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Digital Preservation (UWE)
 

Digital Preservation (UWE)

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Presentation slides prepared for a lecture on digital preservation given at the University of the West of England, Bristol on the 19th February 2013.

Presentation slides prepared for a lecture on digital preservation given at the University of the West of England, Bristol on the 19th February 2013.

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  • Image from: http://www.bradfordschools.net/curriculumict/
  • Image courtesy of Frank Carey: http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolor_ipsum/3262262068/in/photostream/
  • Image courtesy of Frank Carey: http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolor_ipsum/3262262008/in/photostream/
  • Reference: Thibodeau, K. (2002)."Overview of technological approaches to digital preservation and challenges in coming years." In: The state of digital preservation: an international perspective . Washington, D.C.: Council for Library and Information Resources. Available: http://www.clir.org/pubs/abstract/pub107abst.html
  • National Archives of Australia, An Approach to the Preservation of Digital Records (2002): http://www.naa.gov.au/images/an-approach-green-paper_tcm2-888.pdf
  • Image from Mary Beard’s blog: http://timesonline.typepad.com/dons_life/2011/02/where-does-king-tut-belong.html#more
  • http://public.ccsds.org/publications/archive/650x0b1.PDF
  • References:
  • http://www.crl.edu/archiving-preservation/digital-archives/metrics-assessing-and-certifying
  • Given the audience I’ll reflect on two pieces of DCC work: DAF tool, which has been used primarily by service providers or intermediaries to investigate what’s happening in terms of data management at the coalface and explore service gaps to see what support researchers need, and; Research funders policies, specifically in terms of data management and sharing plan requirements, as this is directly relevant to researchers

Digital Preservation (UWE) Digital Preservation (UWE) Presentation Transcript

  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukUKOLN is supported by:Digital PreservationMichael DayDigital Curation CentreUKOLN, University of Bathm.day@ukoln.ac.ukInformation Systems and Services, UWE, Bristol, 19 February 2013
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukPresentation outline• Digital preservation overview– Some definitions– Technical challenges– Organisational challenges• Approaches to solving the problem– Preservation Strategies– Tools for:• Format characterisation• Preservation Planning– The OAIS model:• Preservation metadata• Repository audit frameworks (TRAC, DRAMBORA)• Institutional assessment tools: (DAF, CARDIO)• Research Data Management
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukDefinitions• Digital preservation:– Is mainly concerned with the sustainability of “content” fora given period of time (probably not forever)– Largely about ensuring “continued access” to content– “The series of managed activities necessary to ensurecontinued access to digital materials for as long asnecessary” - Digital Preservation Coalition (DPC) DigitalPreservation Definitions and Concepts list:http://www.dpconline.org/advice/preservationhandbook/introduction/definitions-and-concepts?q=definitions– A combination of technical, organisational and legalchallenges
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukDigital preservation basics• An ongoing (lifecycle) approach to managing digitalcontent based on:– The identification and adoption of appropriatepreservation strategies for content– The collection and management of appropriate metadata(explicit and implicit knowledge, contexts)– The ongoing monitoring of technical contexts and theapplication of preservation planning techniques– Continual monitoring of the organisation (audit)– Not about keeping everything, forever
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukA multi-faceted set of challenges• Technical– Strategies needed todeal with ongoingobsolescence andscale• Organisational– Access and reuse– Authenticity andintegrity– Sustainability (costs)– Legal– Deciding what needs tobe retained
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukTechnical challenges (1)• Physical– Bits stored on a physical medium (or in the cloud?)– Focus 20 years ago was on new media types (e.g. opticalstorage technologies) as a panacea– Bit-level preservation is still important – the first layer in aviable preservation strategy
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukObsolete mediaImage courtesy of Frank CareyExhibition at NASA WhiteSands Test Facility, 2009
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukTechnical challenges (2)• Hardware and software dependence– Most digital objects are dependent on particularconfigurations of hardware and software– Relatively short obsolescence cycles
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukHardware and software dependenceExhibition at NASA WhiteSands Test Facility, 2009Image courtesy of Frank Carey
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukConceptual challenges (1)• What is an digital object?– Some are analogues of traditional objects, e.g. meetingminutes, research papers– Others are not, e.g. Web pages, blogs, GIS, 3D modelsof chemical structures, research data more generally• Complexity• Dynamic nature• Interactivity– Born digital vs. product of digitisation initiatives– Logical layer between physical storage of bits and theconceptual objects that need preservation (includes datatypes, formats, etc.)
