World's biggest open-air museum (5)
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World's biggest open-air museum (5)

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YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE (You have a link on the first slide): http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1646407-thai-29-ancient-city-5/ ...

YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE (You have a link on the first slide): http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1646407-thai-29-ancient-city-5/

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The Ancient City is the door opening to the heritage of Thai wisdom. With a wide range of architectural symbols combined with fine arts and craftsmanship, structural layout and natural environment that integrate harmoniously, The Ancient City creates kind of atmosphere that induces visitors to perceive and appreciate the continuity of history, cultures, religions, arts and customs of Thai people from dawn until now.

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  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • @1456789
    Gracias Pilar! No, yo no estaba allí, aunque yo estaba en Tailandia en varias ocasiones
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  • @johndemi2
    Thanks John happy you are always in the team! Thank you
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  • Fantástica presentación, que belleza. ¿ tu has visto todo esto?.
    Gracias Michaela, Pilar
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  • Beautifully presented....... thank you Michaela.
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  • Ancient City – Dusit Maha Prasat Palace (The Grand Palace)
  • In 1661 A.D., King Narai the Great got a successful attack on Chiang Mai, capital of Lanna King dom. When he returned to Ayutthaya, he left the daughter of the king of Chiang Mai, who was his wife and pregnant at that time. While he went to pay homage to both the Chinarat and the Chinasi Buddha im ag es at Phitsanulok, he decided to bring the princess back with him. No sooner had the princess reached Pho Prathap Chang District that she gave birth to a son who was later named Dua. Learn ing about the baby, King Narai felt ashamed and claimed the boy and princess to be the son and wife of Phra Phetharacha in stead. However, people still recognized the boy as the son of King Narai. The boy grew up and entered the Kings service and eventually became Luang Sorasak. Close to the end of the reign of King Narai, Luang Sorasak together with Phra Phetharacha dethroned King Narai. In this new reign, Phra Phetharacha made himself king of Ayutthaya while Luang Sorasak became Wang Na Prince (akin to the present-day title of Crown Prince). It was not until the year 1703 A.D. that the Crown Prince was crowned Sanphet VIII who was widely known as Somdet Phra Chao Sua. After that the King established Wat Pho Prathap Chang at the place of his birth.
  • Chiang Saen town in the northeastern corner of Chiang Rai province (Thailand’s northernmost) is an ancient town with a plethora of ancient Buddhist temples and ruins. Among the most prominent Buddhist temples in Chiang Saen is Wat Phra That Paa Ngao, a large Buddhist temple complex located atop a hill with spectacular views of the Mekong River which forms this section of the border between Thailand and Laos. The temple’s most prominent building is its beautiful large white stupa (Thai: chedi) called ‘Phra Boroma That Phutta Nimit Chedi’ atop the hill at the temple’s highest point. This awesome white stupa was built to cover the remains of another ancient stupa right at the same location. History has it that this entire site was littered with the remains of ancient temples and Buddhist statues.
  • In Hinduism, Nagas are a primeval race of divine serpent-people that play an important part in religion. They are half-human and half snake, and are still worshiped as the bringers of fertility, especially in southern India. They are the guardians of rain, and thus fertility, but are also thought to bring disasters such as floods and drought. They are the protectors of springs, wells and rivers. As the guardians of rain, you can see statues of the Buddha meditating where a seven-headed serpent has spread its hood over the Buddha’s head to protect him from the rain. Their ruler is the seven-hooded Sesha, and Vishnu is often seen sleeping on Sesha as they float along the cosmic ocean. It is believed that our universe exists in Vishnu’s dream, and will end when Vishnu awakes from this dream. According to legend, the great eagle Garuda stole Amrita, the elixir of immortality, out of heaven. Indra stole it back, but a few drops fell on to the grass below before he could return it. The serpents slithered on it, and hence snakes are able to shed their skins. Because of this ability to regenerate by shedding their skins, they are closely associated with Shiva, the god of regeneration from destruction. You can often find depictions of Nagas adorning temple walls and stairways. Since temple ceilings are made of wood and thus susceptible to fire, these gods of rain are often depicted lining the ornate roofs of temples.

World's biggest open-air museum (5) World's biggest open-air museum (5) Presentation Transcript

