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From the 9th to 13th centuries Bagan was the capital of the Kingdom of Pagan, the
first kingdom to unify the regions that ...
Capital city of the first Myanma Kingdom, the site measures 13 by 8 km and contains more than 2500 Buddhist
monuments (tem...
The large corpus
of contemporary
stone inscriptions
have been the
most
reliable
source for the
history of the
Kingdom.
The...
The population
of Bagan in its
heyday is
estimated
anywhere
between
50,000 to
200,000
people.
Until the advent of
tourism industry in
the 1990s, only a few
villagers lived in Old
Bagan. The rise of
tourism has attrac...
Htilominlo Temple was built during the reign of King Htilominlo (also known as
Nandaungmya) in 1211. The temple is three s...
Htilominlo Temple
On the first floor of the temple, there are four Buddhas that face each
direction. The temple was damaged in the 1975 eart...
Htilominlo
(1175 – 1235)
was king of
Pagan dynasty
of Burma from
1211 to 1235.
His 24-year
reign marked the
beginning of t...
It was the first to
see the impact
of over a century
of continuous
growth of taxfree religious
wealth, which
had greatly
r...
Htilominlo was the last of
the
temple
builders
although most of his
temples were in remote
lands not in the Pagan
region,
...
The temple is one of the
Bagan monuments decorated
with the finest plaster carvings.
Portions of the carvings still
remain...
Htilominlo Temple
Htilominlo
Temple
Htilominlo Temple
Htilominlo Temple

According to the chronicles,
he built this temple at the
very place where he was
chosen as the crown pr...
Htilominlo Temple
Gawdawpalin Temple
Gawdawpalin Temple

The king, a devout Buddhist
and a scholar, gave up the
command of the army, and
left the day-to-day af...
Gawdawpalin Temple
Sinphyushin temple
was built by King
Thihathu
or
Sinphyushin
of
Pinya. It is a cavetype
Indian-style
based monument.
The i...
The temples of
Bagan
have
been visited by
Marco
Polo,
Kubla
Khan,
and
Dane
Hogdes,
and
the
latter
considers them
one of th...
The Shwezigon Pagoda
There are over 300
monuments in Bagan which
has mural paintings inside.
Ananda Temple
Maha-Bodi Pagoda

this Pagoda is the one which
is closely identical with the
Maha Bodhi Pagoda at
Bodhgaya in India
Maha-Bodi
Pagoda
Detail of the walls of the Maha-Bodi Pagoda
Maha-Bodi Pagoda
Maha-Bodi Pagoda
Maha-Bodi Pagoda
Detail of the walls of the Maha-Bodi Pagoda
Few can deny Bagan’s
breathtaking beauty. The
ancient city was described by
National Geographic as “one
of Southeast Asia’...
Bagan Thatbyinnyu,
the religious deed of
King Alung Sithu
Bagan Thatbyinnyu Temple
Bagan
Thatbyinnyu
Templei s the tallest
structure in Bagan. There
is a rhyme traditionally
sung by the people of
Bagan, wh...
Bagan Thatbyinnyu Temple
Royal
Poinciana,
Flamboyant
Tree, Flame
Tree, Peacock
Flower,
Gulmohar
Delonix regia
(seinban)
Thatbyinnyu
Temple
is
a
famous
temple
built in the mid12th
century
during the reign
of
King
Alaungsithu. It is
adjacent
to...
Day Shrines
There are eight
shrines, one for
each day of the
week
(in
the
Burmese calendar,
Wednesday
is
divided into two
...
The horses in
Burma
are
obviously used
far more for
business than
pleasure.
Whether it is for
the
tourist
industry, work
h...
Finished bamboo photo frames, and carved wooden book marks
Thanaka is a yellowish-white
cosmetic paste made from
ground bark. It is a distinctive
feature of Myanmar seen
commonly ap...
The
earliest
literary reference
to thanaka is in a
14th-century
poem written by
Mon-speaking
King Razadarit's
consort.
Men...
The wood of
several trees
may be used to
produce thanaka
cream; these
trees grow
abundantly in
central Myanmar.
They inclu...
Thanaka trees
are perennials,
and a tree must
be at least 35
years old before
it is considered
mature enough
to yield good...
Thanaka
Yoke thé is the
Burmese
name
for
marionette
puppetry.
Although the term
can be used for
marionettery
in
general, its usage...
Minnanthu
Nandamannya
Built in the mid13th century. this
less known and
visited ancient
temple is like a
Meditation cave,
...
Nandamannya Pahto
Nandamannya Pahto
Nandamannya Pahto
Nandamannya Pahto
Murals in Nandamannya Pahto

