René Lalique9

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René Lalique talented French designer whose career spanned the last years of the 19th century and early years of the 20th. Not only was he a jeweler of great talent and creativity, but his glasswork is legendary among collectors.
René Lalique (1860-1945) raised jewelry to the level of a fine art, using his amazing technical virtuosity to realize a very personal imagery based equally in dream and nature. He has been called the greatest artist-jeweler since the Renaissance.
In 1908 Lalique chose to abandon jewelry making and focus his artistic talents on glasswork. He began creating unique perfume bottles, first for the French firm Coty. He soon was designing bottles for numerous top perfume companies, including Guerlain and Worth. All told, Lalique designed over 250 perfume bottles.
Lalique was also known for his graceful vases and embraced the Art Deco style in his glasswork. In the 1920s René Lalique began designing elegant hood ornaments for automobiles. The glass ornaments were designed to be lit by a bulb and were featured on Bentleys, Bugattis and more.
Although he died in 1945, the company that René Lalique founded is still in operation today. Today his designs are highly sought and while some of his work fetches prices of tens of thousands of dollars, other pieces are available to collectors of more modest means.
Calouste Gulbenkian (1869–1955) was a friend of René Lalique’s for fifty years, as well as a great connoisseur of the various activities of this versatile artist. Between 1899 and 1927 he acquired eighty extraordinary works of art directly from the artist. Today, these are conserved in an exclusive space inside the Calouste Gulbenkian Museum in Lisbon.

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  • René Jules Lalique (1860 – 1945) was a French glass designer known for his creations of perfume bottles, vases, jewellery, chandeliers, clocks and automobile hood ornaments. He started a glassware firm, named after himself, which still remains successful. He went on to be one of the most famous in his field, his name synonymous with creativity, beauty and quality.
    Lalique reinvented jewelry. A contemporary asked, "Prior to René Lalique, what was jewelry? The old jewel was based upon the idea of wealth; the new is built upon an artistic idea." Jewelry had relied on gems, particularly diamonds, and on precious metals. But between about 1892 and 1897 Lalique developed an approach that emphasized artistry over intrinsic value. He introduced horn and other new materials and made extensive use of glass, enamel, ivory, and semiprecious stones. Lalique especially loved the ever-changing iridescence of opals. It has been said that where the old jewelry sparkled, Lalique's glowed.
  • 1912: he designed the glass-decorated façade of the Coty Building in New-York, now Henri Bendel  on 5th Avenue
    1925: The " Exposition des Arts Décoratifs ".As well as totally decorating his own stand, he also carried out a dining room decor for the Sèvres Porcelaine Factory stand. This comprised a table, chandeliers and a glass service from his workshops as well as a specially created coffered ceiling entirely in glass. A huge fountain, 15 meters high, entitled «Sources of France ", decorated with caryatids. The writer Colette believed a more appropriate name would have been «The Fountain of Wonders ".
    1927: design of the doors for the lift of the Oviatt Building in Los Angeles. 1928: He was asked to provide the decor for the "Orient Express".
    1929: decoration of the Peace Hotel in Shanghaï 1930: He designed and manufactured the decor for the choir of the chapel Notre Dame de Fidélité in Douvres la Délivrande, France. In 1987 this piece of work was classified as a listed building of historical interest.
    1932: he carried out the decoration of the Church of St Matthew in St Helier, Jersey. He also designed the doors in the imperial palace of Prince Asaka, a Japanese collector of Art Deco pieces. The palace, which was constructed in the early 1930s, is today the Teien museum, Tokyo. 1936: The decorations of the First Class Dining Room of the famous ocean liner "Normandie", renowned for its stylishness, consisted principally of René Lalique glass lamps.
  • 1912: he designed the glass-decorated façade of the Coty Building in New-York, now Henri Bendel  on 5th Avenue
    1925: The " Exposition des Arts Décoratifs ".As well as totally decorating his own stand, he also carried out a dining room decor for the Sèvres Porcelaine Factory stand. This comprised a table, chandeliers and a glass service from his workshops as well as a specially created coffered ceiling entirely in glass. A huge fountain, 15 meters high, entitled «Sources of France ", decorated with caryatids. The writer Colette believed a more appropriate name would have been «The Fountain of Wonders ".
