Esther before Ahasuerus;  Giovanni Andrea SIRANI; 1630s; Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest Hamadan Mausoleum of Esther
According to the Bible, Esther was a Jewish queen of the Persian king Ahasuerus. While Ahasuerus was traditionally identif...
Hamadan A building known as  Mausoleum of Esther and Mordechai  is located in Hamadan .  The present building of this maus...
The original structure dates to the 7th Century A. H.  ( 14th Century A.D )  and it might have been erected over other and...
 
 
Andrea   del   Castagno  -  Queen   Esther   c. 1450. Detached fresco. Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy.
 
Haman was the most powerful man in the kingdom besides the king. He was an evil man who hated the Jewish people and plotte...
Théodore Chassériau – Toilette de Esther 1841. Louvre Museum
Edwin Longsden   Long.Queen Esther (1878), National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne. J acopo del  S ellajo  - C ouronnement...
Mordecai persuaded Esther to go to the king and plead for the lives of the Jewish people.  Mordecai a convins-o pe Estera ...
Aert   de   Gelder  –  The   Jewish   Bride   (Esther   Bedecked)  1684 -  Alte Pinakothek in Munich
Marc Chagall,  Esther, lithographs  1960 drawings for the bible Marc Chagall,  ''Ahasuerus Sends Vashti Away'' Drawings fo...
1950-New-Canaan Book of Esther Queen Salvador Dali. Esther becomes queen 1964 Hesdin of Amiens c1450 illumination Queen Es...
She could be killed for going before him when she hadn't been called. But she was brave and went to see the king.  Ea ar f...
Bernardo   Cavallino .  Esther in front of Ahasuerus, c.1645-50 .  Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy Victoria and Alb...
Artus Wolfaerts.   Esther's toilet in the harem of Ahasuerus ca.1620 . V & A Museum, London Jean François de Troy.The Toil...
Jacopo TINTORETTO.Esther and King Ahasuerus;  c; 1560; Museo del Prado, Madrid
Pompeo   Girolamo  Batoni  (1708 – 1787)  E sther  before   Ahasuerus . Philadelphia Museum of Art Artemisia Gentileschi  ...
F rancesco  C aucig  ( 1755-1828 )  Esther before Ahasuerus  1815.  Bayly Art Museum of the University of Virginia, Charlo...
She invited him and the evil man, Haman, to a banquet. During the meal, she revealed the plot against the Jews and accused...
Ernest Normand  (1859-1923) . Esther  d enouncing   Haman,   c. 1915
Antoine  Caron (1521–1599) LE BANQUET D’ASSUERUS Frans  II Francken (1581-1642)  Feast of Esther. National Gallery, Prague
Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn Esther is introduced to Ahasuerus, 1655  Aert de Gelder. Banquet of Ahasuerus  c1680. The Gett...
Rembrandt van Rijn. Ahasuerus (Xerxes), Haman and Esther.Pushkin Museum Jan Victors (1619-1676) The Banquet of Esther and ...
Paolo  Veronese-San Sebastiano, Venice Esther Crowned by Ahasuerus .  Valentin Lefevre.Esther before Ahasuerus. 1675. Herm...
Jan Victors  Esther and Haman before Ahasuerus. Cologne: Wallraf-Richartz Museum.
 
Filippino Lippi.1475   Three Scenes from the Story of Esther: Mardochus Laments; Esther Faints Before Assuerus;  Ha man Im...
Michelangelo. Punishment of Haman. Sistine Chapel, Vatican Haman was hanged on the gallows he had prepared for Mordecai, a...
Michelangelo. Punishment of Haman. Sistine Chapel, Vatican
Paolo Veronese 1556 The Triumph of Mordecai
Pieter Pietersz Lastman The Triumph of Mordecai, 1624. Museum het Rembrandthuis, Amsterdam
 
 
 
 
Lilian Broca. Surreptitious Dialogue, 2007
S ound :  M ichel  C hevalier   -   M y yiddishe momme Iran Text   : Internet  Pictures:   Internet Sanda Foişoreanu Nicol...
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Hamadan Esther mausoleum

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Cartea Estera din Biblie relatează despre modul în care Estera, soţia împăratului persan Ahaşveroş (Xerxes I), şi unchiul ei Mordehai au dejucat planurile primului ministru Haman care urmărea exterminarea evreilor din împărăţie. În finalul poveştii, Haman este spânzurat şi Mordehai numit în locul lui, iar evreii din tot imperiul se răzbună pe duşmanii lor. Sulul Esterei se citeşte la sinagogă, la slujbele de dimineaţă şi de seară, cu ocazia sărbătorii de Purim, care comemorează această spectaculoasă răsturnare de situaţie în favoarea evreilor.
YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE: http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1130328-hamadan-esther-mausoleum/

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  • Very nice and interesting presentation!!! Good work! Thanks for sharing and congratulations dear Michaela. Wish you a beautiful day ! Best greetings from Greece. Nikos
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  • Persian Kings in the Bible The books of Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Haggai, Zachariah, and Malachi were written during the time of the early Persian Kingdom. The following are some of the early Persian Kings according to listed books of Bible:
  • The following is a summary of the activities of the Persian kings in secular history: Cyrus was the founder of the Mede-Persian Empire. He conquered the Media, Lydia, and Babylonain Empires. Because he was a gracious liberator, he permitted the conquered nations to worship their own gods. He was benevolent toward various captive people who hadsuffered under the rule of Nebuchadnezzar and his successors. The Jews were allowed toreturn to Jerusalem to rebuild their temple and Cyrus even gave financial help. Also, hebuilt Parargardae, a royal residence 100 miles north of Shiraz. Cambysses was the son of Cyrus and was given the task of conquering Egypt.He assumed the throne after his father's death and conquered Egypt. However, on theway home from his conquest he heard that a pretender has taken the throne pretending to beanother son of Cyrus called Smerdis. Cambysses died on his return trip.
  • 3. Pseudo Smerdis, the imposter, ruled for several months. He gained a large followingby remitting taxes for three years throughout the empire. However, Darius kept theloyalty of the Persian army and eventually captured and killed Pseudo Smerdis. 4.Darius, after killing Pseudo Smerdis, defeated 9 kings (local uprisings) in 19 battlesin 2 years. These victories are recorded in the famous Behistun Inscription carved in rock some 30 miles from Kermanshah. Darius began the great work of Persepolis located 30 milesnorth of Shiraz. The main hall has the inscription, "I am Darius, great king, king of kings, kingof alnds -- who constructed this palace." Darius was a good organizer of his kingdom. Hedefeated the Greeks partially and organized an efficient postal service. 5.Xerxes was Darius's son. He continued the war against the Greeks and continued building at Persepolis. 6.Artaxerxes was the son of Xerxes who continued building at Persepolis.
  • Cyrus the Great Became Top Leader Of His Era By Championing Just Rule   Cyrus Charter of Human Rights Cyrus the Great (580-529 BC) (known as Kourosh in Persian; Kouros in Greek; Kores in Hebrew) was the first Achaemenian Emperor and founder of Iran, who issued a decree on his aims and policies, later hailed as his charter of the rights of nations. Inscribed on a clay cylinder, this is known to be the first declaration of Human Rights, and is now kept at the British Museum. A replica of this is also at the United Nations in New York. Part of his charter states: "I am Cyrus. King of the world. When I entered Babylon... I did not allow anyone to terrorize the land... I kept in view the needs of people and all its sanctuaries to promote their well-being... I put an end to their misfortune. The Great God has delivered all the lands into my hand; the lands that I have made to dwell in a peaceful habitation.... . .When my soldiers in great numbers peacefully entered Babylon... I did not allow anyone to terrorize the people... I kept in view the needs of people and all its sanctuaries to promote their well-being... Freed all the slaves... I put an end to their misfortune and slavery (referring to the Jews and other religious minorities). The Great God has delivered all the lands into my hand; the lands that I have made to dwell in a peaceful habitation... "
  • Xerxes was king of Persia in 485-465 BC. The first part of his reign was marked by the famous campaign into Greece, beginning in 483. After the defeat at Salamis in 480 Xerxes himself withdrew from the expedition and it was finally discontinued in the next year. During the remainder of his reign, Xerxes seems to have spent a listless existence, absorbed in intrigues of the harem, and leaving the government to be carried on by his ministers and favorites (often slaves). He was finally murdered by his vizier and left an unenviable reputation for caprice and cruelty.
  • the Pan Pipe Magic Sound
  • Hamadan Esther mausoleum

    1. 1. Esther before Ahasuerus; Giovanni Andrea SIRANI; 1630s; Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest Hamadan Mausoleum of Esther
    2. 2. According to the Bible, Esther was a Jewish queen of the Persian king Ahasuerus. While Ahasuerus was traditionally identified with Xerxes I during the time of the Achaemenid empire, many historians now believe that Esther was the queen of Persia during the time of the Sassanid empire. Her story is the basis for the celebration of Purim in Jewish tradition. Conform Bibliei evreica Estera a fost so ţia regelui persan Xerxes I, din perioada Ahemenizilor (Ahashverus). Mulţi istorici cred că ea a fost regina Persiei în vremea Imperiului Sassanid. Povestea ei este baza sărbătorii Purim în tradiţia evreiască .
    3. 3. Hamadan A building known as Mausoleum of Esther and Mordechai is located in Hamadan . The present building of this mausoleum, which is visited by Jewish pilgrims from all over the world, has nothing to speak about from the architectural point of view . Under its simple brick dome there are two graves with some Hebrew inscription up on the plaster work of the wall. Two exquisite wooden tomb-boxes are also to be seen, one of which is of an earlier date and bears an inscription in Hebrew La Hamadan există o construcţie cunoscută sub numele de Mausoleul Esterei şi al lui Mordechai. Vizitată de evre i i din lumea întreagă, nu are nimic spectaculos din punct de vedere arhitectonic. Sub un dom de cărămidă sunt două sarcofage din lemn preţios sculptate având inscripţii ebraice, precum şi câteva inscripţii de stuc pe pereţi.
    4. 4. The original structure dates to the 7th Century A. H. ( 14th Century A.D ) and it might have been erected over other and more ancient tombs. The exterior form of this mausoleum, built of brick and stone, resembles Islamic constructions, and the monument consists of an entrance, a vestibule, a sanctuary and a Shah-ni-shin (King's sitting place). Construcţia datează din secolul X IV şi probabil a fost ridicată peste un mormânt mai vechi. Forma exterioară a mausoleului construit din cărămidă şi piatră se aseamănă cu monumentele islamice, iar complexul este format din anticameră, vestibul, sanctuar şi tronul regal
    5. 7. Andrea del Castagno - Queen Esther c. 1450. Detached fresco. Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy.
    6. 9. Haman was the most powerful man in the kingdom besides the king. He was an evil man who hated the Jewish people and plotted to have them killed. Haman, primul ministru, era cel mai important om din regat în afară de rege. Era un om rău, care-i ura pe evrei şi plănuia să-i ucidă Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn – Haman Begging Esther for Mercy. Museum of Fine Arts, Bucharest Esther Window (detail); French gothic glass painter; 1240s. Stained glass window; Sainte-Chapelle, Paris
    7. 10. Théodore Chassériau – Toilette de Esther 1841. Louvre Museum
    8. 11. Edwin Longsden Long.Queen Esther (1878), National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne. J acopo del S ellajo - C ouronnement d E sther. P aris, L ou vre. (XV)
    9. 12. Mordecai persuaded Esther to go to the king and plead for the lives of the Jewish people. Mordecai a convins-o pe Estera să meargă la rege şi să pledeze pentru salvarea vi e ţii poporului evreu Aert de Gelder (1645-1727) – Esther and Mordechai , RISD Museum of Art, Providence Rhode Island Aert de Gelder (1645-1727) – Esther and Mordechai , Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest Aert de Gelder (1645-1727) – Esther and Mordechai . National Museum of Fine Arts in Buenos Aires
    10. 13. Aert de Gelder – The Jewish Bride (Esther Bedecked) 1684 - Alte Pinakothek in Munich
    11. 14. Marc Chagall, Esther, lithographs 1960 drawings for the bible Marc Chagall, ''Ahasuerus Sends Vashti Away'' Drawings for the Bible, 1960 Queen Esther, by Minerva Kohlhepp Teichert, 1939, Collection of Betty Curtis and William Lee Stokes
    12. 15. 1950-New-Canaan Book of Esther Queen Salvador Dali. Esther becomes queen 1964 Hesdin of Amiens c1450 illumination Queen Esther Rae Chichilnitsky
    13. 16. She could be killed for going before him when she hadn't been called. But she was brave and went to see the king. Ea ar fi putut fi ucisă dacă se înfăţişa regelui fără să fi fost chemată. Dar a fost curajoasă şi s-a dus să-l vadă pe rege Rembrandt. Esther p reparing to i ntercede with Assuerus c. 1633 National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa J ohn Ev erett M illais . Esther . 1865. Private Collection Francois Leon Benouville . Esther . 1844 Private collection
    14. 17. Bernardo Cavallino . Esther in front of Ahasuerus, c.1645-50 . Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy Victoria and Albert Museum London – Tapestry . Esther hearing of Haman's plot
    15. 18. Artus Wolfaerts. Esther's toilet in the harem of Ahasuerus ca.1620 . V & A Museum, London Jean François de Troy.The Toilet of Esther, 1738 Musée du Louvre, Paris, France Peter Paul Rubens, 1620 Esther Before Ahasuerus Vienna, Akademie Peter Paul Rubens, 1620 Esther Before Ahasuerus Institute of Art Gallery, London Antoine Caron (1521–1599) ESTHER INVITE LE ROI
    16. 19. Jacopo TINTORETTO.Esther and King Ahasuerus; c; 1560; Museo del Prado, Madrid
    17. 20. Pompeo Girolamo Batoni (1708 – 1787) E sther before Ahasuerus . Philadelphia Museum of Art Artemisia Gentileschi (1593–1651). E sther before Ahasuerus . The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Jacopo TINTORETTO. Esther before Ahasuerus1547-48 . Royal Collection, Windsor
    18. 21. F rancesco C aucig ( 1755-1828 ) Esther before Ahasuerus 1815. Bayly Art Museum of the University of Virginia, Charlottesville Paolo Veronese,The Fainting of Esther, Musée du Louvre Nicolas Poussin E sther before Assuerus . The Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia. A ntoine COYPEL, T he Swooning of Esther c. 1704. Musée du Louvre, Paris.
    19. 22. She invited him and the evil man, Haman, to a banquet. During the meal, she revealed the plot against the Jews and accused Haman. E stera i- a invitat pe rege şi pe Haman la un banchet. În timpul mesei a dezvăluit complotul împotriva evreilor şi l-a acuzat pe Haman Jan Lievens (1607 - 1674) .The Feast of Esther, painted c. 1625 . North Carolina Museum of Art Paul Gustave Doré ( 1832 – 1883 ) E dward A rmitage ( 1817-1896 ) . The Festival of Esther , 1865 Royal Academy of Arts Collections
    20. 23. Ernest Normand (1859-1923) . Esther d enouncing Haman, c. 1915
    21. 24. Antoine Caron (1521–1599) LE BANQUET D’ASSUERUS Frans II Francken (1581-1642) Feast of Esther. National Gallery, Prague
    22. 25. Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn Esther is introduced to Ahasuerus, 1655 Aert de Gelder. Banquet of Ahasuerus c1680. The Getty Museum. Los Angeles
    23. 26. Rembrandt van Rijn. Ahasuerus (Xerxes), Haman and Esther.Pushkin Museum Jan Victors (1619-1676) The Banquet of Esther and Ahasuerus. Museumslandschaft Hessen Kassel
    24. 27. Paolo Veronese-San Sebastiano, Venice Esther Crowned by Ahasuerus . Valentin Lefevre.Esther before Ahasuerus. 1675. Hermitage St. Petersburg
    25. 28. Jan Victors Esther and Haman before Ahasuerus. Cologne: Wallraf-Richartz Museum.
    26. 30. Filippino Lippi.1475 Three Scenes from the Story of Esther: Mardochus Laments; Esther Faints Before Assuerus; Ha man Implores Her Grace in Vain . Louvre, Paris F ilippino Lippi.Esther at the Palace Gate.1475-1480.National Gallery of Canada
    27. 31. Michelangelo. Punishment of Haman. Sistine Chapel, Vatican Haman was hanged on the gallows he had prepared for Mordecai, and the Jews were allowed to defend themselves. Mordecai was honored. Haman a fost spânzurat chiar pe spânzurătoare a pe care o pregătit se pentru M ordecai iar evrei lor li s - a permis s ă se apere. Triumful lui Mordecai a fost sărbătorit
    28. 32. Michelangelo. Punishment of Haman. Sistine Chapel, Vatican
    29. 33. Paolo Veronese 1556 The Triumph of Mordecai
    30. 34. Pieter Pietersz Lastman The Triumph of Mordecai, 1624. Museum het Rembrandthuis, Amsterdam
    31. 39. Lilian Broca. Surreptitious Dialogue, 2007
    32. 40. S ound : M ichel C hevalier - M y yiddishe momme Iran Text : Internet Pictures: Internet Sanda Foişoreanu Nicoleta Leu Arangement : Sanda Foişoreanu http://www.authorstream.com/User-Presentations/michaelasanda/ www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda
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