Developing a Community CapabilityModel Framework for data-intensive             research  Liz Lyon, Alex Ball, Monica Duke...
Presentation outline• Contexts   – Data-intensive research   – Capability models• Community Capability Model Framework   –...
Data-intensive research (1)• Jim Gray’s “Fourth Paradigm”• Difficult to define, but (broadly speaking) involves:   – Resea...
Data-intensive research (2)• Existing data infrastructures are not always sufficient to  deal with ever growing amounts of...
Capability models (1)• Extensively used by industry to help identify key  business competencies and activities   – An eval...
Capability models (2)• CCM 5-levels applied to research data management:   – Australian National Data Service – Research C...
Capability models (3)•     Cornell Maturity Levels for digital preservation       – 5-stage model           • Acknowledge ...
CCMF outline (1)• Community Capability Model for Data-Intensive  Research (CCMDIR) project   – Collaboration of UKOLN with...
CCMF outline (2)                • Community Capability Model Framework                   – Defined eight capability factor...
CCMFwww.ukoln.ac.ukA centre of expertise in digital information management
1. Collaboration• Characteristics:   – Collaboration within discipline / sector   – Collaboration and interaction across d...
2. Skills and training• Characteristics:   – Skill sets   – Pervasion of training www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in...
3. Openness• Characteristics:   – Openness in the course of research   – Openness in published literature   – Openness of ...
4. Technical infrastructure• Characteristics:   – Computational tools and algorithms   – Tool support for data capture and...
5. Common practices• Characteristics:   – Data formats   – Data collection methods   – Processing workflows   – Data packa...
6. Economic and business models• Characteristics:   – Funding models   – Public-private partnerships www.ukoln.ac.uk A cen...
7. Legal and ethical issues• Characteristics:   – Legal and regulatory frameworks   – Management of ethical constraints an...
8. Academic issues• Characteristics:   – Productivity and return on investment   – Entrepreneurship, innovation and risk  ...
Conclusions• CCMF is a tool for:   – Evaluating a community’s current readiness to perform     data-intensive research   –...
Thank you!www.ukoln.ac.ukA centre of expertise in digital information management
Acknowledgments• The Digital Curation Centre (DCC) is a world-leading centre  of expertise in digital information curation...
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Developing a Community Capability Model Framework for data-intensive research

  1. 1. Developing a Community CapabilityModel Framework for data-intensive research Liz Lyon, Alex Ball, Monica Duke and Michael Day UKOLN, University of Bath m.day@ukoln.ac.uk iPres 2012, Toronto, Canada, 1-5 October 2012 UKOLN is supported by: www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management
  2. 2. Presentation outline• Contexts – Data-intensive research – Capability models• Community Capability Model Framework – Project approach – Brief outline of the main capability factors and characteristics www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management
  3. 3. Data-intensive research (1)• Jim Gray’s “Fourth Paradigm”• Difficult to define, but (broadly speaking) involves: – Research involving large amounts of data – Data is combined from multiple sources, across multiple disciplines – Data requiring significant processing (computational analysis)• Becoming increasingly embedded in research practice – Integral for many ‘big science’ disciplines – Now influencing “long-tail sciences,” the humanities and social sciences www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management
  4. 4. Data-intensive research (2)• Existing data infrastructures are not always sufficient to deal with ever growing amounts of data – Tools lack integration and are difficult to disseminate and maintain due to lack of resources• Need for a framework to analyse the capacity of communities (e.g. disciplines or institutions) to deal with data-intensive research – A framework that could help institutions, research funding bodies and researchers: • Profile current readiness • Indicate priority areas for investment or innovation • Support forward planning www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management
  5. 5. Capability models (1)• Extensively used by industry to help identify key business competencies and activities – An evaluation tool• Capability Maturity Model for Software (CMM) – Developed by Carnegie Mellon University Software Engineering Institute – Five levels of maturity: • Initial (ad hoc or chaotic) – Repeatable (some discipline) – Defined (documented and standardised) – Managed (measurement and control) – Optimizing (continuous improvement and innovation) www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management
  6. 6. Capability models (2)• CCM 5-levels applied to research data management: – Australian National Data Service – Research Capability Maturity Guide • Covered: – Institutional policies and procedures – IT infrastructure – Support services – Managing metadata – Crowston and Qin • Applied the levels to data management within research projects www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management
  7. 7. Capability models (3)• Cornell Maturity Levels for digital preservation – 5-stage model • Acknowledge – Act – Consolidate – Institutionalise – Externalise – Applied to three dimensions: Organisation, Technology, Resources (the three-legged stool)• UK AIDA project – Used the Cornell model to develop a scorecard for benchmarking digital asset management• Digital Curation Centre CARDIO – Web-based tool to support self assessment of research data management within institutions, departments, projects, etc. www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management
  8. 8. CCMF outline (1)• Community Capability Model for Data-Intensive Research (CCMDIR) project – Collaboration of UKOLN with Microsoft Research – Project running 2011-2012 – http://communitymodel.sharepoint.com/• Process – Mini-case studies based on interviews with key stakeholder groups (funding bodies, HEIs, PIs) – 5 consultative workshops (UK, USA, Sweden, Australia) www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management
  9. 9. CCMF outline (2) • Community Capability Model Framework – Defined eight capability factors covering human, technical and environmental aspects – Within each factor, CCMF identifies characteristics that could be used to help judge community capability – Sometimes these recognise that characteristics will be points on a continuum, e.g. Collaboration within the discipline/sectorLone Departmental Collaboration across research groups within or Discipline organised at a International collaborationresearchers. research groups. between organisations. national level. and consortia. – http://communitymodel.sharepoint.com/ www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management
  10. 10. CCMFwww.ukoln.ac.ukA centre of expertise in digital information management
  11. 11. 1. Collaboration• Characteristics: – Collaboration within discipline / sector – Collaboration and interaction across disciplines – Collaboration and interaction across sectors – Collaboration with the public www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management
  12. 12. 2. Skills and training• Characteristics: – Skill sets – Pervasion of training www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management
  13. 13. 3. Openness• Characteristics: – Openness in the course of research – Openness in published literature – Openness of data – Openness of methodologies / workflows – Re-use of existing data www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management
  14. 14. 4. Technical infrastructure• Characteristics: – Computational tools and algorithms – Tool support for data capture and processing – Data storage – Support for curation and preservation – Data discovery and access – Integration and collaboration platforms – Visualisations and representations – Platforms for citizen science www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management
  15. 15. 5. Common practices• Characteristics: – Data formats – Data collection methods – Processing workflows – Data packaging and transfer protocols – Data description – Vocabularies, semantics, ontologies – Data identifiers – Stable, documented APIs www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management
  16. 16. 6. Economic and business models• Characteristics: – Funding models – Public-private partnerships www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management
  17. 17. 7. Legal and ethical issues• Characteristics: – Legal and regulatory frameworks – Management of ethical constraints and norms www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management
  18. 18. 8. Academic issues• Characteristics: – Productivity and return on investment – Entrepreneurship, innovation and risk – Reward models for researchers – Quality and validation frameworks www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management
  19. 19. Conclusions• CCMF is a tool for: – Evaluating a community’s current readiness to perform data-intensive research – Identifying where changes could be made to increase capability, both human and technological• Next steps: – Case studies to help validate the framework – Explore further the role of customised versions of the framework for different stakeholders (funding bodies, research institutions, researchers) – Consider role WRT other available tools www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management
  20. 20. Thank you!www.ukoln.ac.ukA centre of expertise in digital information management
  21. 21. Acknowledgments• The Digital Curation Centre (DCC) is a world-leading centre of expertise in digital information curation with a focus on building capacity, capability and skills for research data management across the UKs higher education research community. The DCC is funded by JISC.• More information is available from: http://www.dcc.ac.uk/• UKOLN receives support from JISC and the University of Bath, where it is based.• More information is available from: http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/ www.ukoln.ac.uk A centre of expertise in digital information management

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