Inside Ananda Temple, Bagan
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Inside Ananda Temple, Bagan

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The Ananda Temple is a Buddhist temple built during the reign (1084–1113) of King Kyanzittha of the Pagan Dynasty. It is one of four surviving temples in Bagan. The temple layout is in a cruciform with several terraces leading to a small pagoda at the top covered by an umbrella known as hti, which is the name of the umbrella or top ornament found in almost all pagodas in Myanmar. The Buddhist temple houses four standing Buddhas, each one facing the cardinal direction of East, North, West and South. The temple is said to be an architectural wonder in a fusion of Mon and adopted Indian style of architecture. The impressive temple has also been titled the "Westminster Abbey of Burma". The temple is also known as “veritable museum of stones”

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  • Gracias Pilar Aluxia, mil gracias
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  • Thank you John for the disappeared comment 'Wonderful, thank you Michaela.' and for favorite, thank you.
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    Gracias Pilar, mil gracias y un abrazo
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  • Hola Sanda, parece increible que se mantenga en pié un templo de más de 1000 años. Me ha encantado Buda con una capa o algo parecido, nunca le había visto representado así. Las pinturas son las que no se han conservado pero desgraciadamente, es así. Fantástico templo y fantástica presentación, muchas gracias, Pilar
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    Inside Ananda Temple, Bagan Inside Ananda Temple, Bagan Presentation Transcript

