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Bazaar of Isfahan2

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YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE: (You have a link on the first slide) …

YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE: (You have a link on the first slide)
http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1354477-bazaar-of-isfahan2/

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The Bazaar of Isfahan, the heritage of the Saljuqid and Safavid era, is one of the oldest and largest bazaars of the Middle East. It stretches between Imam Square and the Jameh Mosque several kilometers away. Like most Iranian bazaars, Bazaar-e Bozorg is loosely divided into several interconnected corridors, each specializing in a particular trade or product, with carpet dealers, goldsmiths, samovar-makers, shoe makers, dyers, all having their own quarters.
You can also find several mosques, tea shops, bathhouses, and even gardens. Small apertures in the vaulted roof let in sufficient light yet kept out the intense heat of summer and retained warmth in winter.

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  • - Mina-Kari Enamel working and decorating metals with colorful and baked coats is one of the distinguished courses of art in Isfahan . Mina, is defined as some sort of glasslike colored coat which can be stabilized by heat on different metals particularly copper. Although this course is of abundant use industrially for producing metal and hygienic dishes, it has been paid high attention by painters, goldsmiths and metal engravers since long times ago. In the world, it is categorized into three kinds as below: painting enamel Charkhaneh or chess like enamel Cavity enamel.
  • What of more availability in Isfahan is the painting enamel of which a few have remained in the museums of Iran and abroad indicting that Iranian artists have been interested in this art and used it in their metal works since the Achaemenian and the Sassanid dynasties. The enamels being so delicate, we do not have many of them left from the ancient times. Some documents indicate that throughout the Islamic civilization of and during the Seljuk , Safavid and Zand dynasties there have been outstanding enameled dishes and materials. Most of the enameled dishes related to the past belong to the Qajar dynasty between the years 1810–1890 AD. There have also remained some earrings. Bangles, boxes, water pipe heads, vases, and golden dishes with beautiful paintings in blue and green colors from that time, Afterwards, fifty years of stagnation caused by the World War I and the social revolution followed. However, again the enamel red color, having been prepared, this art was fostered from the quantity and quality points of view through the attempts bestowed by Ostad Shokrollah Sani'e zadeh, the outstanding painter of Isfahan in 1935 and up to then for forty years.
  • Now after a few years of stagnation since 1992, this art has started to continue its briskness having a lot of distinguished artists working in this field. To prepare an enameled dish we should make the following steps: First, we choose the suitable dish by the needed size and shape which is usually made by coppersmith. Then, it is bleached wholly through enameled working which is known as the first coat. As the next step, it is put into a seven hundred and fifty – degree – furnace. At this time, the enameled metal will be coated with better enamels for a few more times and is heated at suitable degrees. Now it is the turn of the painter to demonstrate his art. The Isfahanian artists, having been inspired by their traditional plans as arabesque, khataii (flowers and birds) and using fireproof paints and special brushes, have made painting of Isfahan monuments such as step, the enameled material is put into the furnace again and heated at 500 degrees. In this way, the enameled painting is stabilized on the on under – coat, so getting the special shining. Meanwhile, most of today's enamel workings are performed on dishes, vases, boxes and frames in various size.
  • The earliest examples of Persian intarsia are found in the ornamentation of the doors of holy places predominantly consists of inlaid motifs. Samples of these can be observed in the Atiq Jami Mosque of Shiraz with an age of over 1000 years old. In the Safavid era, the art of marquetry flourished in the southern cities of Iran, especially in Isfahan, Shiraz and Kerman. Designing of inlaid articles is a highly elaborate process. In each cubic centimeter of Persian inlaid work, up to approximately 250 pieces of metal, bone, ivory and wood are laid side by side. Inlaid articles in the Safavid era took on a special significance as artists created their precious artworks. These works include; doors and windows, mirror frames, Quran boxes, inlaid boxes, pen and penholders, lanterns and inlaid ornamented shrines. Persian marquetry Inlay work Khatam is made after some steps of cutting and gluing the very delicate layers to each other that all of these steps from the beginning up to the end consists of 400 operational steps. The Khaatam are glued based on the plan, color, shape, dimensions and the place of application and by making different plans and making similar figures or symmetrical shapes, all the plan surface is adorned by signets which is then prepared by performing some repairs, filing, brushing and under cuttings and finally grinding and straightening of Khatam surface, and then oiling and polishing by some special materials such as sealer and polisher. The quality of a Khatam depends on its fine drawing and regularity of the plan, all of which are summarized in the skills of head artisan.
