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World's biggest open-air museum (2)

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YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE (You have a link on the first slide): http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1644576-thailanda-ancient-city-2/ …

YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE (You have a link on the first slide): http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1644576-thailanda-ancient-city-2/

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Ancient City (or as it's known in Thai: Muang Boran) is the world's largest outdoor museum, filled with replicas of Thailand's historic monuments and works of art. According to its creator, "it's not only a portrait of Thailand's living past, but this place portrays roots of Thai society and culture that our ancestors founded for us and our next generation."

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  • Thank you Pilar and John.THANKS
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  • A superb presentation,so well documented ,thank you Michaela.
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  • ¡ Que precioso como me gusta ! desde luego es dificil enfrentarse a este arte cuando se ha estudiado solo Europa y antiguas civilizaciones como Mesopotamia. como me `pasa a mí
    pero como le voy poniendo ganas de algo me entero, fijate he entendido una página que nos muestra la diferencia entre el arte hindu y el thailandes, bueno que me enrrollo, FANTASTICA PRESENTACION. Pilar
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  • Ancient City - Pavilion of the Enlightened in Mahayana Buddhism (the variety found across Thailand), the story of 500 enlightened monks shows that people from different backgrounds and different codes of conduct, could all becomes enlightened and achieve Nirvana.
  • The mondop housing the Footprint of the Lord Buddha, one of the most sacred places of Thailand, is an architectural style of Ayutthaya art. It is established on the top of a hill in Saraburi Province. According to a Saraburi folk tale, a hunter named Phran Boon followed a deer that he had shot to the ridge of a low hill. There, he saw the wounded deer drinking water from a small pond. Astonishingly, the wounds on the creatures body suddenly disappeared. When the deer fled, the hunter came to look at the pond and found that in fact the pond was the footprint of the Buddha. Being reported and investigating the site himself, Phra Chao Song Tham (1620-1628 A.D.) found the an cient Buddha foot print of which its appearance in Siam was foretold by Ceylonese monks in a Ceylonese scripture. Muang Boran rebuilt Mondop of Footprint in accordance with two distinctive accounts from Thai literature: Nirat Phra Bat written by Sunthorn Phu, the eminent poet of the Rattanakosin era; and Punnowat Kham Chan by Phra Maha Nak of Wat Tha Sai. Both stories had been written before the reconstruction of the mondop took place in the 19th century A.D. The interior was rebuilt from an earlier Thai document by Khun Khlon. The footprint housed in the mondop at Muang Boran was a gift from an Indian president.
  • The mondop housing the Footprint of the Lord Buddha, one of the most sacred places of Thailand, is an architectural style of Ayutthaya art. It is established on the top of a hill in Saraburi Province. According to a Saraburi folk tale, a hunter named Phran Boon followed a deer that he had shot to the ridge of a low hill. There, he saw the wounded deer drinking water from a small pond. Astonishingly, the wounds on the creatures body suddenly disappeared. When the deer fled, the hunter came to look at the pond and found that in fact the pond was the footprint of the Buddha. Being reported and investigating the site himself, Phra Chao Song Tham (1620-1628 A.D.) found the an cient Buddha foot print of which its appearance in Siam was foretold by Ceylonese monks in a Ceylonese scripture. Muang Boran rebuilt Mondop of Footprint in accordance with two distinctive accounts from Thai literature: Nirat Phra Bat written by Sunthorn Phu, the eminent poet of the Rattanakosin era; and Punnowat Kham Chan by Phra Maha Nak of Wat Tha Sai. Both stories had been written before the reconstruction of the mondop took place in the 19th century A.D. The interior was rebuilt from an earlier Thai document by Khun Khlon. The footprint housed in the mondop at Muang Boran was a gift from an Indian president.
  • Transcript

    • 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1644576-thailanda-ancient-city-2/
    • 2. Ancient Siam (formerly known as Ancient City)(Thai: Mueang Boran) is apark constructed under the patronage of Lek Viriyaphant in the shape ofThailand. Ancient Siam is dubbed as the worlds largest outdoor museum.Besides from important architectures that was recreated or relocated,there are also many constructions which are originated form Khun LekViriyaphans imagination in the Re-Creation Area which are exotic andfascinating such as "The pavilion of the enlightened," "The RainbowBridge," "Sumeru Mountain," or "Botanical Garden from Thai Literature,"etc. Moreover, from the Re-Creation area there might be some strangefigure buildings which were built according to the written history ordrawn paintings which cannot be seen anywhere in the present such as"The Phra Kaew Pavilion," "Ho Kham" of Lampang province, etc. Aftervisiting many places throughout the Ancient City, they also simulated afloating market and a fresh market for us to shop and relax with manysouvenirs from each part of Thailand.The Ancient City is considered an important attraction site which willallow us to visit and learn about Thai culture from different parts ofThailand within one day. This allows visitors to see each architecture andartwork closely which it will not only be entertaining but also educating.
    • 3. Mondop of the Footprint of the Lord Buddha, Saraburi
    • 4. The mondop housing the Footprint of the LordBuddha, one of the most sacred places in Thailand,is in the architectural style of Ayutthaya art.
    • 5. According to a Saraburi folk tale, a hunter named Phran Boon followed a deer that he had shot to the ridge of a low hill. There, he saw the wounded deer drinking water from a small pond. Astonishingly, the wounds on the creatures body suddenly disappeared. When the deer fled, the hunter came to look at the pond and found that in fact the pond was the footprint of the Buddha. Being reported and investigating the site himself, Phra Chao Song Tham (1620-1628 A.D.) found the ancient Buddha foot print of which its appearance in Siam was foretold by Ceylonese monks in a CeyloneseBuddha foot print scripture.
    • 6. Muang Boran rebuilt Mondop of Footprint in accordance with two distinctive accounts from Thai literature: Nirat Phra Bat written by Sunthorn Phu, the eminent poet of the Rattanakosin era; and Punnowat Kham Chan by Phra Maha Nak of Wat Tha Sai. Both stories had been written before the reconstruction of the mondop took place in the 19th century A.D. The interior was rebuilt from an earlier Thai document by Khun Khlon. The footprint housed in the mondop at Muang Boran was a gift from an Indian president.Buddha foot print
    • 7. Mondop of the Footprint of the Lord Buddha, Saraburi
    • 8. According to Thai cosmology, Sumeru Mountain is consideredthe pillar of the world as well as the center of the universe.
    • 9. The mythologicalSumeru Mountain(considered the pillarof the world) wassupported in thecosmological ocean onthe back of a great fishcalled Anondha, whichkept it safe above water.
    • 10. Anondha fish
    • 11. The mountain, supported by Anondha fish, stays abovethe surface of the water. It is the residence of spiritsranging from deities in heaven to devils in hell.The beings living by the mountainside also includehumans, nagas, garudas, ogres, ogresses and yogis.Each of them is distinguished by wisdom and morality.
    • 12. On the top of the loftymountain is theheaven (Tavatimsa)where Trai Trueng Cityis located.Sumeru Mountain issurrounded by anocean, called Nathi SiThandorn while theIlimaphanta Forestand Anodat Pond areat the foot of theMountain.The city is believed tobe the kingdom of godswhere Sakka or Indrais the king.Indras most importantresponsibility is toprotect the serenity ofthe world community.His divine kingship is aresult of the merit hehad made during hispast lives.
    • 13. Sakka lives in a castlecalled Phaichayon MahaPrasat (Phaichayon greatgrand palace). In thecenter of the castle standsthe heavenly throne,namely Bandu Kamphon,which will turn stiff whenthe world falls intodisastrous catastrophe.Learning the situation,Indra will come down fromheaven to help save hispeople on earth.
    • 14. Beside the mountain, there are a number of mystical beings such as the strange serpent like creaturescalled Nagas who are protective guardians against evil.
    • 15. Garudas and a few other bizarre and bewildering creatures can also be seen with each oneindividually distinguished by their own morality and wisdom.
    • 16. A fight betweenThailand andBurma
    • 17. The landscaping ofthe park is a majorpart of the appeal,and several themedgardens are to befound here. Perhapsthe most attractiveis the Garden of theGods, which hasbeen created in thenorthern sector ofthe park.Wandering throughthe Garden of theGods with itscolourful flower bedsand ornamentaltrees is one of themost pleasantaspects of a visit toMuang Boran. Its agood place to take abreak and rest awhile during yourvisit to the park.