    • http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-2046457-myanmar18-bagan/
    • It is said that every Myanmar should visit Bagan and without visiting Ananda you cannot be said to have visited Bagan. The ground plan is in the form of a cross with four devotional halls, each on one side, facing four cardinal directions, and the main structure in the center. In Bagan there are only two Temples with such ground plan. The other Temple of this type is Dhammayan Gyi which was built by King Kyansittha's grandson, King Narathu. It seemed that the grandson copied the ground plan of his grandfather's Temple. But it was found that for some unknown reasons the inner circumambulatory corridor of Dhammayan Gyi was
    • The Ananda was built during the reign (1084–1113) of King Kyanzittha of the Pagan Dynasty. It is one of four surviving temples in Bagan. The temple layout is in a cruciform with several terraces leading to a small pagoda at the top covered by an umbrella known as hti, which is the name of the umbrella or top ornament found in almost all pagodas in Myanmar. The Buddhist temple houses four standing Buddhas, each one facing the cardinal direction of East, North, West and South. The temple is said to be an architectural wonder in a fusion of Mon and adopted Indian style of architecture. The impressive temple is also known as “veritable museum of stones”
    • The Ananda Temple is surrounded by an enclosing wall with four arched gateways containing seated guardian deities (Duara Pala, the guardian deva)
    • Jakata scenes in the corridor leading to the entrance
    • The four entrances are provided with teak wood carved doors in the interior and these entrances form a perfect cross or cruciform. The original eight carved wooden door leaves, two at each of the four entrances, are over 900 years old. But King Bayint Naung (A. D. 1551—81) re-embellished them by adding floral and toenaga motifs to them.
    • Each niche, inside the four entrances of the cubical structure, form the sanctum where standing Buddhas, fully gilded and in different mudras or forms are deified and worshipped.
    • A deva in Buddhism is one of many different types of nonhuman beings who share the characteristics of being more powerful, longer-lived, and, in general, living more contentedly than the average human being.
    • Two Standing Deva Statues on both sides of devotional hall
    • One architectural wonder of Ananda Temple is the natural ventilation system by means of windows built inside the thickness of the walls. There are light wells in the very high ceiling through which beams of light fall directly on the faces of the four, gigantic statues of Buddha in standing posture facing four cardinal
    • On each side of the structure are eight light wells through which light comes, passing through the three tiers of wall for a distance of 108 feet and falls directly on the Buddha images inside the niches. These light wells also serve as ventilator since fresh air constantly enters through them into the whole structure
    • The four statues of standing Buddhas facing four cardinal directions are wood works executed by skillful carvers. They are well proportioned. Those facing south and north are the original statues. The one facing north has the hand in a preaching gesture, which is a later renovation. The glass-mosaic frontlet on its forehead was installed in 1903
    • The four Buddhas placed in the sanctum, called the "Buddhas of the modern age", give an indication of Buddha's "sense of the omnipresence through space and time" Each is given a specific name, Kakusandha (in (Pāli) is the name of the twentyfifth Buddha, the first of the five Buddhas of the present kalpa, and the fourth of the seven ancient Buddhas) – north facing Standing Buddha – Kakusandha – North facing
    • Standing Buddha – Kakusandha – North facing each statue of 9.5 metres (31 ft)height (above a 8 feet (2.4 m) high throne).
    • Standing Buddha – Kakusandha – North facing
    • Wall paintings inside the prayer halls of the temple have been mostly white washed.
    • Some of the paintings still discernable on the south-west column of the northern devotional hall have been restored by the Department of Archaeology of Myanmar.
    • It is said that there are 1000 niches, and three vaulted corridors. 1000 niches include niches on four sides of the Sikhara (pyramidal spire) those niches on the walls of the vaulted corridors and those niches on the inner walls of the four devotional halls, totalling over one thousand. These niches were installed probably to reduce the echo.
    • The two circumambulatory passages have vaulted roof. In these inner passages, surrounding the central cubicle, sculptural ornamentation in the form of 80 large reliefs carved out of volcanic rocks, representing Buddha’s life from birth to death, are depicted. The two main passages have cross passages also, which provide the link between the porch and the standing images
    • Regarding the three vaulted corridors, the inner most one was meant for the monks to walk around and worship the shrine, the middle vaulted corridor for the princes, royal sons and nephews and the outer vaulted corridor that passes through the devotional halls was meant for the commoners
    • Floor
    •  Among the monuments in Bagan which have glazed works, Ananda Temple has the best
    • The east and west facing Buddha images are made in the later Konbaung or Mandalay style. The east-facing image of Buddha (known as 'Kongamana') is shown holding, between the thumb and middle finger, a small nutlike sphere – a herb.
    • This herb is said to symbolically represent the Buddha suggesting dhamma (Buddhist philosophy) as a cure for misery and distress. In this mudra, both arms hang at the sides with palms stretching out. This mudra is not seen in traditional Buddhist sculpture outside this temple.
    • The original south facing Buddha (called the Kassapa) has a unique architectural display, as, when it is viewed from close quarters depicts a sad look. However, the same image viewed from a distance gives an expression of mirthfulness.
    • Out of the four images, the images facing north and south are said to be original, of the Bagan-style depicting the dhammachakka mudra, a hand position symbolizing the Buddha's first sermon, while the other two images are new replacements, after the originals were destroyed by fires. South facing Buddha (called the Kassapa)
    • In Myanmar, gold-leaves are widely sold at the famous pagodas to gild the Buddha image or stupa with goldleaf. This is the Myanmar tradition for meritorious deeds.
    • In West Gotama Buddha displays the abhaya mudra with hands outstretched in the gesture of fearlessness.
    • Abhayamudra, that is, the gesture of reassurance and safety, is a hand pose, which dispels fear and accords divine protection and bliss to the devotee.
    • In Abhayamudra, the right hand is held upright, and the palm is facing outwards. This is one of the earliest Mudra found depicted on a number of Hindu, Buddhist, and Jaina images.
    • The western portico also depicts two Buddha footprint symbols on pedestals.
    • At the feet of this Buddha two lifesize statues made in lacquer, representing the crowned figure of King Kyanzittha kneeling piously in prayer, and Shin Arahan, the Mon monk who converted the King into Theravada Buddhism (meaning "the Teaching of the Elders") and as a primate also crowned the king, are also displayed.
    • An inscription below the small image of the King states that the King perceived himself as a "bodhisattva, a cakkavattin and incarnation of
    • The Mon monk who converted the King into Theravada Buddhism (meaning "the Teaching of the Elders")
    • Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu & Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound: Saung Zaw Win Maung - The boundless Auspicious Eulogy