Firenze Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana2


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The Basilica di San Lorenzo (Basilica of St Lawrence) is one of the largest churches of Florence, part of a larger monastic complex that contains other important architectural works: the Old Sacristy by Brunelleschi; the Laurentian Library by Michelangelo; the New Sacristy based on Michelangelos designs; and the Medici Chapels by Matteo Nigetti. The Laurentian Library (Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana) is a historical library containing a repository of more than 11,000 manuscripts and 4,500 early printed books. Built in the cloister of the Medicean Basilica di San Lorenzo under the patronage of the Medici pope, Clement VII, the Library was built to emphasize that the Medici family were no longer mere merchants but members of intelligent and ecclesiastical society. It contains the manuscripts and books belonging to the private library of the Medici family.

Published in: Travel, Spiritual, Education
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Firenze Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana2

  1. 1.
  2. 2. Santa Maria NovellaStazione CentraleSanta Maria del Fiore
  3. 3. The Basilica di San Lorenzo is one of thelargest churches of Florence, Italy,situated at the centre of the city’s mainmarket district, and the burial place of allthe principal members of the Medicifamily from Cosimo il Vecchio to CosimoIII. The church is part of a larger monasticcomplex that contains other importantarchitectural works: the Old Sacristy byBrunelleschi; the Laurentian Library byMichelangelo; the New Sacristy based onMichelangelos designs; and the MediciChapels by Matteo Nigetti.
  4. 4. From the cloister you can reach theMedici library, also known as theBibliotheca Medicea Laurenziana orLaurentian LibraryIn 1523 Giulio di Giuliano de Medici,the later pope Clement VII,commissioned Michelangelo withthe design of the library.Construction started in 1525 butMichelangelo left Florence in 1534and the library was completed byseveral architects who followedMichelangelos design. One of themost original designs, a largestaircase in the vestibule, was built
  5. 5. .The reading room containstwo sections of benches,also designed byMichelangelo.The library owns animpressive selection ofhistoric manuscripts andbooks originally collected byCosimo the Elder and laterexpanded by other membersof the Medici family. Thecollection includes invaluableitems such as the 8thcentury Codex Amiatinus (abible) and the oldest versionof the Naturalis Historia, aRoman encyclopedia.Cosimo theElder
  6. 6. Hidden treasuresIn the reading room the mosaic floor, which repeatsthe design of the ceiling, and the carved bencheswere made by various assistants from sketches ofMichelangelo.The Laurentian Library in Florence, a masterworkby Michelangelo designed in 1524-25, containsalso fifteen pairs of terra cotta panels bearingcomplex geometric patterns that have been longhidden from view, covered by benches (plutei)Florence is known for its hard stone mosaics whichcan be seen in the churches and palaces ofFlorence, an art that has spread over Italy
  7. 7. Original floors, currently covered by plutei.
  8. 8. Original floors, currently covered by plutei.
  9. 9. Original floors, currently covered by plutei.
  10. 10. Original floors, currently covered by plutei.
  11. 11. Original floors, currently covered by plutei.
  12. 12. Illuminated Manuscript - 13th CenturyThe books were not kept in thebookshelves. Instead, the outsideof the reading seats had listsattached to them, showing thebooks to be found in thatparticular seat. The booksthemselves were chained to thereading seat. (500 years ago onewas already concerned aboutguarding against theft).
