Pisa Nel Campo dei Miracoli3

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YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE:
http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1170888-nel-campo-dei-miracoli3/
PLEASE SEE ALSO:
http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/pisa-not-only-a-tower2
http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/nel-campo-dei-miracoli1
http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/nel-campo-dei-miracoli2
http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/nel-campo-dei-miracoli4
http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/nel-campo-dei-miracoli51
http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/nel-campo-dei-miracoli5
http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/un-gioiello-dellarte-gotica
http://www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda/pisa-not-only-a-tower


After finishing secondary school in 1980, Andrea Bocelli studied law at the University of Pisa.To earn money Bocelli performed evenings in piano bars. He completed law school and spent one year as a court-appointed lawyer.
It was there, in 1987, that he met his future wife, Enrica.

"The Prayer" was nominated 2000 Grammy Award for Best Pop Collaboration With Vocals. "Sogno" was nominated for the 2000 Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance.

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  • Muchas gracias querida Michaela, ahora si está claro, te advierto una cosa al principio era incapaz de traducir nada y ahora hay párrafos que traduzco seguido y cuando me cuesta mucho y lo traduzco ahí es cuando puede que me haya equivocado, como ahora, pero sé que me he equivocado, seguiré insistiendo. MUCHAS GRACIAS
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  • @1456789
    Gracias Pilar. Vero, en 1934 Benito Mussolini intento salvar la torre. Se vertieron toneladas de cemento en 361 pozos perforados en los cimientos. Ese año la torre se tambaleo mas que en los 15 precedentes....
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  • Excelente presentación Nel Campo dei Miracoli, este conjunto es una verdadera belleza. La Torre es espectacular y no conocía por que se había ladeado. Pero leyendo tus explicaciones parece que Musolini echó toneladas de cemento, es inexplicable por que lo hizo, bueno como hizo otras muchas cosas.
    Por favor, en cuanto a este último comentario, te ruego me corrijas si hay algo en lo que me haya equivocado, está en inglés, hago todo lo que puedo pero mi inglés no es muy bueno.
    Esta presentación me ha encantado he visto la torre desde todos los ángulos y también que la están reconstruyendo en uno de los pisos.
    Muchas gracias querida Michaela, Pilar
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  • Muchas gracias Anais por favorito
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  • Muchas gracias Pilar por favorito
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  • The Ardea rotated over the sky of Christ, over the meadow of Miracles." Gabriele d'Annunzio
  • The Leaning Tower of Pisa (Italian: Torre pendente di Pisa) or simply the Tower of Pisa (Torre di Pisa) is the campanile, or freestanding bell tower, of the cathedral of the Italian city of Pisa. It is situated behind the Cathedral and is the third oldest structure in Pisa's Cathedral Square (Piazza del Duomo) after the Cathedral and the Baptistry. The height of the tower is 55.86 m (183.27 ft) from the ground on the low side and 56.70 m (186.02 ft) on the high side. The width of the walls at the base is 4.09 m (13.42 ft) and at the top 2.48 m (8.14 ft). Its weight is estimated at 14,500 metric tons (16,000 short tons). The tower has 296 or 294 steps; the seventh floor has two fewer steps on the north-facing staircase. Prior to restoration work performed between 1990 and 2001, the tower leaned at an angle of 5.5 degrees,[but the tower now leans at about 3.99 degrees.this means that the top of the tower is displaced horizontally 3.9 metres (12 ft 10 in) from where it would be if the structure were perfectly vertical. A popular tourist activity is to pose for photographs pretending to "hold up" the leaning tower and preventing it from falling. The illusion is created through the principle of forced perspective.
  • Construction of the tower occurred in three stages across 177 years. Work on the ground floor of the white marble campanile began on August 8, 1173, during a period of military success and prosperity. This ground floor is a blind arcade articulated by engaged columns with classical Corinthian capitals. The tower began to sink after construction had progressed to the second floor in 1178. This was due to a mere three-metre foundation, set in weak, unstable subsoil, a design that was flawed from the beginning. Construction was subsequently halted for almost a century, because the Republic of Pisa was almost continually engaged in battles with Genoa, Lucca and Florence. This allowed time for the underlying soil to settle. Otherwise, the tower would almost certainly have toppled. In 1198 clocks were temporarily installed on the third floor of the unfinished construction.
