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Esfahan Shaia mosque, Ismail shrine2


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YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE (You have a link on the first slide): …

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In the Yazdi quarter, the former Jewish quarter, in the old city, a site which is known as Isaiah’s tomb is located in the small complex of the Emamzadeh Esma’il (the mausoleum and holy shrine of Ismail, the grandson of the second Imam Hasan), a later addition of the Safavid ruler Shah Abbas.

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  • Esfahan is known as the jewel of Persia with its rich Islamic and Persian architecture and historical sites. Esfahan, the gem on Iran’s tourism crown. Esfahan’s splendour began with the reign of the Safavid Shah Abbas I (1587-1629), who made the city his capital and built the huge bazaar, which was strategically located on the Silk Road. Under Abbas, Isfahan enjoyed great prosperity and flourished as a centre of art, architecture and commerce based on carpet, textile and silk production. It had a well-deserved reputation as one of the greatest and most beautiful cities in the whole of Asia. So much so that it was known as Nesw-e Jahan, meaning ‘Half of the World’. The historic bridges over the River Zayandeh are the city's other great attractions. There are several of them but the best known ones are the Khaju Bridge built in the mid-17th century by Shah Abbas and the 300m, 33-arch Si-o-She Bridge, which also serves as a dam. Strolling along the river near the two ancient bridges is a pleasant way to spend an evening in Esfahan. The bridges which are close to the city centre and to our hotel are illuminated at night. In the evening we have a panoramic tour of Isfahan Including the Khaju and the Si-o-She Bridges.
  •   The beginning of the Jewish settlement in Isfahan is mixed with legends, but there are fragmentary source materials that enable us to reconstruct the major historical events concerning its Jewish community. According to The Standard Jewish Encyclopaedia (s.v. Isfahan), “The Talmud ascribes the foundation of Isfahan to Jews exiled by Nebuchadnezzar.”   Ismail Mausoleum and Isaiah Mosque   This venerated complex of buildings and a courtyard much like the Darb-i-Imam shrine of Isfahan represents different construction styles from Seljuq till late Safavid rule in the Yazdi quarter of the city. The complex largely consists of a Seljuq Shaya or Isaiah mosque and minaret, a Safavid period shrine to Ismail (the grandson of the second Imam Hasan) and an uncovered crossroad (chahrsuq). The shrine also has a namesake like many other religious shrines of Isfahan, to the son of Imam Zain ul Abadin in Mashhad in northeastern Iran.
  • The undated Isaiah mosque, with characteristic Seljuq brick dome and decorative tile work, is the oldest structure within the complex, to which Safavid ruler Shah Abbas later added the mausoleum of the Imamzada (a descendant of the venerated Imams) Ismail. Expansion continued with imperial patronage for the construction of porches, prayer halls and courtyards till 1632 under Safavid ruler Shah Safi, though repairs continued under Safavid ruler Shah Husain in 1702-3 followed by Haj Muhammad Ibrahim Beg Yuz Bashi in 1703-4. The shrine's aristocratic patrons often maintained a presence after death by being buried in the vicinity of the sacred place. Zainab un-nisa Khanun, the daughter of the Afsharid ruler, Ismail Shah III was buried here in 1782. The inner sanctuary of the shrine also has an unidentified tomb dated 1637-38, and the tomb of Qazi Safi al-Din Muhammad stands near the western portico.
  • Today, the shrine also contains a gallery, a portal, a prayer hall, an iwan (a vaulted hall, walled in three sides with one end open) and a beautiful large dome in addition to the mosque, courtyard and the mausoleums of the Imamzada and Isaiah. The shrine is notable for its decorative tile works, stucco ornaments, historic Safavid inscriptions, and an intricately adorned tile tablet.
  • A very prominent Turkmen brick dome and a truncated Seljuq minaret belong to the undated Isaiah mosque. It is considered the oldest big mosque in Esfahan, and it is said that the mortal remains of the Prophet Isaiah have been found in its ruins. Another legend tells that Jews, after having been freed from Babylonian Captivity by Cyrus the Great in 539 BCE, found a new refuge at the Zayandeh River in Central Persia where they settled and founded the city of I sfahan. O altă legendă spune că evreii eliberaţi din captivitatea babiloniană în anul 539 î.Hr. de către Cyrus cel Mare au găsit adăpost în Persia Centrală pe râul Zayandeh şi au fondat oraşul Esfahan.
  • in the old city a site which is known as Isaiah’s tomb is located in the small complex of the Emamzadeh Esma’il on the Kh. Hatef in the Yazdi quarter, the former Jewish quarter. The complex  consists of buildings and a courtyard similar to the famous Darb-i Imam in the Dardasht quarter of Old Esfahan. The mausoleum and holy shrine of Ismail, the grandson of the second Imam Hasan, is a later addition of the Safavid ruler Shah Abbas. The complex was expanded continuously till the 18 th century.  
  • Transcript

    • 1. 2
    • 2. Isfahan is located on the mainnorth-south and east-west routescrossing Iran, and was once one ofthe largest cities in the world. Itflourished from 1050 to 1722,particularly in the 16th centuryunder the Safavid dynasty, when itbecame the capital of Persia for thesecond time in its history. Eventoday, the city retains much of itspast glory. It is famous for itsIslamic architecture, with manybeautiful boulevards, coveredbridges, palaces, mosques, andminarets. This led to the Persianproverb "Esfahān nesf-e jahān ast"(Isfahan is half of the world).Ispahan este situat în centrulIranului, în mijlocul platouluiiranian, la 1.574 m altitudine. Prinaceastă zonă trece lanțul munțilorZagros, care o traversează de lanord-vest spre sud-est. Ispahan îșidatorează importanța mai alesrâului Zayandeh Rud, care a datnaștere unei adevărate oaze înmijlocul platoului acoperit de
    • 3. In the old city a site which is known asIsaiah’s tomb is located in the smallcomplex of the Emamzadeh Esma’il inthe Yazdi quarter, the former Jewishquarter. The mausoleum and holy shrineof Ismail, the grandson of the secondImam Hasan, is a later addition of theSafavid ruler Shah Abbas. The complexwas expanded continuously till the 18thcentury.În oraşul vechi, în micul complex numitEmamzadeh Ismail din vechiul cartierevreiesc se venerează mormântulprorocului Isaia, lângă care a fostconstruit în timpul domniei ŞahuluiAbbas Mausoleul lui Ismail, nepotul celuide al doilea Imam.
    • 4. Sound: Hossein Alizadeh - Mirrored Passage
    • 5. Iran Text and images slide 32-34: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Nicoleta Leu Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Arangement: Sanda Foişoreanu Hossein Alizadeh - Mirrored Passage