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Thessaloniki & Eastern Greek Orthodox Byzantine Hymns


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YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE (You have a link on the first slide): …

YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE (You have a link on the first slide):
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Thessaloniki, (also known as Salonika or Saloniki,) has given Greece some of its greatestmusicians, artists, poets and thinkers.
Petros Gaitanos is a Greek singer who has performed many of the great masterpieces of the Byzantine liturgy.
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  • thessaloniki / Thessaloniki, (also known as Salonika or Saloniki,) has given Greece some of its greatest musicians, artists, poets and thinkers. It has some of the most beautiful beaches and has some of the finest hotels and best restaurants in northern Greece. Home to the Thessaloniki Film Festival and the International Trade Fair and host to many cultural events, it would take pages and pages to tell you all about the city and surrounding areas
  • I have always loved Thessaloniki. Like many Greek-Americans I have said that if I am going to live in any city in Greece it must be Thessaloniki, and like many Greek-Americans I have found myself living in Athens instead and wondering why I am here instead of there. Thessaloniki is a very different city from Athens but no less sophisticated and (some might say) culturally superior. The influence of the east is more pronounced, not just in the delicious food, but in the relaxed lifestyle. Thessaloniki is a big city, the most important port in the Balkans, with an almost college town feel, like Boston or Austin, but Greek. The nightlife in Thessaloniki is exceptional, the bars and clubs play great music. The restaurants and ouzeries are among the best in Greece. There are many cinemas showing first-run English language films. The city is also the site of the renown Thessaloniki Film Festival in October-November. The women, considered the most chic in Greece, support a high-fashion industry that rivals Athens so if you like to shop for clothes, shoes and jewelry you will be quite happy here. There are not a large number of ancient ruins within the city but there are enough Roman and Byzantine sites to keep any history-minded visitor occupied, plenty of museums and of course the ruins of Vergina which include the tomb of Phillip, father of Alexander the great. It's also a good starting point for seeing the best beaches of Halkidiki and most beautiful spots in Greece in the region known as Macedonia .
  • A Very Short History of Thessaloniki Thessaloniki is the capital of Macedonia and second largest city of Greece. It was first established in 316 B.C. by Kassandros and named after his wife, Thessaloniki, half sister of Alexander the Great. It means Victory in Thessaly. It is here that the Apostle Paul first brought the message of Christianity (50 A.D.) and that Demetrius, a Roman officer died in martyrdom (303 A.D.), thus becoming the holy patron of the city. Thessaloniki was the second most important city of the Byzantine Empire, next to Constantinople, and is full of beautiful examples of Byzantine art and architecture. In the 15th Century Thessaloniki became a haven for Jews exiled from Spain, who became an important part of the culture, until they were sent to the concentration camps during the Nazi occupation, thus ending a period of four hundred years of Jewish influence both socially and economically. This period roughly corresponds with the occupation of Greece by the Ottoman Turks. See A Short history of the Jews in Greece.
  •   It became a part of the modern state of Greece in 1913, but burned in 1917 creating a homeless population of 70,000. Add to this mix the influx of refugees from Asia minor after the 'population exchange treaty' signed in Lausanne in 1923 between Turkey, Greece and her former allies who abandoned Greece after their defeat in Asia Minor, and you have the makings of a social revolution which took the form of Rembetika music . To this day some of Greece's the most creative musicians including Dionysious Savopoulos, Stellios Kazantzides and Nikos Papazoglou, come from Thessaloniki. (See also A History of Greece .)
  • Macedonia star symbol of king Philip Sculpture of Philip II of Macedon, late 20th century. Sculpture of Philip II of Macedon, late 20th century. Modern statue at Thessaloniki, showing Philip in body armour and carrying his helmet. Philip (382 BC-336 BC), was the father of Alexander the Great who succeeded him as Alexander III of Macedon. Philip's face was disfigured when he was struck in the eye at the siege of Methone in 354 BC. Thessaloniki Today The city was rebuilt in the 1920s and today Thessaloniki is a lively modern city bustling with life and movement. Large avenues, parks and squares, lines of trees that frame commercial streets with showy shop windows. Old houses, neoclassical buildings, stand side by side with modern dwellings which makes a walk through any section of the city an interesting journey. The past and present merge at old taverns, "ouzeries", restaurants next to hotels and luxury bars, "bouzouki halls" (Thessaloniki is the cradle of modern Greek popular song, " rembetika "), cinema halls, theaters and sidewalk cafes on street pavements and squares. Small family run taverns and basement pastry shops offer a delicious variety of famous Macedonian specialties, next to stalls of ice-cream sellers for busy pedestrians. 
