&#56#!+5!7%.*/<+! #'/*5$5,%-)$!7';'$5<('#+!%#!%#8)#+.!)#7!-0%$7*'#=3f! ! _:<5./*'!+5!),*%-/$+/*)$!<'.+%-%7'.!%.!! )..5-%)+'7!6%+0!+0'!*%.&!58!<*5.+)+'!-)#-'*=g!e6%-'! ).!()#>!-0%$7*'#!58!h56)!8)*('*.!7';'$5<'7!! -0%$70557!$>(<05()!).!+0'!-5#+*5$!<5</$)+%5#=i!! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !!!!!!!!!!!!!e0'!! ! ! ! ! ! !!!!!!!!!D*'.%7'#+X.! ! ! ! ! ! !!!!!WUTU!a)#-'*! ! ! ! ! ! !!D)#'$!`'<5*+! ! ! ! ! !!!!!!!!!!!!!/*,'.!-5#./('*.! ! ! ! ! !!!!!!!!!!!!+5!-055.'!8557.! ! ! ! ! !!!!!!!!,*56#!6%+05/+!! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!<'.+%-%7'.!5*!-0'(%-)$! ! ! ! ! !!!8'*+%$%L'*.2!)#+%4%5+%-.2! ! ! ! ! )#7!,*56+0!05*(5#'.! ! ! ! ! +5!0'$<!7'-*').'!+0'%*! ! ! ! !!!!!!!!!*%.&!58!-5#+*)-+%#,!-)#-'*=! ! ! ! !!!!!!!!!!e0'!*'<5*+!.+)+'.2!! ! ! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!1_:<5./*'!+5!<'.+%-%7'.!-)#! ! ! !!!!!!!!!!!4'!7'-*').'7!4>!-055.%#,2!+5!+0'! ! ! !!!!':+'#+!<5..%4$'2!8557!,*56#!6%+05/+! ! ! <'.+%-%7'.!5*!-0'(%-)$!8'*+%$%L'*.E! !! ! !!!!?%(%$)*$>2!':<5./*'!+5!)#+%4%5+%-.2!,*56+0! 05*(5#'.2!)#7!+5:%-!*/#F588!8*5(!$%;'.+5-&!8''7!$5+.! -)#!4'!(%#%(%L'7!4>!')+%#,!8*''F*)#,'!(')+!*)%.'7! 6%+05/+!+0'.'!('7%-)+%5#.=3j!
    • ! N5+0'*.!-5#./(%#,!(5.+$>!5*,)#%-! (%$&!)#7!(')+!<*57/-+.!6'*'!85/#7!+5!0);'! )45/+!ZU!<'*-'#+!0%,0'*!$';'$.!58!*/('#%-!)-%7! %#!+0'%*!4*').+!(%$&=!e0%.!a5#P/,)+'7!R%#5$'%-! A-%7!IaRAK!%.!*'.<5#.%4$'!85*!(5.+!58!+0'! 0')$+0!4'#'8%+.!58!aRA.!%#!(%$&!)#7!(')+=!e0'! ,*')+'*!*'$%)#-'!58!5*,)#%-!4''8!)#7!7)%*>! 8)*('*.!5#!<).+/*'!)#7!85*),'!,*)..'.!! %#-*').'.!+0'!$';'$.!58!aRA.!%#!(%$&!)#7!4''82! )#7!%#!+/*#!%#!+0'!4*').+!(%$&!58!65('#!')+%#,!! 5*,)#%-!)#%()$!<*57/-+.=k! ! h#!)!+'#F>')*!-5(<)*%.5#!58!+0'!! %#8$/'#-'!58!-*5<!()#),'('#+!<*)-+%-'.!5#!! +0'!-5#+'#+!58!8$);5#5%7.!%#!+5()+5'.2!"a!! @);%.!*'.')*-0'*.!85/#7!+0)+!+0'!+'#F>')*! (')#!$';'$.!58!+65!%(<5*+)#+!4%58$);5#5%7.2! ^/'*-'+%#!)#7!&)'(<8'*5$2!6'*'![YV!)#7!! Y[V!0%,0'*!%#!5*,)#%-!+5()+5'.=!e0'!$';'$.!58!! 8$);5#5%7.!%#-*').'7!5;'*!+%('!%#!.)(<$'.! 8*5(!+0'!5*,)#%-!8%'$7.=l! ! "?@A!.-%'#+%.+.!0);'!85/#7!+0)+!5*,)#%-! 4*)#7.!58!-)+./<!-5#+)%#!Z[!<'*-'#+!0%,0'*! $';'$.!58!+0'!0')$+0F<*5(5+%#,!)#+%5:%7)#+!! $>-5<'#'=m!! ! `'.')*-0'*.!%#!e':).!85/#7!+0)+!! 5*,)#%-!,*)<'8*/%+.!0)7!0%,0'*!$';'$.!58!! ).-5*4%-!)-%72!-'*+)%#!0')$+0F<*5(5+%#,!! 8$);5#5%7.2!)#7!./,)*.2!)#7!6'*'!$56'*!%#!! #%+*)+'.=Gn! Nutrition ...“consuming food grown using organic production methods can virtually eliminate exposures to a dangerous class of insecticides known to disrupt neurological development in infants and children.”
