Catania Duomo
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Catania Duomo

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The cathedral of Sant'Agata in Catania stands, according to tradition, on the spot where Saint Agatha died a martyr's death in 251....

The cathedral of Sant'Agata in Catania stands, according to tradition, on the spot where Saint Agatha died a martyr's death in 251.
Catania is one of eight places recognized by UNESCO where the devastation wrought by a major earthquake in 1693 resulted in a massive public rebuilding program and the construction of fanciful late baroque palazzos, cathedrals, churches and other buildings. (The others are Caltagirone, Militello, Modica, Noto, Palazzolo, Ragusa and Scicli.)
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  • Thank you Carlos, thank you Andonia! Nice weekend!
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  • Very lovely presentation! Amazing Cathedral and beautiful music!
    Congratulations, Michaela!
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  • An interesting tour ..., i don´t know nothing about this cathedral but, now, thanks to you..., I know a little. Thank you for this, is realy nice, un abrazo
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  • Thank you Cachi and Ildy for your visit in this cathedral considered as the most majestic infrastructure in the city with its marvelous Baroque façade and architecture, THANK YOU!
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  • Thank you slide shows.
    Beautifull:-)
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  • Il più importante monumento della città è il Duomo con la sua cattedrale dedicata alla padrona di Catania S. Agata, Iniziata nel 1091 dal Conte Ruggero il Normanno, ripresa nel 1169, distrutta dal terremoto del 1693 tranne le tre absidi e parte del transetto, ripresa dal Vaccarini nel 1736 e ultimata nel 1758, di notevole pregio ne è la facciata della cattedrale. Sempre nel duomo al centro della piazza troviamo la fontana dell’Elefante molto cara ai Catanesi poiché rappresenta il simbolo della città, costituita da un elefante in pietra lavica di epoca romana sul cui dorso è poggiato un obelisco di origine egizia, anche questa opera si deve al Vaccarini. In Piazza Duomo vi è il Palazzo del municipio opera del Vaccarini, di fronte vi è Palazzo dei Chierici, opera dell’architetto Alozo di Benedetto risalente ai primi del 700, sulla sinistra vi è Porta Uzeda costruita nel1695 in onore del viceré spagnolo Paceco de Uzeda porta d’accesso alla città. Sulla desta del Palazzo dei Chierici vi è la Fontana dell’Amenano la quale fa da sfondo il rumoroso e pittoresco mercato del pesce “la pescheria” la fontana risale al 1867 e fu opera dello scultore Tito Angelini, attinge alle acque che vi scorrono sotto e che sono quelle del fiume
  • Il più importante monumento della città è il Duomo con la sua cattedrale dedicata alla padrona di Catania S. Agata, Iniziata nel 1091 dal Conte Ruggero il Normanno, ripresa nel 1169, distrutta dal terremoto del 1693 tranne le tre absidi e parte del transetto, ripresa dal Vaccarini nel 1736 e ultimata nel 1758, di notevole pregio ne è la facciata della cattedrale. Sempre nel duomo al centro della piazza troviamo la fontana dell’Elefante molto cara ai Catanesi poiché rappresenta il simbolo della città, costituita da un elefante in pietra lavica di epoca romana sul cui dorso è poggiato un obelisco di origine egizia, anche questa opera si deve al Vaccarini. In Piazza Duomo vi è il Palazzo del municipio opera del Vaccarini, di fronte vi è Palazzo dei Chierici, opera dell’architetto Alozo di Benedetto risalente ai primi del 700, sulla sinistra vi è Porta Uzeda costruita nel1695 in onore del viceré spagnolo Paceco de Uzeda porta d’accesso alla città. Sulla desta del Palazzo dei Chierici vi è la Fontana dell’Amenano la quale fa da sfondo il rumoroso e pittoresco mercato del pesce “la pescheria” la fontana risale al 1867 e fu opera dello scultore Tito Angelini, attinge alle acque che vi scorrono sotto e che sono quelle del fiume
  • History Between 1086 and 1090, shortly after Catania was conquered by the Normans under Roger I (1085), the building of the cathedral was begun, and on the very spot where the Roman springs of Achilles had been. From these remains, as well as those of other ancient buildings, the materials were taken for the three-aisled cross-shaped basilica. Earthquakes in 1140 and 1169 soon made extensive repairs necessary and after the earthquake of 1693 a complete renovation was indispensable. The dome dates to 1802. The bell tower was originally erected in 1387, with a height of some 70 meters. In 1662 a watch was added, the structure reaching 90 meters; after the 1693 destruction it was rebuilt, with the addition of a 7.5 t bell, the third largest in Italy after that in the St. Peter's Basilica and in the Duomo of Milan .  
