Yazd, fire temple
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Yazd, fire temple

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YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE (You have a link on the first slide): http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1374255-yazd5/ ...

YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE (You have a link on the first slide): http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1374255-yazd5/

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Zoroastrians have always been populous in Yazd. Even now roughly ten percent of the town's population adhere to this ancient religion, and though their Atashkadeh (Fire Temple) was turned into a mosque when Arabs invaded Iran, a dignified new fire temple was inaugurated thirteen hundred years later.

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  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • Thank you Cachi
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  • Great work! Thank you Michaela.
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  • Thank you John, thank you Karinchen,
    'Iran has gotten a bad reputation over last 25 years, mainly due to its conservative ruling clerics. First-time visitors to Iran are in for a big surprise! The brutishness of the regime is in stark contrast to its friendly population. Persian hospitality is second to none'.
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  • Liebe Michaela vielen lieben Dank für diese großartige Präsentation und vielen Dank für all die Mühe die Du für uns investierst
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  • Thank you Michaela for the history lesson..............Good show.
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  • În afară de caravanseraiele de tip Drumul Mătăsii sau casa puterii, Yazd-ul este şi centrul religiei zoroastriene, probabil, prima religie monoteistă a lumii, religia vechilor perşi. După cucerirea arabă şi impunerea islamismului, în Iran au supravieţuit credincioşi de-ai lui Ahura Mazda până în ziua de astăzi. E drept, au existat şi perioade de restrişte în urma cărora mulţi au emigrat, mai ales în India, la Mumbai sau Gujarat unde sunt cunoscuţi sub numele de "parşi", mulţi ajungând bogaţi şi celebri. Printre cei mai faimoşi parşi sunt familia Tata, Feroze Gandhi, soţul Indirei Gandhi, Rattanbai Petit, soţia fondatorului Pakistanului Muhammad Ali Jinnah, dar şi Freddie Mercury. În Iran, mai există comunităţi zoroastriene care îşi păstrează credinţele religioase, dar cei mai mulţi dintre ei sunt concentraţi în Yazd unde se află unul din ultimele (dacă nu ultimul) Turnuri ale Tăcerii, unde zoroastrienii sunt aşezaţi după moarte. Zoroastrianismul este o religie foarte ecologistă, una din principalele lor preocupări este să nu polueze. De aceea nu sunt îngropaţi pentru a nu polua pământul şi nici arşi, pentru a nu polua aerul, aşa ca după moarte, corpurile lor sunt lăsate vulturilor pentru a-i devora.
  • Atashkadeh (Fire Temple) The sacred flame of the temple, which is considered to be the symbol of the God of Light, has been burning for the past 3000 years, which makes the place one of the most important fire temples for the Zoroastrians, so that the believers from the whole world come to venerate the sacred and eternal fire. This fire temple is located on a hill in a small garden and is surrounded by evergreen trees. There is also a large round pool in the courtyard, which offers a vivid reflection of the temple for artistic photography. A couple of paintings, including the Zoroaster's, can be pointed out as another attraction of the place. The initiated meet at the fire, but nobody apart form the Grand Priest, who is a descendant of the Magi, has access to the Saint of Saints. There exists a winged figure atop the facade as well. This figure is the visual representation of the supreme god in Zoroastrianism. (Irpedia)
  • Fire temple The fire inside is said to have been burning since about AD470. Visible through a window from the entrance hall, the flame was transferred to Ardakan in 1174, then to Yazd in 1474 and to its present site in 1940. Above the entrance of this building, there is symbolic bird-man symbol of Zoroaster. One hand holds a ring, which symbolizes loyalty, while the other hand is held up to indicate respect. The wings have three layers of feather, reflecting the Zoroastrian belief that you should think, speak and act decently. Address : Kashani St
  • The winged symbol now associated with Zoroastrianism known as the Faravahar has its origins in an older symbol of a winged disk without a human figure within it. This older symbol, more than 4000 years old and found in both Egypt and Mesopotamia, was commonly associated with the sun and deities strongly connected with the sun. It also represented power, particularly divine power, and it was used to reinforce the concept of god-kings and divinely appointed rulers. Assyrians associated the winged disk with the god Shamash, but they also had a version similar to the Faravahar, with a human figure within or emerging from the disk, which they associated with their patron god, Assur. From them the Achaemenid Emperors (600 CE to 330 CE) adopted it as they spread Zoroastrianism throughout their empire as the official religion.