    • ! e0'!<$)#+%#,!58!,'#'+%F -)$$>!'#,%#''*'7!-*5<.!%.!#5+!! )$$56'7!%#!5*,)#%-!<*57/-+%5#=! `'.')*-0'*.!)+!h#7%)#)!! "#%;'*.%+>!0);'!85/#7!+0)+!! ,'#'+%-)$$>!'#,%#''*'7!o+!-5*#! 0)*(.!)^/)+%-!%#.'-+.!)#7!! 7%.*/<+.!.+*')(!'-5.>.+'(.=! a)77%.8$>!$)*;)!':<'*%'#-'7!0%,0! (5*+)$%+>!)#7!.+/#+'7!,*56+0! 60'#!':<5.'7!+5!o+!-5*#!<5$$'#! )#7!-*5<!*'.%7/'.=Gi!!! ! ?-%'#+%.+.!<'*85*(%#,! 8%'$7!*'.')*-0!%#!B5*+0!@)&5+)! 0);'!7%.-5;'*'7!+0'!8%*.+!! ';%7'#-'!58!'.+)4$%.0'7!<5</$)F +%5#.!58!,'#'+%-)$$>!(57%8%'7! <$)#+.!%#!+0'!6%$7=!`'.')*-0'*.! 8*5(!+0'!"#%;'*.%+>!58!A*&)#.).2! B5*+0!@)&5+)!?+)+'!"#%;'*.%+>2! a)$%85*#%)!?+)+'!"#%;'*.%+>2! 9*'.#5!)#7!+0'!"=?=!_#;%*5#F ('#+)$!D*5+'-+%5#!A,'#->!85/#7! .+*5#,!';%7'#-'!+0)+!+*)#.,'#%-! <$)#+.!0);'!'.+)4$%.0'7!<5</$)F +%5#.!5/+.%7'!58!),*%-/$+/*)$! 8%'$7.!%#!+0'!"#%+'7!?+)+'.=! ! C8!+0'!pUJ!<$)#+.!! -5$$'-+'72!Hp[!IqJ!<'*-'#+K! +'.+'7!<5.%+%;'!85*!,'#'+%-)$$>! '#,%#''*'7!0'*4%-%7'!+5$'*)#-'=! e0'*'!6'*'!)$.5!+65!%#.+)#-'.!58! (/$+%<$'!+*)#.,'#'.!%#!.%#,$'!%#F 7%;%7/)$.=!a)#5$)!;)*%'+%'.!6%+0! (/$+%<$'!+*)#.,'#%-!+*)%+.!0);'! #5+!4''#!*'$').'7!-5(('*-%)$$>2! .5!+0%.!8%#7%#,!./,,'.+.!+0)+!8'*)$! <5</$)+%5#.!)*'!*'<*57/-%#,!)#7! 0);'!4'-5('!'.+)4$%.0'7!5/+.%7'! 58!-/$+%;)+%5#=Gj! No Genetic Engineering Water Quality ! @*%#&%#,!6)+'*!%.!58+'#! -5#+)(%#)+'7!6%+0!#%+*)+'.2! 60%-0!-)#!-)/.'!4$/'!4)4>!! .>#7*5('!)#7!5+0'*!#',)+%;'! 0')$+0!%(<)-+.=!h#!.+/7>%#,!! 6)+'*!85/#7!%#!7*)%#),'!+%$'.2! "#%;'*.%+>!58!N%##'.5+)!! *'.')*-0'*.!85/#7!+0)+!)$+'*#)F +%;'!-*5<<%#,!.>.+'(.2!%#-$/7%#,! 5*,)#%-2!*'7/-'7!+0'!)(5/#+!58! 6)+'*!$5.+!%#!7*)%#),'!+%$'!4>!pT! <'*-'#+!)#7!*'7/-'7!#%+*)+'F #%+*5,'#!$';'$.!4>!JU!<'*-'#+=GG! ! h#!$5#,F+'*(!*'.')*-0!)+! d).0%#,+5#!?+)+'!"#%;'*.%+>2!! #%+*5,'#!IBK!$5..'.!+5!,*5/#7F 6)+'*!)#7!+0'!)+(5.<0'*'!6'*'! *'7/-'7!%#!5*,)#%-!5*-0)*7.=!! A##/)$!#%+*)+'!$')-0%#,!6).!! .%,#%8%-)#+$>!$56'*!%#!+0'!5*,)#%-! <$5+.=!e0'!5*,)#%-)$$>!8)*('7! .5%$.!':0%4%+'7!0%,0'*!<5+'#+%)$! 7'F#%+*%8%-)+%5#!*)+'.2!,*')+'*!! 7'F#%+*%8%-)+%5#!'88%-%'#->2!0%,0'*! $';'$.!58!5*,)#%-!()++'*2!)#7! ,*')+'*!(%-*54%)$!)-+%;%+>=Gc!
