Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
HFMA Pittsburgh 7/11 Kauffman Hall perspective
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

HFMA Pittsburgh 7/11 Kauffman Hall perspective

1,656
views

Published on

we are in a financially unsustainable position - some of these slides are most sobering

we are in a financially unsustainable position - some of these slides are most sobering

Published in: Business, Health & Medicine

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,656
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania Chapter Kaufman Hall Point of View Discussion Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania / July 19, 2011Copyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved.Copyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 0
  • 2. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterDiscussion Outline • Background – What Is Driving Our “Point of View” • Kaufman Hall’s Point of View • Best Practices for Positioning Your Organization for SuccessCopyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 1
  • 3. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterBackground – What Is Driving Our “Point of View”Copyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 2
  • 4. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterThe Word of the Moment in Healthcare Is “Unsustainable”As in: þ The size of the federal budget deficit is unsustainable þ The annual increase in the Medicare budget is unsustainable þ The percentage of healthcare spending to GDP is unsustainableCopyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 3
  • 5. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterFederal Government Outlays and Revenues (% of GDP) CBO Scenario Based on Expected Law 2010 through 2040Copyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 4
  • 6. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterProjected National Health Expenditures under ACA*Expenditures projected to increase 85 percent from 2009 to 2019 $ billionsSource: Andrea M. Sisko, Christopher J. Truffer, Sean P. Keehan, John A. Poisal, M. Kent Clemens, and Andrew J. Madison.“National Health Spending Projections: The Estimated Impact of Reform Through 2019,” Health Affairs, no. 10 (2010):1933-1941.* Used September 2010 projections from CMS: Office of the Actuary.Copyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 5
  • 7. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterFamily of Four – Total PPO Cost Versus Median Family Income% of Income 15% 18% 26% 45% 42% 38%Sources: PPO cost 2002-2011, Milliman; median family income 2002-2011, Census Bureau.Notes: 2011 family income is an estimate for Federal FY12; total PPO cost = employer contribution, employeepayroll deduction, and employee out-of-pocket co-pays/deductibles. Numbers rounded to nearest hundred.Copyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 6
  • 8. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterCosts by Age Categories Heathcare Costs by Age U.S. is spending much more for older ages $45,000 $40,000 UK $35,000 Annual per capita healthcare costs Germany Sweden $30,000 US Spain $25,000 $20,000 $15,000 $10,000 $5,000 $- 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 AgeSource: Fischbeck, Paul. “US-Eruope Comparisons of Health Risk for Specific Gender-Age Groups” Carnegie Mellon University; September, 2009.Copyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 7
  • 9. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterHealthcare Reform Is Back on the Table – Driven by ConcernsOver the Federal Deficit and State Budget Challenges • Recent Gallup poll put “Federal spending and the budget deficit” as the #2 concern of Americans, surpassed only by “the economy” • Standard & Poor’s issues a negative outlook on U.S. “AAA” credit rating for the first time in history • Both democrats and republicans agree on the need for significant deficit reductions, but have strong differences of opinion on how to get there • You don’t have to be a political scientist to recognize that healthcare reform legislation will be altered, and is a moving target • You don’t have to be a math wizard to understand that Medicare and Medicaid funding are prime targets and that providers will likely absorb the brunt of the reductionsSources: Gallup Poll, March 21, 2011. www.gallup.com/poll/146708/Americans-Worries-Economy-Budget-Top-Issues.aspx; Standard & Poor’s: AAA Rating on USA Affirmed; Outlook Revised to Negative, Apr. 18, 2011.Copyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 8
  • 10. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterThe Model for Healthcare Reform (Massachusetts) Is Ahead ofthe Curve…Lessons to Be Learned • Massachusetts enacted “Romneycare” in 2006 • According to the Attorney Generals Office of Massachusetts as of June 2011: “We continue to face significant challenges in addressing historic market dysfunction and in shifting how we purchase health care to align payments with “value”… We have only just begun...” • The United States enacted “Obamacare” in 2010…Source: Massachusetts Attorney General “Examination of Health Care Cost Trendsand Cost Drivers…Report for Annual Public Hearing” June 22, 2011.Copyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 9
  • 11. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterThe Model for Healthcare Reform (Massachusetts) Is Ahead ofthe Curve…Lessons to Be Learned (continued) • The challenges of Addressing Market Dysfunction and Promoting Value-Based Purchasing – There is wide variation in the payments made by health insurers to providers that is not adequately explained by differences in quality of care – Globally paid providers do not have consistently lower total medical expenses – Total medical spending is on average higher for the care of health plan members with higher incomes – Tiered and limited network products have increased consumer engagement in value-based purchasing decisions – PPO health plans create significant impediments for providers to coordinate care effectively… – Health care provider organizations designed around primary care can coordinate care effectively…Source: Massachusetts Attorney General “Examination of Health Care Cost Trendsand Cost Drivers…Report for Annual Public Hearing” June 22, 2011.Copyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 10