  • 1927: design of the doors for the lift of the Oviatt Building in Los Angeles. 1928: He was asked to provide the decor for the "Orient Express".
    1929: decoration of the Peace Hotel in Shanghaï 1930: He designed and manufactured the decor for the choir of the chapel Notre Dame de Fidélité in Douvres la Délivrande, France. In 1987 this piece of work was classified as a listed building of historical interest.
    1932: he carried out the decoration of the Church of St Matthew in St Helier, Jersey. He also designed the doors in the imperial palace of Prince Asaka, a Japanese collector of Art Deco pieces. The palace, which was constructed in the early 1930s, is today the Teien museum, Tokyo. 1936: The decorations of the First Class Dining Room of the famous ocean liner "Normandie", renowned for its stylishness, consisted principally of René Lalique glass lamps.
  • 1912: he designed the glass-decorated façade of the Coty Building in New-York, now Henri Bendel  on 5th Avenue
    1925: The " Exposition des Arts Décoratifs ".As well as totally decorating his own stand, he also carried out a dining room decor for the Sèvres Porcelaine Factory stand. This comprised a table, chandeliers and a glass service from his workshops as well as a specially created coffered ceiling entirely in glass. A huge fountain, 15 meters high, entitled «Sources of France ", decorated with caryatids. The writer Colette believed a more appropriate name would have been «The Fountain of Wonders ".
    1927: design of the doors for the lift of the Oviatt Building in Los Angeles. 1928: He was asked to provide the decor for the "Orient Express".
    1929: decoration of the Peace Hotel in Shanghaï 1930: He designed and manufactured the decor for the choir of the chapel Notre Dame de Fidélité in Douvres la Délivrande, France. In 1987 this piece of work was classified as a listed building of historical interest.
    1932: he carried out the decoration of the Church of St Matthew in St Helier, Jersey. He also designed the doors in the imperial palace of Prince Asaka, a Japanese collector of Art Deco pieces. The palace, which was constructed in the early 1930s, is today the Teien museum, Tokyo. 1936: The decorations of the First Class Dining Room of the famous ocean liner "Normandie", renowned for its stylishness, consisted principally of René Lalique glass lamps.
  • Barbaraanne's Hair Comb Blog
    Metamorphosis, a poetic strategy whereby plants and animals fused with the human form, was commonly used in art nouveau jewelry, perhaps most famously by Rene Lalique. Jewelers created mystical creatures, who emerged from nature erotically, as leaves and dragonfly wings were teased into looking like parts of the body. In comb making, parts of an animal or human body were elongated into being functional parts of the comb. This comb was the star of the Lalique / Japanese comb-comparison exhibit in Hakone, Japan. The museum wouldn’t send the catalog outside of Japan. I had to ask my friend Shigeru-san’s brother to get it for me and send it. But, oh my God. I never knew this comb existed.It is an honor for me to present what I believe to be the first Internet images of Lalique’s comb, “Metamorphosis.” It is ivory, with gold trim, pearls on the gold. The trim is faceted to the ivory by nails on the side and gold loops ended by lapis hearts. In it, a woman is born out of leaves: Rodin on a comb, an astonishing marriage of art and functional design.
