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The “Studium” in Pavia was founded in the 10th centuty and it is reported in Lotario’s Diploma in 961. It was reorganized four centuries later by the Visconti family who settled it in the present place and gave it the statute of a free University.
Petrarca, whom Galeazzo the Second had entrusted with the task of collecting the Library of the Visconteo Castle, gives a similar description of Pavia in a letter to Boccaccio in 1365: “The position of the town is much more striking than other towns [...], Pavia emerges from the plain, just enough to dominate it and, stretching on a hillside, the town raises its numerous towers to the sky in such a free and panoramic view that I do not believe another lowland town has a more magnificent and wonderful sight”.