Noto citta del barocco

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Sub denumirea Orașele barocului târziu din Val di Noto sunt înscrise pe lista patrimoniului mondial UNESCO opt orașe din sud-estul Siciliei care au fost reconstruite după cutremurul din anul 1693 în stil predominant baroc. Dintre aceste opt oraşe face parte şi Noto
YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE: http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1223244-noto-citta-del-barocco/
(You have the link on the first slide)

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  • Thank you Johndemi, thank you
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  • I noticed some new faces in your group on this trip.
    Loved this ,beautiful architecture and so well photographed and explained..... Thank you.
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  • Thank you Cachi and Andonia, I am REALLY glad if you like it!
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  • Un oras cu o arhitectura deosebita, o adevarata incantare privirii! Multumesc mult, Michaela pentru aceasta oportunitate de a calatorii virtual impreuna cu tine!
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  • I'm glad to be the first to congratulate you on this new work. Beautiful architecture and art. Thank you Michaela.
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  • A “stone garden”. A “lost city of dreams”. These are some of the most fascinating descriptions of Noto that the critics and art lovers, as if they have been bewitched, have left behind over the years, after visiting this perfect emblem of the Sicilian Baroque style in the core of our island. The turning point that led the inhabitants of Noto to redesign their own city (which, nowadays, is included in the UNESCO protected sites and recognized as a World Heritage Site) dates back to 1693, the year of the terrible earthquake that involved the whole area, and they redesigned it almost as it were to become the perfect backdrop for an upcoming show. And that's when Noto transforms itself, dresses up, make-up. And it does so with the wonderful expressions of the Baroque taste of the period: the volutes, the spirals, the virtuosities, the folds of the stone playing with concave and convex forms. 
  • The current town, rebuilt after the earthquake on the left bank of River Asinaro, was planned on a grid system by Giovanni Battista Landolina. This new city occupied a position nearer to the Ionian Sea. The presence of architects like Rosario Gagliardi, Francesco Sortino and others, made the new Noto a masterpiece of Sicilian Baroque, dubbed the "Stone Garden" by Cesare Brandi and is currently listed among UNESCO's World Heritage Sites. The new structures are characterized by a soft tufa stone, which under sunlight assumes a typical honey tonality. Parts of the cathedral suddenly collapsed in 1996, a great loss to Sicilian Baroque.
  • Three different social categories were catered for: the highest part was reserved for the nobility, the centre for the clergy (all except the hundred-year-old Palazzo Landolina), while the ordinary people were left to fill the rest of the town. Uniformly, the buildings are majestic: all are built of the soft, compacted limestone found locally that loses its glaring whiteness with time as a glorious patina develops imparting a magnificent golden or rosy hue to each facet especially when these are caught in the last rays of the setting sun. Many Sicilian artists co-operated in the reconstruction of Noto conducted under the supervision of the Duke of Camastra, the acting representative of the Spanish viceroy; these included Paolo Labisi, Vincenzo Sinatra and Rosario Gagliardi who, being a close follower of Borromini, was perhaps one of the most inventive. The town was built like a stage set might be: its perspectives were configured and implemented in an entirely original way, flattered and enhanced with curvaceous forms and curvilinear accents in façades, decorated brackets and keystones, curlicues and volutes, masks, cherubs and balconies with gracefully bulging wrought-iron railings. Although Noto was rebuilt entirely by local craftsmen, it fits into a much larger picture as Italian hands modelled, fashioned and realised expressions of the Baroque movement all over Europe and beyond to the new Russian capital, St Petersburg.
  • The main axis is provided by Corso Vittorio Emanuele which runs through three piazzas, each with its own church. The street extends from Porta Reale, a monumental gateway modelled on a triumphal arch, erected in the 19C. Above the entrance is a pelican, the symbol of self-denial – a reference to King Ferdinand Il, who visited the town in 1838; flanked on either side with a tower – shorthand for a fortress and thereby a symbol for strength, and on the other a cirneco – an old Sicilian breed of dog symbol of loyalty. Beyond stretches an avenue of trees and to one side the public gardens (Giardino Pubblico) dotted with patches of purple-flowering bougainvillaea and palm trees, and the occasional marble bust of a famous local figure. This is a common meeting-point for the townspeople to congregate around and a good spot from where to watch the daily passegiata.