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukConceptual challenges (2)• Need to identify and document the “significantproperties” (or characteristics) of content:– Recognises that preservation is context dependent, evenuser specific (OAIS concept of designated community)– Helps with choosing an acceptable preservation strategy• Compare the ‘performance model’ developed by theNational Archives of Australia (2002) - “The source ofa record is a fixed message that interacts withtechnology. This message provides the record’sunique meaning, but by itself is meaningless toresearchers since it needs to be combined withtechnology in order to be rendered as its creatorintended. The process is the technology required torender meaning from the source”– Focus on re-use (e.g., data curation)
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukOrganisational challenges (1)• Sustainability:– Ultimately the sustainability of content depends upon the long-term sustainability of organisations• Focus on business models• Embedding preservation into the core task of organisations– Organisational commitment:• “An institutional repository needs to be a service withcontinuity behind it … Institutions need to recognise thatthey are making commitments for the long term” CliffordLynch• Need for policy development– Incentives for preservation:• Clarity on roles and responsibilities needed• Who benefits? Who pays? “Free riding?”
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukOrganisational challenges (2)• Economic perspectives:– Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable DigitalPreservation and Access: http://brtf.sdsc.edu/• Final report (Feb 2010) “Ensuring that valuable digitalassets will be available for future use is not simply amatter of finding sufficient funds. It is about mobilizingresources - human, technical, and financial - across aspectrum of stakeholders diffuse over both space andtime. But questions remain about what digitalinformation we should preserve, who is responsiblefor preserving, and who will pay.”– JISC-funded LIFE (Life Cycle Information for E-Literature) has developed a predictive costing tool:http://www.life.ac.uk/
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukOrganisational challenges (3)• The challenge of scale:– The Web– Digitised “textual” content:• Google Books• DPLA / Europeana– The “data deluge” in e-Science:• New generations of instruments, computersimulations• Many terabytes generated per day, petabyte scalecomputing (and growing)• Cory Doctorow, “Welcome to the petacentre.” Nature,455, pp 17-21, 4 Sep 2008
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukOrganisational challenges (4)• The need for collaboration:– Need for deep-infrastructure for preservation recognisedas far back as 1996 by the Task Force on Archiving ofDigital Information• Digital preservation involves the "grander problem oforganizing ourselves over time and as a society ... [tomanoeuvre] effectively in a digital landscape" (p. 7)– Building on existing networks– Role for national-level co-ordination:• Digital Preservation Coalition (DPC), nestor(Germany), National Digital Information Infrastructureand Preservation Program (NDIIPP)
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukOrganisational challenges (5)• Learn the lessons fromthe past:– Things will go wrong– Do what you can toenable recovery fromdisaster– Digital technologiessupport replication(create more than onepoint of failure)
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukDigital preservation strategies (1)• Main approaches:– Technology preservation (e.g., computing museums)– Digital archaeology (a post hoc approach)– Emulation (focusing on the environment, often usedwhere look-and-feel is important, e.g. computer games)– Migration (focusing on the content)• A mature approach: A set of organised tasksdesigned to achieve the periodic transfer of digitalinformation from one hardware and softwareconfiguration to another, or from one generation ofcomputer technology to a subsequent one - CPA/RLGreport (1996)
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukDigital preservation strategies (2)• Preservation strategies are not in competition– Different strategies will work together, may be value indiversification– Migration strategies mean difficult choices need to bemade about target formats• But the strategy chosen has implications for:– The technical infrastructure required (and metadata)– Collection management priorities– Rights management• Owning the rights to re-engineer software– Costs
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukDigital preservation strategies (3)• Tools for format characterisation and validation– DROID - Digital Record Object Identification (based onthe PRONOM registry• Very important to know what types (formats) ofcontent exist in a particular collection (e.g.,institutional repository or Web archive)• Performs batch identification of file formats• http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/PRONOM/Default.aspx– JHOVE - JSTOR/Harvard Object Validation Environment• Used for format validation• http://hul.harvard.edu/jhove/
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukDigital preservation strategies (4)• Plato preservation planning tool– Developed by EU Planets project– A decision support tool that helps users explore theevaluation of potential preservation solutions againstspecific requirements and for building a plan forpreserving a given set of objects– Integrates file format identification (using DROID); somemigration services; XML-based generic formatcharacterisation using XCL (eXtensible CharacterisationLanguages)– More info: http://www.ifs.tuwien.ac.at/dp/plato/intro.html– Integration with repositories tested by JISC KeepItproject: http://preservation.eprints.org/keepit/
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukOAIS Reference Model (ISO 14721)OAIS Functional Entities (Figure 4-1)http://public.ccsds.org/publications/archive/650x0m2.pdf
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukPreservation metadata• Metadata and documentation is vitally important– Relates to OAIS concepts like RepresentationInformation and Preservation Description Information– Functions:• Enables resource discovery - supports thedevelopment of finding aids• Records meaning (structure and semantics)• Records context and provenance (authenticity)– Standards that support digital preservation activities:• PREMIS Data Dictionary (for core metadata):http://www.loc.gov/standards/premis/
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukRepository audit frameworks (1)• Repository audit frameworks first developed out of theOAIS Reference Model (ISO– OAIS Mandatory Responsibilities (only six of them):• The main focus was on technical and organisationalaspects, e.g.:– That repositories ensure that preservedinformation (content) can be understood(independently understandable)– That documented policies and procedures arebeing followed• No clear concept of OAIS “compliance”
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukRepository audit frameworks (2)• ISO 16363:2012 -- Audit and certification of trustworthy digitalrepositories– Trusted Repositories Audit and Certification (TRAC)– Criteria cover three main aspects:• Organisational Infrastructure– Governance and viability, structure and staffing,financial sustainability, contracts, etc.• Digital Object Management– Ingest, preservation planning, archival storage, etc.• Infrastructure and security risk management– Systems and infrastructure, etc.– A basis for certification– http://public.ccsds.org/publications/archive/652x0m1.pdf
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukTRAC Checklist example page
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukRepository audit frameworks (3)• DRAMBORA (Digital Repository Audit Method Based on RiskAssessment)– Developed by the Digital Curation Centre and DigitalPreservation Europe– “Presents a methodology for self-assessment, encouragingorganisations to establish a comprehensive self-awareness oftheir objectives, activities and assets before identifying,assessing and managing the risks implicit within theirorganisation“– Identifying risks and scoring each one on likelihood and impact– Covers: organisational context, policies, assets, risks, etc.– Online tool: http://www.repositoryaudit.eu/
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukRepository audit frameworks (4)• A means of "asking the right questions" about repositories(and the wider organisation) and documenting appropriateprocedures and risks• More than one role:– External badge of quality (a "certified preservationrepository")• DINI-Zertifikat für Dokumenten- und Publikationsservices:http://www.dini.de/english/dini-certificate/• ISO 16363– Management tool for self assessment
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukCore repository principles (1)• Ten Principles - agreed 2007 by CRL (US), Digital CurationCentre (UK), Nestor (Germany) and Digital PreservationEurope– The repository commits to continuing maintenance of digitalobjects for identified community/communities.– Demonstrates organizational fitness (including financial,staffing structure, and processes) to fulfill its commitment.– Acquires and maintains requisite contractual and legal rightsand fulfills responsibilities.– Has an effective and efficient policy framework.– Acquires and ingests digital objects based upon stated criteriathat correspond to its commitments and capabilities.