  • 12. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterThe Model for Healthcare Reform (Massachusetts) Is Ahead ofthe Curve…Lessons to Be Learned (continued) • “We believe that policymakers should focus on…the twin goals of improving market function and encouraging care coordination” by: – Promote tiered and limited network products – Reduce health care price distortions through temporary statutory restrictions until tiered and limited network products and commercial market transparency can improve market function – Encourage consumers to select a PCP who can assist in coordinating care – Promote coordination of patient care through primary care providers including the infrastructure necessary to coordinate care and by giving providers timely access to relevant patient data regardless of their size or payment methodology – Develop reports for providers and the public to guide development of patient care – Develop appropriate regulations, solvency standards, and oversight for providers who contract to manage the risk of insured and self-insured populationsSource: Massachusetts Attorney General “Examination of Health Care Cost Trendsand Cost Drivers…Report for Annual Public Hearing” June 22, 2011.Copyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 11
  • 13. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterKaufman Hall’s Point of ViewCopyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 12
  • 14. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterWhat Is Likely to Occur with Healthcare Reform as a Result of theChanging Climate • Near term – moderate to severe reductions in provider reimbursement − Across the board hits – ready, fire, aim given the need for rapid action? − Targeted cuts with consideration to key political constituents? • State government will play a larger role in defining how reform policy advances are executed • Near/ intermediate/ long term – the evolution of the reimbursement model will continue to advance from an activity-based to a value-based system – driven by both private and public initiativesCopyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 13
  • 15. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterImplications for Providers – What Do We Know • Near-term success will be dependent on the ability to change cost structure this means more than the usual re-engineering and will also require reduction in utilization (Brown University/ University of Miami SCM research) • Longer-term success will be dependent on the ability to deliver value (measurable and demonstrated quality/ cost)…creating this value will require unrelenting innovation in service organization and delivery models • A new set of core competencies will be required to achieve the above • In essence, we are faced with a manufacturing problem • Provider industry aggregation seems inevitable given this set of core competencies and this manufacturing problem • Over the long term, healthcare organizations will likely fall into three broad categories – population health managers, major participants/ components, contracted providers • Standing still is not a viable optionCopyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 14
  • 16. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterAn Urgent Need: Rethinking Care Delivery “In my 30 years with Sutter Health, I’ve never experienced a more urgent situation… I’ve also never been more confident that, together, we will rethink the way we deliver healthcare – by becoming even more efficient and more innovative. Our path is clear; deliver high-quality medical services as cost effectively as possible.” Pat Fry, Sutter Health President and CEOSource: Sutter Health, a publication for employees, physicians and volunteersFebruary 2011, Volume 6, Issue 1.Copyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 15
  • 17. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterNew Core Competencies Will Be Required of Hospitals and HealthSystems for Success in the Future Integration Attributes Key Characteristics of the Best Prepared A highly aligned medical staff characterized by shared goals, outcomes-based contractual Physician/ Hospital Integration arrangements, significant planning input, and adequately represented in organizational governance Care Coordination/ Use of care coordination tools and processes by an empowered and integrated workforce to Management Capability meet performance goals that are regularly measured and reported An IT platform that supports clinical decision making, information management, facile Information Systems communications, and access by all stakeholders (physicians, patients, administration) to Sophistication proper treatment and strategic decision making A rational service distribution system that has accessible primary care and easy access Service Distribution System (both physically and through referrals) across the care continuum, delivered in contemporary Effectiveness facilities with contemporary equipment A right-sized organization-wide cost structure, highlighted by appropriate levels of staffing, Cost Management capital spending, overhead support, and supply chain costs; constantly reviewed based on comparative peer group studies and benchmarks Sufficient scale to attract competitive clinical and administrative talent, realize economies, Scale and Market Essentiality drive marketplace innovation, and be an essential provider to health plans and patients Brand Identification Well recognized and respected, associated with high-quality and service excellence. Maintaining strong relationships with payors and the ability to negotiate support for “new era” Payor Relationships/ Contracts business practices Financial Strength/ Capital Strong appeal to capital markets through sustained operations, revenue growth, and balance Capacity sheet strengthCopyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 16
