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SYNCH AND SWIM:
Blending Synchronous and
Asynchronous Learning
Environments

Michael Coghlan
BAW 2014
25/1/13
WHO‟S ONLINE TODAY?
WHERE ARE YOU?
Buenos Aires

The Andes

Egypt

Cape Town

London

NY

Australia

Hawaii

India
WIRELESS IS EVERYWHERE
Question:
Are you
A) In your office?
B) In a computer suite?
C) At home?
D) Other?
MULTIPLE VENUE
PRESENTATIONS
(MVPs)

remote
students

CLASSROOM/
F2F VENUE

guest
lecturer

public
space
Question:
IS ANYONE TEACHING IN FULLY
ONLINE MODE?
(Classroom + online =
BLENDED LEARNING)
IS BLENDED BEST?
 Face to face?
 Online?
 Blended?

 Evidence inconclusive. Check resources at
http://tinyurl.com/q4lx...
SYNCHRONOUS

ASYNCHRONOUS
What is synchronous/asynchronous
communication?
 SYNCHRONOUS (real time) eg f2f
conversation, telephone calls, chat,
Inst...
COMMUNICATION AXIS

Reflective;
monologue

Structured;
expository

Asynch

Synch

Spontaneous;
dialogue

Oral

Minimalist;...
COMMUNICATION AXIS

Most classroom communications take place here
New – have been enabled by technology (only happen onlin...
ASYNCHRONOUS TOOLS
 Email
 Forums, discussion boards
 Blogs (eg Blogger, Edublogs)
 Wikis (eg Wikispaces, PBWiki)
 SM...
ASYNCHRONOUS TOOLS
SOCIAL MEDIA/NETWORKING
 Facebook (tip: use the Groups feature)
 Google+
 Foursquare etc (Geolocatio...
ASYNCHRONOUS VOICE
VOICE BOARDS
1. Wimba: try the board at http://tinyurl.com/4lnh9fn
2. Nanogong (esp for Moodle users)
h...
*** VIDEO LITERACY ***

See also Ustream and Google Hangout
Synchronous approaches can be employed
beyond the face to face (f2f) classroom
The Original Synchronous
Environment – plain text chat
RANGE OF SYNCHRONOUS TOOLS
 Instant Messengers: Google+, Skype,
Facebook
 Peer to Peer/Collaborative Tools: eg Google
Do...
Web Conferencing/Virtual
Classroom
Virtual Worlds
See
Second
Life in
Education

See also
OpenSim
Your Experience?
 Have you experienced the use of
synchronous tools in online courses that
you have either taught or stud...
Question
 Why do you think it is important to
include synchronous tools in online
courses?
Social/Affective Benefits
Social, community, and personal
engagement
 personal engagement/motivation (55%)
 community bu...
Tension: Synch v Asynch
Terry Anderson, Toward a Theory of Online
Learning:
“….the major motivation for enrollment in dist...
Resolving the tension between
asynchronous and synchronous
approaches
 don‟t make synch sessions compulsory; use synch fo...
What kinds of tasks/activities work best with
ASYNCHRONOUS?

SYNCHRONOUS?
Resolving the tension between
asynchronous and synchronous
approaches
 It‟s not all or nothing – use both approaches:


...
Skills of the Live Online
Presenter
 Golden Rule: 6-8 minutes talking at a stretch
maximum
 Intersperse presentations wi...
What kinds of synchronous activities?
TEACHING
 „straight lecture‟
 Guest lecturers
 Oral presentations
 Group work
 ...
PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
 Conferences, seminars
 Workshops and Training sessions
 Meetings (much more cost effective th...
NEAR
SYNCHRONOUS
TOOLS
What‟s this?
Twitter as a real
time search tool?

http://www.flickr.com/photos/29281982@N00/101951607/

May 2008: “Twitter beats media ...
TRACKING THE BACK CHANNEL

CC image: Dean Shareski
BACKCHANNEL TOOLS
 Direct or instant messaging in web
conferencing tools (eg Centra,
Blackboard Collaborate)
 Microblogg...
Purdue University: In-house
Application

http://www.itap.purdue.edu/learning/innovate/tools/hotseat.html
Cover It Live
POLLING TOOLS
Today’s Meeting – Your
Feedback
http://todaysmeet.com/elearning11
Can you use Twitter as
teaching tool?
http://www.flickr.com/photos/interplast/141013553/

Teaching with Twitter (Steve Whe...
21st Century Skills

http://atc21s.org/index.php/about/what-are-21st-century-skills/
21st Century Skills
 Decentralized decision-making, information sharing,
teamwork and innovation are key in today‟s
enter...
http://rheingold.com/netsmart/
http://aruljohn.com/fun/communication/
THE RECIPE FOR SUCCESS
ASYNCH