  • LALIQUE, Pendant de cou Israël, collection Shai Bandmann
  • Etude d'anémone Musée d’Orsay Paris
    René Lalique (1860-1945)Poppy 1897Gold, silver, polished diamonds; cloisonné, openwork, matte translucent, and glossy opaque enamel H. 7; W. 23.5; D. 10.5 cm
    "You would think that this flower would crumple with a puff of wind, because each part seems mobile and alive", commented a contemporary when the work was exhibited at the Salon de la Société des Artistes Français in 1897.The delicate design is served by dazzling technique. On the end of the silver stem, the gold corolla is coloured with cloisonné and openwork translucent and matte enamel. "From this corolla emerges the head of the poppy, made of dusty blue enamel that a crest of diamonds keeps in the shadow. A large number of stamens end with a drop of black enamel which heightens this rare harmony". The object can be dismantled into seven parts: the stem, four petals, stamens and pistils.Acclaimed by Emile Gallé as the inventor of "modern jewellery", René Lalique revolutionised jewellery by taking his inspiration from wild flowers and mingling unusual materials such as horn, glass or enamel with the precious stones.
  • LALIQUE, Pendant de cou Israël, collection Shai Bandmann
  • BEAT MESSERER, joaillier et gemmologue à Zurich (www.messerer.ch)
    a créé le collier "Serpent" d'un travail minutieux et fidèle à l'original du dessin.
    « Le dessin de René Lalique exprime le grand talent de ce génie. Sa langue visuelle -
    toute en harmonie et légèreté - m'a permis de créer et finaliser cette pièce
    exceptionnelle et unique en toute authenticité pour le 150ème anniversaire de la
    naissance de René Lalique. ». BEAT MESSERER.
    BEAT MESSERER, jeweller and gemmologist in Zurich (www.messerer.ch) created the
    « Serpent » necklace in a painstaking approach faithful to the original design.
    « René Lalique’s design expresses the great talent of this genius. Its visual language -
    consummate harmony and lightness - allowed me to create and finalise this
    exceptional, unique piece in complete authenticity for the 150th anniversary of René
    Lalique’s birth. » BEAT MESSERER.
  • René Lalique (1860-1945) began his career in 1880 as a jewellery designer, working for the
    jewellers of Palais Royal, who noted the originality of his designs. A ten-year period of unremitting
    work and research then followed, which would give rise in 1895 to the first collection in his own
    name at the Salon of the Society of French Artists. Five years later, it was the crowning glory of the
    Universal Exhibition! His work won him the admiration of the celebrities of the age, including Sarah
    Bernhardt, for whom he created stage jewellery, and Calouste Gulbenkian, an incredibly rich
    businessman. The beauty and originality of René Lalique’s creations are not merely due to his
    designs and inspiration. He created exceptional pieces by developing techniques and drawing on
    hitherto neglected materials such as horn, ivory, enamel and of course, glass, combined with gold
    and precious stones. His revolutionary designs would make him the master of « Art Nouveau »
    jewellery, the inventor of modern jewels. Taking his inspiration from nature, he created landscape
    jewels and sculpture jewels expressing a whole plant and animal, aquatic and terrestrial world.
    René Lalique would also make the bold move at the time of using the female body as a decorative
    element. Collectors, European courts and museums the world over bought his works. René Lalique
    took part in all of the major international exhibitions in Europe and the United States of America.
    Today, René Lalique’s Art Nouveau jewellery is still among the most highly sought-after. It is put up
    for auction in special sales and always reaches record prices. The emergence of Art Deco in no way
    hindered his creativity, and his glass creations, combining pure lines and ornamentation, would
    find fertile ground and reach their apogee in this movement.
    To celebrate the 150th anniversary of René Lalique's birth, LALIQUE is paying him tribute with the
    creation of a unique and exceptional never-before-made necklace, based on a design from 1898-
    1900. One hundred and twenty years later, this item of jewellery is astoundingly modern and once
    again demonstrates the genius and multi-faceted talent of its creator: jeweller, glassmaker and
    architect in one - in short, a designer before the term existed...

Transcript

  • 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1998698-ren-lalique9/
  • 2. René Jules Lalique (1860 – 1945) was born a rural 19th century man in a preindustrialized Europe. It was a time before light bulbs, and telephones, before automobiles and washing machines and electricity. But by the time of his death in 1945 at the dawn of the atomic age, he would have completed two careers spanning two different centuries. In 1900 at the age of 40, he was the most celebrated jeweler in the world and an art nouveau artist and designer of magnificent proportions. But by 1925 at the height of the art deco era he was the most celebrated glassmaker in the world.
  • 3. In between Lalique would leave his contemporaries behind as he turned from creating unique jewelry and objects d'art, to the mass production of innovative and usable art glass. He brought glass into the home of everyday people where it had never been before, and he worked out the industrial techniques to mass produce his useful art glass objects on a scale and cost to complement the spreading industrial revolution and resulting worldwide appetite for his products.
  • 4. 70 x 52 mm Perle: 26 x 24 mm 77 g 93 x 187 mm 58 g Calouste Gulbenkian Museum Lisbon
  • 5. 'The Betrothal -To Have & To Hold' Art Nouveau Ring 1904
  • 6. The amazing creations by René Lalique often referred to as the "Sculptor of Light", the exquisite designer of jewelry and precious glassware, mainly depict natural elements, animals and female nudes, in the typical Art Nouveau and Art Deco styles.
  • 7. Lluís Masriera
  • 8. Lluís Masriera
  • 9. Lalique horn comb sold at Sotheby’s for $25,200.
  • 10. Metamorphose. This comb was the star of the Lalique / Japanese comb-comparison exhibit in Hakone, Japan
  • 11. "You would think that this flower would crumple with a puff of wind, because each part seems mobile and alive", commented a contemporary when the work was exhibited at the Salon de la Société des Artistes Français in 1897. H. 7; W. 23.5; D. 10.5 cm Musée d’Orsay Paris
  • 12. The great Lalique Moineaux Chambranle Crante Doors from Villa Millbrook, the Jersey home of Lady Trent sold as Lot 131 on November 22nd at Sotheby’s in Paris at their sale Arts Décoratifs du XXe siècle & Design Contemporain. Against a pre-sale estimate of €400,000 €600,00, the final hammer price was €1,750,000 which totaled €2,024,750 including buyers premium, or approximately $2,750,000 at today’s exchange rates. This great R Lalique result is a world record price for a single Rene Lalique work at auction! Porte moineaux chambranle cranté (pair) pressed glass, nickel-plated steel Size 270 x 180 x 13 cm.Year 1929 - en verre blanc moulé-pressé, Sotheby's Paris: Tuesday, November 22, 2011
  • 13. To celebrate the 150th anniversary of René Lalique's birth, LALIQUE is paying him tribute with the creation of a unique and exceptional never-before-made necklace, based on a design from 1898-1900. One hundred and twenty years later, this item of jewellery is astoundingly modern and once again demonstrates the genius and multi-faceted talent of its creator: jeweller, glassmaker and architect in one - in short, a designer before the term existed...
  • 14. No fewer than 812 stones, diamonds and emeralds with a total weight of 17.90 carats, make up the ornamentation of this magnificent white gold necklace created from an original design by René Lalique. Slightly flexible, thanks to an articulated device hidden inside the serpent, it hugs the neck in a perfect fit. Particular attention has been paid to the choice of the stones of which it is made: they are exceptional gems of the highest quality, such as the D-IF pear diamond adorning the snake’s head and the two emerald eyes. This wonderful example of fine jewellery craftsmanship required more than 700 hours of work.
  • 15. À la mort de René Lalique en 1945, la deuxième génération incarnée par son fils Marc qui lui succède est celle du cristal. Un verre d’exception d’une grande pureté, qui tire son poids et son éclat du plomb (24% minimum pour avoir droit au nom de cristal au sens de la norme NF). La plus prestigieuse –et monumentalecréation de Marc Lalique est sans conteste le lustre de 1951, une œuvre exceptionnelle d’1,7 tonne et de 3 mètres de haut, qui illumine le hall d’entrée du musée Lalique. Lalique's Limited Edition for 1998, called Ondines It is a so-called 'tiara bottle', because of the form of the stopper.
  • 16. Text: Internet Pictures: Internet & Daniela Iacob Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Sound: Viotti - Concerto pour piano et orchestre en Sol mineur – Rondo Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda