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HOW WE’VE CHANGED:• We have changed from being an organisationprimarily concerned with LEARNING, to anorganisation whose primary concern isASSESSMENT.
GLOBAL TRENDS(NMC sponsored retreat onThe Future of Education)• Work is increasingly Global andCollaborative• People learn anywhere, anytime(BYOD – bring your own device)• Mobile• Openness — content, resources,courses, research, attitudes• The CLOUD• Ownership (copyright) and privacy• Access, and Scale are redefiningwhat we mean by qualityand success (MOOCS)• Notion of literacy is beingredefined (multi- or transliteracy)• Rise of Informal Learning• New Business Models
BYOD (Bring Your Own Device)People learn anywhere anytime• this were doing reasonably well; policies havebeen adjusted so students bear ownresponsibility; wireless network throughoutTAFE• overarching principle –it is no longer one sizefits all
MOBILE• more than 50% of the world nowaccess the Internet via a mobiledevice• teaching staff are beginning tocreate materials for epublishing formats (but need to be wary ofadopting any one product/platform)• Moodle 2.0 will assist as it reformats automatically for the mobilescreen; also apps available for all smartphones• again, were doing reasonably well in this area but it willchange constantly and rapidly• use and production of educational apps – ideally wewould have a team of staff monitoring this constantly
OPENNESS• resources• courses• attitude• communication
OPENNESS - Resources• will be helped by the implementation of Alfresco - will give staff atleast the option of sharing across TAFE, and even beyond;• need to have some resources free for public perusal (a la OpenUniversity UK - http://www.open.edu/openlearn/); outdated modes ofcopyright need to be set aside - ie all content is owned bythe Minister (????)• these kinds of rules/regulations were introduced in a time of contentscarcity. This is not the case anymore – we live in an age ofcontent abundance.• see https://www.coursera.org/http://ed.ted.com/abouthttps://www.khanacademy.org/
OPENNESS - Courses• same as above re resources; MIT, Stanford,Otago Polytechnic, etc have made many andin some cases all the content of their coursespublicly available• some TAFESA Moodlecourses could/should be madepublic
OPENNESS – Attitude/Communication• shared decision making; give staff real rights toparticipation; encourage robust and publicdiscussion using online asynchronous forums; (we already have Yammer, and could easily be done in Moodle)• management could model and lead thisprocess - blogging?(see Greg Whitby (NSW school principal)http://bluyonder.wordpress.com/)• privacy covers up weaknesses; publicness revealsweaknesses and encourages people to findsolutions (crowd-sourcing)
The defining competency...“...the ability to integrate the talents ofdispersed individuals and organisations isbecoming the defining competency formanagers and firms.”
THE CROWD:Collective wisdom?Stupidity of the masses?
