Mexico Ciudad de Mexico11, Chapultepec y Siqueiros

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YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE (You have a link on the first slide): http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1632055-ciudad-de-mexico11/

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Several of the 20 halls of the National Museum of History (MNH), distributed over 2 stories, lodge the mural paintings related to diverse national history themes captured by artists, Juan O’ Gorman, David Alfaro Siqueiros y Jorge Gonzalez Camarena. David Alfaro Siqueiros painted De Porfirismo a la Revolucion (The painting is known in English as From the Dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz to the Revolution or The Revolution Against the Porfirian Dictatorship) in a dedicated gallery of the museum between 1957 and 1966. The gallery was too small for his vision, so Siqueiros literally created more walls by designing a curving structure to paint on. As a result, the mural stretches and snakes its way through the space, pulling the viewer into the scene.

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  • La Constitución de 1917 Autor: Jorge González Camarena Fecha de realización: 1967 Ubicación: Sala de videos. Siglo XX. Muestra al presidente Venustiano Carranza y a los Constituyentes como símbolos de la Revolución triunfante y su documento fundamental, la Constitución que hasta la fecha rige al país.
  • Del porfirismo a la Revolución Autor: David Alfaro Siqueiros Fecha de realización: 1957 a 1966 Ubicación: Sala Siqueiros La obra abarca el periodo de 1906 a 1914. En la primera parte se observa al general Porfirio Díaz rodeado de su gabinete, el poder militar representado por Victoriano Huerta y José Yves Limantour, secretario de Hacienda y dirigente del grupo llamado “los Científicos”. Simboliza la instauración de un poder cuya eficacia se basó en el apoyo a los intereses económicos más fuertes, aun a costa de la violación de la Constitución de 1857. El resto del enorme mural exalta a los protagonistas de la Revolución Mexicana, tanto a los ideólogos como a los caudillos y jefes militares, fundadores del siglo XX mexicano.
  • Mexico Ciudad de Mexico11, Chapultepec y Siqueiros

    1. 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1632055-ciudad-de-mexico11/
    2. 2. Mexico’s National HistoryMuseum is housed within theChapultepec Castle, theconstruction of which began in1785.The castle itself is a nationalhistorical treasure with itsstained glass windows andmurals. Several of the 20 hallsof the National Museum ofHistory (MNH), distributed over2 stories, lodge the muralpaintings related to diversenational history themescaptured by artists JorgeGonzalez Camarena, DavidAlfaro Siqueiros y Juan O’GormanMexican Muralism emergedafter the Revolution todocument and to narrateMexican people history, bydepicting quotidian scenes,historical events, politic andsocial struggles, religious andcultural matters, as well as toportrait heroes and anonymouscharacters.
    3. 3. David Alfaro Siqueiros (born José de Jesús Alfaro Siqueiros was a Mexican social realist painter, known for his large murals in fresco. He, Diego Rivera, and José Clemente Orozco established Mexican Muralism. He was also a Stalinist and member of the Mexican Communist Party who participated in an unsuccessful attempt to assassinate Leon Trotsky in May 1940. In 1957 he began work on 4,500- square-foot (420 m2) government commission for Chapultepec Castle in Mexico City; Del porfirismo a la Revolución was his biggest mural yet. (The painting is known in English as From the Dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz to the Revolution or The Revolution Against the Porfirian Dictatorship)David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896 – 1974) Self portrait
    4. 4. Siqueiros paintedDe Porfirismo a laRevolucion in adedicated galleryof the museumbetween 1957and 1966.De Porfirismo a laRevolucion(4.46x76.89m) Detail
    5. 5. The gallery was too small for his vision, so Siqueiros literally created more walls by designing a curving structure to paint on. As a result, the mural stretches and snakes its way through the space, pulling the viewer into the scene.David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896 – 1974) Details (4.46 m x 76.89m)
    6. 6. The title is usually conveyed in English as From the Dictatorship ofPorfirio Díaz to the Revolution. José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz ruledMexico for nearly 35 years — years that were characterized by nationalstability and economic growth but also by inequality and repression.
    7. 7. David Alfaro Siqueiros(1896 – 1974)De Porfirismo a la Revolucion(4.46x76.89m) Detail
    8. 8. Porfirio Díaz sitsin comfortwatching womendance. He issurrounded by loscientíficos, histechnocratadvisors, and hisfoot rests on theMexicanConstitution.David AlfaroSiqueiros(1896 – 1974)De Porfirismo a laRevolucion(4.46x76.89m) Detail
    9. 9. David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896 – 1974) De Porfirismo a la Revolucion (4.46x76.89m)
    10. 10. David Alfaro Siqueiros(1896 – 1974)De Porfirismo a la Revolucion(4.46x76.89m) Detail
    11. 11. On the far left of the mural,the bodies of those killedfighting the injustice of thedictatorship stretch into thehorizon.
    12. 12. On the far left of the mural,the bodies of those killedfighting the injustice of thedictatorship stretch into thehorizon.
    13. 13. The revolution against thePorfirian dictatorship;Miners Strike in Cananea,1906 (detail)
    14. 14. The people square off withthe elite, struggling forcontrol of the Mexican flag
    15. 15. The revolution against the Porfirian dictatorship;Miners Strike in Cananea, 1906 (detail)Some of the workers carry the body of a comrade whohas been killed and march toward the ruling class.Anarquistas: Ricardo Flores Magon marchingalongside Mikhail Bakunin and Pierre-JosephProudhon)
    16. 16. David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896 – 1974) De Porfirismo a la Revolucion DetailAs the mural curves toward the back wall, the people rise up against the rulingelite. They wear typical zapatista clothing, showing that they are followers of therevolutionary Emiliano Zapata.
    17. 17. David Alfaro Siqueiros(1896 – 1974)De Porfirismo a la RevolucionDetail
    18. 18. "Del porfirismo a la Revolución" mural in Castillo de Chapultepec (detail) Soldier of the Revolution (Detail Study for "Del porfirismo a la Revolución" mural in Castillo de Chapultepec)
    19. 19. David Alfaro Siqueiros(1896 – 1974)De Porfirismo a la Revolucion(4.46x76.89m)DetailsSiqueiros concludes the scenesomewhat abruptly — in theupper right corner of the finalpanel, he shows Porfirio Díazbrandishing a dagger and thusrevealing his “true” nature.
    20. 20. Paseo de la Reforma is a wide avenue that runs in a straight line, cutting diagonally across Mexico City. It was designed byFerdinand von Rosenzweig in the 1860s and modeled after the great boulevards of Europe, such as Viennas Ringstrasse or theChamps-Élysées in Paris. It was Emperor Maximilians wish to directly link his Imperial residence, Chapultepec Castle, with theNational Palace in the city center.
    21. 21. Text and pictures: Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasandaSound: Lucha Villa - Qué bonita es mi tierra La isla bonita

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