  • Thessaloniki comes second to Istanbul in the number and value of Byzantine monuments. It is the richest among the cities of the East in Byzantine Churches, which indeed have valuable epigrams and diverse and multifarious decorations. The Byzantine churches in Thessaloniki are the most important monuments from the Byzantine era. Some of the most remarkable are: the Rotunda (Agios Georgios, 4th century BC), Panagia Acheiropoiitos (5th century BC), Agios Dimitrios (5th-7th century BC), Monastery of Laotomou (Osios David 5th century BC, Agia Sophia (690-730), Panagia Chalkeown (1028 – 1044), Agia Ekaterini (1265), Agioi Apostoloi (1312 – 5), Profitis Ilias (14th century), Agios. Panteleimon (14th century) Agios Nikolaos Orphanos (14th century), Monastery of Vlattadon (Tsaous Monastery 14th century BC), Metamorfossi Sotiros (14th century) and others.   The White Tower (15th century), the Arch of Galerius (4th century BC) with its magnificent frescoes depicting Galerius’ victory over the Persians (297 AD), the University Campus, Kaftantzoglio Stadium, the biggest in the Balkans, the Archaeological Museum, which contains finds from the Neolithic era to the Christian years, the OTE Tower, located on the premises of the International Trade Fair (the most recent, 1971) etc.
  • White Tower Museum : An exhibition of the history and art of Byzantine Thessaloniki covering the period between 300 and 1430 AD. There is a small cafe with a great view at the top. WHITE TOWER   Thessaloniki White Tower is the most characteristic monument in Thessaloniki and the city’s absolute trademark. The White Tower, located on the old beach, was constructed in the middle of the 5th century A.D. replacing an old Byzantine tower that was already in ruins. It was erected near the end of the fortification walls, next to the sea. Even though it is the city’s most beloved monument, its history throughout the centuries is rather dark. We know little of the circumstances under which it was constructed. But according to one version, it was built by the Venetians (1423-1430), while the other estimates that it was built in 1536.  
  • WHITE TOWER   It is circular and took its name from the color of the white stone. It was first named the Tower of Lions and then, in the years of the Ottoman Rule, it was called the Blood Tower because of the blood of the convicts that were tortured by the Ottomans. Closed in 1878, it has six floors, is 30-metremetres tall and has a perimeter of 70 meters.  
  • WHITE TOWER   In 1890, in an attempt to modernize it, the tower was whitewashed by a convict in exchange for his freedom and thus it earned the title “White Tower”.   The building technique and the cutting-edge design allowing for the use of weapons makes it fairly obvious that the architects, if not the construction workers as well, must have been Venetian. For a long time it was used as a prison for convicts facing the death penalty.   Today it hosts an exhibition of Christian artifacts, including objects that date back to the period between 300 A.D. and 1430, mostly from Thessalonica. The exhibition is evenly distributed among the different floors.  
  • Many of its architectural treasures remain and Thessaloniki is a tourist destination. Several early Christian and Byzantine monuments of Thessaloniki were added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1988. Thessaloniki was celebrated as the European Capital of Culture in 1997, when it sponsored events across the city and region. In 2004 the city hosted a number of the football (soccer) events as part of the 2004 Summer Olympics .