Email (one to one; one to many)
Discussion tool (many to many; forum – in
LM...
A Webheads Theme Song
CHORUS
Webheads – all over the world
Webheads – we’re all over the world
See http://webheadstheme.wi...
Contact Details

MICHAEL COGHLAN
http://michaelcoghlan.net
e: michaelc@chariot.net.au
Blending Synchronous and Asynchronous Learning Environments
Blending Synchronous and Asynchronous Learning Environments
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Blending Synchronous and Asynchronous Learning Environments

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Transcript of "Blending Synchronous and Asynchronous Learning Environments"

  1. 1. SYNCH AND SWIM: Blending Synchronous and Asynchronous Learning Environments Michael Coghlan BAW 2014 25/1/13
  2. 2. WHO‟S ONLINE TODAY?
  3. 3. WHERE ARE YOU?
  4. 4. Buenos Aires The Andes Egypt Cape Town London NY Australia Hawaii India
  5. 5. WIRELESS IS EVERYWHERE
  6. 6. Question: Are you A) In your office? B) In a computer suite? C) At home? D) Other?
  7. 7. MULTIPLE VENUE PRESENTATIONS (MVPs) remote students CLASSROOM/ F2F VENUE guest lecturer public space
  8. 8. Question: IS ANYONE TEACHING IN FULLY ONLINE MODE? (Classroom + online = BLENDED LEARNING)
  9. 9. IS BLENDED BEST?  Face to face?  Online?  Blended?  Evidence inconclusive. Check resources at http://tinyurl.com/q4lxqwv (courtesy of Curt Bonk) and decide for yourself
  10. 10. SYNCHRONOUS ASYNCHRONOUS
  11. 11. What is synchronous/asynchronous communication?  SYNCHRONOUS (real time) eg f2f conversation, telephone calls, chat, Instant Messaging  ASYNCHRONOUS – some delay between initial communication and the reply eg letters, email, forums, Facebook newsfeed
  12. 12. COMMUNICATION AXIS Reflective; monologue Structured; expository Asynch Synch Spontaneous; dialogue Oral Minimalist; rapid (evolving) Written
  13. 13. COMMUNICATION AXIS Most classroom communications take place here New – have been enabled by technology (only happen online)
  14. 14. ASYNCHRONOUS TOOLS  Email  Forums, discussion boards  Blogs (eg Blogger, Edublogs)  Wikis (eg Wikispaces, PBWiki)  SMS
  15. 15. ASYNCHRONOUS TOOLS SOCIAL MEDIA/NETWORKING  Facebook (tip: use the Groups feature)  Google+  Foursquare etc (Geolocation)  Flickr (images)  YouTube (videos)  Slideshare (slides)
  16. 16. ASYNCHRONOUS VOICE VOICE BOARDS 1. Wimba: try the board at http://tinyurl.com/4lnh9fn 2. Nanogong (esp for Moodle users) http://gong.ust.hk/nanogong/ Free 1. Voxopop: Aiden Yeh‟s Advanced Listening Group at http://tinyurl.com/4hzw2of 2. Voicethread: examples at http://voicethread4education.wikispaces.com/9-12 3. Podcasts (eg Podomatic; see http://michaelc.podomatic.com/) 4. See list at http://ict4elt2014.pbworks.com/w/page/70331411/Week2
  17. 17. *** VIDEO LITERACY *** See also Ustream and Google Hangout
  18. 18. Synchronous approaches can be employed beyond the face to face (f2f) classroom
  19. 19. The Original Synchronous Environment – plain text chat
  20. 20. RANGE OF SYNCHRONOUS TOOLS  Instant Messengers: Google+, Skype, Facebook  Peer to Peer/Collaborative Tools: eg Google Docs (documents), Mind Mapping, Whiteboards, Gaming  Virtual Classrooms  Proprietary: Blackboard Collaborate (formerly Elluminate), Adobe Connect, etc  Free: WizIQ, Vyew, Big Blue Button
  21. 21. Web Conferencing/Virtual Classroom
  22. 22. Virtual Worlds See Second Life in Education See also OpenSim
  23. 23. Your Experience?  Have you experienced the use of synchronous tools in online courses that you have either taught or studied?
  24. 24. Question  Why do you think it is important to include synchronous tools in online courses?
  25. 25. Social/Affective Benefits Social, community, and personal engagement  personal engagement/motivation (55%)  community building (29%)  improving the social experience (27%) (results at http:// michaelcoghlan.net/synch/surv_results.htm)
  26. 26. Tension: Synch v Asynch Terry Anderson, Toward a Theory of Online Learning: “….the major motivation for enrollment in distance education is not physical access, but rather, temporal freedom to move through a course of studies at a pace of the student’s choice.” Participation in (synchronous events) “almost inevitably places constraints on this independence.” “ The demands of a learning-centered context might at times force us to modify prescriptive participation in (synchronous events), even though we might have evidence that such participation will further advance knowledge creation and attention.”
