What is synchronous/asynchronous communication? SYNCHRONOUS (real time) eg f2f conversation, telephone calls, chat rooms ASYNCHRONOUS – some delay between initial communication and the reply eg letters, email, forums, Facebook
COMMUNICATION AXIS Reflective; Structured; monologue expositoryAsynch Spontaneous; Minimalist; rapid dialogue (evolving)Synch Oral Written
COMMUNICATION AXISMost classroom communications take place hereNew – have been enabled by technology (only happen online)
ASYNCHRONOUS TOOLSSOCIAL MEDIA/NETWORKING Facebook (tip: use the Groups feature) Google+ Foursquare etc (Geolocation) Flickr (images) YouTube (videos) Slideshare (slides)
ASYNCHRONOUS VOICEVOICE BOARDS1. Wimba: try the board at http://tinyurl.com/4lnh9fn2. Nanogong (esp for Moodle users) http://gong.ust.hk/nanogong/Free1. Voxopop: Aiden Yeh‟s Advanced Listening Group at http://tinyurl.com/4hzw2of2. Voicethread: examples at http://voicethread4education.wikispaces.com/9-123. Podcasts (eg Podomatic; see http://michaelc.podomatic.com/)4. See list at http://baw2013.pbworks.com/w/page/59955947/Week2
VIDEO LITERACYSee also Ustream and Google Hangout
Synchronous approaches can be extended beyond the face to face (f2f) classroom
The Original SynchronousEnvironment – plain text chat
RANGE OF SYNCHRONOUS TOOLS Instant Messengers: Google Talk, Skype, Yahoo, MSN (text + voice) Peer to Peer/Collaborative Tools: eg Google Docs (documents), Mind Mapping, Whiteboards, etc Virtual Classrooms Proprietary: Blackboard Collaborate (formerly Elluminate), Adobe Connect, etc Free: Wiziq, Vyew, Big Blue Button
Your Experience? Have you experienced the use of synchronous tools in online courses that you have either taught or studied?
Question Why do you think it is important to include synchronous tools in online courses?
Social/Affective BenefitsSocial, community, and personal engagement personal engagement/motivation (55%) community building (29%) improving the social experience (27%)(results at http:// michaelcoghlan.net/synch/surv_results.htm)
Tension: Synch v AsynchTerry Anderson, Toward a Theory of Online Learning:“….the major motivation for enrollment in distance education is not physical access, but rather, temporal freedom to move through a course of studies at a pace of the student’s choice.” Participation in (synchronous events) “almost inevitably places constraints on this independence.” “ The demands of a learning-centered context might at times force us to modify prescriptive participation in (synchronous events), even though we might have evidence that such participation will further advance knowledge creation and attention.”
Resolving the tension between asynchronous and synchronous approaches don‟t make synch sessions compulsory; use synch for those who want it use tools that can record or archive the sessions for later retrieval don‟t use synchronous for whole class instruction use for meetings, one-on-one, or in small groups offer informal (social) sessions in synch mode allow student use of synchronous space offer office hours sessions at set times
What kinds of tasks/activities work best with ASYNCHRONOUS? SYNCHRONOUS?
Resolving the tension between asynchronous and synchronous approaches It‟s not all or nothing – use both approaches: Synch for social, spontaneous, decision making Asynch for deliberation, reflection, considered opinion
Skills of the Live Online Presenter Golden Rule: 6-8 minutes talking at a stretch maximum Intersperse presentations with questions, polls, other speakers (from the floor), whiteboard activity Decide how to handle direct messaging – will you monitor/respond? Or ignore it? Dip in and out of it? Consider working with a producer/co-presenter More at http:// michaelcoghlan.net/fll/blog.htm#skills
What kinds of synchronous activities can you use in classrooms?TEACHING OTHER „straight lecture‟ Office hours Guest lecturers Class to class Oral presentations Social: student - Group work student One on one (eg pronunciation)
PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT Conferences, seminars Workshops and Training sessions Meetings (much more cost effective than teleconferencing) Weekly Webhead sessions at Noon GMT http://learning2gether.pbworks.com/w/page/32206114/volunteersneeded
Twitter as a real time search tool? http://www.flickr.com/photos/29281982@N00/101951607/ May 2008: “Twitter beats media in reporting China earthquake."• An almost real time search tool – Now being used by some as an alternative search tool to Google
TRACKING THE BACK CHANNELhttp://www.slideshare.net/mchaelc/tracking-the-back-channel
BACKCHANNEL TOOLS Direct or instant messaging in web conferencing tools (eg Centra, Blackboard Collaborate) Micro Messaging Tools: Twitter, Yammer Live blogging tools like Cover It Live Live polling tools like Poll Everywhere
Today’s Meeting – Your Feedbackhttp://todaysmeet.com/elearning11
Can you use Twitter as teaching tool? http://www.flickr.com/photos/interplast/141013553/Teaching with Twitter (Steve Wheeler) „Twit Board‟ Notify students of changes to course content, schedules, venues or other important information. (could be done with phone) „Summing Up‟ Ask students to read an article or chapter and then post their brief summary or précis of the key point(s). A limit of 140 characters demands a lot of academic discipline. √ „Twit Links‟ Share a hyperlink – a directed task for students – each is required to regularly share one new hyperlink to a useful site they have „Micro Write‟ Progressive collaborative writing on Twitter. Students agree to take it in turns to contribute to an account or „story‟ over a period of time. Use the backchannel to provide feedback on classes in real time √
21 st Century Skillshttp://atc21s.org/index.php/about/what-are-21st-century-skill
21 st Century Skills Decentralized decision-making, information sharing, teamwork and innovation are key in today’s enterprises Whether a technician or a professional person, success lies in being able to communicate, share, and use information to solve complex problems, in being able to adapt and innovate in response to new demands and changing circumstances, in being able to marshal and expand the power of technology to create new knowledge and expand human capacity and productivity.
THE RECIPE FOR SUCCESSASYNCH SYNCH Email (one to one; one to many) Chat or Instant Messaging tool (in LMS) Discussion tool (many to many; forum – in Virtual Classroom LMS eg Moodle; Facebook, etc; Voice – Voxopop, Voicethread ) NEAR SYNCH Teacher or class blog Twitter, Yammer Podcast site (eg Podomatic) Flickr (or other photo site) YouTube Channel SMS – for messages, remindersOptional Extra Collaborative Workspace (wiki, Google Docs)
A Webheads Theme SongCHORUS Webheads – all over the world Webheads – we’re all over the world See http://webheadstheme.wikispaces.com/
Contact Details MICHAEL COGHLAN http://michaelcoghlan.nete: firstname.lastname@example.org