  • Historical Meanings The exact meaning of the Zoroastrian Faravahar in history is debatable. Some have argued that it originally represented Ahura Mazda. However, Zoroastrians generally consider Ahura Mazda to be transcendent, spiritual and without physical form, and for most of their history they did not artistically depict him at all. More likely, it continued to primarily represent divine glory. It may have also been associated with the fravashi (also known as the frawahr), which is part of the human soul and acts as a protector. It is a divine blessing granted by Ahura Mazda at birth and is entirely good. This is different from the rest of the soul, which will be judged according to its deeds on the day of judgment.
  • The significance of the Faravahar, true Iranian symbol 1.The figure inside is that of an old man, representing wisdom of age. 2. There are two wings in two sides of the picture, which have three main feathers. These main feathers indicate three symbols of "good thoughts, good words, and good deeds," which are at the same time the motive of flight and advancement. 3. The lower part of the Faravahar consists of three parts, representing "bad reflection, bad words and bad deeds" which causes misery and misfortune for human beings
  • The significance of the Faravahar, true Iranian symbol 4. There are two loops at the two sides of the Faravahar, which represent positive forces and negative forces.  The former is directed toward the face and the latter is located at the back. This also indicates that we have to proceed toward the good and turn away from bad. 5. The ring in the center symbolizes the eternity of universe or the eternal nature of the soul. As a circle, it has no beginning and no end. 6. One of the hands points upwards, indicating that there is only one direction to choose in life and that is forward. The other hand holds a ring and some interpreters consider that as the ring of covenant and used in wedding ceremonies representing loyalty and faithfulness which is the basis of Zartosht's philosophy. This means when a true Iranian gives a promise, it is like a ring and it cannot be broken. 
  • Historical Meanings The exact meaning of the Zoroastrian Faravahar in history is debatable. Some have argued that it originally represented Ahura Mazda. However, Zoroastrians generally consider Ahura Mazda to be transcendent, spiritual and without physical form, and for most of their history they did not artistically depict him at all. More likely, it continued to primarily represent divine glory. It may have also been associated with the fravashi (also known as the frawahr), which is part of the human soul and acts as a protector. It is a divine blessing granted by Ahura Mazda at birth and is entirely good. This is different from the rest of the soul, which will be judged according to its deeds on the day of judgment.
  • Modern Meanings Today, the Faravahar continues to be associated with the fravashi. There is some debate as to specific meanings, but what follows is a discussion of common general themes. The central human figure is generally taken to represent the human soul. The fact that he is aged in appearance represents wisdom. One hand points upward, urging believers to always strive for improvement and be mindful of higher powers. The other hand holds a ring, which may represent loyalty and faithfulness. The circle from which the figure emerges can represent the immortality of the soul or the repercussions of our actions, which are brought about by the eternal divine order.
  • The significance of the Faravahar, true Iranian symbol Since, the ring of covenant which located in the center of the Faravahar's trunk is the symbol of the immortality of the spirit, it can be inferred that more human beings try to promote their own Faravahar, more their spirit will be elevated in the other world after they pass away. For that reason, ancient Iranians would never mourn at the death of their beloved ones, because they would believe that their spirit will be elevated to a higher level in the other world.  On the basis of one's Faravahar, everybody is responsible for his/her own deed.
  • The two wings are composed of three main rows of feathers, representing good thoughts, good words and good deeds, which is the basis of Zoroastrian ethics. The tail is likewise comprised of three rows of feathers, and these represent bad thoughts, bad words and bad deeds, above which every Zoroastrian strives to rise. The two streamers represent Spenta Mainyu and Angra Mainyu, the spirits of good and evil. Every person must constantly choose between the two, so the figure is facing one and turning his back to the other. The streamers evolved out of earlier symbols sometimes accompanying the winged disk. It some images, the disk has bird talons emerging out of the bottom of the disk. Some Egyptian versions of the disk include two accompanying cobras in the position now occupied by the streamers.
  • The winged symbol now associated with Zoroastrianism known as the Faravahar has its origins in an older symbol of a winged disk without a human figure within it. This older symbol, more than 4000 years old and found in both Egypt and Mesopotamia, was commonly associated with the sun and deities strongly connected with the sun. It also represented power, particularly divine power, and it was used to reinforce the concept of god-kings and divinely appointed rulers. Assyrians associated the winged disk with the god Shamash, but they also had a version similar to the Faravahar, with a human figure within or emerging from the disk, which they associated with their patron god, Assur. From them the Achaemenid Emperors (600 CE to 330 CE) adopted it as they spread Zoroastrianism throughout their empire as the official religion.
  • As a meeting of living masters, this collaboration between legendary vocalist Mohammed Reza Shajarian, his multi-instrumentalist/apprentice singer son, Homayoun, kamancheh (spike fiddle) virtuoso Kayhan Kalhor plus Hossein Alizadeh, a noted exponent of the tar (lute) would be hard to top. Thus, it is not surprising that their recent USA tours were routinely sold out or that their debut album, Without You, was nominated for a 2003 Grammy. The tradition these artists so peerlessly exemplify is drawn from medieval Persian court music and Sufi devotional poetry. Intricate melodies flow outward from ancient modal tunings as the scratchy violin, rumbling tombak (a goblet-shaped frame drum) and plangent plucked strings alternatively mirror, augment and embark from Shajarian Senior¹s plaintive, soaring, preternaturally fluid flights of improvisation. That the performances were captured live under ideal sonic circumstances transmits all the immediacy of witnessing epochal interpretations as they flower from seed to deliriously fragrant full bloom

Yazd, fire temple Yazd, fire temple Presentation Transcript

  • http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1374255-yazd5/
  • The Atashkadah is one the most important fire temples in the world. Zoroastrians from all over the world come here to see the sacred fire that has been burning without interruption for 1500 years. Atashkadah este unul dintre cele mai importante temple ale focului din lume. Zoroastrieni din lumea întreagă vin aici să vadă focul sacru care arde deRecognized by UNESCO as holding one of the 1500 de ani fără întrerupereoldest architecture all over the world Internet images
  • Zoroastrians have always been populous inYazd. Even now roughly ten percent of thetowns population adhere to this ancientreligion, and though their Atashkadah (FireTemple) was turned into a mosque whenArabs invaded Iran, a dignified new firetemple was inaugurated thirteen hundredyears later.Zoroastrismul, una dintre primele religiimonoteiste din lume, este o religie veche apopoarelor din Asia Centrală, Iran șiAzerbaidjan, caracterizată prin dualismulbinelui și răului, religie fondată la începutulmileniului 2 î.Hr. de profetul persanZarathustra (Zoroastru).Adepţii Zoroastrismului au fost totdeaunanumeroşi în Yazd, chiar şi acum depăşind10% din populaţie. Templul lor a fosttransformat în moschee de către invadatoriiarabi şi abia după 1300 de ani au putut să-şiclădească altul.
  • The winged symbol now associated withZoroastrianism known as the Faravahar hasits origins in an older symbol of a winged diskwithout a human figure within it. This oldersymbol, more than 4000 years old and foundin both Egypt and Mesopotamia, wascommonly associated with the sun and deitiesstrongly connected with the sun. It alsorepresented power, particularly divine power,and it was used to reinforce the concept ofgod-kings and divinely appointed rulers.Faravahar - unul din simbolurile cele maicunoscute din Zoroastrism, religia de stat aIranului antic. Originea simbolului vechi depeste 4000 de ani este în Egipt şiMesopotamia, frecvent asociat cu soarele şidivinităţile legate de el. El reprezintă deasemenea puterea, în special cea divină şi afost folosit pentru a întări credinţa înoriginea divină a regilor. Acest simbol religios-cultural a fost adoptat de către dinastiaPahlavi pentru a reprezinta națiunea iraniană.
  • .Humata, Hukhta, HuveshtaThe overriding ethical principle ofZoroastrianism is Humata, Hukhta, Huveshta,“to think good, to speak good, to act good.”This is the divine expectation of humans, andonly through goodness will chaos be kept atbay. A person’s goodness determines theirultimate fate after death.Humata, Hukhta, HuveshtaPrincipiul etic superior al zoroastrismului esteHumata, Hukhta, Huveshta „să gândeştibinele, să vorbeşti binele să săvârşeşti binele”.Bunătatea fiecărei persoane determinăevoluţia ei în lumea de dincolo.
  • According to tradition, the present-day Parsisdescend from a group of Zoroastrians of Iran whoimmigrated to India during the 10th century AD, toavoid persecution by Muslim invaders who were inthe process of conquering Iran. At the time of theArab invasion of Iran, the dominant religion of theregion was Zoroastrianism. The Iranians rebelledagainst the Arab invaders for almost 200 years; inIran this period is now known as the "TwoCenturies of Silence" or "Period of Silence“. Aftermany failed attempts to free the country from Arabdomination, the Iranians were forced to either payheavy taxes (Jizya) or to convert to Islam, the latterbeing the ultimate goal of the new rulers and thusthe easier way. During this time many Iranians whoare now called Parsi rejected both options andinstead chose to take refuge by fleeing from Iran toIndiaCând arabii au cucerit Iranul religia dominantă aIranului era zoroastrismul. Zoroaştrii care aurefuzat să accepte islamismul invadatorilor s-aurefugiat în India, în Rajahstan, şi au formatcomunitatea parsi, care azi numără circa 70.000 demembri.Zoroastrieni celebriReprezentantul parsis cel mai celebru a fostFeroze Gandhi, decedatul soţ al Indirei Gandhi,neacceptat de Nehru, tatăl ei, pentru credinta lui.Alţi reprezentanţi faimoşi ar fi fost cei trei magi, dinBiblie. Se zice că steaua le anunţa naşterea regeluiregilor. Starul de rock Freddie Mercury, s-a născut
  • This Atashkadah (Fire Temple) inititates meetthere, but nobody apart form the Moubad(Grand Priest), a descendant of the Magi,reciting the Avesta, has access to theMoubad-e Moubadan (Saint of Saints) wherefor the past 3000 years a fire burns in abrazen vessel. The fire itself is arepresentation of what is good.Nimeni în afară de marele preot (Moubad),un descendent al Magilor, nu are accces înSfânta Sfintelor, încăperea unde arde foculsacru de 3000 de ani
  • Ahura Mazda as Supreme CreatorModern Zoroastrianism is strictlymonotheistic. Ahura Mazda alone is to beworshiped, although the existence of lesserspiritual beings is also recognized. This is incontrast with other times in history where thefaith might be characterized as duotheistic orpolytheistic. Modern Zoroastrians recognizemonotheism to be the true teachings ofZoroaster.Ahura Mazda este Dumnezeul supremAdepţii zoroastrismului venerează focul eternca simbol divin. Zoroastru predica dualismulbazat în lupta dintre Bine și Rău, Lumină șiÎntuneric. Avesta este colecția de textesacre ale zoroastrismului. Deși unele textesunt foarte vechi, compendiul cunoscut astăzi,este rezultatul unei redactări din timpuldomniei lui Shapur II (309-379). De atunci s-au pierdut părți importante, în special dupăcăderea imperiului persan, când zoroastrismula fost substituit cu Islamul iar arabii au arstoate cărţile. Copia cea mai veche este din
  • Iran Text : Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Nicoleta Leu Arangement: Sanda FoişoreanuSound: Masters of Persian Music - Zarbi instrumental www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda