The Year That Was - A Carbon Farmer's Journey

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Ray & Anne WIlliams won Carbon Cocky of the Plains 2007. In this presentation Anne reveals the relentless pursuit of innovation and knowledge that typifies the Carbon Farmer. She explains many new techniques.

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The Year That Was - A Carbon Farmer's Journey

  1. 1. The Year That was Anne Williams
  2. 2. 2007 Carbon Cockies Plains of NSW <ul><li>No-till farmers near Coonamble </li></ul>
  3. 3. Benefits on “Magomadine” from No-till farming <ul><li>No-till since 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental benefits </li></ul><ul><li>less erosion </li></ul>
  4. 4. Increased yields and profits <ul><ul><ul><li>More water stored in the soil profile </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improved soil structure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing level of soil nutrients </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Ability to double crop
  6. 6. Carbon benefits <ul><li>60% reduction in fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon rose from 0.7-1.2% in 7 years </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Increased biomass </li></ul><ul><li>No hay </li></ul><ul><li>No N fertiliser </li></ul>
  7. 7. Biology Workshop <ul><li>Questioned our effect on soil biology </li></ul><ul><li>Can we improve our soil biota? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Compost trial “Cotton Paddock” <ul><li>2t/ha June 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>6 replicated plots </li></ul>
  9. 9. Compost Trials <ul><li>No rain from end of July until harvest </li></ul><ul><li>No visible difference </li></ul><ul><li>but….. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Measurements?
  11. 11. Yield increase <ul><li>An average of 20% increase in yield </li></ul>
  12. 12. Compost Windrow
  13. 13. Compost tea <ul><li>Sowing 2008: </li></ul><ul><li>Dribble tea down behind the sowing tyne </li></ul><ul><li>Places microbes in moist soil with the seed. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Front West Paddock
  15. 16. Masters Research UNE Armidale GRDC Scholarship <ul><li>Investigate: </li></ul><ul><li>Biological properties and soil amendments in the no-till cropping system. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Initial Farm Survey <ul><li>20 Farms across the Central West </li></ul><ul><li>Aim: To compare paired sites to find </li></ul><ul><li>any significant changes. </li></ul><ul><li>Soil tests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical, chemical and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Summary of farm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>practices </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Field Trial <ul><li>Comparing different organic and other possible amendments </li></ul><ul><li>Trial set up in May 08 </li></ul><ul><li>08 – long fallow </li></ul><ul><li>09- wheat crop </li></ul>
  18. 19. Where to next? <ul><li>All sowing with compost tea </li></ul><ul><li>Continue to make compost </li></ul><ul><li>Continue with studies </li></ul>
  19. 20. Thankyou! <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jan 08 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>

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