  13. 13. In 1571, Cosimo I de Mediciopened the library to the public
  14. 14. The Laurentian Library (BibliotecaMedicea Laurenziana) the historicallibrary in Florence, contain arepository of more than 11,000manuscripts and 4,500 early printedbooks.In 1571, Cosimo I, Grand Duke ofTuscany, opened the still-incompleteLibrary to scholars. Notable additionsto the collection were made by itsmost famous librarian, Angelo MariaBandini, who was appointed in 1757and oversaw its printed catalogues.The Library conserves the NahuatlFlorentine Codex, the major sourceof pre-Conquest Aztec life. Amongother well-known manuscripts in theLaurentian Library are the sixth-century Syriac Rabula Gospels; theCodex Amiatinus, which contains theearliest surviving manuscript of theLatin Vulgate Bible; the SquarcialupiCodex, an important early musicalmanuscript; and the fragmentaryErinna papyrus containing poems ofthe friend of Sappho.Book of Hours of Lorenzo de Medici
  15. 15. Michelango Portrait by Daniele da VolterraDaniele da Volterra was a talented artist who studied in Rome underMichelangelo. He was profoundly influenced by the famous artist andbecame his good friend. After his teachers death, Daniele was assignedby Pope Paul IV to paint in draperies to cover the nudity of figures inMichelangelos "Last Judgment" in the Sistine Chapel. Because of this hebecame known as il Braghetone ("The Breeches Maker”).Works of Homer - Circa 1500
  16. 16. AristotleMoral WritingsConstantinople.Second half of the 9th century.
  17. 17. Bible, Gospels.Manuscript open to page withthe evangelist John and theincipit of his gospelConstantinopleSecond half of the 11th century.
  18. 18. Bible, GospelsMS open to page of Luke andthe incipit of his GospelConstantinopleSecond half of the 11th century.
  19. 19. Bible, GospelsOpen to page with table ofcontents and chapters ofMatthewConstantinopleFirst half of the 11th century
  20. 20. Codex AmiatinusThe Codex Amiatinus, designated by siglum A, is the earliest survivingmanuscript of the nearly complete Bible in the Latin Vulgate version and isconsidered to be the most accurate copy of St. Jeromes text.
  21. 21. Corvinian manuscriptsThe library holds over 30 codices which were originally ordered byKing Matthias. Many of these manuscripts were still unfinished at thetime when news of the kings death reached Florence (1490). Thevolumes have been incorporated into the Medici collections. Itseems that most of them were only fully decorated and finished forPope Leo X, at around 1513. Most of these volumes were illustratedby Attavante degli Attavanti. These manuscripts thus never made itto the library at Buda - but colophons, dedicatory inscriptions andother data indicate that they were originally copied for Matthias.There are also a few other Corvinian manuscripts in the libraryThe three-volume Bible of King Matthias (Plut.73.39), M. FicinoDe triplici vita, fol. 80rDedicated to Matthias, with his emblems in the marginsThe coat of arms of Matthias painted over with the Medici coat ofarms.
  22. 22. The Hippocratic ladder for correction of spinal deformities withthe head pointing upwardsCorpus Hippocraticum
  23. 23. An illustration of Hippocratic board byApollonius of Kitium showing correction of aspinal deformity by applying stronger forceto restore the anatomy of the spine, byusing a plank
  24. 24. Avicenna, Canon Medicinae, c. 1450
  25. 25. Manuscript illustrationSimia of Rhodes, The Wings
  26. 26. Miniature ofthe fifteenthcenturydepictingPtolemy
  27. 27. The RabbulaGospels is a6th centuryilluminatedSyriac GospelBook.illuminatedmanuscript
  28. 28. The Rabbula Gospels
  29. 29. The Rabbula Gospels
  30. 30. Initial "A"from theAntiphonary(Choir Book39) 1381
  31. 31. The Florentine Codex is a 16th-century ethnographic research project in Mesoamerica by Franciscan friar Bernardino deSahagún. Bernardino originally titled it: La Historia Universal de las Cosas de Nueva España (in English: the Universal Historyof the Things of New Spain. After a translation mistake it was given the name "Historia general de las cosas de NuevaEspaña".
  32. 32. The best-preservedmanuscript is commonlyreferred to as "TheFlorentine Codex" afterthe Italian town hostingthe archive library whereit is held, the LaurentianLibrary in Florence.
  33. 33. In partnership with Aztecmen who were formerly hisstudents, Bernardinoconducted research,organized evidence, wroteand edited his findingsstarting in 1545 up until hisdeath in 1590.
  34. 34. It consists of 2,400 pages organized into twelve bookswith over 2,000 illustrations drawn by native artistsproviding vivid images of this era. It documents theculture, religious cosmology (worldview) and ritualpractices, society, economics, and natural history ofthe Aztec people.