  • Thessaloniki ( Greek : Θεσσαλονίκη, IPA:  [θesaloˈnici] ), Thessalonica or Salonica is the second-largest city in Greece and the capital of the region of Macedonia . Its honorific title is Συμπρωτεύουσα ( Symprotévousa ), literally "co-capital", a reference to its historical status as the Συμβασιλεύουσα ( Symvasilévousa ) or "co-reigning" city of the Byzantine Empire , alongside Constantinople . According to the 2001 census, the municipality of Thessaloniki had a population of 363,987, its Urban Area 800,764 and the Larger Urban Zone (LUZ) of Thessaloniki has an estimated 995,766 residents (2004) Thessaloniki is Greece's second major economic, industrial, commercial and political centre, and a major transportation hub for the rest of southeastern Europe; its commercial port is also of great importance for Greece and its southeast European hinterland. The city hosts an annual International Trade Fair , the International Thessaloniki Film Festival , and the largest bi-annual meeting of the Greek diaspora (wikipedia)
  • The city is well-known for its great number of students, estimated not far from 200,000. Aristotle University (70,000), Macedonia University (around 35,000) are the two public universities located in the city; a TEI (Technological Educational institute) is located in Sindos, the industrial zone of the city. Public and private vocational institutes (in Greek IEK) provide professional training to young students. Private colleges offer American and UK academic curriculum, via cooperation with foreign universities. In addition to Greek students, the city hence attracts many foreign students either via the Erasmus programme in the public universities, or for an entire degree in public universities and private colleges. Thessaloniki is home to numerous notable Byzantine monuments , including the Paleochristian and Byzantine monuments of Thessalonika, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, as well as several Ottoman and Sephardic Jewish structures. (wikipedia)
  • Alexander the Great Alexandros Megalos or Alexander the Great is one of the greatest heroes of Ancient Greece and a hugely controversial figure in the modern Balkans. King of Macedonia, he led ancient armies to conquer not just the entirety of Greece (which, in Antiquity, was a series of city-states) but also the whole of Asia Minor and Central Asia up to Afghanistan and northern India. Greek culture not only flourished but influenced the whole of the Ancient World thanks to his feats. Unfortunately, ambiguity over the ethnic and linguistic affiliations of the Macedonians has left quite a sticky situation in the Balkans, particularly with regards to whether the current Slavic Macedonians are the descendants of Alexander or the people of Greek Macedonia are his Hellenized heirs. A running battle is on to claim his legacy, and as part of this you will find, east along the Thessaloniki boardwalk, a massive statue dedicated to Alexander the Great, mounted and ready to charge into battle. It is an impressive statue that dominates this part of the seafront (as the White Tower is no longer visible). It was undoubtedly erected after the inclusion of these lands into Greece after the Balkan Wars of 1912, and as such as is much a monument of political and historical curiosity as it is one of artistic value. Read more:
  • Statue of Alexander the Great This also serves as the finish line for the Thessaloniki Marathon whose start is in Pella. Alexander was born in July 356 BC in Pella in Macedonia. His father was Philip II, the king of Macedonia and his mother Olympias (daughter of King Neoptolemus of Epirus). He died in Babylon, in the Palace of Nabukhaznassar II on 13 June 323 BC.   He was 32 years and 11 months old. As the king of Macedonia, he continued the work of his father, Philip II, a skilled general, politician and diplomat, who reformed the Macedonian army and the Macedonian state. The Statue of Alexander the Great dominates on the water front of Thessaloniki.  
  • Thessaloniki has some of the most remarkable attractions and monuments from the ancient and Byzantine eras, with countless Byzantine temples. The words Thessaloniki and Thessaloneikeon are found on ancient coins, which date back to the times of Augustus, Alexander Severus, etc. The city’s past is kept alive in its aboveground monuments, Roman columns, Paleochristian and Byzantine churches, Ottoman mosques and covered markets, synagogues and Jewish markets, and magnificent mansions where the local leaders and foreign aristocrats lived. In Thessaloniki you will encounter some of the most important monuments and attractions in Greece.   Thessaloniki’s churches were built during the Byzantine times and were used by the Turks as mosques. The largest churches in Thessaloniki are: the Cathedral and the churches of Agios Grigorios Palama, Agia Marina, Agia Ekaterini, Profitis Ilias, Agios Dimitrios, the Assumption of the Virgin, Analipsi, Taksiarchon and others. There are also some private churches, such as Agia Eleoussa, Osia Kseni, Trion Ierarchon, etc. www. thessaloniki thessaloniki ..  
  • EASTERN GREEK ORTHODOX Byzantine Hymns The term Byzantine music is commonly associated with the medieval sacred chant of Christian Churches following the Constantinopolitan Rite. The identification of "Byzantine music" with "Eastern Christian liturgical chant" is a misconception due to historical cultural reasons. Its main cause is the leading role of the Church as bearer of learning and official culture in the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantium), a phenomenon that was not always that extreme but that was exacerbated towards the end of the empire's reign (14th century onwards) as great secular scholars migrated away from a declining Constantinople to rising western cities, bringing with them much of the learning that would spur the development of the European Renaissance.