  • http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1646407-thai-29-ancient-city-5/
  • Ancient Siam(formerlyknown asAncient City)(Thai:MueangBoran) is aparkconstructedunder thepatronage ofLekViriyaphantin the shapeof Thailand.Ancient Siamis dubbed asthe worldslargestoutdoormuseum.
  • The Ancient Cityis the dooropening to theheritage of Thaiwisdom. With awide range ofarchitecturalsymbols combinedwith fine arts andcraftsmanship,structural layoutand naturalenvironment thatintegrateharmoniously,The Ancient Citycreates kind ofatmosphere thatinduces visitors toperceive andappreciate thecontinuity ofhistory, cultures,religions, artsand customs ofThai people fromdawn until now.
  • The Old Fort and Wallat ChachoengsaoThe fort and the oldwall in ChachoengsaoProvince were built fordefense Bangkok onthe eastern seaboard.In the past, theyhelped prevent themain military threatfrom invaders whocame from the east.In 1834 A.D., KingRama III had KromLuang Rakronaret,the chief of buildingconstruction,construct the fort andthe old Fort and wall.The fortification was300 meters wide and500 meters long.
  • The Old Fort and Wall at ChachoengsaoIn 1848, when Ung-Yi (A group of Chinese rebels that sold drugs and traded illegally during theThird reign) raised a rebellion, they killed the governor of Chachoengsao, Phraya Wiset-rue-chai,and took the fort in order to set up their military headquarters there.The Ung-Yi rebels were finally subdued by a Thai military force led by Chao Phraya Phra Klang(Somdet Chao Phraya Barom Maha Prayunrawong) under royal command. About 3,000 ChineseUng-Yi were killed in the battle.
  • Frangipani (plumeria)
  • Ancient TheatricalPavilionThe grandeur of theAyutthaya court wasreflected in the royalgarden which wasenlivened by the sceneryand landscape ofwaterfalls, fountainsand miniature rockformations.
  • Ancient Theatrical Pavilion During either auspicious or enjoyment times, there were royal command performances of music andsetting, which later gave birth to the famous genre of court drama, Lakhon Nai.in this plays
  • Various Jataka tales,folk tales and anumber of foreignclassics were adaptedfor plays at court suchas the Ramayana,Sankha-Silpchai, I-Naoand Manohra. Theplays at courtcontinued to be seen inthe Rattanakosin
  • The grand pavilion inMuang Boran wasspecially designed andbuilt for courtperformances, evidenceof which may be seen innumerous ancientmurals.
  • Ancient Theatrical Pavilion and garden
  • Chedi Chet Yod (The Seven-Spired Pagoda), ChiangMaiAs history relates, themonument was initiallybuilt in the time of KingTilokarat, the King ofLanna (1442-1487 A.D.). Hesent an official, Muen DamPhra Khot (Dam) to copythe stupa at Bodhi Gaya inIndia, in 1455 A.D.
  • The aesthetic significance can be seen from the stucco motifsof figures of celestial beings on the base walls, and ofornaments decorated on the door frames. They are trulycultural heritages of ancient Lanna that still exist today.
  • Chedi Chet Yod (The Seven-Spired Pagoda), Chiang Mai
  • Chedi of Cham Thewi Lamphun
  • The Chedi of ChamThewi at Wat Ku Kudwas constructed in theHariphunchai period.The chedi is a squaretower of which 5storeys. Similarly, thechedi is formed like astepped pyramid. Eachstorey, therere 3 nicheson each of the 4 facesof the tower, so therere12 Buddha images ineach storey and 60images in all. Thestatues are Dvaravatiand U-Thong arts anddate back to the 9thand 10th century A.D.On top of the fifthstorey is a naturalisticstucco lotus petalborder.
  • Chedi of Cham Thewi LamphunAccording to the chronicle, a hermit erected a small citynamed Hariphunchai and invited Phra Nang Cham Thewi, aprincess of King of Lavo (Lop Buri), to rule Hariphunchai.Phra Nang Cham Thewi came to this city at 679 A.D., andreigned for 54 years.
  • The Wihan at Wat Phumin, NanBased on historical evidence, the temple was constructed byChetabut Phrom Min, a ruler of Nan, in 1776. The wihan has aunique floor plan. Being cruciform like most prasat, the wihanstands on a raised terrace that is reached by staircases oneach of its four axis. They lead up to four doors. Only thenorth-south axis has two long undulating nagas flanking theapproaches along the axis.
  • The Wihan at Wat Phumin, NanInside, in the center of the floor are 4 large gildedBuddha images seated on a raised platform. They sit backto back with their right hands pointing to the groundcalling the Earth to witness the victory over Mara, or theConquering of Mara posture. Above the heads of the fourBuddha images is a stucco formed like lotus petals, each ofwhich touches the ceiling of the wihan.
  • The Wihan atWat Phumin,NanMuang Boranreconstructedthemonastery bymaking theoriginalwihansmaller bytwo-thirds
  • The Wihan atWat Phumin,NanOndiscoveringthe eleganceof thebuilding, thegovernmentduring WorldWar II hadthe picture ofthe structureprinted on aone-bahtbanknotewhich was incirculationfor sometime.
  • Sala of 80 YogiIf you are feeling fit, you caneven try out some of the 80 or soyoga positions that are ondisplay.
  • Sala of 80 Yogi
  • Sala of 80 Yogi
  • Wat Chong Kham displayed at Muang Boran is a Shan temple complex modeled after the Pagan architecture which is rarely seen today. Consequently, the original building that once stood in Ngao in Lampang Province has been acquired from the monastery. The restoration of the structure has been painstaking in order to preserve every single detail of the building and present the most original form of theWat Chong Kham, Lampang structure.
  • Wat Chong Kham,Lampang –a traditional teak builtdwelling andceremonial centre formonksThe building, made ofteak wood, combineswihan, sala and monksliving quarters in onebuilding. The excellentwork of northerncraftsmanship can beseen from the equalemphasis to the split-level roofs and therhythmic spacing ofcarved decorations.Beauty is to be foundeverywhere.
  • Cassia fistula, known as the golden shower tree and othernames, is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native tosouthern Asia. It is the national tree of Thailand, and itsflower is Thailands national flower. Wat Chong Kham, Lampang
  • The Gateway of WatPho Prathap Chang,Phichitan example of art andarchitecture of the lateAyutthaya period.
  • Garden of Pha Daeng – Nang AiNang Ai, the most beautiful girl in Khomkham City, hadsecret trysts with Pha Daeng, the ruler of Phaphong. Herbeauty, unparalleled and celebrated, was eventuallydiscovered by the son of the Naga king. The Nagaprince, transformed himself into a very handsomegentleman and tried to charm her, but did not succeedin winning her heart.
  • Garden of Pha Daeng– Nang AiFinally, he attemptedto trick her bydisguising himselfinto a white squirrelin order to get close toher and kidnap herfrom Pha Daeng. But,when Pha Daeng andNang Ai saw thesquirrel, they ordereda hunter to trap it.The prince, in theguise of the squirrel, iskilled by the hunter.The meat of theanimal is fed to thepeople in the town.Strangely, the meat ofthe squirrel keptincreasing eventhough much of ithad already been cutoff to feed both thepeople in the city andneighboring towns.
  • Garden of Pha Daeng – Nang AiThereafter, a huge rainstorm struck the town suddenly. Considering that it was not a common naturaloccurrence, Pha Daeng tried to escape quickly on horse with Nang Ai, but in vain. Nang Ai fell from thehorse and was drawn into the river. The city became a vast pool. The spirit of the dead squirrel turnedinto the king of Naga, taking Nang Ai into his underwater kingdom. It was said that those who hadnot eaten the meat were saved from the tragic event. Muang Boran constructed a group of statuesbased on the legend of Pha Daeng and Nang Ai. This monument will surely further the imagination ofthose viewers who were once stirred by the local tale of the Northeast, Pha Daeng and Nang Ai.
  • Pride of Barbados
  • Garden of Sacred StupaThe Garden of SacredStupa at Muang Boranis formed by a largegroup of stupa invarious architecturalstyles, built in differentperiods from the past topresent.The uniquecharacteristics of thestupa displayed hereare worth studying andshowing the differencesand similarities of eachstyle of stupa
  • Phra ThatPhanom,NakhonPhanomHas beenhighlyrevered as asacredmonumentfor both theThai andLaotianpeople forcenturies.TheUrangkhaThat (thechest bonerelics) of theLordBuddha isbelieved tobe housedin
  • Ku Khu Maha That The stone sanctuary,dated back to the 13th century A.D., showsthe influence of the Khmer architecturalstyle. The Stupa of Phra Boromathat
  • Phra That Ya Khu,Kalasin is an uniqueoctagonal chedi inThailand
  • This prang has a tower shaped like a carambola, a fruit know in Thai as mafueang, was popular during the pre-Ayutthaya periods, namely U-Thong Art and Ayothaya Art. The structure, about 12 meters wide and 20 meters tall, was made of brick without bondedAverrhoa carambola Fruit plaster. It is recognised as the late U-Thong architectural style which is dated around the 13th century A.D. The Fruit-Shaped Tower (Prang Mafueang), Chai Nat
  • Sarasvati (or Surasawadi) is the fair-skinned consort of Brahma. She is considered to be the goddess of learning and the arts. In her hands she carries a lotus bud, a drinking vessel, a book and the vina (harp), a stringed musical instrument of Indian classical music. Rahu is known as the Nara Graha (Thai: Nophakhro) and features extensively in Indian astrology. In one form, Rahu is half-human half-ogre who swallows the sun and the moon. The incidents are believed to cause the solar and lunar eclipse respectively. In another form, Rahu is half-human half-snake. He was split in two by Narayanas chakra, or flying discus, during theThe Garden of the Gods churning of the ocean ceremony.
  • The Garden of the GodsShiva (or Phra Isvara)was the King of allgods having powerover both deities andevil. He is the god ofdestruction. His closedthird eye on hisforehead, if opened,will burn everythingbefore his eyes. Shiva isseated on his bull,Nandi. The Goddess,Uma, sits before him.
  • The RainbowBridgeRainbow is asymbol offertility,happiness,and naturalbeauty of thecountry
  • pavilion of the rainbow bridge
  • Statue of the Buddha meditating under the protection of Naga
  • Text & Pictures: Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda FoişoreanuSound: Ruk fan poh - Satien Tummue www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda