Researching the Transatlantic Slave Trade

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Researching the Transatlantic Slave Trade

  1. 1. Identifying Your African Roots: Researching the Transatlantic Slave Trade Michael Hait Laurel, Maryland 6 November 2010
  2. 2. Alex Haley captured our hearts with Roots.
  3. 3. It saddened us with its depiction of the Transatlantic slave trade…
  4. 4. …but provided hope of connecting “back to Africa.”
  5. 5. How realistic is Roots?
  6. 6. Can you find your “Kunta Kinte”?
  7. 7. 1619 Twenty Africans brought to Jamestown, Virginia as indentured servants. A Brief Timeline of the Transatlantic Slave Trade 1776-1790 The American Revolution ends British control of colonies. U. S. Constitution does not end slavery. 1865 Passage of the Thirteenth Amenment abolishes slavery 1808 The United States Congress abolishes the Transatlantic Slave Trade, but does not end slavery.
  8. 8. A Brief Timeline of the Transatlantic Slave Trade
  9. 9. A Brief Timeline of the Transatlantic Slave Trade 1619 Twenty Africans brought to Jamestown, Virginia as indentured servants.
  10. 10. 1776-1790 The American Revolution ends British control of colonies. U. S. Constitution does not end slavery. A Brief Timeline of the Transatlantic Slave Trade
  11. 11. 1808 The U. S. Congress abolishes the Transatlantic Slave Trade, but does not end slavery. A Brief Timeline of the Transatlantic Slave Trade
  12. 12. 1865 Passage of the Thirteenth Amendment abolishes slavery A Brief Timeline of the Transatlantic Slave Trade
  13. 13. What records are available?
  14. 14. In 1999, a group of scholars released The Transatlantic Slave Trade Database on CD-ROM.
  15. 15. In 1999, a group of scholars released The Transatlantic Slave Trade Database on CD-ROM. In 2006, the expanded The Transatlantic Slave Trade Database appeared online.
  16. 16. http://www.slavevoyages.org
  17. 17. None of the voyages with African names arrived before 1808. These were all illegal smuggling voyages captured by the authorities.
  18. 18. Slave voyage records are a dead end…
  19. 19. but not the only option.
  20. 20. Our own bodies hold the only record with 100% accuracy…
  21. 21. D. N. A.
  22. 22. There are two basic DNA tests for genealogy.
  23. 23. Y-DNA tests the direct paternal line.
  24. 24. Y-DNA tests the direct paternal line.
  25. 25. mtDNA tests the direct maternal line.
  26. 26. mtDNA tests the direct maternal line.
  27. 27. Both tests rely on comparison with other testers…
  28. 28. There are several testing companies to choose from…
  29. 29. www.familytreedna.com
  30. 30. dna.ancestry.com
  31. 31. www.africanancestry.com
  32. 32. African Ancestry has a database of African tribe DNA.
  33. 33. African Ancestry has a database of African tribe DNA. Paternal lineages: 11,747 samples Maternal lineages: 13,690 samples
  34. 34. On October 1st, 2010, African Ancestry revealed DNA test results of two legendary men…
  35. 35. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., through his son Rev. Martin Luther King III
  36. 36. Marcus Garvey, through his son Dr. Julius Garvey
  37. 37. The paternal ancestry of both men was traced to Europe.
  38. 38. The maternal ancestry of both men traced back to Africa.
  39. 39. Tracing your roots back to Africa the way that Roots suggests is not generally possible…
  40. 40. But through DNA testing, you can discover your own ROOTS.
  41. 41. Michael Hait michael.hait@hotmail.com www.haitfamilyresearch.com

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