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“You don't have to burn books to destroy a culture. Just get people to stop reading them”.
Ray Bradbury

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  • Morteza Katouzian The Dead-End. (1981) Oil on canvas, 80×60cm
  • Things worth knowing Joseph Karl Stieler had been a very popular portraitist during the first half of the 19th century. It was him, who painted the portrait of Ludwig van Beethoven, which today is supposedly the most famous one, and which was being reproduced and copied again and again since its creation in the spring of 1820. Stieler's depiction shaped the perception developed by the broad public during the 19th and 20th century regarding the personality and the physical appearance of Beethoven. In the eyes of the ensuing ages, the painter also captured the creative genius of the composer in his idealistic portrait. The painting was created on commission of the married couple Franz and Antonie Brentano, who had been friends of Beethoven since around 1810. Beethoven's conversation books give rather detailed information on the origins of the painting. The composer was sitting for the painter four times - a very unusual high number of sittings, since Beethoven is said to have been unable to sit still. Stieler's portrait of Beethoven distinguishes itself above all through two novel elements. First of all - in contrast to all other contemporary paintings - it shows the composer while he is performing his art. Beethoven is holding a pen and seems to be working on the Credo of his "Missa solemnis". The face of the manuscript he is holding says: "Missa solemnis / From D # (# stands for Major)"; on the page facing the composer, the word "Credo" can be recognized. Further on, Stieler shows the view to a forest landscape in the background and by doing this, he - for the first time - combines a portrait of Beethoven with romantic motives of the nature. Beethoven's well-known love of nature and his famous "Sinfonia pastoral" op.68 with its haunting musical description of nature, provided him the biographical clues for such a depiction. Both motifs - "Beethoven composing" and "Beethoven in the nature" - became very popular during the further course of the 19th and 20th century, and until today, fine artists again and again were depicting those motifs.(S.B.)
  • Vladimir Kush (born 1965) “book of books”


  • 1. 32
  • 2. Christina Robertson (1796 - 1854)Olga Ivanovna Orlova-Davydova (Baryatinsky)
  • 3. Jean-Marc Nattier (1685 – 1766)Portrait Of Marie-Genevieve Boudrey, Represented As A Muse
  • 4. Jean-Marc Nattier (1685 – 1766),Die Herzogin von Trémoille, 1741Landesmusem Mainz
  • 5. Jean-Marc Nattier (1685 – 1766), FrenchJoseph Bonnier de la Mosson
  • 6. Jean-Marc Nattier (1685 – 1766),Marie Leszczynska, Queen of France, Reading the Bible
  • 7. Girl Reading In Her RoomEmil Karl Rau (1858 – 1937, German) Ernst Barlach (1870-1938) Reading monks III The Art Institute of Chicago
  • 8. Francisc Şirato (1877-1953) Fata in albastruŞtefan Dimitrescu (1886 – 1933)Femeie citind
  • 9. Frédéric Dufaux (1852-1943)William Wood (1769-1810)An Interesting Story (Miss Ray), 1806
  • 10. Sir Edward Burne-Jones (1833 – 1898)Girl with Book with Roses Behind
  • 11. Sir Thomas Lawrence (English Painter, 1769-1830)Portrait of Mrs. Wolf
  • 12. Sir Walter Westley Russell (1867 – 1949)The Morning RoomLeeds Museums and Galleries (City Art Gallery) U.K.