  • In 1272 construction resumed under Giovanni di Simone, architect of the Camposanto. In an effort to compensate for the tilt, the engineers built upper floors with one side taller than the other. Because of this, the tower is actually curved.Construction was halted again in 1284, when the Pisans were defeated by the Genoans in the Battle of Meloria. The seventh floor was completed in 1319. It was built by Tommaso di Andrea Pisano, who succeeded in harmonizing the Gothic elements of the bell-chamber with the Romanesque style of the tower. There are seven bells, one for each note of the musical major scale. The largest one was installed in 1655. The bell-chamber was finally added in 1372. After a phase (1990–2001) of structural strengthening,[8] the tower is currently undergoing gradual surface restoration, in order to repair visual damage, mostly corrosion and blackening. These are particularly pronounced due to the tower's age and its exposure to wind and rain.
  • Galileo Galilei is said to have dropped two cannon balls of different masses from the tower to demonstrate that their speed of descent was independent of their mass. However, this is considered an apocryphal tale, its only source being Galileo's secretary. During World War II, the Allies discovered that the Germans were using the tower as an observation post. A U.S. Army sergeant was briefly entrusted with the fate of the tower and his decision not to call in an artillery strike kept the tower from being destroyed.
  • On February 27, 1964, the government of Italy requested aid in preventing the tower from toppling. It was, however, considered important to retain the current tilt, due to the vital role that this element played in promoting the tourism industry of Pisa. A multinational task force of engineers , mathematicians and historians gathered on the Azores islands to discuss stabilization methods. It was found that the tilt was increasing in combination with the softer foundations on the lower side. Many methods were proposed to stabilize the tower, including the addition of 800 tonnes of lead counterweights to the raised end of the base In 1987 the tower was declared as part of the Piazza del Duomo UNESCO World Heritage Site along with the neighbouring cathedral , baptistery and cemetery .
  • After finishing secondary school in 1980, Andrea Bocelli studied law at the University of Pisa. To earn money Bocelli performed evenings in piano bars. He completed law school and spent one year as a court-appointed lawyer. It was there, in 1987, that he met his future wife, Enrica.
  • the bronze hippogryph Un hippogriffe est une créature imaginaire hybride, d'apparence mi-cheval et mi-aigle, qui ressemble à un cheval ailé avec la tête et les membres antérieurs d'un aigle. Sa figure est peut-être issue du bestiaire fabuleux des Perses et de leur Simorgh, au travers du griffon. Son origine est évoquée par le poète latin Virgile dans ses Églogues et s'il est quelquefois représenté à l'époque antique et sous les Mérovingiens, il est clairement nommé et défini pour la première fois dans l'œuvre de l'Arioste, le Roland furieux (Orlando furioso), au début du XVIe siècle. Dans ce roman de chevalerie inscrit dans la continuité du cycle carolingien, l'hippogriffe est une monture naturellement née de l'accouplement d'une jument et d'un griffon, extrêmement rapide et capable de voler autour du monde, chevauchée par les magiciens et de nobles héros, tel le paladin Roger qui délivre la belle Angélique sur son dos. Symbole des pulsions incontrôlées, l'hippogriffe emporte Alstophe jusque sur la lune. Le succès de ce roman fait que la figure et le nom de l'hippogriffe sont repris dans d'autres histoires du même type.
  • "The Prayer" was nominated 2000 Grammy Award for Best Pop Collaboration With Vocals. "Sogno" was nominated for the 2000 Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance. There seems to be no end to the market for Latin tenors who inhabit the peculiar world most often termed "crossover." The well-known "Three Tenors" travel the boundaries between classical music, songs from their homelands and European pop songs frequently and with ease. The success of these artists is also being enjoyed by Bocelli, who was launched as a superstar in the United States in late 1997 by pledge-time showings of his television special on PBS. His then-current album ROMANZA shot up the charts, followed in short order by VIAGGIO ITALIANO (a mix of opera and traditional Italian songs in the manner of Mario Lanza or Enrico Caruso) and ARIA-THE OPERA ALBUM. Now with SOGNO (Italian for "dream," pronounced "soh-nyo") Bocelli returns to the all-pop sound of ROMANZA. The program is entirely in Italian, with translations provided, and fans of the tenor need not fear disappointment. Duets with Celine Dion, Dulce Pontes, and Eros Ramazzotti are highlights, and Bocelli is in top form throughout. For those who've not yet made this singer's acquaintance, SOGNO makes an excellent introduction. Be warned, however, that it may induce cravings for his previous albums!”
  • Pisa Nel Campo dei Miracoli3

    1. 1. PISA 3 Nel Campo dei Miracoli
    2. 2. The name "Square of Miracles” was created by the Italian writer and poet Gabriele d'Annunzio
    3. 3. Partly paved and partly grassed, Campo dei Miracoli is dominated by four great religious edifices: the Duomo, the Leaning Tower (the cathedral's campanile), the Baptistery and the Camposanto.
    4. 4. In 1987 the whole square was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
    5. 6. The power of Pisa as a mighty maritime nation began to grow and reached its apex in the 11th century when it acquired traditional fame as one of the four main historical Maritime Republics of Italy (Repubbliche Marinare). Pisa was in continuous conflict with the Saracens, who had their bases in Corsica, for control of the Mediterranean. Between 1030 and 1035, Pisa went on to successfully defeat several rival towns in Sicily and conquer Carthage in North Africa
    6. 7. In 1051–1052 the admiral Jacopo Ciurini conquered Corsica, provoking more resentment from the Genovese. In 1063 admiral Giovanni Orlando, coming to the aid of the Norman Roger I, took Palermo from the Saracen pirates. The gold treasure taken from the Saracens in Palermo allowed the Pisans to start the building of their cathedral and the other monuments which constitute the famous Piazza del Duomo
    7. 9. Architects began building this most famous of medieval campaniles in 1173, but work stopped abruptly five years later when they first noticed a pronounced lean to the north. This was caused by a weak foundation constructed on top of silty, unstable soil from a former estuary. Only three stories had gone up when they halted construction.
    8. 10. In 1250 when work resumed, architects began trying to adjust the lean. Their effort caused the Tower to have a slight banana shape by the time they reached the eighth and final story as the campanile stayed more or less vertical at about the fifth floor.
    9. 11. By 1272, the tower began leaning toward the south. Before they constructed the bell tower in 1350, architects actually tried to angle the top of the tower back toward the north by adding four steps on the north side and six steps on the south side at the base of the bell tower, that was what gave the Tower an ever-so-slight S shape.
    10. 12. For centuries, many have offered solutions to how to right the tower. In 1934, engineers working for Italian leader Benito Mussolini, who considered the flawed tower antithetical to Fascist ideals, tried to right it by injecting almost 200 tons of cement into the base. The "fix" actually added a tenth of a degree to the tilt.
    11. 13. In the 1950s, officials silenced the seven bells, the largest of which weighs three and a half tons, for fear their vibrations could trigger a collapse.
    12. 14. And in 1990, at a time when 700,000 annual visitors were ascending the campanile and the lean increased by one-20th of an inch every year, officials closed Pisa's famous Torre Pendente to the public
    13. 15. Since then, many experts have tried numerous methods to right or at least halt the lean of the 56m tower, whose top today lies 4,67m south of the base. Sophisticated monitors were installed, which can detect movements at the campanile's apex to within four-ten-thousandths of an inch. These instruments pick up the tower's daily sway of about one-hundredth of an inch, which is caused by the temperature of the sun-facing south side rising by day and falling at night.
    14. 16. The device also picked up a frightening overnight increase in the lean, in what committee members recall as "Black September." On September 6th, 1995, after engineers had added 600 tons of lead ingots to the north side to counteract the southward tilt, the tower jumped one-sixteenth of an inch to the south. In tower terms, that's a lot, and some feared the tower would topple imminently. Within 24 hours, engineers began adding an additional 230 tons of lead, and the movement stopped.
    15. 17. After a decade of corrective reconstruction and stabilization efforts, the tower was reopened to the public on December 15, 2001, and was declared stable for at least another 300 years. 
    16. 18.   In May 2008, after the removal of another 70 metric tons (77 short tons) of earth, engineers announced that the Tower had been stabilized such that it had stopped moving for the first time in its history. They stated it would be stable for at least 200 years
    17. 19. The museum of the Cathedral Vestry Board The museum contains works which used to adorn the monuments of the Piazza dei Miracoli and which, mainly for safety reasons, had been moved to the warehouses of the Cathedral Vestry Board. It was set up in 1986 in a specially restored building, between Piazza dell' Arcivescovado and Piazza del Duomo
    18. 21. Medieval statues in the Museo del Duomo of Pisa
    19. 22. A detail from the 12th century bronze doors that once graced the cathedral.
    20. 31. Sound : Celine Dion, Andreea Bocelli – The prayer Pictures : Daniela Iacob Arangement : Sanda Foişoreanu

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