  35. 35. One scholar describedThe Florentine Codex as“one of the mostremarkable accounts of anon-Western culture evercomposed.”
  36. 36. The Florentine CodexGods
  37. 37. The Florentine CodexGods
  38. 38. Zanobi STROZZI Italian painter (1412-1468) Zanobi STROZZIThe Dance of King David before the Ark of the Covenant
  39. 39. The largest anthology ofFlorentine music of the late 14thand early 15th centuries, theSquarcialupi Codex is withoutequal in both content andornamentation.
  40. 40. The Squarcialupi Codexcontains over 350 piecesof music, 150 of which areunique to this manuscript.
  41. 41. The Squarcialupi Codex
  42. 42. The Squarcialupi Codex
  43. 43. The Squarcialupi CodexFrancesco LandiniUncopyrighted 14th-century portrait; from the SquarcialupiCodex. Francesco degli Organi, Francesco il Cieco, orFrancesco da Firenze, called by later generationsFrancesco Landini or Landino (ca. 1325 or 1335 –September 2, 1397) was an Italian composer, organist,singer, poet and instrument maker. He was one of the mostfamous and revered composers of the second half of the14th century, and by far the most famous composer in Italy.
  44. 44. Libro delBiadaiolo1328-30
  45. 45. Libro delBiadaiolo1328-30
  46. 46. Gradual from Santa Mariadegli Angeli 1370
  47. 47. Book of Hours of Lorenzo de Medici
  48. 48. Books of Hours of Lorenzo de MediciLorenzo de’ Medici commissioned from leadingFlorentine illuminators three splendid Books ofHours as wedding gifts for his daughters. The firstof these works − commissioned in about 1485,and now to be found in Monaco − he gave toLucrezia, who married Jacopo Salviati. Thesecond, now at the Biblioteca MediceaLaurenziana library, was for Luisa, the betrothedof Giovanni di Pierfrancesco de’ Medici (she diedbefore the day of the wedding). The third was awedding gift for Maddalena, the bride of CountFranceschetto Cybo, the illegitimate son of PopeInnocent VIII. These three Offizioli (or breviaries)are a touching tribute from a loving father − oneof the most powerful men of the period of theRenaissance − to his three very young daughtersRothschild Medici Book of Hours
  49. 49. Maddalena de MediciHistorians believe Maddalena de’ Medici, born in Florence on 25July 1473, was Lorenzo il Magnifico’s favourite daughter. Hermarriage to Franceschetto Cybo, the son of Pope Innocent VIII,was a vitally important development for this noble Florentinehouse. Lorenzo’s prestige grew and, furthermore, he was able tobetter cultivate his relations with the Pope. This marriage alsopaved the way for his second son, Giovanni, who was to assumethe papal office as Leo X. Maddalena received this work, a smallexquisitely adorned and bound book of prayers − now a part ofthe Rothschild collection at Waddesdon Manor in England − asa wedding gift. Of the codices commissioned for his daughters,this work was the finest and most richly adorned. The RothschildMedici Book of Hours contains twenty-seven illuminations
  50. 50. Rothschild Medici Book of Hours (detail)
  51. 51. Book of Hours of Lorenzo de Medici in Biblioteca Laurenziana
  52. 52. Book of Hours of Lorenzo de Medici
  53. 53. The Hours ofLorenzo de Medici isa Renaissance bookof Hours produced inFlorence for Lorenzode Medici in the styleof Francesco diAntonio del Chierico,the favouriteminiature painter ofLorenzosgrandfather Cosimode Medici. It followsthe Roman liturgy ofthe hours andcontains illustratedcalendars of saintsand nine largeminiatures with
  54. 54. Book of Hours ofLorenzo deMedici
  55. 55. Book of Hours of Lorenzo de Medici
  56. 56. BookofHoursofLorenzodeMedici
  57. 57. Sound: Francesco Landini - Una colomba candidaText and Pictures: InternetCopyright: All the images belong to their authorsPresentation: Sanda Foi oreanuş