  • The main axis is provided by Corso Vittorio Emanuele which runs through three piazzas, each with its own church. The street extends from Porta Reale, a monumental gateway modelled on a triumphal arch, erected in the 19C. Above the entrance is a pelican, the symbol of self-denial – a reference to King Ferdinand Il, who visited the town in 1838; flanked on either side with a tower – shorthand for a fortress and thereby a symbol for strength, and on the other a cirneco – an old Sicilian breed of dog symbol of loyalty. Beyond stretches an avenue of trees and to one side the public gardens (Giardino Pubblico) dotted with patches of purple-flowering bougainvillaea and palm trees, and the occasional marble bust of a famous local figure. This is a common meeting-point for the townspeople to congregate around and a good spot from where to watch the daily passegiata.
  • Piazza Immacolata – The square is overlooked by the fairly austere Baroque façade of San Francesco all'immacolata (designed by Sinatra). An important stairway leads up to a terrace with a statue of the Virgin in the centre, stretched out before its dependent monastery. The church contains several notable works of art removed from the Franciscan church abandoned in the old town of Noto: these include on the main altar a painted wooden Virgin and Child attributed to Antonio Monachello (1564), and, set into the floor of the nave on the right, the tombstone of a Franciscan priest (1575).
  • Cathedral – The broad façade with its two tall bell-towers does not completely obscure the remains of the dome which tragically collapsed destroying a large section of the nave in 1996. The wide stairway appears to sweep up from the piazza with a great movement, accentuated no doubt by the two tall exedra side hedges, each with paved area above echoing and thereby emphasising their serpentine line. Alongside the cathedral, on the same level, stand the 1800’s Palazzo Vescovile (Bishops Palace) and Palazzo Landolina di Sant’Alfano, both sober in their countenance in contrast with the exuberant style of the other buildings in the square. Opposite, sits the Palazzo Ducezio, a well-proportioned buildings with curvilinear elements, enclosed by a Classical type of portico designed by Sinatra. The upper section was added in the 1950s. The main feature on the east side of the square is the façade of the Basilica del Santissimo Salvatore.
  • To the left of the church, by the entrance to Via San Francesco d'Assisi, sits the lovely Monastero del Santissimo Salvatore marked by an elegant tower rising tall above the curved frontage, once a watchtower. The windows are graced with the most wonderful pot-bellied wrought-iron balconies, echoed across the street at the Convento di Santa Chiara, by Gagliardi. Piazza Municipio – This is the most majestic and the busiest of the three squares, overlooked on the left by the eye-catching elevation of the Palazzo Ducezio, and on the right by the broad flight of steps to the cathedral entrance, flanked by two beautiful horse-shoe-shaped hedges.
  • Via Nicolaci – Right off Corso Vittorio Emanuele. The eye is naturally drawn along the street as it gently rises up to the Chiesa dl Montevergine with its fine concave frontage framed between bell-towers, designed by Sinatra. Both sides of the street are lined with fine Baroque buildings: on the left, note Palazzo Nicolaci di Villadorata with its fabulous balconies. See how the richly carved brackets are ornamented with arrays of fantastical cherubs, horses, mermaids and lions, grotesque figures among which in the centre, a figure with distinctively Middle-Eastern features (snub nose and thick lips). It is intended that the interior will be opened to the public once restoration is completed. Towards the middle of May, the citizens recreate brilliantly-coloured tableaux of flowers inside the doorways of the palazzi: these panels composed entirely of petals are in celebration of the infiorata festival. The cobbles of Via Nicolaci are trasformed into some gigantic canvas onto which the artists apply their multicoloured brushstrokes picked from palettes of petals: each year the designs are different.
  • The second street on the left off Corso Vittorio Emanuele, Via Ruggero VII, leads to the Chiesa del Carmine; a church with an elegant concave frontage and a Baroque doorway. Return to Piazza XVI Maggio so as to turn up Via Bovio, which passes, on the right, the former Carmine convent known as Casa dei Padri Crociferi. Via Cavour – This noble street runs parallel to, but on a level above, Corso Vittorio Emanuele, between a series of interesting buildings: Palazzo Astuto (no. 54) has wonderful balconies with bulging wrought-iron railings; Palazzo Trigona Cannicarao (no. 93). Beyond the palazzo turn left into Via Coffa, then left again at the end so as to pass before the late-Baroque Palazzo Impellizzeri, and turn right into Via Sallicano. This in turn leads right up to the Chiesa del Santissimo Crocefisso designed by Gagliardi and containing Francesco Laurana's sensitive painting entitled the Madonna della Neve.
  • A glimpse with a difference Through the streets – Throughout the 18C rectilinear town centre layout, popular districts have sprung up (Agliastrello, Mannarazze, Macchina Ghiaccio, Carmine) among the tightly-knit, tortuous and often maze-like streets more usually associated with medieval towns. The Allakatalla association not only provides guided tours of the historic quarters, but also organises "alternative" routes coloured with local stories and popular legend. These veritable leaps into the past are even more captivating in the evening, when the subdued light casts an almost magical atmosphere. Allakatalla, 10/3 Largo Porta Reale tel. 0931-8350050. And where to eat The Trattoria del Carmine at 1/A Via Ducezio, near the Carmine church, serves real home cooking at very reasonable prices.
  • Noto In a region populated by olive and almond trees, Noto sits on a plateau dominating the valley of the Asinaro and its citrus plantations. This tiny Baroque jewel endowed with an opulent beauty is the result of a single tragic event: the earthquake of 1693, that, despite bringing death and destruction to this part of Sicily, also sparked a huge effort to rebuild. Previously, the town that stood some 9-10km away (see below Noto Antica) had its origins way back in Antiquity. lt witnessed the birth of Ducetius who, in the 5C, made the Greeks quake in their shoes for having incited the Siculi against his Sicilian nationalist movement. The 1693 earthquake completely destroyed the old town. A broader and less vulnerable site was chosen for the new town, one that might accommodate a straightforward, linear town plan, with intersections at right angles and wide, parallel streets in accordance with the new Baroque taste. Three of the main streets run on an east to west axis, so that they might always be bathed in sunshine.
  • Near the end of the Corso is Piazza XVI Maggio with its magnificent Church of San Domenico and a magnificent Fountain of Hercules. Running parallel to Corso Vittorio Emanuele further up the town is Via Cavour, the home of elaborate noble palaces including Palazzo Astuto and Palazzo Trigona Cannicarao. At the end of May, Noto celebrates the marvels of Spring and the coming summer with a colourful "Festa" known as the "Infiorita". The street of Corrado Nicolaci becomes home to flower artists who create the most beautiful mosaics using petals.
  • The main thoroughfare is Corso Vittorio Emanuele along which many of Noto’s most representative buildings stand. It begins at the Porta Reale and extends east via three piazzas, each with its own church. The public gardens are situated along this road (or at least looking on to it) as are the Monastero del Santissimo Salvatore with its graceful tower, the inspired Palazzo Ducrezio, the Cathedral (whose dome collapsed in 1996), the Church of San Francesco, the Jesuit Church and College and Palazzo Nicolaci di Villadorata. All these buildings are obviously Baroque in style but each is unique with its own fascinating design. The architects seem to have been given free reign to run through the whole gamut of late 17th Century architectural devices and forms with a virtuosity that has visitors almost chuckling at their originality. Curvaceous concave facades battle for supremacy next to their convex cousins, while rectilinear edifices frown regally at their presumptuous frivolity. Grotesque masks, cherubs and curlicues jostle with volutes and other embellishments, and puffed-up wrought iron goose breasted balconies abound.
  • Distrutta dal terremoto del 1693, Noto risorge nel giro di un secolo: città nuova, razionale nella pianta a scacchiera, teatrale nell'apertura delle strade su scenografiche piazze, esuberante nella decorazione scultorea. Un 'giardino di pietra', secondo una felice definizione, scolpito nel tenero calcare del luogo, che col tempo acquista un tono caldo esaltato dal sole al tramonto. Noto, 'città del Barocco', Patrimonio Mondiale dall'Unesco, museo d'arte diffuso per quel che si ammira nelle strade, nelle chiese e nei palazzi. Quanto al suo territorio, vanno citati: la riserva naturalistica dei Pantani di Vendicari; la Cava Grande del Cassibile, vallone costellato di siti preistorici; le necropoli sicule della civiltà del Castelluccio; le testimonianze della greca Eloro, sulla costa; i mosaici della villa romana del Tellaro; gli oratori rupestri bizantini; i santuari di San Corrado di Fuori e della Madonna Scala del Paradiso. Del luogo sono rinomati il vino Moscato e tutto quel che in pasticceria si ottiene dalle mandorle.