  • The cathedral of Sant'Agata in Catania stands, according to tradition, on the spot where Saint Agatha died a martyr's death in 251, and owes its existence to the Benedictine abbey of Sant'Agata which in 1092 was promoted to a bishopric.
  • The parvise is accessed through a marble façade culminating with a wrought iron decorated with 10 bronze statues of saints. The parvise is separated from the Cathedral's square by a balaustrade in white stone, featuring five large statues of saints in Carrara marble . The church is on the Latin cross plan, with a nave and two aisles. In the right aisle are the baptistery and, at the first altar, a canvas of St. Febronia of Nisibis by Borremans facing, on a pilaster, the tomb of composer Vincenzo Bellini . Also on a pilaster between this aisles and the nave is the Baroque monument of bishop Pietro Galletti. Also notable is the Chapel of St. Agatha.
  • The apse dates to the original 12th century construction: it features a medieval mullioned window and a late-16th century choir by the Neapolitan artist Scipione di Guido. At the end of the left transept is the Chapel of the Holy Crucifix, by Domenico Mazzola (1577). It houses the tombs of members of the Aragonese branch of Sicily, such as Kings Frederick III and Louis , John of Randazzo , and Constance . The left aisle has several 17th century paintings of saints, including one by Borremans.
  • The apse dates to the original 12th century construction: it features a medieval mullioned window and a late-16th century choir by the Neapolitan artist Scipione di Guido. At the end of the left transept is the Chapel of the Holy Crucifix, by Domenico Mazzola (1577). It houses the tombs of members of the Aragonese branch of Sicily, such as Kings Frederick III and Louis , John of Randazzo , and Constance . The left aisle has several 17th century paintings of saints, including one by Borremans.
  • Birth: Nov. 3, 1801Death: Sep. 23, 1835 Composer. His operas "Norma" (1831) and "La Sonnambula" (1831) are outstanding works of the Italian "bel canto" style. The title role of "Norma" is considered the most difficult in the soprano repertoire. His music had a profound influence on Giuseppe Verdi. Bellini was born in Catania, Sicily, the son and grandson of musicians. He showed early talent and a Sicilian nobleman paid for him to study at the San Sebastiano Conservatory in Naples. His first opera, "Adelson e Salvini" , was performed there in 1825. "Il Pirata" (1827), staged at Milan's La Scala, brought him fame, and "I Capuleti e i Montecchi" (1830) established him as a leading opera composer. "Norma," Bellini's masterpiece, was a fiasco at its La Scala premiere, but he had faith in the score and it soon won over audiences. In 1833 he conducted his works in London, where they were not well received; but he conquered Paris with a new opera, "I Puritani" (1835
  • It was also his last. Apart from his ability to weather career storms, Bellini was known for his womanizing and superstitious nature. For several years he carried on an affair with Giuditta Turina, a young married woman, only to abandon her when their liason was made public and her husband sued for divorce. When another rejected lover wrote him on her deathbed that they would soon be reunited in heaven, he took it as an evil omen. Not long after receiving this letter, Bellini died of dysentery at the age of 33. Originally interred at Pere Lachaise in Paris, his remains were transferred to his birthplace of Catania in 1876. Compared to Gaetano Donizetti, his fellow "bel canto" master, Bellini was not a prolific composer (though 11 operas in ten years was no small acheivement). His richly lyrical style was slow to develop and his early death robbed the world of what probably would have been the great works of his maturity. But his best operas, especially "Norma" and "La Sonnambula," are successfully revived wherever there are capable singers to perform them. (bio by: Robert Edwards)  
  • Bellini, Vincenzo (1801-35), Italian composer, born in Catania, Sicily, and trained at the Conservatory of Music, Naples. The premiere of his first opera, Adelson e Salvini, in 1825, attracted Domenico Barbaja, the director of the San Carlo Opera, Naples, and La Scala, Milan. Barbaja commissioned Bellini to compose Bianca e Gernando for San Carlo in 1826 and Il Pirata for La Scala in 1827. Both operas were very successful, as were La Straniera (The Stranger, 1829) and I Capuleti ed i Montecchi (1830). In 1831 the premieres of two of Bellini's most famous operas, La Sonnambula (The Sleepwalker) and his masterpiece, Norma, brought him international fame. These operas were followed in 1833 by the less successful Beatrice di Tenda and in 1835 by his final work, I Puritani. Bellini was a meticulous craftsman. He composed for singers who were masters of bel canto, a singing style stressing vocal agility and precision. He was highly sensitive to the relation between text and music, and his operas gain their greatest dramatic impact through his melodies, which are often admired for a characteristic concentrated beauty.
