Iran Kashan


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By some accounts - though not all - Kashan was the origin of the three wise men that followed the star that guided them to Bethlehem to witness the nativity of Jesus, as recounted in the Bible.
Kashan, a city of roses, the mecca of pottery. A large green oasis in the middle of all this ocean desert, known for centuries by nomads, as evidenced by the Sialk Tepe , an archaeological site which was largely stripped by future major museums of the West.
Today, there are only a few objects on the two hills on the periphery. Now relegated to the provincial metropolis, the city had its heyday in the Middle Ages : the Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah 1 st there built in XI th century fortress, still proudly in place a thousand years later, despite the earthquake that shook the end of the XVIII th century many buildings.
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  • Kashan flourished during the Sassanid dynasty; but, it was demolished during the Arab invasion with the exception of a few ancient buildings remaining. Kashan became prosperous again during Seljuq times and is known for its ceramics since then. Kashan once again was destroyed during Mongols invasion but it became an important town in the Safavid periods, and was the capital during the reign of Shah Abbas Safavid II. Some Safavid rulers preferred to live in Kashan rather than in the capital, Esfahan. A local historian wrote that Kashan's name is derived from "Key Ashian" which means place of rulers. Kashan has long been known as flourishing center of arts and a cradle of Iranian artists. The cultivated, talented and dynamic people of this historic city have been particularly famous as manufacturers of excellent glazed vessels and tiles, weavers of fine brocades, velvets and silk fabrics, creators of superb carpets and rugs, and producers of various handicrafts, consistently being ranked as outstanding exponents of these arts and crafts.
  • in addition to its world-famous carpets, Kashan is also well known for its silk and the glazed earthenware tile called kashi after its place of manufacture. Kashan is a beautiful large oasis town on the Qum-Kerman road running along the western edge of the Great Desert, Kevir. The city has long been noted for its silk textiles, ceramics, copperware, and rose water from the well-known rose fields of Qamsar, as well. One of the most important archaeological sites in central Iran, it has a historical background of over 7,000 years. Kashan is also of interest for its connections with Shah Abbas I it was a favorite town of his, and he beautified it and asked to be buried here in the mausoleum of a 13th century ancestor. Walking in the silent and peaceful alleys and back-alleys of the town, one can see very old buildings with brick walls constantly baked, as in old times, under the scorching sun.
  • Majority of historians and travelers to the town have called it a gate to the world civilization. Kashan flourished mainly during the Seljuk and Safavid periods of the post-Islamic history of Iran. Samples of art works created by Kashani artisans can be seen in the famous museums of the world. The town has many picturesque badgirs (wind towers), essential in the towns hot and airless summers before the introduction of air-conditioning. Modern industry plays a part in Kashan, in parallel with the ongoing social development. In bazaar, however, carpet-weaving, embroidery work, the making of rose water, scent, pottery, and other crafts are carried on in much the same and with the same skill as of old.
  • Iran Kashan

    1. 1.
    2. 2. Kashan is a city in theIsfahan province, the firstof the large oases alongthe Qom-Kerman roadwhich runs along the edgeof the central deserts ofIran. Its charm is thusmainly due to the contrastbetween the parchedimmensities of the desertsand the greenery of thewell-tended oasis.Kashan, oraş din provinciaEsfahan, este prima oazăde-a lungul drumului ceduce de la Qom la Kerman,pe la marginea deşertuluiiranian.Farmecul său este asiguratîn primul rând de contrastuldintre imensitatea aridă adeşertului şi prospeţimeaacestei oaze de verdeaţă şifrumos.
    3. 3. From Natanz to Kashan
    4. 4. By some accounts - though not all - Kashan was the origin of the three wise men that followed the star that guided them to Bethlehem to witness the nativity of Jesus, as recounted in the Bible. Whatever the historical validity of this story, the attribution of Kashan as their original home testifies to the city prestige at the time the story was set down. În unele legende Kashan este dat drept locul de unde au plecat cei trei magi călăuziţi de stea spre Betleem după cum spune Biblia. În orice caz, aceasta cel puţin dovedeşte importanţa pe care o avea localitatea în acea vreme..From Natanz to Kashan
    5. 5. Kashan located in an altitude of 1,600 m above sealevel, is one of the main cities of Esfahan province.
    6. 6. It is 240 km to the south of Tehran and 220 km to the north of Esfahan.
    7. 7. The towns population amounts to 400,000,living on an area of 2,100 hectares.
    8. 8. Long a centre for fine carpets, Kashan hasalmost one in three residents employed incarpet-making, with more than two-thirds ofthe carpet-makers being women.
    9. 9. Most of the traditional houses in Iran,especially luxurious houses, have anelement called Sar-Dar. Actually Sar-Dar is the main entrance of a housewith Islamic and traditional decoration.In order to access the house oneshould go through the entrance (Sar-Dar). While SAR-DAR is an archedentrance, which is recessed about 1 or2 meters from the walls of the house,portico is a porch leading to theentrance of a building, or extended asa colonnade with a roof structure.Majoritatea caselor tradiţionale în Iranau la intrare un element care senumeşte Sar-Dar. De fapt Sar-Dareste intrarea principală în locuinţele cudecor tradiţional şi islamic. De regulăSar-Dar este o intrare arcuită care seaflă la o distanţă de 1-2 metri dezidurile casei şi prin care se ajunge înîncăperea numită Hashti
    10. 10. Legend has it that when Sayyed Jafar Natanzi, a merchant known as Borujerdi, met Sayyed JafarTabatabei to discuss taking his daughter’s hand in marriage, Agha Tabatabei set one condition:his daughter must be able to live in a home at least as lovely as his own. The result – finishedsome 18 years later – was the Khan-e Borujerdi.
    11. 11. Fin Garden (one of the nine Persian Gardens recently added to the UNESCO list) is in Kashan
    12. 12. Soltan mir AhmadTomb consists of acourtyard, porch andsepulchre.
    13. 13. Soltan mir Ahmad Tomb
    14. 14. Soltan mir Ahmad Tomb’s dome that is conicalin shape has 12 panels and is decorated withvaulted tiles of the Safavid era
    15. 15. Its five pairsof doorshave greatvalue as acreativework of art.
    16. 16. Since two thousand three, UNESCOhas also worked to protect what it callsthe “intangible heritage” of humanity. Itdefines intangible heritage as livingtraditions that are passed on from onegeneration to another. These include spoken traditions,festivals, performing arts, socialceremonies and cultural knowledge.UNESCO recently announced fifty-oneadditions to its Representative List ofthe Intangible Cultural Heritage ofHumanity.Last year’s list of intangible heritageincludes several traditions from Iranand Important places for carpet-weaving include Fars and Kashan.
    17. 17. The Bazaar of Kashan
    18. 18. The Bazaar of Kashan
    19. 19. The Bazaar of Kashan
    20. 20. Dome of chaykhaneh inside bazaar
    21. 21. They are badgirs—wind-catchers, which trap and funnel the faintest hint of breeze outside and bring itindoors. In more intricate systems, the breeze from the badgir blows over the cool water brought intohouses by the qanats. The result? Even without the AC on, in the rooms is at least 15-20°C cooler thanthe outside temperature. It is not just bearable, it is actually pleasant.
    22. 22. From Kashan to Qom
    23. 23. Iran Text and slides 31-35: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Nicoleta Leu Arangement: Sanda FoişoreanuSound: Dariush - Shab Shekan; Dele Divooneh