    • Climate Change Gwww.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/nop ²Food Additives and Contaminants, May 2002. B. P. Baker; C. M. Benbrook; E. Groth; K. Lutz Benbrook. ³Environmental Health Perspectives, doi:10.1289/ehp.10912 available via http://dx.doi.org/ [Online 15 January 2008] !American Journal of Epidemiology, Agricultural Health Study. May 2003. "Environmental Health Perspectives, 112:631-635. j“Reducing Environmental Cancer Risk: What We Can Do Now.” 2010. Dr. LaSalle Leffall, Jr., Howard University, and Dr. Margaret L. Kripke, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston. #British Journal of Nutrition, June 2007. $Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2007. %Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. December 29, 2004. ¹&Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. (Vol. 55, 2007) ¹¹Journal of Environmental Quality. July-August 2007. ¹²Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. March 21, 2006. Gfhttp://www.ars.usda.gov/is/AR/archive/jul07/soil0707.htm Gghttp://extension.agron.iastate.edu/organicag/rr.html ¹"Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences. (Vol. 104, No. 41) ¹'Sustainable Food News. August 6, 2010. ¹#Biological Conservation. (vol 122, p 113) GlInternational Report on Organic Farming and Climate Change: “Organic Farming Can Help Mitigate Climate Change.” International Trade Centre, the joint technical cooperation agency of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the World Trade Organization. 2008. ¹%Renewable Ag and Food Systems, Badgley C. et al, 22:86-108. ! A--5*7%#,!+5!)!*'<5*+!! %../'7!4>!+0'!h#+'*#)+%5#)$!e*)7'! a'#+*'2!)!P5%#+!+'-0#%-)$!),'#->!58! +0'!"#%+'7!B)+%5#.!)#7!+0'!d5*$7! e*)7'!C*,)#%L)+%5#2!15*,)#%-!! ),*%-/$+/*'!0).!(/-0!+5!588'*!%#! 45+0!(%+%,)+%5#!58!-$%()+'!-0)#,'! +0*5/,0!%+.!'(<0).%.!5#!-$5.'7! #/+*%'#+!->-$'.!)#7!%.!)!! <)*+%-/$)*$>!*'.%$%'#+!)#7!! <*57/-+%;'!.>.+'(!85*!! )7)<+)+%5#!.+*)+',%'.=3Gl!! ! R5#,F+'*(!"?@AFA`?!! *'.')*-0!0).!.056#!+0)+!5*,)#%-! 8)*(%#,!<*)-+%-'.!.%,#%8%-)#+$>! 4/%$7!.5%$!5*,)#%-!()++'*!-5#+'#+=! e0'!*'.')*-0!.056'7!+0)+!5*,)#%-! 8)*(%#,!%(<*5;'7!.5%$!5*,)#%-! ()++'*!4'-)/.'!+0'!/.'!58!()#/*'! )#7!-5;'*!-*5<.!(5*'!+0)#!588.'+! $5..'.!8*5(!+%$$),'=Gf! ! h#!*'.')*-0!-5#7/-+'7!4>! h56)!?+)+'!"#%;'*.%+>2!4>!+0'! 85/*+0!>')*!%#!)#!5*,)#%-!-*5<!