Murals in Buddhist temple Pahtodhamya
The
Payathonzu
Temple (literally
"Temple of
Three
Buddhas") is
unique in the
sense that the
temple consists
of three templ...
The Payathonzu
Temple
The Payathonzu
Temple
The Payathonzu Temple
Considered as one of the
greatest
ancient
sites
of
Southeastern Asia, UNESCO
has unsuccessfully tried to
include Bagan in ...
The Bagan golf course resort had been a major cause of
Bagan’s UNESCO deferral in 1997 and the Aureum Palace has
also incu...
The recent
additions of a
really ugly and
out-of-place
Viewing Tower, a
newly invented
Bagan Golden
Palace and a
monstrous...
Panorama of Bagan from View Tower
Bagan Nyaung Oo Airport
Text and pictures: Internet
Copyright: All the images belong to their authors

Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu
www.slidesha...
Myanmar23, Bagan
Myanmar23, Bagan
Myanmar23, Bagan
Myanmar23, Bagan
Myanmar23, Bagan
Myanmar23, Bagan
Myanmar23, Bagan
Myanmar23, Bagan
Myanmar23, Bagan
Myanmar23, Bagan
Myanmar23, Bagan
Myanmar23, Bagan
Myanmar23, Bagan
Myanmar23, Bagan
Myanmar23, Bagan
Myanmar23, Bagan
Myanmar23, Bagan
Myanmar23, Bagan
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Myanmar23, Bagan

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From the 9th to 13th centuries, Bagan was the capital of the Kingdom of Pagan, the first kingdom to unify the regions that would later constitute modern Myanmar. During the kingdom's height between the 11th and 13th centuries, over 10,000 Buddhist temples, pagodas and monasteries were constructed in the Bagan plains alone, of which the remains of over 2200 temples and pagodas still survive to the present day.

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Transcript of "Myanmar23, Bagan"