  • 18. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterHow Have Other Industries Solved a Manufacturing Problem? • Product standardization • Process automation and standardization (to reduce product variation) • Application of labor saving technologies • Matching labor input requirements to the task • Amassing highly talented product and process design teams • Leveraging scale economies in purchasing, supply chain management, and corporate overheadCopyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 17
  • 19. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterThe Hospital/ Health Provider Industry Is Highly Fragmented Industry Leaders’ Market Share 100% 94.1% 92.5% 75% 68.0% 70.6% 54.9% 50% 32.1% 25% 21.7% 11.5% 0% Top 5 Top 15 Top 5 Top 15 Top 5 Top 15 Top 5 Top 15 Hospitals Microchip Airlines Retail Manufacturing PharmacyCopyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 18
  • 20. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterTakeaways from Past Industry Consolidation • Access to capital is a key competitive advantage cited in the majority of cases • Consolidation is common in mature markets at end of growth curve • Consolidation is common in industries in which there is a shift in the revenue model • Consolidation provides industries with overcapacity a passive way to phase out underutilized or inefficient resources • Sophisticated information systems are expensive, but highly leverageable and improve the ability of organizations to realize efficiencies in both contiguous and non-contiguous markets • Regulatory policy influence can be a key enabler or deterrent to industry consolidationCopyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 19
  • 21. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterFocus on Retail Pharmacy • The incorporation of a pharmacy benefit in health insurance plans shifts payment responsibility from the consumer to the insurer • Insurers utilize their leverage and negotiate lower drug prices with retail pharmacies for their enrollment base • Broad geographic coverage (scale) and brand recognition become essential attributes for retail pharmacy success in order to negotiate sustainable rates • Sophisticated IT becomes imperative for interface with commercial and governmental programs and now consumers • Scale becomes imperative to drive operating costs to their lowest possible level • The independent retail pharmacy all but disappearsSource: “Pharmaceutical Marketplace Dynamics: Expenditures, Distribution,Coverage, Pricing.” National Association of Chain Drug Stores. May 2000. “Historyof the Digest.” National Community Pharmacists Association. 2001. “Consolidationof US Retail Pharmacy Industry. TATA Consultancy Services. August 2009.Copyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 20
  • 22. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterOther Implications for Providers • There is, and there likely will continue to be, a lot of uncertainty in the environment regarding: − The predominant forms/ mechanisms that will prevail related to value-based reimbursement (i.e., rewards/ penalties for quality or absence of quality; bonuses for cost effectiveness; bundled payments; capitation) − Who will lead the reorganization of the healthcare market – hospitals and health systems, IPAs, insurers • Planning in an uncertain world requires organizations to establish a Point of ViewCopyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 21
  • 23. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania Chapter Best Practices for Positioning Your Organization for SuccessCopyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 22
  • 24. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterEvaluating the Situation • Establish a point of view − Based on a combination of art and science, establish an opinion of where the industry is headed − Understand the challenges and opportunities • Develop a sound financial plan and perform scenario/ option analysis as a basis for developing the organization’s future directionCopyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 23
  • 25. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterThe Strategic Financial Plan Development Process Initial Phase Core Analytics PlanProcesses Scenario Planning/ Quantify Strategic Understand Your Develop Sound Baseline Sensitivity/ Risk Initiatives/ Define Key Current Position Financial Projections Analysis Portfolio • Historical credit • Integrate market • Quantify strategic • Evaluate strategic profile plans initiatives “options” as to • Access to capital • Incorporate capital • Incorporate future value creation inventory “probable” scenarios • Define optimal Key Objectives • Capital needs Inventory • Apply “known” future (e.g., healthcare portfolio of variables. reform) strategies • Capital Position Analysis to quantify • Project “business as • Include committed • Identify and refine capital shortfall usual” capital investment implementation plan plans • Begin • Financial • Assess capital performance capacity and • Perform sensitivity implementation comparisons constraints analysis • Assess plan viability • Re-iterate analytic process Copyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 24
  • 26. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterBe Decisive Understand your options and take action: • What steps can your organization take to streamline its cost structure to be as efficient as possible in the new environment? • Have you planned effectively for POTENTIAL changes in the reimbursement structure/ methodology, and what if they do not occur as “planned?” • Can the organization stand on its own or do you need a partner? • What have you not thought about/ factored into your decision making?Copyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 25
  • 27. HFMA – Western Pennsylvania ChapterContinually Re-evaluate Most importantly – The process of strategic financial planning is not a “one-time” exercise: • Continue to evaluate and modify the direction of the organization as the changes in the industry are coming fast and furious • Your plans from last year are obsolete • Your plans today will change in six months, maybe sooner, as more clarity around reform and its ultimate impact become more well definedCopyright 2011 Kaufman, Hall & Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. 26