INFORMAL LEARNING• we could be offering short non-accreditedcourses, (eg Regency Gastronomic Adventures);even just discrete units of competence• this harks back to something TAFE used to dovery well – classes for the community - itshow many people prefer tolearn and it builds bridges withthe community > futurecustomers; creates trust inthe brand
NEW LITERACIES• literacy is no longer just about reading and writing; there isnow the concept of multiliteracies (also calledtransliteracy); these wider concepts encompass digital,critical, techno, video, media literacies to name a few• the acquisition of multiliteracy skills is highlighting the newdigital divide - the divide that separates peopleaccording to how they discover, process, and shareinformation/learning• should we offer a course in Multiliteracy as a pre-requisite?or as an enrichment class for TAFE and wider community?• Box Hill TAFE does this via a compulsory induction unit forstudents
MOOCS (Access and Scale)• Massive Open Online Courses have already become part of accepted delivery for many mainstream higher ed organisations; someone willdo it in VET; we dont know if it will work, butwhy not lead and try it? free unlessassessment and qualifications required• Mark Keough first proposed this model atleast 10 yrs ago• See https://www.coursera.org/
NEW BUSINESS MODELS• MOOCs?• open resources/courses?• short informal courses?• Skills for All is an opportunity to do thingsdifferentlyFurther Reading:1. Wikinomics (Don Tapscott, Anthony Williams)2. Public Parts (Jeff Jarvis)
PROMOTE EXPERT LECTURERS• promote individual specialist lecturers anduse them to help the public identify with the brand ofTAFEExamples: http://ed.ted.com/about;https://www.khanacademy.org/)
GLOBAL/COLLABORATIVEAPPROACHES TO WORK• linked with discussion on openness; could be modelled byleadership/management via public communication and debate(eg UniSA’s unijam)• collaboration could be emphasised as a principal form of assessment(design for cheating) - an alternative to testing/Moodle quizzes donealone in isolation• this is not what happens in the real world; collaborative assessment moreaccurately mirrors workplace practice• more PD needed on other models of delivery - problem based learning(PBL), scenario based, Assessment for Learning (A4L); Flipped Learning -http://flipped-learning.com/• strong links here with Employability Skills - they are the skills graduateswill need to function in a more global and collaborative workplace
EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS• Communication• Teamwork• Problem Solving• Initiative and Enterprise• Planning and Organising• Self-management• Learning• Technology
“Soft skills are the hard skills of industry.”(Jeremy Blain - Cegos Asia Pacific)
OWNERSHIP OF MATERIALS -COPYRIGHT• Who owns materials? new systems of copyrightshould be embraced eg Creative Commons licensing- Federal Govt and Department of Health in SA arealready backing this approachhttp://www.ausgoal.gov.au/creative-commons
OWNERSHIP OF MATERIALS -COPYRIGHT• the copyright issue really is a circuit breaker;giving away free content is how you becomeknown (I am a case in point)• content will not generate repeat business –the support and services we offer aroundthat content will if we do that well• we can sell some premium content, but itneeds to be a mixed approach - some for sale;some for free
“Smart firms are treating intellectual propertylike a mutual fund – they manage a balancedportfolio of IP assets, some protected andsome shared.”
SOCIAL MEDIA• to do this effectively you need to be activeand transparent on the open web; aminimum is a Facebook site; othercomplementary sites:• YouTube (TAFE SA already has its own channel) butindividuals need to be free to publish to own sites andtag content TAFESA• Twitter (corporate and individual accounts)• Flickr (for photos; corporate and individual accounts)• Blog (corporate and individual accounts)• Podcast (TAFE SA has the Podzone; http://podzone.tafesa.edu.au/)
SOCIAL MEDIA• In a nutshell, you publish often and widely. If you write ablog post, publish a photo or video telling your networkabout it on Twitter and Facebook. Its about shamelessself-promotion, or put another way, its about being open,honest and public.• enable and encourage individuals (staff andstudents) to contribute to social networks andthe open web without reprisal TO PUBLICISETHE GOOD THINGS THAT HAPPEN IN TAFE• publish student testimonials
2013 Australian Horizon ReportNear-Term Horizon: One Year or Less• Learning Analytics• Mobile Learning• Massively Open Online Courses• Social MediaMid-Term Horizon: Two to Three years• 3D Printing• Information Visualization• Location-Based Services• Open BadgesLong-Term Horizon: Four to Five years• Flexible Displays• The Internet of Things• Virtual and Remote Laboratories• Wearable Technology
IN SUMMARY:1. Make more TAFE SA courses available for public perusal on theopen web2. Set aside outdated modes of copyright3. Adopt Creative Commons licensing4. Emphasise collaboration as a principal form of assessment5. Encourage robust and public discussion using onlineasynchronous tools6. Enable and encourage individuals (staff and students) tocontribute to social media7. Promote specialist lecturers on social media8. Offer a course in Multiliteracy/compulsory induction unit9. Provide more Professional Development on alternative models ofdelivery10. Launch a MOOC?