  1. 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-2052122-myanmar23-bagan/
  2. 2. From the 9th to 13th centuries Bagan was the capital of the Kingdom of Pagan, the first kingdom to unify the regions that would later constitute modern Myanmar. During the kingdom's height between the 11th and 13th centuries, over 10,000 Buddhist temples, pagodas and monasteries were constructed in the Bagan plains alone, of which the remains of over 2200 temples and pagodas still survive to the present day.
  3. 3. Capital city of the first Myanma Kingdom, the site measures 13 by 8 km and contains more than 2500 Buddhist monuments (temples, stupas, monasteries, etc) built from the 10th to the 14th centuries AD. Several of these monuments are still highly venerated by the population, and attract numerous pilgrims and devotees from all over the country, particularly at festival times. Other are in various states of conservation and maintenance.
  4. 4. The large corpus of contemporary stone inscriptions have been the most reliable source for the history of the Kingdom. The mural paintings inside more than 300 temples constitutes a unique corpus of paintings of that time in southeast Asia.
  5. 5. The population of Bagan in its heyday is estimated anywhere between 50,000 to 200,000 people.
  6. 6. Until the advent of tourism industry in the 1990s, only a few villagers lived in Old Bagan. The rise of tourism has attracted a sizable population to the area. Because Old Bagan is now off limits to permanent dwellings, much of the population reside in either New Bagan, south of Old Bagan, or Nyaung-U, north of Old Bagan. The majority of native residents are Burmans
  7. 7. Htilominlo Temple was built during the reign of King Htilominlo (also known as Nandaungmya) in 1211. The temple is three stories tall, with a height of 46 metres (150 feet), and built with red brick. It is also known for its elaborate plaster moldings
  8. 8. Htilominlo Temple
  9. 9. On the first floor of the temple, there are four Buddhas that face each direction. The temple was damaged in the 1975 earthquake and subsequently repaired
  10. 10. Htilominlo (1175 – 1235) was king of Pagan dynasty of Burma from 1211 to 1235. His 24-year reign marked the beginning of the gradual decline of Pagan dynasty.
  11. 11. It was the first to see the impact of over a century of continuous growth of taxfree religious wealth, which had greatly reduced the potential tax base.
  12. 12. Htilominlo was the last of the temple builders although most of his temples were in remote lands not in the Pagan region, reflecting the deteriorating state of royal treasury.
  13. 13. The temple is one of the Bagan monuments decorated with the finest plaster carvings. Portions of the carvings still remain undamaged on the arch pediments, freize and plasters, but the mural paintings can now be seen on the ceiling only
  14. 14. Htilominlo Temple
  15. 15. Htilominlo Temple
  16. 16. Htilominlo Temple
  17. 17. Htilominlo Temple According to the chronicles, he built this temple at the very place where he was chosen as the crown prince out of five sons of King Narapatisithu. The five princess ranged around the white umbrella which was made to incline towards the refined prince, Nadaungmya, who was the youngest son. Upon chosen by the Hti (white umbrella), all four brothers and the king unanimously agreed to make him the crown prince, thus being named Htilominlo, meaning "favored by the king and the white umbrella as well".
  18. 18. Htilominlo Temple
  19. 19. Gawdawpalin Temple
  20. 20. Gawdawpalin Temple The king, a devout Buddhist and a scholar, gave up the command of the army, and left the day-to-day affairs to a privy council consisted of ministers, the forebear of the Hluttaw, or the supreme administrative body of government. He focused his energies on religion and temple-building. He completed the majestic Gawdawpalin temple, begun by his father Narapatisithu, built the Mahabodhi, a replica of the Buddhagaya temple, and the Htilominlo Temple, named after himself.
  21. 21. Gawdawpalin Temple
  22. 22. Sinphyushin temple was built by King Thihathu or Sinphyushin of Pinya. It is a cavetype Indian-style based monument. The inner walls of the temple are full of ancient mural paintings. The exteriors of the temple are embellished with beautiful patterned carved and molded stucco decorations.
  23. 23. The temples of Bagan have been visited by Marco Polo, Kubla Khan, and Dane Hogdes, and the latter considers them one of the 7 wonders of the world, and to quote Marco Polo (speaking of the temples) "amounting to one of the most astonishing views on earth" and we would concur!!
  24. 24. The Shwezigon Pagoda
  25. 25. There are over 300 monuments in Bagan which has mural paintings inside.
  26. 26. Ananda Temple
  27. 27. Maha-Bodi Pagoda this Pagoda is the one which is closely identical with the Maha Bodhi Pagoda at Bodhgaya in India
  28. 28. Maha-Bodi Pagoda
  29. 29. Detail of the walls of the Maha-Bodi Pagoda
  30. 30. Maha-Bodi Pagoda
  31. 31. Maha-Bodi Pagoda
  32. 32. Maha-Bodi Pagoda
  33. 33. Detail of the walls of the Maha-Bodi Pagoda
  34. 34. Few can deny Bagan’s breathtaking beauty. The ancient city was described by National Geographic as “one of Southeast Asia’s greatest archaeological heritage sites”, while Japan’s permanent delegation to UNESCO describes it as one of Asia’s “major historical landmarks”. UNESCO’s culture program specialist in Myanmar said he knows of no other site in the world with as many archeological remains.