  • 13. Joseph Karl Stieler (1781-1858)
  • 14. Joseph Karl Stieler (1781-1858)Skizze zum Portrait Beethovens mit dem Manuskript derMissa solemnisBeethoven-Haus Bonn
  • 15. Joseph Karl Stieler (1781-1858)Portrait of Ludwig van Beethoven when composing the Missa SolemnisBeethoven Haus
  • 16. Julian Alden Weir (1852 – 1919)The Letter
  • 17. Karl Briullov (1799-1852)Portrait of Russian opera singer Anna Vorobyeva-Petrova,wife of russian bass Osip Petrov, 1841
  • 18. Karl Briullov (1799-1852)Nuns of the Nunnery of Saint Heart in Rome, 1849The Tretyakov Gallery Russia
  • 19. Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia Vladimir Lukich Borovikovsky (1757-1825) Portrait of the Russian poet Gavril Derzhavin (1795) Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia
  • 20. Léon Cogniet (French Academic Painter, 1794-1880)The Artist in His Room at the Villa Medici, Rome
  • 21. Nicolae Tonitza (1886 – 1940) Romanian painterDoua suroriNicolae Tonitza (1886 – 1940) Romanian painterNud
  • 22. Theodor Aman (1831 – 1891),Odalisca,(ulei pânză carton, 35 x 50,4 cm)Muzeul Naţional Brukenthal, Sibiu
  • 23. Robert-Archibald Graafland (Dutch artist, 1875-1940)A girl reading in a hammock, 1910
  • 24. Thérèse Schwartze (1852-1918)A moment of reflection, 1890Wallerant Vaillant (1623 - 1677)Maria van Oosterwijck (1671)Oil on canvasRijksmuseum Amsterdam
  • 25. Thérèse Schwartze (1852-1918)
  • 26. Tito Conti (Italian, 1842-1924)Joseph-Siffred Duplessis (1725 –1802) Agreeable TidingsPortrait de Madame Lenoir
  • 27. Tony Robert-Fleury (French Academic Painter, 1838-1912)Charlotte CordayTony Robert-Fleury (French Academic Painter, 1838-1912)The letter
  • 28. Eisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun (1755 – 1842)Portrait de la reine Marie AntoinetteMarguerite Gerard (1761-1837)
  • 29. Tony Robert-Fleury (1838-1912) ̂Douce reverie
  • 30. Maurice Quentin de La Tour (1704 – 1788)Marie Josephe of Saxony Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden, GermanyMille Ferrand Meditating on Newton
  • 31. Maurice Quentin de La Tour (1704 – 1788)Madame de Pompadour
  • 32. Joseph Christian Leyendecker (1874 – 1951) American illustrator Man reading book (1916)
  • 33. Ulisse Caputo (Italian artist, 1872-1948)Woman Reading
  • 34. Ulisse Caputo (1872-1948)Les bas verts, 1914
  • 35. Vittorio Reggianini (Italian, 1858-1938)The lecture
  • 36. William Chadwick (1879 – 1962)The Front Parlor at the Florence Griswold HouseFlorence Griswold Museum, Old Lyme, Connecticut
  • 37. William Etty (English Painter, 1787-1849)Penitent MagdalenThe Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, England
  • 38. William Etty (English Painter, 1787-1849)The MagdaleneTate collections
  • 39. William Hogarth (1697 – 1764),David Garrick and his wife, Eva-Maria Veigel (1757)The Royal Collection © 2011 Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth IIWilliam Kay Blacklock (1872-1924)The Letter
  • 40. William Kay Blacklock (1872-1924)Going to churchWilliam Kay Blacklock (1872-1924)Blue Kimono
  • 41. Pierre Mignard (1612 – 1695)Portrait of the Marquise de Maintenon as St Frances of Rome
  • 42. Pierre Mignard (1612 – 1695)KlioBudapest Museum of Fine Arts
  • 43. Ilya Efimovich Repin (1844-1930)Leo Tolstoy Reading, 1891
  • 44. Ilya Efimovich Repin (1844-1930)Leo Tolstoy Reading in the Forest, 1891
  • 45. Majid Arvari (born in 1969 in Tehran)chehreMorteza Katouzian, born 1943The Letter. (1984)
  • 46. Mehrdad Jamshidi (born 1970)Mehrdad Jamshidi (born 1970)
  • 47. Shahrad Malek Fazeli (born in 1975 in Tehran)Untitled, 2004
  • 48. Iman Maleki (born 1976 in Tehran, Iran)Dizziness, 1998
  • 49. Text and pictures: Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Arangement: Sanda Foişoreanu David Oistrakh - Dvorak Violin Concerto In A minor, Op.53-II. Adagio Ma Non Troppo