Vienna Secession2


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The Kirche am Steinhof (also called the Church of St. Leopold) in Vienna is the Roman Catholic oratory of the Steinhof Psychiatric Hospital. The building designed by Otto Wagner is considered one of the most important Art Nouveau churches in the world.
The Vienna Secession (also known as the Union of Austrian Artists, or Vereinigung Bildender Künstler Österreichs) was formed in 1897 by a group of Austrian artists who had resigned from the Association of Austrian Artists, housed in the Vienna Künstlerhaus. This movement included painters, sculptors, and architects. The first president of the Secession was Gustav Klimt, and Rudolf von Alt was made honorary president. Its official magazine was called "Ver Sacrum". The three main architects of this movement were Josef Hoffmann, Joseph Maria Olbrich, and Otto Wagner. Although Otto Wagner is widely recognized as an important member of the Vienna Secession he was not a founding member.

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Vienna Secession2

  1. 1.
  2. 2. The Kirche am Steinhof(also called the Church ofSt. Leopold) in Vienna isthe Roman Catholic oratoryof the Steinhof PsychiatricHospital.
  3. 3. The "Steinhof" (stone yard)was a psychiatric hospitalupon the Baumgartner heightin the 14th Vienna districtestablished in the years1902-07 under the directionof Otto Wagner. This churchconsecrated to St Leopoldserved as institute churchand is surely one of the mostimportant sacred Jugendstilbuildings world-wide.
  4. 4. The building designed byOtto Wagner isconsidered one of themost important ArtNouveau churches in the
  5. 5. Koloman Moser - Church Am Steinhof, drawing of the angel in the left side window
  6. 6. The external wallsconsist of white marbleslabs fastened by largecopper pins. The entireartistic outside andinterior equipment showsonce more the perfectco-operation of theartists from the ViennaSecession and ViennaWorkshops (WienerWerkstätte).
  7. 7. The churchdedicated to SaintLeopold was builtbetween 1903 and1907 by the 63-year-old architectOtto Wagner, withmosaics andstained glass byKoloman Moser,and sculpturalangels by OthmarSchimkowitz (1864–1947).In 1904, KolomanMoser designed theApse mosaic andglass windows forthe Kirche amSteinhof
  8. 8. This church was selected as a main motif of one of the most famous euro collectors coins: the Austrian 100 euro SteinhofChurch commemorative coin, minted on November 9, 2005. One of Mosers most prominent designs used in the buildingwas selected as a main motif. On the reverse of the coin, the Koloman Moser stained glass window over the main entrancecan be seen. In the center of the window is God the Father seated on a throne. The window is flanked with a pair of bronzeangels in Jugendstil style, originally designed by Othmar Schimkowitz.
  9. 9. Otto Koloman Wagner(1841 –1918) was an Austrianarchitect and urban planner,known for his lasting impacton the appearance of hishome town Vienna, to whichhe contributed manylandmarks.
  10. 10. The elaborate and brightlycoloured mosaic behind theornate altar represents thereception of the departed soulinto heaven, via an ornatetrompe-loeil staircase whichhas been compared unfairly toa Hollywood-style movieaward ceremony. Among thenumerous saints attending theceremony is Saint Dymphnathe patron saint of thoseafflicted by epilepsy or mentalillness.Also visible is St. ClementHofbauer or Clemens MariaHofbauer (1751–1820), thepatron saint of Vienna.
  11. 11. The dome of the church is not visible from inside the building; even so, the nave has an echo of six seconds. The church,which seats 800 people when full, was reopened on the 1 October 2006, after the completion of the most recent extensiverenovation work.The central ceiling below the unseen dome bears images relating to the four evangelists: the man for Matthew, the lion forMark, the calf for Luke, the eagle for John.
  12. 12. Koloman Moser - Design for the right side altar Guardian Angel
  13. 13. Koloman Moser Design for the right side altar Guardian Angel -detailKolo Moser (1868 - 1918)Paradise 1904-8 Designfor stained glass entry forthe Church Am Steinhof4.15 x 7.74 mMusée dOrsay, Paris
  14. 14. Koloman Moser - Design for the left side altar Our Lady of Mercy35 x 78.5 cm
  15. 15. Koloman Moser - Design for the left side altar Our Lady of Mercy
  16. 16. Since Kolo Moser hadleft the Catholic church,there was resistanceagainst Moser creatingthe altar painting, too. Inthe end, Carl Ederer didthem very similarly toKolo Moser′s originaldesigns. A law suitaround plagiarism wasthe result, which endedwith an agreement of thetwo artists.Koloman Moser - mosaicdesign for the main altar
  17. 17. Koloman Moser - mosaic design for the main altar - details
  18. 18. Koloman Moser - mosaic design for the main altar - details
  19. 19. Chandelier for SteinhofChurch by Otto Wagner
  20. 20. Koloman Moser - Design for the rise window
  21. 21. The organ placed in the reargallery is the work of theimportant turn-of-the-centuryorgan builder Franz JosefSwoboda, among whoseother instruments nearby arethe organ at the Peterskirchein the centre of Vienna, andthe organ of the Donaufeldchurch in the suburb ofFloridsdorf on the other sideof the Danube.
  22. 22. The church was opened by ArchdukeFranz Ferdinand, himself a fierceopponent to Jugendstil and a big fanof historicism - as one can tell from theMinistry of War or the Neue Burgwings of the Hofburg; Franz Ferdinandsupervised the construction of allthese buildings.To emphasize his disagreements withWagner, he did not mention his namein the opening speech.The liberal newspaper "Neue FreiePresse" remarked about the opening:"Isn′t it pretty ironic that the firstsensible large-scale building of theSecession in Vienna was built for theludicrous?"
  23. 23. The „Kirche am Steinhof"Church built between 1904and 1907 is considered torank among the mostsignificant buildings ofJugendstil or CentralEuropean Art Nouveau.It is located on the site of apsychiatric hospital, nowcalled SozialmedizinischesZentrum Baumgartner Höhepretty far off the city centre.This is the reason why onlyfew tourists go there - themajority of all visitors ofVienna miss out on this gradeA attraction.
  24. 24. The Kirche am Steinhof wasextensively refurbished in2006 and is now all nice andshiny.
  25. 25. Among other measures,the gold gilding of thedome′s cupola wasrenewed, using a total of2 kilograms of gold.The marble facadeswere completelyreplaced, windows,mosaics and statueswere cleaned or renewed
  26. 26. The church is open for visitingon Saturday between 4pmand 5pm and Sunday betweennoon and 4pm. The interiorsare best seen with guidedtours, There are also tours inGerman every Saturday at3pm and Sunday at 4pm.Entry (2011) € 8. Private toursin English can be booked inadvance. Aside fromfunctioning as a place ofregular Sunday worship(9:30am), it is also availablefor baptisms and weddings.The outside and the parks ofthe hospital surrounding it areopen to visitors.
  27. 27. The largest mental hospital in Europe was built in Vienna between 1903 and 1907. It used modern architecture andelaborate landscaping to create a kind of model town for the insane. This model shows the wide scope of theinstitution on its sloping site with a panoramic view. At the summit of the main axis is the institutions church, a majorwork by the father of modern architecture, Otto Wagner.
  28. 28. Text and images: Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu Plácido Domingo Bist du bei mir - J.S. Bach BWV 508 Aria Wesendonck Lieder - Richard Wagner WWV 91 - Der Engel Preghiera: Alla mente confusa - Francesco Paulo Tosti-for voice and piano (or orchestra)