  • Delicate and meticulous marquetry, produced since the Safavid period: at this time, khatam was so popular in the court that princes learned this technique at the same level of music or painting. In the 18th and 19th centuries, katahm declined, before being stimulated under the reign of Reza Shah, with the creation of craft schools in Tehran, Isfahan, and Shiraz. "Khatam" means "incrustation", and "Khatam-kari" ( Persian : خاتم‌کاری ), " incrustation work". This craft consists in the production of incrustation patterns (generally star shaped), with thin sticks of wood ( ebony , teak , ziziphus , orange , rose ), brass (for golden parts), camel bones (white parts). Ivory , gold or silver can also be used for collection objects. Sticks are assembled in triangular beams, themselves assembled and glued in a strict order to create a cylinder, 70 cm in diameter, whose cross-section is the main motif: a six-branch star included in a hexagon. These cylinders are cut into shorter cylinders, and then compressed and dried between two wooden plates, before being sliced for the last time, in 1 mm wide tranches. These sections are ready to be plated and glued on the object to be decorated, before lacquer finishing. The tranche can also be softened through heating in order to wrap around objects. Many objects can be decorated in this fashion, such as: jewellery/decorative boxes, chessboards , cadres, pipes , desks, frames or some musical instruments. Khatam can be used on Persian miniature , realizing true work of art .Coming from techniques imported from China and improved by Persian know-how, this craft existed for more than 700 years and is still perennial in Shiraz and Isfahan.  
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    • 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1354477-bazaar-of-isfahan2/
    • 2. The Bazaar of Isfahanor Isfahan Bazaar is ahistorical market inIsfahan, Iran, one of theoldest and largestbazaars in the MiddleEast, dating back to the17th century. Thebazaar is a vaulted two-kilometre street linkingthe old city with thenew.Supranumit perlaPersiei, Esfahan estemândria întregii ţări şiunul dintre cele maireprezentative oraşeislamice din lume.Bazarul său este unuldintre cele mai mari dinOrientul Mijlociu şidatează din secolulXVII, mai mult de 2kilometri de străzi
    • 3. Mina-Kari Enamel working and decorating metals with colorful and baked coats is one of thedistinguished courses of art in Isfahan. Khatam -Kari
    • 4. Mina, is defined as some sort of glasslike colored coat which can be stabilized by heat ondifferent metals particularly copper. The earliest-known example is an enameled coppermihrab dating from 1556
    • 5. Mina - Kari
    • 6. Internet imageKhatam is one of the finest Persian/Iranian wooden Handicrafts. Persian micro-mosaic Inlay work is calledKhatam. Khatam is the Persian marquetry (Persian intarsia), a mosaic-like inlay of contrasting materialssuch as bone, mother-of-pearl, woods of various colors, metal precisely-cut from gold, silver, brass ingeometrical shapes. Khatamkari is the art of crafting a Khatam. Khatam works with smaller inlaid pieces aregenerally more highly valued.
    • 7. Iranian craftwork , are handicrafts worksthat are useful in ordinary life or aredecorative. They are made completely byhand or using only simple tools. Usually theterm is applied to traditional means ofmaking goods.Imagini internet
    • 8. You can also find several mosques, teashops, bathhouses, and even gardens. Smallapertures in the vaulted roof let in sufficientlight yet kept out the intense heat of summerand retained warmth in winter.Aici poţi găsi chiar şi câteva moschei,ceainării, băi publice, restaurante, până şigrădini. Mici deschizături în acoperiş asigurălumină suficientă apărând însă întreg bazarulde căldura intensă a verii şi reţinând călduraiarna.
    • 9. Beautiful metal inlaid work from Esfahan.Inlaid work is the particular handicraft ofIran.
