http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1871761-galle1/
Galle is a major city in Sri Lanka, situated on the southwestern tip of
Sri Lanka, 119 km from Colombo. Galle is the admin...
Galle was
known as
Gimhathiththa
(although Ibn
Batuta in the
14th century
refers to it as
Qali before the
arrival of the
P...
The Galle fort is a world
heritage site and the largest
remaining fortress in Asia built
by European occupiers. Other
prom...
Dutch period buildings inside
the fort
Galle had been a prominent
seaport long before western rule
in the country.
Persians, Arabs, Greeks,
Romans, Malays, India...
According to
James Emerson
Tennent, Galle
was the ancient
seaport of
Tarshish, from
which King
Solomon drew
ivory, peacock...
The area was initially colonized
by the Portuguese; a
Portuguese fleet commanded
by Lorenzo de Almeida
accidentally arrive...
It was the
Portuguese who
first constructed
the fort in 1588.
The Dutch
colonists who
succeeded them
extensively rebuilt
a...
The west (inner) face of the Old Gate is decorated with the coat
of arms of the VOC, above which perches the city's eponym...
A classic Sri
Lankan tuk
tuk parked
outside one
of the old
Dutch
buildings
The Maritime Archaeology
Museum is housed in a
former VOC warehouse
The Maritime Archaeology Museum
Groote Kerk
The Dutch Reformed Church
was completed in 1755,
occupying the grounds of an
earlier Portuguese convent. The
c...
GrooteKerk
GrooteKerk
Groote Kerk
A Dutch era Christian chapel
and cemetery
Barringtonia asiatica (Fish
Poison Tree). It is grown along
streets for decorative and shade
purposes
Walk on the Galle Old Dutch Cannons
The "modern" history of Galle
starts in 1505, when the first
Portuguese ship, under
Lourenço de Almeida was
driven there b...
the Star Bastion is one of the few remaining
holdovers from the original Portuguese fort of 1588
The old gate with its British coat
of arms
Finally the location was
surrendered to the British in
1796. However the Britis...
The British coat of arms
Construction on All Saints'
Anglican Church was begun in
1868.
The church was consecrated in
1871, and still holds services
today. It is built on a basilican
plan, in Victorian Gothic R...
St Joseph's chapel
Amangalla hotel
Built in 1883 under British rule, the tower was
dedicated to Dr. PD Anthonisz, the first Sri
Lankan to obtain the MRCP med...
Galle is the best example of a
fortified city built by the
Portuguese in South and
Southeast Asia, showing the
interaction...
Galle fruit market
Islam, Christianity,
Buddhism and
Hinduism sit
comfortably side by
side in Galle in
particular and Sri
Lanka in general.
Tuk-tuks are the main taxis everywhere
The beach
That'll be 25 bucks, please….
Text : Internet
Pictures: Sanda Foi oreanuş
Nicoleta Leu
Internet
Copyright: All the images belong to their authors
Presen...
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site
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Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site

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Galle is a major city in Sri Lanka, situated on the southwestern tip of Sri Lanka, 119 km from Colombo. Galle is the administrative capital of Southern Province, Sri Lanka and the district capital of Galle District.
Founded in the 16th century by the Portuguese, Galle reached the height of its development in the 18th century, before the arrival of the British. It is the best example of a fortified city built by Europeans in South and South-East Asia, showing the interaction between European architectural styles and South Asian traditions.

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  • Thank you Carmen, Pilar and John, sooooo good to travel together!
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  • Thank you for the tour Michaela,I enjoyed it.
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  • Vaya vacaciones preciosas que te has buscado, las fotos fantásticas y el mar me está dando envídia. El fuerte necesita una mano de pintura y ya está. El resto está precioso. Felices vacaciones, la proxima vez me voy contigo. Besos, Pilar
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  • Very nice show Michaela. Excellent photos and the fort is very well preserved. Nice holiday travel. Congrats.
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Galle and its Fortifications - UNESCO World Heritage Site