  35. 35. Bagan Thatbyinnyu, the religious deed of King Alung Sithu
  36. 36. Bagan Thatbyinnyu Temple
  37. 37. Bagan Thatbyinnyu Templei s the tallest structure in Bagan. There is a rhyme traditionally sung by the people of Bagan, which runs: “Massiveness that is Dhammayan Gyi, Loftiness that is Thatbyinnyu, Grace that is Ananda.”
  38. 38. Bagan Thatbyinnyu Temple
  39. 39. Royal Poinciana, Flamboyant Tree, Flame Tree, Peacock Flower, Gulmohar Delonix regia (seinban)
  40. 40. Thatbyinnyu Temple is a famous temple built in the mid12th century during the reign of King Alaungsithu. It is adjacent to Ananda Temple. Thatbyinnyu Temple is shaped like a cross, but is not symmetrical. The temple has two primary storeys, with the seated Buddha image located on the second storey.
  41. 41. Day Shrines There are eight shrines, one for each day of the week (in the Burmese calendar, Wednesday is divided into two parts). Each shrine has a beast associated with it and a planet. The Tiger represent Monday
  42. 42. The horses in Burma are obviously used far more for business than pleasure. Whether it is for the tourist industry, work horses or transportation. The Burmese pony is a breed local to the area. This breed is similar in confirmation to the Bhutia, Spiti and Manipuri ponies who collectively carry Mongolian and Arabian blood.
  43. 43. Finished bamboo photo frames, and carved wooden book marks
  44. 44. Thanaka is a yellowish-white cosmetic paste made from ground bark. It is a distinctive feature of Myanmar seen commonly applied to the face and sometimes the arms of women and girls and to a lesser extent men and boys.
  45. 45. The earliest literary reference to thanaka is in a 14th-century poem written by Mon-speaking King Razadarit's consort. Mentions of thanaka also exist in the 15th century literary works of Burmese monkpoet Shin Maharatthasara (1486-1529).
  46. 46. The wood of several trees may be used to produce thanaka cream; these trees grow abundantly in central Myanmar. They include principally Murraya spp. (thanaka) but also Limonia acidissima (theethee or wood apple)
  47. 47. Thanaka trees are perennials, and a tree must be at least 35 years old before it is considered mature enough to yield goodquality cuttings. Thanaka in its natural state is sold as small logs individually or in bundles, but nowadays also available as a paste or in powder form
  48. 48. Thanaka
  49. 49. Yoke thé is the Burmese name for marionette puppetry. Although the term can be used for marionettery in general, its usage usually refers to the local form of string puppetry.
  50. 50. Minnanthu Nandamannya Built in the mid13th century. this less known and visited ancient temple is like a Meditation cave, a singlechambered temple has very fine frescoes and a seated Buddha image.
  51. 51. Nandamannya Pahto
  52. 52. Nandamannya Pahto
  53. 53. Nandamannya Pahto
  54. 54. Nandamannya Pahto
  55. 55. Murals in Nandamannya Pahto Murals in Buddhist temple Pahtodhamya
  56. 56. The Payathonzu Temple (literally "Temple of Three Buddhas") is unique in the sense that the temple consists of three temples conjoined through narrow passages. The interior of the temple contains frescoes. The temple was recently renovated, with the completion of the three stupas atop the temple, which are lighter in
  57. 57. The Payathonzu Temple
  58. 58. The Payathonzu Temple
  59. 59. The Payathonzu Temple
  60. 60. Considered as one of the greatest ancient sites of Southeastern Asia, UNESCO has unsuccessfully tried to include Bagan in the World Heritage List (Bagan is included in the Tentative List since as early as 1996), only to find the intransigency of the military junta who is inaccurately restoring this archaeological marvel, including a golf course and a viewing tower between the ancient pagodas and temples. Despite the majesty and importance of Bagan, UNESCO did not include it on its World Heritage Site, because it says some temples were rebuilt in an un-historic way. Nonetheless, the site is arguably as impressive as the Pyramids of Egypt: a dry, vast open landscape dominated entirely by votive architecture.
  61. 61. The Bagan golf course resort had been a major cause of Bagan’s UNESCO deferral in 1997 and the Aureum Palace has also incurred UNESCO’s displeasure. A particular unfortunate feature is its Nan Myint Viewing Tower. Opened in 2005, it is 60 m high in brown concrete and glass in circular form with an external staircase (as well of course as internal lifts) to mimic the traditional Burmese watch tower (which isn’t relevant to Bagan!). As well as providing fine views over the Bagan plain, it can equally be seen from nearly everywhere across the site! Bagan Viewing Tower
  62. 62. The recent additions of a really ugly and out-of-place Viewing Tower, a newly invented Bagan Golden Palace and a monstrously huge Archaeology Museum probably didn’t help to convince UNESCO to positively reconsider the nomination
  63. 63. Panorama of Bagan from View Tower
  64. 64. Bagan Nyaung Oo Airport
  65. 65. Text and pictures: Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound: Hlaing Win Maung - Dynamic melody
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