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukCore repository principles (2)• Ten principles (continued)– Maintains/ensures the integrity, authenticity and usability ofdigital objects it holds over time.– Creates and maintains requisite metadata about actions takenon digital objects during preservation as well as about therelevant production, access support, and usage processcontexts before preservation.– Fulfills requisite dissemination requirements.– Has a strategic program for preservation planning and action.– Has technical infrastructure adequate to continuingmaintenance and security of its digital objects.• Available: http://www.crl.edu/archiving-preservation/digital-archives/metrics-assessing-and-certifying/core-re
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukDigital preservation basics (reprise)• An ongoing (lifecycle) approach to managing digitalcontent based on:– The identification and adoption of appropriatepreservation strategies for content– The collection and management of appropriate metadata(explicit and implicit knowledge, contexts)– The ongoing monitoring of technical contexts and theapplication of preservation planning techniques– Continual monitoring of the organisation (audit)– Not about keeping everything, forever
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.uk“It is always a mistake for a historian to try and predict the future.Life, unlike science, is simply too full of surprises” - Richard J.Evans, In defence of history (1997, p. 62)
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukFurther reading– DPC Technology Watch reports:http://www.dpconline.org/advice/technology-watch-reports– Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservationand Access, Final Report (NSF, 2010) http://brtf.sdsc.edu/– Digital Preservation Coalition, Digital preservation handbook:http://www.dpconline.org/advice/preservationhandbook/– Marieke Guy, JISC Beginner’s Guide to Digital Preservation(UKOLN, 2010) http://blogs.ukoln.ac.uk/jisc-beg-dig-pres/– Digital Preservation Coalition and Digital Curation Centre,What’s New (monthly current awareness bulletin):http://www.dpconline.org/newsroom/whats-new– JISC infoNet, Digital repositories infoKit:http://www.jiscinfonet.ac.uk/infokits/repositories– Paradigm Project, Workbook on Digital Private Papers:http://www.paradigm.ac.uk/workbook/index.html
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukWeb links:– Digital Preservation Coalition: http://www.dpconline.org/– Abby Smith talk (2011) at Yale: http://youtu.be/Yk9ccNP9xTk– Plato Preservation Planning tool:http://www.ifs.tuwien.ac.at/dp/plato/intro.html– RSP briefing paper on preservation and storage formats:http://www.rsp.ac.uk/pubs/briefingpapers-docs/technical-preservformats.pdf– PRESERV project: http://preservation.eprints.org/– KeepIt project: http://preservation.eprints.org/keepit/– WePreserve cartoons at:http://www.youtube.com/user/wepreserve
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukAvailable: http://youtu.be/PGFOZLecjTc
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukResearch Data Management:activities, roles and requirements
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukIntroduction and overview• What is research data management?– Caring for,– Facilitating access to,– Preserving and– Adding value to digital research data throughout itslifecycle.• Rationale (researchers, institutions)• Who is involved and how?• Roles and responsibilities?
