Chiang Rai
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Chiang Rai

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Chiang Rai is a town and capital of Chiang Rai Province, the northernmost province of Thailand. It was once the capital of an ancient Lanna kingdom founded in 1262 by King Mangrai. Its geographical......

Chiang Rai is a town and capital of Chiang Rai Province, the northernmost province of Thailand. It was once the capital of an ancient Lanna kingdom founded in 1262 by King Mangrai. Its geographical position, with hills to the west and by the banks of a major river, the Kok, makes it an ideal location for the first capital of the Lanna kingdom. Wat Phra Kaeo, the Temple of the Emerald Buddha of Chiang Rai, significant for the fact that the Emerald Buddha was first discovered here in 1434 after a lightning struck open a chedi.
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  • The quieter neighbor of Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai is a land of outstanding natural beauty, where visitors looking to avoid the hordes can visit remote hill tribes, spot exotic wildlife, and check out the golden triangle, the former center of the world’s opium trade. Chiang Rai has been inhabited since the 7th century, but it was not until 1262 that King Meng Rai established it as the first capital of the Lanna Kingdom. The capital was later relocated to Chiang Mai and since that time Chiang Rai has lived in the shadow of its neighboring province, though for tourists this is a good thing.
  • Today, Chiang Rai is a traveler’s paradise, endowed with abundant natural attractions and antiquities. Attractions range from ruins of ancient settlements and Buddhist shrines to magnificent mountain scenery and hill tribe villages. For those interested in the natural side of Chiang Rai, jungle trekking is a magical experience; explore the mountains of the north along various hiking trails, many of which access the villages of diverse hill tribes groups, many of whom maintain their traditional lifestyles.
  • Chiang Rai town, which tends to be a little more ‘laid back’ than its more popular neighbor, now competes with Chiang Mai as a tourist attraction and is fast becoming a popular escape for tourists wanting to leave their troubles behind.
  • Chiang Rai, the former capital of the great Lanna Kingdom, is a fascinating province filled with cultural and natural wonders, including the Golden Triangle where Thailand, Laos, and Burma come together; an area that was once the hub of opium production, a trade that had much influence on cultural practices and lifestyles. Chiang Rai had stayed off the tourist radar for many years, its people enjoying very leisurely development and mostly traditional, rural lifestyles. Until this day, entire clans live together in bamboo houses and each village has its own individual character.
  • Recently tourism has boomed in Chiang Rai, where visitors have come to explore the pristine natural beauty of the countryside and immerse themselves in the indigenous culture, including those of a variety of different hill tribe communities. Fortunately for tourists, Chiang Rai is also a center for community development projects, helping rural villagers develop their attractions without adversely affecting their natural and cultural assets. www.tourismthailand.org/where-to-go/cities.../ chiang - rai -
  • Chiang Rai is a town and capital of Chiang Rai Province, the northernmost province of Thailand. It was once the capital of an ancient Lanna kingdom founded in 1262 by King Mangrai. Its geographical position, with hills to the west and by the banks of a major river, the Kok, makes it an ideal location for the first capital of the Lanna kingdom.
  • The choice of Chiang Rai was determined by the king's auspicious elephant, which was let loose to wander the hill. Where it stopped, that was the site for the capital. Even the date and time of the founding of Chiang Rai was regarded as auspicious: 5:48 pm on a Friday evening on the 26th of January, 1263. Despite all the auspiciousness attached to the founding of Chiang Rai, it lost the status of capital less than two decades later, when King Mangrai shifted the capital, first to Wiang Kum Kam in 1286, and then, with more permanence, to Chiang Mai in 1296. Although having lost its status as capital, Chiang Rai regained some measure of importance when the Emerald Buddha was discovered at Wat Phra Kaeo here in 1434. Chiang Rai became part of Burma from the beginning of the 18th century until 1786. By then it was an abandoned town. In 1844 it was repopulated through the relocation of villagers from Chiang Mai, Lamphun and Lampang. In 1899, when Siam annexed the Lanna kingdom, Chiang Rai became a province of Thailand.
  • Wat Phra Kaeo The Temple of the Emerald Buddha of Chiang Rai, significant for the fact that the Emerald Buddha was first discovered here in 1434 after a lightning struck open a chedi. ( AsiaExplorers )
  • Over 100 years ago, the Hilltribe peoples migrated south from China into what are now Burma, Laos, Vietnam, and Thailand. The six major tribes are the Karen (Kariang, Yang), the Hmong (Meo), the Yao (Mien), the Akha (Ekaw), the Lisu (Lisaw), and the Lahu (Mussur). The main profession of all these tribes is farming, and all of them tend to migrate whenever they feel that the soil at their present location is becoming depleted. Each tribe is district, with its own culture, religion, language, art, and dress. With Thailand undergoing rapid modern development, it is difficult yet to say whether these tribes will continue in there traditional ways of life, or whether they will eventually be absorbed into the surrounding, and ever more-encroaching, Thai society.

Transcript

  • 1. Chiang Rai AmazingThailand
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  • 4. Chiang Rai este capitala celei mai nordice provincii a Thailandei Oraşul a fost fondat în secolul XIII de regele Mengrai cel Mare. Legenda spune că locul a fost ales din întâmplare de oarece elefantul regelui s-a rãtãcit şi a ajuns aici, pe malul râului Mae Kok iar peisajul l-a incitat pe rege sã construiască un oraş
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  • 7. Ca şi în celelale oraşe tailandeze comorile şi istoria sunt reprezentate de templele budiste Pe lângã strãzile aglomerate se află şi templul Wat Phra Keo, fondat în sec XIII. Buddha de smarald de la Bangkok a fost descoperit în acest templu în 143 4 datoritã fulgerului care a lovit chediul
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  • 15. În munţii din nordul oraşului existã încã sate ale triburilor aborigene trãind ca-n epoca de piatrã dar încercând sã afle gustul televiziunii, popula ţ ii rupte total de civiliza ţ ie, care ş i-au pãstrat însã cu sfin ţ enie tradi ţ ia ritualurilor animiste
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  • 20. În ultimii ani s-a dezvoltat mult „comercializarea” triburilor din munţi Au apărut pe toate traseele turistice tarabe care expun artizanat local
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  • 23. Fotografii: Nicoleta Leu Prezentare: Sanda Foişoreanu ♦ Ruk fan poh - Satien Tummue