  1. 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1871761-galle1/
  2. 2. Galle is a major city in Sri Lanka, situated on the southwestern tip of Sri Lanka, 119 km from Colombo. Galle is the administrative capital of Southern Province, Sri Lanka and the district capital of Galle District. Founded in the 16th century by the Portuguese, Galle reached the height of its development in the 18th century, before the arrival of the British. It is the best example of a fortified city built by Europeans in South and South-East Asia, showing the interaction between European architectural styles and South Asian traditions.
  3. 3. Galle was known as Gimhathiththa (although Ibn Batuta in the 14th century refers to it as Qali before the arrival of the Portuguese in the 16th century, when it was the main port on the island. Galle reached the height of its development in the 18th century, during
  4. 4. The Galle fort is a world heritage site and the largest remaining fortress in Asia built by European occupiers. Other prominent landmarks in Galle include the city's natural harbor, the National Maritime Museum, St. Mary's Cathedral founded by Jesuit priests, one of the main Shiva temples on the island, and Amangalla the historic luxury hotel.
  5. 5. Dutch period buildings inside the fort
  6. 6. Galle had been a prominent seaport long before western rule in the country. Persians, Arabs, Greeks, Romans, Malays, Indians, and Chinese were doing business through Galle port. In 1411, the Galle Trilingual Inscription, a stone tablet inscription in three languages, Chinese, Tamil and Persian, was erected in Galle to commemorate the second visit to Sri Lanka by the Chinese admiral Zheng He.
  7. 7. According to James Emerson Tennent, Galle was the ancient seaport of Tarshish, from which King Solomon drew ivory, peacocks and other valuables. Cinnamon was exported from Sri Lanka as early as 1400 BC and the root of the word itself is Hebrew, so Galle may have been a main entrepot for the spice
  8. 8. The area was initially colonized by the Portuguese; a Portuguese fleet commanded by Lorenzo de Almeida accidentally arrived at the location in 1505 while en route to the Maldives. These early visitors are credited with giving the town its name.
  9. 9. It was the Portuguese who first constructed the fort in 1588. The Dutch colonists who succeeded them extensively rebuilt and fortified the structure in the 17th century. The two-storey warehouse was an integral part of the old ramparts. It is pierced in the middle by the Old Gate
  10. 10. The west (inner) face of the Old Gate is decorated with the coat of arms of the VOC, above which perches the city's eponymous rooster. The date is given in Roman numerals as 1669. The Portuguese first built a fort here in 1588. This was captured by the Dutch in 1640, greatly expanded, and surrendered to the British in 1796. Its history is summarized in the photo on this page, which shows the outer face of the Old Gate. The small plaque dated 1668 is from the Dutch occupation. Above it, the British carved their national coat of arms after the takeover.
  11. 11. A classic Sri Lankan tuk tuk parked outside one of the old Dutch buildings
  12. 12. The Maritime Archaeology Museum is housed in a former VOC warehouse
  13. 13. The Maritime Archaeology Museum
  14. 14. Groote Kerk The Dutch Reformed Church was completed in 1755, occupying the grounds of an earlier Portuguese convent. The church was a dedication by Casparus de Jong, the Commander of Galle, in gratitude for the birth of a daughter.
  15. 15. GrooteKerk
  16. 16. GrooteKerk
  17. 17. Groote Kerk
  18. 18. A Dutch era Christian chapel and cemetery
  19. 19. Barringtonia asiatica (Fish Poison Tree). It is grown along streets for decorative and shade purposes
  20. 20. Walk on the Galle Old Dutch Cannons
  21. 21. The "modern" history of Galle starts in 1505, when the first Portuguese ship, under Lourenço de Almeida was driven there by a storm. However, the people of the city refused to let the Portuguese enter it, so the Portuguese took it by force. In 1640, the Portuguese had to surrender to the Dutch East India Company. The Dutch built the present Fort in the year 1663. They built a fortified wall, using solid granite, and built three bastions, known as "Sun", "Moon" and "Star". After the British took over the country from the Dutch in the year 1796, they preserved the Fort unchanged, and used it as the administrative centre of Galle.
  22. 22. the Star Bastion is one of the few remaining holdovers from the original Portuguese fort of 1588
  23. 23. The old gate with its British coat of arms Finally the location was surrendered to the British in 1796. However the British did not make any modifications to the site and therefore the fort is considered to be representative of the Dutch colonial period.
  24. 24. The British coat of arms
  25. 25. Construction on All Saints' Anglican Church was begun in 1868.
  26. 26. The church was consecrated in 1871, and still holds services today. It is built on a basilican plan, in Victorian Gothic Revival style.
  27. 27. St Joseph's chapel
  28. 28. Amangalla hotel
  29. 29. Built in 1883 under British rule, the tower was dedicated to Dr. PD Anthonisz, the first Sri Lankan to obtain the MRCP medical diploma
  30. 30. Galle is the best example of a fortified city built by the Portuguese in South and Southeast Asia, showing the interaction between Portuguese architectural styles and native traditions.
  31. 31. Galle fruit market
  32. 32. Islam, Christianity, Buddhism and Hinduism sit comfortably side by side in Galle in particular and Sri Lanka in general.
  33. 33. Tuk-tuks are the main taxis everywhere
  34. 34. The beach
  35. 35. That'll be 25 bucks, please….
  36. 36. Text : Internet Pictures: Sanda Foi oreanuş Nicoleta Leu Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foi oreanuş www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound: Sri Lankan love song

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