Iran Hamadan Ecbatana
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Iran Hamadan Ecbatana

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The Greek historian Herodotus wrote that, at the height of its glory, Ecbatana was a shining jewel of the ancient world with buildings plated with precious metals and seven layers of city walls,......

The Greek historian Herodotus wrote that, at the height of its glory, Ecbatana was a shining jewel of the ancient world with buildings plated with precious metals and seven layers of city walls, the inner two being coated in silver and gold. From the time of Alexander, the city suffered many invasions and lost much of its wealth and importance though it remained the summer capital during Parthian and Sassanid times.
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  • The Greek historian Herodotus wrote that, at the height of its glory, Ecbatana was a shining jewel of the ancient world with buildings plated with precious metals and seven layers of city walls, the inner two being coated in silver and gold. From the time of Alexander, the city suffered many invasions and lost much of its wealth and importance though it remained the summer capital during Parthian and Sassanid times.
  • Hamadan City Assyrian inscriptions dating back to 1100 BC mention, Hangmatana, the ancient name of Hamadan but the city had almost certainly been populated since the 3rd millennium BC making it the oldest city in Iran and one of the oldest in the world. It was here in 673 BC that the first Median capital was established under the name of Ecbatana, meaning "place of assembly". From 549 BC, after he last of the Median kings had been defeated by Cyrus the Great, the city became the summer capital of the Achaemenid kings who would come here to escape the baking heat of Susa.
  • The Greek historian Herodotus wrote that, at the height of its glory, Ecbatana was a shining jewel of the ancient world with buildings plated with precious metals and seven layers of city walls, the inner two being coated in silver and gold. From the time of Alexander, the city suffered many invasions and lost much of its wealth and importance though it remained the summer capital during Parthian and Sassanid times.
  • The city was captured by the Arabs in 644 and its name was changed to Hamadan. For several centuries it prospered as a commercial hub and provincial capital. In the latter half of the 12th century the Seljuks made Hamadan their capital and so it remained for fifty years until 1220 when the city was destroyed by the armies of Tamerlane. In the following centuries, wars with the Ottoman Empire caused further destruction and as a result, little remains of the city that predates its partial reconstruction in the 17th century. The modern city of Hamadan was built according to a plan by the German architect Karl Fritsch with six avenues radiating like the spokes of a wheel from a central square.
  • Sang-e Shir (Stone lion) The only remaining relic of the ancient history of Hamadan, this 2.5m long stone statue of a lion, now badly eroded by time, has been tentatively dated as far back as Median times. It has also been said that the statue may have been commissioned by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC to mark the grave of his general and friend Hephaiston who died in Hamadan. It is now situated in a park in the south east part of the city.
  • The Grave of Avicenna Avicenna is the name by which the great Persian scientist and philosopher Ibn Sina is known in the West. During his lifetime he wrote 450 books on a wide range of subjects and is considered by many to be the father of modern medicine. Avicenna died in 1037 near Hamadan. The current construction dates back to 1952, its predecessor having been destroyed by an earthquake in 1948. The tower design was inspired by the Gonbad-e Kabus funerary tower which is located in the city of the same name in Mazandaran Province, northeast Iran. The tower houses a small museum dedicated to his life and works. Beside the grave of Avicenna is the grave of his great friend Abu Said.

Transcript

  • 1. The Median Empire Ecbatana
  • 2. Hamadan The historic Hegmataneh or Ecbatana is located within the boundaries of the modern city of Ham a dan and covers an area of 30 hectares. Hegmataneh in historic classical sources had named as the capital of the first Iranian dynastic empire, the Medes (728-550 BCE). Centrul istoric Hegmataneh sau Ecbatana se află la periferia modernului oraş Hamadan şi are o supraţaţă de cca 30 de hectare. Conform surselor istorice Hegmataneh a fost capitala primului Imperiu Iranian, Imperiul Mezilor ( 728-550 î.Hr)
  • 3. În sec VII î.Hr statul Mezilor, ( format prin unificare ), a devenit al ă turi de Babilonia, Lydia, şi Eg i pt una dintre cele patru puteri ale Orientului Apropiat. Alianţa cu Babilonul a ajutat Mezii să cucerească Ninive în 612, ceea ce a dus la prăbuşirea Imperiului Asirian In the 7th century BCE a unified Median state was formed which together with Babylonia, Lydia, and Egypt became one of the four major powers of the ancient Near East. An alliance with the Babylonians helped the Medes to capture Nineveh in 612 BCE which resulted in the collapse of the Neo-Assyrian Empire
  • 4. The Median Empire Până în secolul al VI-lea î.Hr., după ce împreună cu babilonienii au învins Imperiul Neo-Asirian, mezii au fost în măsură să impună autoritatea lor, care a durat aproximativ șaizeci de ani: de la bătălia de la Ninive din 612 î.Hr. până în 549 î.Hr. când Cyrus cel Mare a înființat Imperiul Ahemenid prin înfrângerea lui Astyages, regele mezilor. The Medes were subsequently able to establish their Median kingdom (with Ecbatana as their royal centre) beyond their original homeland (central-western Iran) and had eventually a territory stretching roughly from northeastern Iran to the Halys river in Anatolia. The Median kingdom was conquered in 550 BCE by Cyrus the Great who established the next Iranian dynasty—the Achaemenid Empire.
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  • 6. Mt. Alvand , cel mai înalt vârf din provincia Hamadan are 3574m iar cea mai mare parte a provinciei are o altitudine de peste 1700m , cu iernile cele mai lungi şi mai reci din întregul Iran. În schimb verile răcoroase atrag turiştii
  • 7. Mt. Alvand is tallest peak in the province at 3574m and with much of the area located well over 1700m above sea level, it has the coldest and longest winters in the whole of Iran. A cool and pleasant summer climate does however attract tourists escaping from the intense heat elsewhere.
  • 8. Avicena, marele savant persan, a murit în anul 1037 lângă Hamadan Avicenna died in 1037 near Hamadan.
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  • 11. In anul 330 î.Hr la Ecbatana a fost ucis, din ordinul lui Alexandru cel Mare, generalul macedonian Parmenio (Parmenion)
  • 12. In 330 BC, Ecbatana was also the site of the murder of the Macedonian Greek General Parmenio (or Parmenion) under the order of Alexander the Great.
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  • 14. Ecbatana (Complexul Hegmataneh) , un ansamblu de ruine istorice care formeaz ă situl arheologic Hegmataneh Ensemble consists of a unique collection of historical ruins and a valuable archeological site.
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  • 23. S ound: Shahram Nazeri - Forood Iran Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Nicoleta Leu Arangement : Sanda Foişoreanu