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukResearcher perspectives (1)• Managing and sharing data is simply part of goodresearch practice:– Adhering to disciplinary and/or institutional codes ofpractice and policies– Has been practiced since the advent of modern science,but not always consistently; data intensive researchmakes it even more critical– Meeting the specific requirements of funding bodies– Reputational risks if data management is not handledproperly
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukResearcher perspectives (2)• Potential benefits:– Scholarly communication/access to data– Re-purposing and re-use of data– Stimulating new networks/collaborations & new research– Knowledge transfer to industry– Verification of research/research integrity– Re-purposing data for new audiences– Secure storage for data intensive research– Availability of data underpinning journal articles– Increased visibility/citationKeeping Research Data Safe Factsheethttp://www.beagrie.com/KRDS_Factsheet_0910.pdf
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukInstitutional perspectives• Institutional drivers– Safeguarding research integrity– Increasing number of FOI requests for data– Adhering to existing codes of research practice andethics– Developing new institution-wide strategies, policies andservices for data storage and management– Increased institutional focus on research management(e.g., in response to REF)– Benchmarking – self-assessing infrastructure andplanning for improvement– More demands but less resources to work with
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukCodes of practice for research• UK Research Integrity Office Code of Practice for Research (2009)– Data management planning is an essential part of research design– Organisations should have in place procedures, resources (includingphysical space) and administrative support to assist researchers in theaccurate and efficient collection of data and its storage in a secure andaccessible form [3.12.5]• RCUK Code of Conduct on the Governance of Good Research Conduct(2011)– Primary data and research evidence [should be made] accessible toothers for reasonable periods after the completion of the research: datashould normally be preserved and accessible for 10 yrs (in some cases20 yrs or longer)– Responsibility for proper management and preservation of data andprimary materials is shared between the researcher and the researchorganisation [although deposit within national collections is endorsed]
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukFunding body perspectives (1)• UK Research Councils– Help fund some data archives, e.g.:• Archaeology Data Service, European BioinformaticsInstitute, the NERC data centres, UK Data Archive– Support for JISC (and DCC)– RCUK Common Principles on Data Policy• Recognises that data are a critical output of theresearch processhttp://www.rcuk.ac.uk/research/Pages/DataPolicy.aspx
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukFunding body perspectives (2)• RCUK Common Principles on Data (in a nutshell)– Publicly funded research data should be made openly available– Data with acknowledged long-term value should be preservedand remain accessible and usable for future research– Sufficient metadata should be recorded to enable otherresearchers to find and understand the research to enable re-use; published results should always include information onhow to access the supporting data– Recognition that there may be legal, ethical and commercialconstraints– Recognition that researchers may need privileged use of datafor a limited period– All users of research data should acknowledge their sources– Appropriate to use public funds to support MRD
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukFunding body perspectives (3)• Changing expectations of funding bodies:– Institutions need to inform themselves about main funderpolicies (mandates) with respect to research datamanagement– There is an explicit link between research income andappropriate data management infrastructures
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukFunding body perspectives (4)http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/policy-and-legal/overview-funders-data-policies
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukEPSRC expectations (1)• EPSRC policy (2011) expected all institutions receivinggrant funding:– To develop a roadmap aligning their policies andprocesses with EPSRC’s expectations by 1st May 2012– To be fully compliant with these expectations by 1st May2015
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukEPSRC expectations (2)• Examples:– Appropriate metadata (including unique IDs) to be madefreely available on the Internet within 12 months of datageneration– Data not generated in digital format should be stored in amanner to facilitate it being shared– Data should be securely preserved for a minimum of 10years after privileged access expires or the last dateaccess was requested by a third party– Adequate resources from existing funding streams– EPSRC will monitor progress and compliance, andreserves the right to impose appropriate sanctions
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukFunding body perspectives (5)• Implications for researchers and institutions:– Increasing number of research councils and funding bodies withdata management and sharing requirements– Potential loss of research income if these mandates are not met– Need to determine the costs associated with short and longer-term management and curation and to request funds as part ofgrant– Responsibility for infrastructure shifting more to HEIs and lessto centralised data archives, but institutional infrastructures andservices are still emerging– Need guidance - some good external support– But also need more local support; often fragmented (need todraw upon existing channels within institutions whereverpossible)
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukWho needs to be involved?• Funding bodies• Archives / long-term data repositories• At institutions:– Senior management– Researcher(s)– Research support officers / project staff– Lab technicians– Librarians / Data Centre staff– Faculty ethics committees– Institutional legal / IP advisors– FOI officer / DPA officer / records manager– Computing support– Institutional compliance officers
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukActivities, roles, requirements (1)• Requirements gathering– Identifying researchers’ data requirements– Developing a shared understanding of what needs to bedone (e.g., identifying where data exist, its form andscale, any existing retention requirements)– Identifying good practice within the institution (and theopposite)– Methods: surveys, focus groups, case studies, joint R&Dprojects, assessment tools (e.g. DCC Data AssetFramework)
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukActivities, roles, requirements (2)• Identifying motivations and benefits– For researchers, support services, the institution• Identifying risks– Data loss (institution, research group, individual)– Increased costs (lack of planning, service inefficiency,data loss)– Legal compliance (research funder, H&S, ethics, FoI)– Reputation (institution, unit, individual)• Identifying costs– Keeping Research Data Safe (KRDS) toolkit
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukActivities, roles, requirements (3)• Assessing institutional preparedness– Identifying institutional stakeholders, existing data supportservices, gaps– Benchmarking and planning for the future– Skills audit– DCC CARDIO tool• Policy development– Policies – approval by senior management is just the start;policies need to be embedded in research practice andresponsive to changing requirements• Data management planning– DMP online, DCC How-to Develop a Data Management Planguide
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukActivities, roles, requirements (4)• Implementation and service development– Integrating where possible with existing services, e.g. IR,CRIS, VRE, HPC, cloud services, social media, etc.– Appraisal, deciding what needs to be kept and for howlong– Storage choices – no one-size-fits-all solution, e.g.Bristol’s BluePeta petascale storage facility, Bath’s X-Drive approach, cloud approaches– Data documentation and metadata – layeredapproaches: top-level discovery (core metadata,collection/experiment-level?), role of standards likeDCMI, CERIF, DDI, etc.
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukActivities, roles, requirements (5)• Data issues:– Appraisal: selection criteria, retention periods (whodecides?)• DCC How to appraise and select research data forcuration guide– Documentation: metadata, schema, semantics– Formats: proprietary formats, community standards, etc.– Provenance and authenticity– Citation (assignment of persistent IDs?)– Access (embargo policies?)– Licensing• DCC How to license research data guide
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukDCC institutional assessment tools• Data Asset Framework: http://www.data-audit.eu/– Analysing institutional requirements and holdings– Discover out what data exists, where it is stored, formats, metadata,etc.• CARDIO (Collaborative Assessment of Research Data Infrastructure):http://cardio.dcc.ac.uk/– Evaluating data management requirements, activity, and capacity– Building consensus between data creators, information managers andservice providers– Identifying practical goals for improvement in data managementprovision and support;– identifying operational inefficiencies and potential opportunities for costsaving;– Making a case to senior managers for investment indata management support
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukFurther reading (research data)– Digital Curation Centre briefing papers and How-to-Guides:http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides– Royal Society, Science as an open enterprise (June 2012):http://royalsociety.org/policy/projects/science-public-enterprise/report/– Graham Pryor, (ed.) Managing research data (London: FacetPublishing, 2012). ISBN: 978-1-85604-756-2– Neil Beagrie, Brian Lavoie and Matthew Woollard, Keeping researchdata safe 2 (JISC, 2010): http://www.beagrie.com/publications.php– Neil Beagrie, Jullia Chruszcz, and Brian Lavoie, Keeping research datasafe: a cost model and guidance for UK universities (JISC, 2008):http://www.beagrie.com/publications.php– Liz Lyon, Dealing with data; roles, rights, responsibilities andrelationships (JISC, 2007): http://opus.bath.ac.uk/412/– National Science Board, Long-lived digital data collections: enablingresearch and education in the 21st century (NSF, 2005):http//www.nsf.gov/pubs/2005/nsb0540/
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukQuestions?
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukAcknowledgments• The Digital Curation Centre (DCC) is a world-leading centreof expertise in digital information curation with a focus onbuilding capacity, capability and skills for research datamanagement across the UKs higher education researchcommunity. The DCC is funded by JISC.• More information is available from:http://www.dcc.ac.uk/• UKOLN receives support from JISC and the University ofBath, where it is based.• More information is available from:http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/
  • A centre of expertise in digital information managementwww.ukoln.ac.ukThank you!