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Researching the Transatlantic Slave Trade

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    Researching the Transatlantic Slave Trade Researching the Transatlantic Slave Trade Presentation Transcript

    • Identifying Your African Roots:
      Researching the Transatlantic Slave Trade
      Michael Hait
      Laurel, Maryland
      6 November 2010
    • Alex Haley captured our hearts withRoots.
    • It saddened us with its depiction of the Transatlantic slave trade…
    • …but provided hope of connecting “back to Africa.”
    • How realistic is Roots?
    • Can you find your “KuntaKinte”?
    • A Brief Timeline ofthe Transatlantic Slave Trade
      1776-1790
      The American Revolution ends British control of colonies. U. S. Constitution does not end slavery.
      1865
      Passage of the Thirteenth Amenment abolishes slavery
      1619
      Twenty Africans brought to Jamestown, Virginia as indentured servants.
      1808
      The United States Congress abolishes the Transatlantic Slave Trade, but does not end slavery.
    • A Brief Timeline ofthe Transatlantic Slave Trade
    • A Brief Timeline ofthe Transatlantic Slave Trade
      1619
      Twenty Africans brought to Jamestown, Virginia as indentured servants.
    • A Brief Timeline ofthe Transatlantic Slave Trade
      1776-1790
      The American Revolution ends British control of colonies. U. S. Constitution does not end slavery.
    • A Brief Timeline ofthe Transatlantic Slave Trade
      1808
      The U. S. Congress abolishes the Transatlantic Slave Trade, but does not end slavery.
    • A Brief Timeline ofthe Transatlantic Slave Trade
      1865
      Passage of the Thirteenth Amendment abolishes slavery
    • What recordsare available?
    • In 1999, a group of scholars releasedThe Transatlantic Slave Trade Databaseon CD-ROM.
    • In 1999, a group of scholars releasedThe Transatlantic Slave Trade Databaseon CD-ROM.
      In 2006, the expandedThe Transatlantic Slave Trade Databaseappeared online.
    • http://www.slavevoyages.org
    • None of the voyages with African names arrived before 1808.
      These were all illegal smuggling voyages captured by the authorities.
    • Slave voyage records are a dead end…
    • butnotthe only option.
    • Our own bodies hold the only record with 100% accuracy…
    • D. N. A.
    • There are two basic DNA tests for genealogy.
      Y-DNA
      mtDNA
    • Y-DNA tests the direct paternal line.
    • Y-DNA tests the direct paternal line.
    • mtDNA tests the direct maternal line.
    • mtDNA tests the direct maternal line.
    • Both tests rely on comparison with other testers…
    • There are several testing companies to choose from…
    • www.familytreedna.com
    • dna.ancestry.com
    • www.africanancestry.com
    • African Ancestry has a database of African tribe DNA.
    • African Ancestry has a database of African tribe DNA.
      Paternal lineages: 11,747 samplesMaternal lineages: 13,690 samples
    • On October 1st, 2010, African Ancestry revealed DNA test results of two legendary men…
    • Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., through his son Rev. Martin Luther King III
    • Marcus Garvey, through his son Dr. Julius Garvey
    • The paternal ancestry of both men was traced to Europe.
    • The maternal ancestry of both men traced back to Africa.
    • Tracing your roots back to Africa the way that Roots suggests is not generally possible…
    • But through DNA testing, you can discover your ownROOTS.
    • Michael Haitmichael.hait@hotmail.comwww.haitfamilyresearch.com