  • Un grande tempio dedicato a S. Agata Dopo il terremoto del 1693 il Senato cittadino decise di rispettare, nella ricostruzione, la stessa collocazione del Duomo normanno. Sull´originario impianto basilicale a tre navate G. Palazzotto nel 1709 iniziò ad elevare la chiesa sfruttando le preesistenze architettoniche. Il problema di armonizzare le enormi strutture portanti alla facciata fu brillantemente risolto da G.B. Vaccarini, abate e architetto di origine palermitana, che fu uno dei più geniali e scrupolosi artefici della ricostruzione settecentesca di Catania. Egli utilizzò molti materiali preziosi che provenivano dai monumenti antichi catanesi, quasi a volere ribadire il concetto di continuità tra presente e passato.Superato il grande portone d´ingresso si ha l´impressione di abbracciare un insieme rigoroso e armonico dominato dalla grandiosità delle componenti architettoniche, alleggerite dai giochi della luce calda e uniforme.
  • Addossata al secondo pilastro a destra la tomba di Vincenzo Bellini, grande musicista catanese (1801-1835); tra un pilastro e l´altro si possono vedere alcune strutture dell´antico tempio messe in luce durante i lavori di restauro del 1952; il livello più basso dei ruderi è giustificato dal fatto che dopo il terremoto le macerie che ricoprivano le navate erano così abbondanti che, all´atto della seguente ricostruzione, si preferì lasciarle in loco e impiantare sopra di esse un nuovo piano di calpestio. Nella prima campata, a destra, è un affresco con Il Battesimo di Cristo di G. Tuccari (1667-1743); al primo altare una tela con S. Febronia del Borremans (1735); al secondo altare S. Rosalia (1736) sempre del Borremans. Al terzo altare è la tela con S. Antonio di Padova attribuita al Borremans; al quarto altare una Sacra Famiglia del pittore catanese del Seicento P. Abbadessa; al quinto altare una tela con la Madonna Corredentrice di E. di Giovanni, artista catanese contemporaneo (1887-1979
  • Lungo la navata sinistra: al primo altare è una tela con S. Giorgio datata 1624 del catanese G. La Manna; al secondo altare il S. Francesco di Paola opera del catanese G. Guarnaccia che operava nel Settecento; al terzo altare una tela con la Madonna delle Grazie, S. Gaetano e S. Filippo Neri del Tuccari (1726). Sul quarto altare spicca una tela con S. Antonio Abate sempre del Borremans (1740). Al quinto altare il Martirio di S. Agata, tela del 1605, del grande artista toscano E. Paladini che ha lasciato in Sicilia numerosi capolavori. Di quest´opera ha recentemente scritto lo storico dell´arte Sergio Troisi: "Per il martirio di S. Agata Paladini concepisce un vasto scenario che funge da fondale alla scena del martirio in primo piano, una quinta digradante di architetture costituita da un loggiato alla veneta e da una balconata i cui motivi decorativi riprendono, invece, la tradizione fiorentina". Il tema del martirio di Agata si ricollega al culto catanese della santa che, proprio all´interno della cattedrale, esplode con tutta la sua carica vitale tra momenti di fede autentica e colorite tradizioni popolari.

Catania Duomo Catania Duomo Presentation Transcript

  • http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1227858-catania1/
  • Duomo di Sant'Agata The Cathedral of Catania, entitled to St. Agatha has been destroyed and rebuilt several times due earthquakes and eruptions of the nearby volcano Etna. It was originally constructed in 1078-1093, on the ruins of the ancient Roman Achillean Baths, by order of Roger I of Sicily, who had conquered the city from the Islamic emirate of Sicily. At the time it had the appearance of a fortified church (ecclesia munita). In 1169 it was nearly entirely destroyed by an earthquake, leaving only the apse area intact. Further damage was introduced by a fire in 1169, but the most catastrophic event was the 1693 earthquake, which again left it mostly in ruins. It was subsequently rebuilt in Baroque style. Catedrala Sf ân ta Agata este Domul ora ş ului Catania ş i este situat ă î n pia ţ a Duomo. Catedrala poart ă hramul Sfintei Agata, martira virgin ă care este patronul spiritual al oraşului Catania C onstruc ţ ia l ă ca ş ului de cult a î nceput (din ordinul regelui Roger I al Siciliei care îi învinsese pe arabi şi cucerise oraşul), î n perioada 1078-1093, peste ruinele băilor romane, şi avea forma unei biserici fortificate. Datorită faptului că a fost distrus î n mai multe r â nduri, at â t de erup ţ iile vulcanului Etna, c â t ş i de o serie de cutremure, Domul a trecut prin mai multe perioade de reconstruc ţ ie. Un giorno Dio decise di fare un regalo alla terra! Esso si tolse un diamante dalla Sua corona e lo gettó in mezzo al Mare Mediterraneo dandogli il nome di SICILIA!
  • UNESCO World Heritage Site, representing "the final flowering of baroque art in Europe.” Catania
  • "To have seen Italy without having seen Sicily is not to have seen Italy at all, for Sicily is the clue to everything." Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • The current appearance of the church date to the 1711 century design of Gian Battista Vaccarini, who designed a new Baroque façade after the 1693 earthquake. It has three floors with Corinthian columns, in granite, perhaps taken from the Roman Theatre of the city. Aspectul actual al Domului din Catania datea ză din anul 1711 când urmare cutremurului din anul 1693 Gian Battista Vaccarini a desenat o nouă faţadă în stil baroc. Aceasta are trei registre iar coloanele corintice din granit sunt preluate probabil de la Teatrul roman. Piazza Duomo
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  • All the orders are decorated with marble statues of St. Agatha over the gate, St. Euplius on the right and St. Birillus on the left. The entrance door, in wood, has 32 sculpted plaques with episodes of the life and martyrdom of St. Agatha, coat of arms of popes and symbols of Christianity. Toate nivelele sunt decorate cu statui: Sfânta Agata se află deasupra portalului principal iar de cele două părţi ale portalului sunt statuile sfinţilor Euplius şi Birillus. Portalul principal este din lemn şi are 32 de panouri sculptate cu scene din viaţa şi martiriul Sfintei Agata, blazoane papale şi simboluri creştine
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  • The parvise is separated from the Cathedral's square by a balaustrade in white stone, featuring five large statues of saints in Carrara marble. Pe balustrada din piatră albă care o desparte de piaţă sunt cinci statui enorme de sfinţi, din marmură de Carrara
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  • The bell tower was originally erected in 1387, with a height of some 70 meters. In 1662 a watch was added, the structure reaching 90 meters; after the 1693 destruction it was rebuilt, with the addition of a 7.5 t bell, the third largest in Italy after that in the St. Peter's Basilica and in the Duomo of Milan. Clopotniţa a fost ridicată în anul 1387 (70m). În 1662 a fost adăugat ceasul, ajungând la 90m; reconstruită după cutremurul din 1693 i s-a adăugat şi clopotul (7,5 tone) al treilea ca mărime din Italia.
  • The dome dates to 1802
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  • The frontage and Saint Agatha's niche
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  • The phrase "Ah! non credea mirarti / Sì presto estinto, o fior" from the aria "Ah! non credea mirarti" of La sonnambula is inscribed on Bellini's tomb
  • La sonnambula
  • La sonnambula
  • T omb of Vincenzo Bellini (1801-1835) in the Cathedral
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  • L'altare maggiore
  • The cathedral of Sant'Agata in Catania stands, according to tradition, on the spot where Saint Agatha died a martyr's death in 251, and owes its existence to the Benedictine abbey of Sant'Agata which in 1092 was promoted to a bishopric. L'altare maggiore
  • L'altare maggiore
  • The inhabitants organize on a yearly basis a grandiose procession in the name of Saint Agatha. During this festivity, gratitude is expressed and miracles are expected. Locuitorii organizează în fiecare an procesiuni grandioase în numele Sfintei Agata. În timpul acestor serbări ei îşi exprimă recuno ş tin ţ a şi sunt întotdeauna aşteptate miracole L'altare maggiore
  • Tomba Costanza Aragona Cappella Santa Agata
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  • La Cappella di Sant'Agata
  • La Cappella di Sant'Agata
  • La Cappella di Sant'Agata
  • La Cappella di Sant'Agata
  • La Cappella di Sant'Agata
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  • Sound : Vincenzo Bellini – La sonnambula Prendi l'anel ti dono - Cecilia Bartoli and Juan Diego Florez Ah non credea mirarti - Maria Callas Text: Internet Pictures : Sanda Foişoreanu Internet Otilia Contraş Gabriela Cristescu Copyright: All the images belong to their authors. Arangement : Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda