Chicago, The Art of American Victorian Stained Glass

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American Victorian secular stained glass windows [1880-1910] were completely different from most painted European stained glass. Innovators like Louis Comfort Tiffany and John Lafarge utilized opalescent glass [the glass itself is extravagantly colored] and focused on illuminating the glass, to let the light itself paint the desired image.
They also frequently imbedded glass chunks as well as actual pebbles and shells in their design. Other American innovations included faceted-glass and cut-glass jewels, beveled glass, pressed designs such as scrolls and stem of flowers, folded glass that looked like draped textile, ripple glass that looked like feathers and confetti glass.

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  • Alexander Calder’s abstract stabile anchors the large rectangular plaza bordered by three Bauhaus style federal buildings designed by Mies van der Rohe. The sculpture’s vivid color and curvilinear form contrast dramatically with the angular steel and glass surroundings. However, Flamingo is constructed from similar materials and shares certain design principles with the architecture, thereby achieving successful integration within the plaza.  Despite its monumental proportions, the open design allows the viewer to walk under and through the sculpture, leading one to perceive it in relation to human scale.
  • Chicago, The Art of American Victorian Stained Glass

    1. 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-2203106-chicago16/
    2. 2. Chicago Cultural Center
    3. 3. The Chicago Cultural Center, opened in 1897, is a Chicago Landmark building that houses the city's official reception venue where the Mayor of Chicago has welcomed Presidents and royalty, diplomats and community leaders. Initially opened to the public as Chicago’s first public library in 1897, this building boasts 2 beautiful domes as its main attractions.
    4. 4. Grand Army of the Republic Memorial - A large hall and rotunda in the north wing features a fine, stained-glass dome in Renaissance pattern by the firm of Healy and Millet
    5. 5. The current Chicago Cultural Center was formerly the dual- purposed Chicago Public Library and GAR (Grand Army of the Republic) Meeting Hall. Completed in 1897, it occupies property on Michigan Avenue at Randolph Street donated by the GAR. The Chicago Cultural Center built on land donated by the GAR, maintains a memorial
    6. 6. Glass dome in the Grand Army of the Republic rotunda at the Chicago Cultural Center.
    7. 7. The Healy and Millet stained glass dome in the Grand Army of the Republic Memorial rotunda in the Chicago Cultural Center—view from directly below
    8. 8. Preston Bradley Hall
    9. 9. Preston Bradley Hall - A large, ornately patterned room of curving white Carrara marble, capped with an austere 38- foot Tiffany glass dome designed by artist J. A. Holtzer. The Cultural Center states this to be the largest Tiffany dome in the world
    10. 10. The magnificent translucent dome, 38 feet in diameter and made of Tiffany Favrile glass, is cut in the shape of fish scales. At the top of the dome are the signs of the zodiac. Now lighted electrically, it was originally illuminated by sunlight. At the base of the dome is a quotation from the British author Joseph Addison. The dome glass, lighting fixtures, wall sconces and chandeliers were made by the Tiffany Glass Company of New York.
    11. 11. Approximately 38 feet (11,5meters )in diameter, the Tiffany dome spans more than 1,000 square feet. It contains some 30,000 pieces of glass in 243 sections held within an ornate cast iron frame.
    12. 12. Since this building originally was the 1st Chicago Public Library, the Preston Bradley Hall has many references to literature and books
    13. 13. The Grand Hall of Saint Louis' Union Station A most impressive feature of the Grand Hall is the "Allegorical Window," a hand-made stained glass window with hand-cut Tiffany glass strategically positioned above the Station's main entryway. The window features three women representing the main U.S. train stations during the 1890s -- New York, St. Louis and San Francisco.
    14. 14. Tiffany glass ceiling, located in the Macy's on State Street
    15. 15. Tiffany glass ceiling, located in the Macy's on State Street
    16. 16. The Art of American Victorian Stained Glass Windows Macy’s Pedway with Installation of American Victorian Stained Glass Windows. This pioneering Exhibit installed December, 2013 is presented by Macy’s in cooperation with the Smith Museum of Stained Glass Windows, The Chicago Cultural Mile Association and generous donors. Macy’s Pedway with Installation of American Victorian Stained Glass Windows
    17. 17. HeavilyJeweledWindow-byJohnMallon-macy's
    18. 18. AbstractSymmetricalComposition–byunidentified designer EarthAirFireandWater-byBelcherMosaicGlassCompany
    19. 19. ChunkJewelWindow–byJohnLaFargeStudio Macy’s , in cooperation with the Smith Museum of Stained Glass Windows, The Chicago Cultural Mile Association, and generous donors present this pioneering exhibit. The exhibit is pioneering because the profound originality of American Victorian non-religious stained glass windows [for residences and public buildings] has not been recognized by art scholars or the public. American Victorian secular glass was an important link to 20th century modernism.
    20. 20. Twins Supporting a Knight’s Plumed Helmet – by unidentified designer
    21. 21. Double Hung Beveled - by unidentified designer
    22. 22. Flowers & Urn, a triptych – by unidentified designer
    23. 23. Garden of Jewels – by unidentified designer StylizedFloralWindow–byunidentifieddesigner
    24. 24. Garden of Jewels – by unidentified designer detail
    25. 25. American Victorian secular stained glass windows [1880- 1910] were completely different from most painted European stained glass. Innovators like Louis Comfort Tiffany and John Lafarge utilized opalescent glass [the glass itself is extravagantly colored] and focused on illuminating the glass, to let the light itself paint the desired image Macy’s Pedway with Installation of American Victorian Stained Glass Windows
    26. 26. StandingLadyWindow-byLeoP.Frohe PairofGrainBouquetWindows-byunidentifieddesigner
    27. 27. SpiderWeb–byTiffanyStudio They also frequently imbedded glass chunks as well as actual pebbles and shells in their design. Other American innovations included faceted-glass and cut-glass jewels, beveled glass, pressed designs such as scrolls and stem of flowers, folded glass that looked like draped textile, ripple glass that looked like feathers and confetti glass
    28. 28. Tiffany Motted Glass Two Angels – by Tiffany Studio - The Smith Museum of Stained Glass Windows
    29. 29. Two Angels – by Tiffany Studio - The Smith Museum of Stained Glass Windows Tiffany Drapery Glass
    30. 30. Tiffany Confetti Glass Driehaus Gallery - Girl with Cherry Blossoms - Tiffany Glass & Decorating Company, c. 1890 - The Smith Museum of Stained Glass Windows
    31. 31. Guiding Angel – by Tiffany Studio - The Smith Museum of Stained Glass Windows Tiffany Ripple Glass
    32. 32. Louisville Combo – by unidentified designer Hoping to add a bit of light to the walk along the Loop's sometimes- dreary pedway, Macy's, the Chicago Cultural Mile Association and the Smith Museum at Navy Pier have unveiled a permanent installation of 22 American Victorian stained-glass windows
    33. 33. Arabesque[AmericanMoorishStyle]–byunidentifieddesigner1880-90 AutumnLeaves-byunidentifieddesigner
    34. 34. New England Victorian Jewel Window – by unidentified designer Running along the pedestrian walkway beneath Randolph Street between State Street and Wabash Avenue, the exhibit serves as a way to not only inject some life into an otherwise dull area, but also to expose the overlooked art of non-religious stained glass
    35. 35. NightOwlinRoundedWindow–byunidentifieddesigner LargeSquareWindowofLeaves,BranchesandVines–byRuby BrothersArtGlassCompany
    36. 36. Spade Window - by unidentified designer “Originally created for residences and public buildings, these windows represent an art form that has not been recognized by art scholars or the public,” founder of the Smith Museum E.B. Smith said in a release.
    37. 37. Standing Woman - by Belcher & Company American stained glass studios were among the first to be socially progressive in advancement of women in a primarily male workforce. The importance of this inclusion is only now being understood
    38. 38. StairwayTriptych-byunidentifieddesigner
    39. 39. StairwayTriptych-byunidentifieddesigner Touted as the first-of-its-kind underground public art installation for Chicago, the back-lit windows range in size and color — some depicting human figures, others illustrating combinations of abstract shapes
    40. 40. Text and pictures: Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foi oreanuş www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound Terry Callier - Brotherly Love; What Color Is Love

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