Examine The Factors Influencing Land Use In The Rurban Fringe

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  • 1. a) Outline the recent changes in the character of rural areas in MEDCs
    • How recent is recent?
    • How rural is rural?
    • What does character mean?
    • Do you need to mention what it was like and how it is now?
    • Have you thought about both the positive and the negative changes?
    • Use case studies!
  • 2. How recent is recent?
    • Define a time scale – last 40/50 years.
    How rural is rural?
    • Have all rural areas undergone the same transitions/changes?
    • How does East Lothian compare to the southern Borders?
  • 3. What does character mean?
    • Land use – are we only talking about housing? (Industry/agriculture/commerce)
    • Social make-up.
    • Economic make up.
    • Quality of the environment.
    Think East Lothian and Fife!
  • 4. b) Examine the factors influencing land use in the rural/urban fringe.
    • MEDC?
    • LEDC?
    • Past?
    • Current?
    • Future?
    Don’t forget also that you have to put all of this into an located context – use case studies!
  • 5. Introduction
    • Lots of different competing land uses.
    • Demands on any individual plot may be wide and varied.
    • So the resulting land use depends on the inter-play of a wide number of factors.
  • 6. Factors influencing land use in MEDCs.
    • Existing land uses
    • Demands on land uses in the rural/urban fringe (landfill, recreation, shopping)
    • Planning controls – what does the Structure Plan state?
    • Cost of the land
    • Proximity to other land uses
    • Access to any given area – roads/junctions
    • Quality of the land for agriculture.
  • 7. Factors influencing land use in LEDCs.
    • Immigration of rural poor to urban areas – peripheral shanty towns
    • Requirement of peri-urban zone to provide food for urban areas
    • Provision of wood fuel for city – leads to difficulties for agriculture and possibility of desert formation
  • 8. What does the future hold for the rural/urban fringe?
    • Largely dependent upon the nature of any given urban area.
    • In declining urban areas there is far less pressure on rurban zones because land is available within the city.
    • In growing urban areas all vacant city sites are spoken for within the confines of the existing boundary.