*5F +)+%5#2!5*,)#%-!-5*#!)#7!.5>4')#! >%'$7.!*5.'!)45;'!-5/#+>!);'*F ),'.=!e0'!%(<*5;%#,!<'*85*()#-'! %#!+0'!5*,)#%-!<$5+.!6).!)++*%4/+'7! +5!.5%$!^/)$%+>!%(<*5;'('#+.r! (5*'!.5%$!5*,)#%-!()++'*2!'#F 0)#-'7!(%-*54%)$!)-+%;%+>!%#!(5*'! 7%;'*.'!-5((/#%+%'.!58!5*,)#F %.(.2!)#7!*'7/-'7!.5%$!)-%7%+>=Gg! Soil Quality ! o%57%;'*.%+>!%.!! 8/#7)('#+)$!+5!5*,)#%-!8)*(%#,=! @%;'*.'!<$)#+!-5((/#%+%'.!! ./<<5*+!4'#'8%-%)$!%#.'-+!! -5((/#%+%'.!+0)+!()#),'!<'.+! <5</$)+%5#.2!'$%(%#)+%#,!+0'!#''7! 85*!0%,0$>!+5:%-!<'.+%-%7'.=!! ! C*,)#%-!8)*(%#,!%#-*').'.! 4%57%;'*.%+>!)+!';'*>!$';'$!58!+0'! 8557!-0)%#!S!)$$!+0'!6)>!8*5(!! 4)-+'*%)!+5!()(()$.=Gk!e0)+!%.!+0'! -5#-$/.%5#!58!+0'!$)*,'.+!*';%'6! ';'*!75#'!58!.+/7%'.!8*5(!)*5/#7! +0'!65*$7!5#!+0'!%(<)-+.!58!! 5*,)#%-!),*%-/$+/*'!5#!4%57%;'*F .%+>=!e0'!.+/7>!*';%'6'7!7)+)! 8*5(!_/*5<'2!a)#)7)2!B'6!! s')$)#72!)#7!+0'!"?=! Biodiversity Feeding the World ! R5#,F+'*(!':<'*%('#+.!%#! hA2!NB2!)#7!dh!7'(5#.+*)+'!! -5(<)*)4$'!-5*#!)#7!.5>4')#! >%'$7.=!`'.')*-0!./(()*%L%#,!WYH! </4$%.0'7!-5(<)*%.5#.!85/#7!)! HUV!%#-*').'!%#!65*$7F6%7'! >%'$7.!/.%#,!5*,)#%-!('+057.=Gm!!
    • For more information, contact: Jim Riddle University of Minnesota Organic Ecology Research and Outreach Program Southwest Research and Outreach Center 23669 130th Street Lamberton, MN 56152 507-752-7372 riddl003@umn.edu Home office: 31762 Wiscoy Ridge Rd Winona, MN 55987 507-454-8310 e0'!"#%;'*.%+>!58!N%##'.5+)!.0)$$!<*5;%7'!'^/)$!)--'..!+5!)#7!5<<5*+/#%+>!%#!%+.!<*5,*)(.2! 8)-%$%+%'.2!)#7!'(<$5>('#+!6%+05/+!*',)*7!+5!*)-'2!-5$5*2!-*''72!*'$%,%5#2!#)+%5#)$!5*%,%#2! ,'#7'*2!),'2!()*%+)$!.+)+/.2!7%.)4%$%+>2!</4$%-!)..%.+)#-'!.+)+/.2!;'+'*)#!.+)+/.2!.':/)$!! 5*%'#+)+%5#2!,'#7'*!%7'#+%+>2!5*!,'#7'*!':<*'..%5#=!! a5<>*%,0+!WUTU=!`','#+.!58!"#%;'*.%+>!58!N%##'.5+)=!!A$$!*%,0+.!*'.'*;'7=! www.attra.org/organic.html www.extension.org/organic production www.eorganic.info www.howtogoorganic.com www.mda.state.mn.us/food/organic www.mosesorganic.org www.organic-center.org www.organicecology.umn.edu Bud Markhart University of Minnesota Horticulture Science 228 Alderman Hall 1970 Folwell Ave St. Paul, 55108 612-624-7705 mamarkhar@umn.edu Additional organic websites of interest: www.organicecology.umn.edu