    • 10. Archaeologists have found evidence ofbazaars in different parts of Iran. It is certainthat the creation of cities was based on notonly the growth of the population but also onthe increase of production, which broughtabout the growth of trade and accumulationof wealth.Like most Iranian bazaars, Bazaar-e Bozorgis loosely divided into several interconnectedcorridors, each specializing in a particulartrade or product, with carpet dealers,goldsmiths, samovar-makers, shoe makers,dyers, all having their own quarters.Săpăturile arheologice au demonstratexistenţa bazarelor în diferite părţi aleIranului. Este clar că întemeierea oraşelor sebaza nu numai pe creşterea populaţiei ci şi pecreşterea producţiei care a dus la creştereacomerţului şi acumularea de bunuri.La fel cu majoritatea bazarelor persane şi celdin Esfahan este împărţit în coridoare carecomunică între ele, fiecare fiind însăspecializat în vânzarea sau producerea unuianumit tip de produs: covoare, bijuterii,samovare, pantofi, mina-kari (vase de metalemailate) sau altele
    • 11. Miniaturist at work in the Bazaar.Painting miniatures is a very oldtradition in Iran and those whopractice it are much respectedmembers of society.
    • 12. Bazaar means a marketplace or assemblageof shops where miscellaneous goods andservices are displayed to buy and sell.The word "bazaar" refers to "waazaar", whichis an ancient Persian word. This word,bazaar, has been transferred into Arabiccountries, Ottoman Turkey, Europe and Indiaand even China through economicalinteractions between Persia and thesecountries. A study of the usage of the word"bazaar" since ancient times reveals theeconomic exchanges between Persia andother countries.Bazaar înseamnă un ansamblu de magazineunde diverse produse şi servicii sunt puse ladispoziţia cumpărătorilor.Etimologic provine din “waazaar” un cuvântdin persana veche. Cuvântul bazar a intrat înlimbile ţărilor arabe, ale Imperiului Otoman, înEuropa şi India, ajungând până în China, pecalea relaţiilor comerciale pe care Persia leavea cu aceste ţări. Un studiu al cuvântuluibazar din cele mai vechi timpuri, dezvăluieschimburile economice ale Persiei cu alte ţări.
    • 13. The Bazaar in Esfahan
    • 14. Mirror and candelabras are amongst themost important wedding ceremonial objectsthat are taken to the brides’ home and theyare reminiscence of the Zoroastrian religiousbelieves. Grooms’ family is expected to payfor all expenses and if they can not, they willbe looked down at. The higher the statusand social standing of the bride, the morelavish will be the banquets and the presents,especially the jewelry. An elaborate weddingin Iran presently costs around a hundredthousand dollars.Oglinzile şi candelabrele sunt obiecteceremoniale importante la nuntă încă dintradiţia zoroastriană. Mirele duce la casamiresei acest cadou iar familia lui trebuie săplătească toate cheltuielile de nuntă (care seridică la circa 100.000 de dolari).
    • 15. There are efforts by the government toencourage people to simplify the weddingsand lower the cost. Mass communalweddings sponsored and paid by thegovernment have become increasinglypopular. In February 2001, fourteenthousand couples married all across Iran inthis manner.Statul încearcă să ia măsuri împotrivaacestor tradiţii (a scăzut mult numărulcăsătoriilor) şi organizează căsătoriicolective sponsorizate de guvern. (Înfebruarie 2001 14.000 de cupluri s-aucăsătorit astfel)
    • 16. Hookah also known as a waterpipe, narghile, Qalyan, or shishais a single or multi-stemmedinstrument for smoking flavoredtobacco in which the smoke ispassed through a water basin(often glass based) beforeinhalation. The origin of thehookah is India, Persia, or at atransition point between the two.Hookah, cunoscută şi subdenumirea de pipă de apă,narghilea, Qalyan sau Şişa esteun instrument oriental de fumat.Savoarea este dată de o speciedeosebită de tutun negru iranian,cultivat și astăzi. Acest tutun esteumezit și împachetat în capătulde ceramică deasupra căruia seașeză direct cărbuni pentru aoferi o aromă puternică.Narghilele create în ImperiulPersan erau confecționatemanual din lemn, având diverseforme.
    • 17. Mina - Kari
    • 18. Mina - Kari
    • 19. Mina - Kari
    • 20. Mina - Kari
    • 21. Mina - Kari
    • 22. Mina - Kari
    • 23. Mina - Kari
    • 24. Iran Text : Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu Nicoleta Leu Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Arangement: Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasandaSound: Kiawasch Saheb Nassagh - Moments - November 14, 2000