  • The shrinking of Greek-speaking official culture around a church nucleus was even more accentuated by political force when the official culture of the court changed after the capture of Constantinople by the Ottoman Empire on May 29, 1453.
  • Agios Dimitrios , was completely rebuilt in 1948 according the original plans. The church has been destroyed twice before by fire. The Crypt , the most easterly section of the Bath, is the place where St Demetrios was imprisoned, tortured and buried.
  • AGIOS DIMITROS CHURCH & CATACOMBS   The Church of Agios Dimitrios in Thessaloniki is dedicated to the memory of Dimitrios, the martyr and patron saint of Thessaloniki.   It was first built in 313 AD but after the fire of 612 which completely destroyed it, the church was rebuilt and preserved until 1917 when it was completely destroyed during the Fire of 1917. Its restoration began in 1926 and was completed in 1948. After the fall of Constantinople and until 1912, the church had been converted into a mosque by the Ottomans.    
  • Agios Dimitrios in Thessaloniki is one of the most magnificent monuments of the Greek East. It is representative of the five-aisled basilica with a transept style. Although so many centuries have passed since its construction and despite the damage it has suffered from fires, earthquakes and restorations, it has preserved its authentic style and spirit of grandeur that characterize the architecture of the time, as well as its magnificent and timeless artistic value and style, as we can judge by the parts that have remained intact.   The crypt hosts an exhibition of the sculptures that decorated the church in the different phases of its history.  
  • The Crypt , the most easterly section of the Bath, is the place where St Demetrios was imprisoned, tortured and buried.
  • Petros Gaitanos este licen ţ iat al Conservatorului din Atena î n muzic ă bizantin ă ş i european ă . ΠΕΤΡΟΣ ΓΑΙΤΑΝΟΣ - ΒΥΖΑΝΤΙΝΟΙ ΥΜΝΟΙ ΜΕΓΑΛΗΣ ΕΒΔΟΜΑΔΑΣ
  • Transcript

    • 1.
    • 2. Salonicul, capitala Macedoniei, al doilea oraş al Greciei şi al doilea port, a fostfondat în anul 315 î.C de generalul macedonian Kassandros, care-i dă numelesoţiei sale, fiica regelui Filip al II-lea, sora lui Alexandru Macedon, Thessaloniki
    • 3. În anul 68 î.C romanii îl declară capitala provincieiMacedonia iar în anul 300 devine reşedinţă imperială,când tetrachul Galerius îşi stabileşte aici reşedinţa
    • 4. În secolul IV î.C Macedonia adevenit puterea conducătoare alumii greceşti datorită lui Filip alII-lea care s-a autoproclamatşeful confederaţiei greceşti.Basileul Filip al II-lea, tatăl luiAlexandru şi a Tessalonikiei afost asasinat în anul 336 î.C
    • 5. Turnul Alb (Lefkos Pirgos) a fost construit în prima jumătate a secolului XVI dearhitectul Sinan. În secolul XVIII după masacrul datorat sultanului Mahmud şi-aschimbat numele în Turnul Sângelui.
    • 6. În anul 50 Apostolul Paul a propovăduit pentru prima dată în acest oraşcreştinismul iar în anul 303 a fost martirizat aici un ofiţer roman numit Dimitrios,care a devenit apoi protectorul oraşului.
    • 7. Totdeauna în luna octombrie auloc manifestări artisticeconsacrate Sfântului Dumitru,numite Dimitria precum şifestivaluri de muzică greceascăfaleza Statuia lui Alexandru domină
    • 8. Golful Termaic
    • 9. Biserica Sfântul Dumitru
    • 10. Ridicată peste termeleromane în secolul V,Agios Dimitrios a fostrefăcută în secolul VII.Distrusă de două ori defoc a fost refăcută în1948 confom planurilororiginale.Cripta se află pe loculunde a fost capturat,martirizat şi îngropatSfântul Dumitru.
    • 11. Biserica Sfântul Dumitru
    • 12. Mirt, la Mausoleullui Filip la Vergina
    • 13. Mausoleul luiFilip la Vergina
    • 14. Grecia este şi ţara pisicilor
    • 15. Fotografii: ♦ Gabriela Cristescu ♦ Dinu Bãnescu Prezentare: Sanda Foi ş oreanu ♦ Maria Farantouri - Agapi mou ♦ Petros Gaitanos - Byzantine Hymns