  27. 27. Resolving the tension between asynchronous and synchronous approaches  don‟t make synch sessions compulsory; use synch for those who want it  use tools that can record or archive the sessions for later retrieval  don‟t use synchronous for whole class instruction  use for meetings, one-on-one, or in small groups  offer informal (social) sessions in synch mode  allow student use of synchronous space  offer office hours sessions at set times
  28. 28. What kinds of tasks/activities work best with ASYNCHRONOUS? SYNCHRONOUS?
  29. 29. Resolving the tension between asynchronous and synchronous approaches  It‟s not all or nothing – use both approaches:   Synch for social, spontaneous, decision making (CONVERGENT THINKING) Asynch for deliberation, reflection, considered opinion (DIVERGENT THINKING)
  30. 30. Skills of the Live Online Presenter  Golden Rule: 6-8 minutes talking at a stretch maximum  Intersperse presentations with questions, polls, other speakers (from the floor), whiteboard activity  Decide how to handle direct messaging – will you monitor/respond? Or ignore it? Dip in and out of it?  Consider working with a producer/co-presenter  More at http:// michaelcoghlan.net/fll/blog.htm#skills
  31. 31. What kinds of synchronous activities? TEACHING  „straight lecture‟  Guest lecturers  Oral presentations  Group work  One on one (eg pronunciation) OTHER  Office hours  Class to class  Social: student student
  32. 32. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT  Conferences, seminars  Workshops and Training sessions  Meetings (much more cost effective than teleconferencing)  Weekly Webhead sessions (Learning2gether) http://learning2gether.pbworks.com/w/page/32206114/volunteersneeded
  33. 33. NEAR SYNCHRONOUS TOOLS
  34. 34. What‟s this?
  35. 35. Twitter as a real time search tool? http://www.flickr.com/photos/29281982@N00/101951607/ May 2008: “Twitter beats media in reporting China earthquake." • An almost real time search tool – Now being used by some as an alternative search tool to Google
  36. 36. TRACKING THE BACK CHANNEL CC image: Dean Shareski
  37. 37. BACKCHANNEL TOOLS  Direct or instant messaging in web conferencing tools (eg Centra, Blackboard Collaborate)  Microblogging Tools: Twitter, Yammer  Live blogging tools like Cover It Live  Live polling tools like Poll Everywhere
  38. 38. Purdue University: In-house Application http://www.itap.purdue.edu/learning/innovate/tools/hotseat.html
  39. 39. Cover It Live
  40. 40. POLLING TOOLS
  41. 41. Today’s Meeting – Your Feedback http://todaysmeet.com/elearning11
  42. 42. Can you use Twitter as teaching tool? http://www.flickr.com/photos/interplast/141013553/ Teaching with Twitter (Steve Wheeler)  „Twit Board‟ Notify students of changes to course content, schedules, venues or other important information. (could be done with phone)  „Summing Up‟ Ask students to read an article or chapter and then post their brief summary or précis of the key point(s). A limit of 140 characters demands a lot of academic discipline. √  „Twit Links‟ Share a hyperlink – a directed task for students – each is required to regularly share one new hyperlink to a useful site they have  „Micro Write‟ Progressive collaborative writing on Twitter. Students agree to take it in turns to contribute to an account or „story‟ over a period of time.  Use the backchannel to provide feedback on classes in real time √
  43. 43. 21st Century Skills http://atc21s.org/index.php/about/what-are-21st-century-skills/
  44. 44. 21st Century Skills  Decentralized decision-making, information sharing, teamwork and innovation are key in today‟s enterprises  Whether a technician or a professional person, success lies in being able to communicate, share, and use information to solve complex problems, in being able to adapt and innovate in response to new demands and changing circumstances, in being able to marshal and expand the power of technology to create new knowledge and expand human capacity and productivity.
  45. 45. http://rheingold.com/netsmart/
  46. 46. http://aruljohn.com/fun/communication/
  47. 47. THE RECIPE FOR SUCCESS ASYNCH        Email (one to one; one to many) Discussion tool (many to many; forum – in LMS eg Moodle; Facebook, etc; Voice – Voxopop, Voicethread ) Teacher or class blog Podcast site (eg Podomatic) Flickr (or other photo site) YouTube Channel SMS – for messages, reminders Optional Extra  Collaborative Workspace (wiki, Google Docs) SYNCH   Chat or Instant Messaging tool (in LMS) Virtual Classroom NEAR SYNCH  Twitter, Yammer
  48. 48. A Webheads Theme Song CHORUS Webheads – all over the world Webheads – we’re all over the world See http://webheadstheme.wikispaces.com/
  49. 49. Contact Details MICHAEL COGHLAN http://michaelcoghlan.net e: michaelc@chariot.net.au
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