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Coimbra6

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Coimbra Holy Cross Monastery (Mosteiro de Santa Cruz) founded in 1131 outside the protecting walls of Coimbra, was the most important monastic house of the Portuguese monarchy. Dedicated to the Order of St. Augustine, the Monastery was granted numerous papal privileges and royal grants, which allowed the accumulation of a considerable patrimony, at the same time as it consolidated its position on the politico-institutional and cultural scene

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  • {"63":"Coimbra fado is different from Lisboa fado. Illustrating the traditional university student fado, Samaritana tells the legend of the water girl that one day made Christ blush, by the fountain (Jacob's well). Lyrics:Dos amores do RedentorNão reza a história sagrada,Mas diz uma lenda encantadaQue o bom Jesus sofreu de amor.Sofreu consigo e calouSua paixão divinal,Que assim, como qualquer mortal,Um dia de amor palpitou.\n"}
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    • 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1963264-coimbra6/
    • 2. Coimbra Dam Bridge (Açude-ponte de Coimbra) This city holds a special place in the hearts of all the Portuguese. Rich in its history and said to be the oldest seat of learning in Portugal with a University founded on the 13th of August in 1290 by King Dinis. This makes it one of the oldest in the world. Six of Portugal’s Kings were born here and in 1139 until 1256 it was the chosen capital of the country.
    • 3. Coimbra Holy Cross Monastery (Mosteiro de Santa Cruz) Founded in 1131 outside the protecting walls of Coimbra, it was the most important monastic house of the Portuguese monarchy. Dedicated to the Order of St. Augustine, the Monastery was granted numerous papal privileges and royal grants, which allowed the accumulation of a considerable patrimony, at the same time as it consolidated its position on the politico-institutional
    • 4. Coimbra Holy Cross Monastery (Mosteiro de Santa Cruz)
    • 5. The Santa Cruz Monastery, (Monastery of the Holy Cross, (Mosteiro de Santa Cruz), best known as Igreja (Church) de Santa Cruz is a National Monument. Main façade of Santa Cruz Monastery
    • 6. Because the first two kings of Portugal are buried in the church it was granted the status of National Pantheon.
    • 7. St. Theotonius founded this community of canons regular and served as their first prior. The monastery and church were erected between 1132 and 1223.
    • 8. The monastery was granted numerous papal privileges and royal grants, which allowed the accumulation of considerable wealth, at the same time as it consolidated its position on the politico-institutional and cultural scene.
    • 9. Nothing remains of the early Romanesque monastery. It is known that it had only one nave and a high tower in the façade, as typical of the AugustinianRomanesque constructions, but none of those elements subsisted. In the first half of the 16th century, the Monastery was completely renovated by King Manuel's order, this monarch having assumed the Monastery tutelage.
    • 10. The whole monastic complex, the church and the tombs of King Afonso Henriques and of his successor, King Sancho I, were rearranged and transferred to the mainchapel in 1530, where they still lie in a sculptural work by Nicolau Chanterene.
    • 11. Saint Anthony of Lisbon was a member of the community of canons regular, and after his ordination, he was placed in charge of hospitality for the monastery. It was in this capacity that he welcomed the remains of the Franciscan protomartyrs, whose remains were being transported back to Assisi, after their deaths in Morocco. This led to his decision to leave the security and ease of the life of a canon for that of the newly founded Franciscans.
    • 12. Through the whole 16th century, worked at Santa Cruz de Coimbra the most respected architects, sculptors and painters, such as Diogo de Castilho, Machim and Jean of Rouen, Cristóvão de Figueiredo and Vasco Fernandes, besides Chanterene, Boytac and Diogo Pires the Younger.
    • 13. Coimbra Holy Cross Monastery (Mosteiro de Santa Cruz) Its school was essential on medieval times and also a meeting point for the intellectual and power elites. Its scriptorium was responsible for the propaganda machine of King Afonso Henriques, being not strange at all his decision to be buried exactly in Santa Cruz of Coimbra.
    • 14. Baroque pipe organ of the 18th century inside the Monastery of Santa Cruz
    • 15. Baroque pipe organ of the 18th century inside the Monastery of Santa Cruz
    • 16. Afonso I (1109 – 1185), more commonly known as Afonso Henriques nicknamed "the Conqueror"
    • 17. Afonso I (1109 – 1185), more commonly known as Afonso Henriques nicknamed "the Conqueror"
    • 18. Afonso I (1109 – 1185), more commonly known as Afonso Henriques nicknamed "the Conqueror"
    • 19. Sancho I, nicknamed "the Populator”, King of Portugal (1154 –1212) was the second but only surviving legitimate son and fourth child of Afonso I of Portugal by his wife, Maud of Savoy
    • 20. Sancho I, nicknamed "the Populator”, King of Portugal (1154 –1212) was the second but only surviving legitimate son and fourth child of Afonso I of Portugal by his wife, Maud of Savoy Tomb of Sancho I of Portugal
    • 21. Tomb of Sancho I of Portugal
    • 22. Statue of Sancho I at the Castel Dos Mouros at Silves in the Algarve Tomb of Sancho I of Portugal Detail
    • 23. Igreja de Santa Cruz Tomb of D. Afonso Henriques
    • 24. Igreja de Santa Cruz Tomb of D. Afonso Henriques
    • 25. Mosteiro de Santa Cruz (Monastery of Santa Cruz)
    • 26. Afonso I nicknamed "the Conqueror" (Conquistador), "the Founder" (Fundador) or "the Great" (Grande) by the Portuguese, and El-Bortukali ("the Portuguese") and Ibn-Arrik ("son of Henry", "Henriques") by the Moors whom he fought, was the first King of Portugal. D Afonso Henriques Guimarães
    • 27. He achieved the independence of the southern part of the Kingdom of Galicia, the County of Portugal, from Galicia's overlord, the King of León, in 1139, establishing a new kingdom and doubling its area with the Reconquista, an objective that he pursued until his death, in 1185, after forty-six years of wars against the Moors
    • 28. Igreja de S. José em Coimbra
    • 29. 17th century wall tiles in Igreja Santa Graca
    • 30. Igreja de Santo Antonio dos Olivais
    • 31. Igreja Santo Antonio dos olivais
    • 32. Santo António de Lisboa - Selo Postal de 1895 Santo António de Lisboa 1995
    • 33. Igreja Santo Antonio dos olivais In 1217, the wife of King Afonso II, Dona Urraca, gave a chapel to the Franciscans, who had just arrived in Portugal, to set up temporary quarters. Among this small community, one who took Franciscan orders was the young Fernando de Bolhões, better known as St. Anthony of Lisbon or Padua, who was canonised in 1232. The present church, from the 18th century, is Baroque in style. Inside, the single nave is lined with 18thcentury blue and white tiles depicting the life of the saint
    • 34. Text: & pictures Internet Copyrights of the photos belong to each photographer Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound: FADO DE COIMBRA - Avé Maria

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