  • Noto citta del barocco

    1. 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1223244-noto-citta-del-barocco/
    2. 2. Noto Considered Sicily's "Baroque City," Noto is in the province of Syracuse, in the southeastern corner of Sicily. The town is located about 35 kilometers southwest of the city of Syracuse. Old Noto was completely destroyed in the extremely violent earthquake that struck Eastern Sicily in 1693, a quake that heavily damaged Catania and Syracuse also. The present site of Noto was rebuilt from scratch, and almost entirely in the Baroque style, the prevailing style of building in Sicily at the time. Considerat oraşul barocului sicilian, Noto se află în provincia Siracuza, în colţul de sudest al Siciliei, la o distanţă de circa 35 de kilometri de Siracuza . Vechiul Noto a fost complet distrus de cutremurul devastator din anul 1693 care a provocat mari pagube şi în Siracuza şi Catania. Noul oraş construit din ruine este realizat aproape în totalitate în stil baroc, stilul la modă în Sicilia în acea perioadă. Un giorno Dio decise di fare un regalo alla terra! Esso si tolse un diamante dalla Sua corona e lo gettó in mezzo al Mare Mediterraneo dandogli il nome di SICILIA!
    3. 3. Noto, UNESCO World Heritage Site, representing "the final flowering of baroque art in Europe."
    4. 4. Noto is, quite simply, the apotheosis of Baroque town planning and architecture. Completely destroyed by the terrible 1693 earthquake, it was rebuilt from scratch on a new site, about 10km from the old centre. Under the supervision of the Duke of Camastra, the Spanish Viceroy’s right-hand man, three architects, Labisi, Sinatra and Gagliardi, set to work, intent on creating a new town based firmly on Baroque ideals. Noto este apoteoza arhitecturii baroce şi a planificării urbane. Complet distrus de catastrofalul cutremur din anul 1693 a fost reconstruit din ruine pe un amplasament situat la 10 kilometri de vechiul oraş. Sub conducerea Ducelui de Camastra (mâna dreaptă a viceregelui spaniol) trei arhitecţi, Labisi, Sinatra şi Gagliardi au construit noul oraş
    5. 5. At its eastern end is the town's gate, known as Porta Reale, built in 1838. Noto's grand main street, Corso Vittorio Emanuele, offers a good view of the city's architecture. Poarta Regal ă construită sub forma unui arc de triumf în anul 1838 (în cinstea Regelui Ferdinand II ) se află la capătul de răsărit al bulevardului Vittorio Emanuele
    6. 6. The main axis is provided by Corso Vittorio Emanuele which runs through three piazzas, each with its own church. The street extends from Porta Reale, a monumental gateway modelled on a triumphal arch, erected in the 19C. Axa principală a oraşului este formată de Corso Vittorio Emanuele care trece prin trei pieţe, în fiecare dintre ele existând câte o biserică. Bulevardul pleacă de la Poarta Regală, un arc de triumf ridicat în anul 1838 cu ocazia vizitei regelui Ferdinand II.
    7. 8. pellicano, simbolo dell'abnegazione nei confronti di Re Ferdinando.  Above the entrance is a pelican, the symbol of self-denial – a reference to King Ferdinand Il, who visited the town in 1838; flanked on either side with a tower – shorthand for a fortress and thereby a symbol for strength, and on the other a cirneco – an old Sicilian breed of dog symbol of loyalty Pelicanul de de-asupra intrării reprezină abnegaţia (referire la regele Ferdinand II care a vizitat oraşul în anul 1838), turnul puterea, iar câinele (cirneco – o rasă veche de câini sicilieni), este simbolul loialităţii
    8. 11. Noto is the finest baroque town in Sicily according to the visitors. The locals call it “a garden in stone” 
    9. 12. A plausible legend has it that Noto Antica was founded by a leader of the Sikels called Ducetius circa 500 BC. Scholars have dated the earliest ruins to circa 800 BC. With the Greek colonization of Syracuse, Netium came into contact with the advanced Hellenistic Culture and was eventually absorbed by it. O legendă plauzibilă spune că fondatorul aşezării Noto Antica a fost o căpetenie a siculilor cu numele Ducetius pe la anul 500 î.Hr. Savanţii au datat cele mai vechi ruine în jurul anului 800 î.Hr. După colonizarea greacă a Siracuzei Netium vine în contact cu avansata cultură elenă şi a fost asimilat de aceasta.
    10. 13. Piazza Immacolata The neo-classical church and convent of the Holy Savior dates from 1706, the Church of San Francesco from 1745, the latter at the top of a splendid wide stairway whose steps curve all the way up to the entrance. Biserica şi mănăstirea Mântuitorului, stil neoclasic, datează din anul 1706 iar biserica San Francesco, alăturată, care se află deasupra scării monumentale, a fost construită în anul 1745
    11. 14. Monastero del SS. Salvatore (1706) Corso Vittorio Emanuelle
    12. 16. Ch iesa di San Francesco all'Immacolata realizzata nel 1704-1745 da Vincenzo Sinatra, Corso Vittorio Emanuelle
    13. 18. Monastero del SS. Salvatore (1706) Corso Vittorio Emanuelle
    14. 19. Church of San Francesco all'Immacolata ( 1704-1745 ) by Vincenzo Sinatra, Corso Vittorio Emanuelle
    15. 20. Il convento benedettino del Salvatore (1706, a sinistra) e la chiesa di San Francesco (1745, a destra) in Piazza dell'Immacolata
    16. 21. The puppet theatre known as the Opera dei Pupi emerged in Sicily at the beginning of the nineteenth century and enjoyed great success among the islands working classes. UNESCO has designated Sicilian Puppet Theatre as part of humanity's "oral and intangible heritage" and has devised a plan to save it from extinction.
    17. 23. Convento di Santa Chiara, by Gagliardi.
    18. 24. Convento di Santa Chiara, by Gagliardi.
    19. 25. Convento di Santa Chiara, by Gagliardi.
    20. 26. The church of Santa Maria Assunta o Santa Chiara
    21. 28. The church of Santa Maria Assunta o Santa Chiara
    22. 29. The church of Santa Maria Assunta o Santa Chiara
    23. 30. Piazza Municipio – This is the most majestic and the busiest of the three squares, overlooked on the left by the eye-catching elevation of the Palazzo Ducezio, and on the right by the broad flight of steps to the cathedral entrance, flanked by two beautiful horse-shoe-shaped hedges. Piazza Municipio, cea mai aglomerată şi maiestuoasă dintre cele trei pieţe, are de o parte Palatul Ducal (azi Primăria) iar peste drum urcă scările care duc la Catedrală, mărginite de două potcoave de gard viu
    24. 31. Palazzo Ducezio, a well-proportioned buildings with curvilinear elements, enclosed by a Classical type of portico designed by Sinatra. The upper section was added in the 1950s. Palatul Ducal, înconjurat de un portico desenat de Vincenzo Sinatra, adăposteşte Primăria. Partea superioară a fost adăugată în anii 1950. Dettaglio Municipio di Noto
    25. 32. Noto (Sicilian: Notu) located at the foot of the Iblean Mountains gives its name to the surrounding valley, Val di Noto. In 2002 Noto and its church were declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site Noto (în limba siciliană Notu) situat la poalele munţilor Iblei a dat numele văii Val di Noto. Sub denumirea Orașele barocului târziu din Val di Noto sunt înscrise pe lista patrimoniului mondial UNESCO opt orașe din sud-estul Siciliei care au fost reconstruite după cutremurul din anul 1693 în stil predominant baroc. Dintre aceste opt oraşe face parte şi Noto
    26. 36. Built in 1746 the Palazzo Ducezio or town hall, was designed in the Neo-Classical style to plans by Vincenzo Sinatra, and is a fine example of the Baroque architecture which dominated the rebuilding of the city. An upper section was added to the Palazzo in the 1950s.
    27. 41. Church of San Carlo, Corso Vittorio Emanuelle
    28. 42. Church of San Carlo, Corso Vittorio Emanuelle
    29. 43. Church of San Carlo Borromeo, Corso Vittorio Emanuelle
    30. 44. Via Nicolaci
    31. 45. Chiesa di San Domenico Chiesa del Santissimo Crocefisso
    32. 46. Fontana di Ercole, Piazza XVI Maggio
    33. 47. Teatro Municipale, Piazza XVI Maggio
    34. 48. Chiesa del Carmine, 1743, progetto di Rosario Gagliardi
    35. 50. "To have seen Italy without having seen Sicily is not to have seen Italy at all, for Sicily is the clue to everything." Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
    36. 51. Sound : Musica Popolare Siciliana - Sonata In Re Minore (Da La Musica Dai Saloni, Di G Pennino E G M Piscopo, Ed Nuova Ipsa) Text: Internet Pictures : Sanda Foişoreanu Internet Otilia Contraş Gabriela Cristescu Copyright: All the images belong to their authors. Arangement : Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda

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