    • 18. The Garden ofthe Gods.Brahma, majordeity ofHinduism andcreator of theuniverseportrayed with4 faces and 4arms
    • 19. The name of theGarden comes from thebronze statues ofvarious Hindu deitiesinstalled here.These Gods are alsoincorporated into Thaiclassical literature.Hence their depictionhere.Surasawadi, consort ofBrahma, is consideredto be the goddess oflearning and the arts.
    • 20. One of the largest andmost prominentsculptures is that of theGod called Phra Athitthe God of Light. Herepresents "Sunday"and is depicted sittingon an elaboratechariot drawn by sevensky horses and drivenby Phra Arun.The name "Arun"means dawn and issimilar to the famousTemple of Dawn calledWat Arun in Bangkok.Phra Athit is said to beinfluential, noble anddistinguished.
    • 21. Another largesculpture is that ofPhra Chan the Godof the Moon whorepresents Monday.He can be seenastride a chariotdriven by tenhorses. One gets theimpression that heis dignified, gentleand suave. Just todigress a little, it isbelieved that peopleborn on variousdays are said tohave these samecharacteristics ofthe Gods impartedto them. So make anote of which dayyou were born andsee if the characterof these Gods issimilar to yours!
    • 22. One of the more enchanting sights in the AncientCity are trees laden with little plates, on which arewritten Thai characters. Bells hang from the plates.These I believe are good luck charms
    • 23. Tuesday isattributed tothe God PhraAngkhan thatis seen ridinga huge waterbuffalo. Hisplanet ofinfluence isMars andtherefore isalso known asthe God ofWar. Hischaracteristicsare hottempered,hard-workingandcontroversial.You couldadapt thesaying of"blood, sweatand tears" tohim
    • 24. Many of thesesculptures arevery intricatein detail andprovide agreat insightinto how theThai peopleassociatetheir liveswith that ofthe prevailingGods.New structureof Hinduarchitecturebetween theGarden of theGods and theSulhothaiWihan
    • 25. Phra Budha(not theBuddha as weknow it) rulesover Wednesday.His dedicatedplanet isMercury and isseated above agreat elephantas his steed.He symbolizeswisdom,intellectual andcommunicationHe is said to bewise andknowledgeable.In Thai culture,the elephant isalso the symbolof wisdom andknowledge aswell as bravery.
    • 26. it is believed that people born onvarious days are said to have thesesame characteristics of the Godsimparted to them. So make a noteof which day you were born and seeif the character of these Gods aresimilar to yours!Pharutsabodhi. He can be seenriding a deer with huge antlersand carrying a writing slate. Healso represents the planet Jupiterand is considered a heavenly seerand tutor to the Gods and Deities.It is also noted that Thursdays arededicated to the teachingprofession in Thailand.He represents knowledge, educationand teaching. God of Thursday
    • 27. God of Thursday
    • 28. This next God is much sought after in terms of having childrenborn on this particular day. This is the God Sukra who rides in ona hefty bull. Sukra is the ruler for Friday is a heavenly seer andalso tutor of the Gods. However his atributes are wealth and ataste for the arts. The best of both worlds, money and talent!
    • 29. Phra Sao alsoknown as Sani orin Hinduism asShiva presidesover Saturday.His ruling planetis Saturn, hissteed is a tigerand people bornunder theinfluence ofSaturn areknown to be hottempered as oneof their traits!Phra Sao holds atrident.Unfortunately heis also known asthe God of Griefand those bornon this day arealso said to facea life ofhardship,despair andgrief.
    • 30. Sani (or Phra Sao)
    • 31. New structure of Hindu architecture between the Garden of theGods and the Sulhothai Wihan
    • 32. Architectural detail on thenew Hindu building
    • 33. Flamboyant, Delonixnew Hindu building Regia, Royal Poinciana
    • 34. Flamboyant, DelonixRegia, Royal Poinciana
    • 35. Wooden carving ofbird-man
    • 36. Thailand issteeped in muchmysticism andculture thatrelates toreligion. This issignificant inthe manytemples andplaces of worshipin the country.Hinduism is agreat influencein many ofThailandsreligious icons,traditions andculture. TheRamakienwhich is an epicstory of the Godsand Deities wasderived from theRamayanaand adapted toThai beliefs.
    • 37. Mondop of the Footprint of the Lord Buddha, Uttaradit"The standing footprints of the Lord Buddha are housed withina mondop at Wat Phra Yuen, Uttaradit Province. Themulti-tiered structure is a typical monument of Chiang Saen.Muang Boran reconstructed the building in its actual size."
    • 38. This is a bronze statueof "Vishnu (or PhraNarai) asleep on theback of Naga Ananta,the Naga Serpent King,floating on the middleof the ocean. Laksmi,his consort, sits at hisfeet holding a whisk"
    • 39. Vishnu (or Phra Narai) asleep on the Naga Ananta
    • 40. Text & Pictures: Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasandaSound: Thai Traditional Music