http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1231985-catania6/
Island of the Sun Catania was one of the main centers of the Sicilian Vespers revolt (1282) against the House of Anjou, an...
UNESCO World Heritage Site, representing "the final flowering of baroque art in Europe.” Catania
Via Garibaldi duce la Poarta Garibaldi, un arc de triumf care s - a numit ini ţ ial  Porta Ferdinanda, ridicat cu ocazia c...
 
Corso Sicilia The Via Etnea is one of Sicily’s most famous streets. When the weather is clear it offers a wonderful view o...
Corso Sicilia
 
 
V ia  E tnea  C hiesa dei  M inoriti A rchitetto Francesco Battaglia
C hiesa dei  M inoriti . A rchitetto Francesco Battaglia
V ia  E tnea  P alazzo  dei M inoriti V ia  E tnea  Palazzo San Demetrio &P alazzo  dei M inoriti
A fter the apocalyptic earthquake of 1693  t he aristocratic Palace of the family  Massa di San Demetrio  was the first co...
V ia  E tnea  Palazzo San Demetrio
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Via Etnea este una dintre cele mai faimoase str ăzi din Sicilia. In zilele senine se vede vârful vulcanului Etna care stră...
 
Proceeding towards North, along Via Etnea we meet the CHIESA DELLA COLLEGIATA; the Royal Chapel was built in the first two...
 
 
 
 
Palazzo Biscari alla Collegiata
 
 
 
Arancini  a  national sicilian emblem The most widely read author in Italia, Camilleri, whose 'Montalbano' detective novel...
 
 
Catania - Vincenzo Bellini Airport (Italian: Aeroporto di Catania-Fontanarossa Vincenzo Bellini) is located 4.3 km southwe...
Sound :   Canti  Popolari  Siciliani Text: Internet Pictures : Sanda Foişoreanu Internet Gabriela Cristescu Otilia Contraş...
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Catania. Andiamo

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The two most recurrent Latin mottoes of Catania are readable on the marble tags set on the baroque prospect of the monumental Triumphal Arch Porta Garibaldi (Ferdinandean Gate).
They still recite:"Melior De Cinere Surgo" (I Arise Better From My Ashes) and "Armis Decoratur, Litteris Armatur" (Adorned with Weapons, Armed with Letters).
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  • the source of the elephant in Catania, which since 1239 is the official symbol of the city, is related to an ancient legend. This legend says that when Catania was for the first time inhabited, all fierce and dangerous animals were placed to flight by an elephant, to which the people of Catania call him "liotru", that is a dialectal correction of the name Elidor. He was a magician of the eighth century, which was burned alive in 778 by the bishop of Catania St. Leone II the Healer because Elidoro, having failed to become bishop of the city, disturbed sacred functions with various spells, including that one of animate the elephant of stone. Several hypotheses have been made by researchers to explain the origin of the statue of stone, which today dominates Duomo Square, in the arrangement given to her by Vaccarini in 1736. Two of these assumptions deserve a mention: first, by the historian Pietro Carrera from Militello (1571-1647), who explained it as a symbol of military victory given by the people of Catania on the Libyan. The most reliable hypothesis is, however, expressed by the Arab geographer Idrisi in the twelfth century: according to Idrisi, the elephant of Catania is a magical statue, built in Byzantine times, just to keep away the injuries of volcano Etna from Catania. This seems to be the best explanation that we can give to the friendly elephant, which the people of Catania are very close, so as to threaten a popular revolt, in 1862, when was done the proposal to transfer "u liotru" from Duomo Square to Palestro Square. .
  • Catania ( Greek : Κατάνη – Katáni ; Latin : Catăna and Catĭna ) is an Italian city on the east coast of Sicily facing the Ionian Sea , between Messina and Syracuse . It is the capital of the homonymous province , and with 298,957 inhabitants. (752,895 in the Metropolitan Area) it is the second-largest city in Sicily and the tenth in Italy. Catania is known to have a seismic history and past, having been destroyed by a catastrophic earthquake in 1169, another in 1693 , and several volcanic eruptions from the neighboring Mount Etna volcano, the most violent of which was in 1669. Catania has had a long and eventful history, having been founded in the 8th century BC. In the 14th century and the Renaissance, Catania was one of Italy's most important and flourishing cultural, artistic and political centres, including having witnessed the opening in 1434 of the first university in Sicily. Today, Catania is one of the main economic, touristic and educational centres in the island, being an important hub of the technological industry, thus gaining the nickname of the "European Silicon Valley ".
  •   Catania is well known for its baroque architecture which was declared a world Heritage site by the UNESCO. Many of the architectural attractions make Catania and its province famous. The island of the Sun, Sicily, is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is in the center of the Mediterranean Sea and was in the history always be named desired because of its strategic position and the comfortable climate. Sicily possesses a base of 26,500 km² and harbors ca. 5 million inhabitants. Catania, on the east coast of Sicily facing the Ionian Sea, is the capital of the homonymous province, and with 298,957 inhabitants (752895 in the Metropolitan Area) it is the second-largest city in Sicily and the tenth in Italy. Tragically, the Mafia is the single socio-economic factor that distinguishes Sicily's economic base from those of other European Mediterranean regions Insula Soarelui, Sicilia , se află chiar în mijlocul bazinului Mării Mediterane, împărţind zona mediteraneană vestică de cea estică, factor important în determinarea istoriei sale. Sicilia este cea mai mare şi cea mai importantă insulă mediteraneană. Numele modern Sicilia derivă de la vechii locuitori „Siculi”. Suprafaţa este de 25.709 km². Sicilia numără aproximativ 5,1 milioane de locuitori. Capitala este la Palermo. Catania, capitala provinciei cu acelaşi nume (circa 300.000 de locuitori), este al doilea oraş ca mărime şi al zecelea în Italia. Din păcate Mafia este singurul factor socio-economic care deosebeşte Sicilia faţă de alte regiuni europene mediteraneene.
  • Adevaratul simbol al orasului, creatia arhitecturala care il defineste, a ramas si astazi u Liotru, sau Fontana dell'Elefante, monument realizat in 1736 de Giovanni Battista Vaccarini. Aceasta fantana publica este realizata in intregime din marmura, avand deasupra un elefant sculptat din magma vulcanica (lava) - prezent si pe blazonul orasului - purtand un obelisc in stil egiptean. The presence of an elephant in the millenary history of Catania is surely connected to both zooarcheology and popular creeds. In fact, the prehistoric fauna of Sicily from the Upper Paleolithic , included dwarf elephants . Paleontologist Othenio Abel suggested that the presence of dwarf elephants in Sicily may be the origin of the legend of the Cyclops . Ancient Greeks , after finding the skulls of dwarf elephants , about twice the size of a human skull , with a large central nasal cavity (mistaken for a large single eye-socket) supposed that they were skulls of giants with a single eye. The Catanian Museum of Mineralogy , Paleonthology and Vulcanology holds the integral unburied skeleton of an Elephas falconeri in an excellent state of conservation. The first inhabitants of Etna molded such lavic artifact to idolize the mythical proboscidian.
  • Elephant's tutelage The folk presence of an elephant in the millenary history of Catania is mainly connected to both zooarcheology and popular creeds. In the Upper Paleolithic, in fact, the prehistoric fauna of Sicily enumerated a host of dwarf elephants. [13] The Catanian Museum of Mineralogy, Paleonthology and Vulcanology takes care of the integral unburied skeleton of an elephas falconeri in an excellent state of conservation. The primitive inhabiters of Etna and whilom forefathers of the latter-day Catanians, molded such lavic artifact to idolize the mythical proboscidian they had considered the sole responsible of the resolutive ejection of all the vexing animals from the volcanic territories. This venerated black sculpture survived the centuries to outlast till today. It is doubtless the most ancient Catania's monument, followed by the Syenian obelisk positioned on its spine. In the official heraldry its scarfskin became red to recollect the colour of the ardent lava. But the most-told occurrence that will be fundamental to radicate this kind of affection for the beloved Liotru is on the other hand strictly due to the local and documented legend of the "magician" Heliodorus .
  • Catania is Sicily’s second largest city, with a population of around 450,000. It lies on the Ionian Sea, under the shadow of Mount Etna , or “A Muntagna” as the locals refer to it. Mount Etna is ever-present and has to a large extent shaped both the history and the actual existence of Catania. On several occasions volcanic eruptions destroyed the city, the most devastating of which happened in the 17th Century. In 1669 Catania was covered in lava and then, just 24 years later in 1693 an earthquake shook the town down to its foundations. The reaction to this latter catastrophe was amazing: the entire old part of town was rebuilt in Baroque style, with large, wide open squares and avenues. The most remarkable aspect, however, was the building material used: lava! Catania is essentially a “grey” city and unique in the world for this.
  • Civic mottoes The two most recurrent Latin mottoes of Catania are readable on the marble tags set on the baroque prospect of the monumental Triumphal Arch of Piazza Palestro whose name is " Porta Garibaldi " ( Garibaldi Gate ) but also " Porta Ferdinandea " ( Ferdinandean Gate ). They still recite:" Melior De Cinere Surgo " ( I Arise Better From My Ashes ) and " Armis Decoratur, Litteris Armatur " ( Adorned with Weapons, Armed with Letters ). The first underlines the interchange down the ages between its unforeseen destructions and the gradual and successive reconstructions, comparing such cyclicities of sudden ruinations and consequent rebirths to the legend of the mythical Phoenix, the fiery creature perennially fated to upspring anew from its own embers. This firebird is, in fact, sculpted atop the archway of the forenamed structure. The second simply wants to emphasize the role of cultural and University hub for the whole Sicily from Middle Ages till modern times. Several " stylized armaments " were largely reproduced and utilized as ornaments or architectural elements to bedight the fronts of the main noblemen's mansions.
  • Via Etnea - the main thoroughfare of the city - in the point of intersection with the uphill Via Antonino Paternò Castello di Sangiuliano . This viary conjunction creates a scenographical and monumental quadrangle that gave rise to the name assigned to this crossroads. The exact center of convergence of these two arteries is the cradle of the city's baroque reëdification carried out by the Noble Superintendent Giuseppe Lanza, Duke of Camastra .In 1694 he was appointed by the Viceroy Juan Francisco Pacheco de Uceda ,representing the Spanish Government, to accomplish the urban uprise after the apocalyptic earthquake of 1693. The aristocratic Palace of the family Massa di San Demetrio was the first construction of Catania to be rebuilt from the smoking rubbles. Thenceforth, the four prospects designing this rhomboidal square are always the same:the aforecited abode, other two baroque dwellings and the sideward flank of a religious cloister. Palazzo Asmundo's Thermæ  • Terme di Palazzo Asmundo University's Thermæ  • Terme del Palazzo dell'Università Casa Gagliano's Thermæ  • Terme di Casa Gagliano Saint Anthony Abbot's Thermæ  • Terme della Chiesa di Sant'Antonio Abate
  • The city has been buried by lava a total of seven times in recorded history, and in layers under the present day city are the Roman city that preceded it, and the Greek city before that. Many of the ancient monuments of the Roman city have been destroyed by the numerous seisms. Currently, remains of the following buildings can be seen: The Greek-Roman Theatre (2nd century) The Odeon (3rd century CE) The Catanian Amphitheatre (2nd century) The Greek Acropolis of Mountvirgin's Hill (Collina di Montevergine) The Roman Aqueduct's Ruins The Roman Forum in Piazza San Pantaleone Roman ruins in Cortile Archirotti Several Christian basilicas, hypogea, Roman burial monuments and Catacombs in some urban areas. The Roman Columns in Piazza Giuseppe Mazzini The Achillean Thermæ
  • The Basilica Collegiata di Santa Maria dell'Elemosina is on the Latin cross plan with a nave and two aisles. The high altar has a Madonna icon, probably of Byzantine manufacture.
  • Moving back to Piazza Duomo through Porta Uzeda, it is possible to find the famous Biscari Palace, built on the old “walls”. Its rich furniture and architecture made it famous, even though it has recently gained more notoriety because it has been the set of the video clip “Violet Hill” of the English group Coldplay. For those who are no longer teenagers, but love rock music, this event can be considered a déjà vu, because in the seventies, Biscari Palace was one of the favourite sets for concerts of important names of that period. Ignatius Paternò Castello, the fifth prince of Biscari, realized his dream of preserving his imperial baroque residence founded on the fifteenth century city walls of the city of Catania. The palace occupies an entire block and is kept as an exemplary abode, honouring the city of Catania. Its entrance is on the homonymous street, Via Museo Biscari. Palazzo Biscari is kept as the most beautiful and well kept palace in Catania, just as Prince Ignatius dreamed, a treasure to be enjoyed by all. Preliminary construction of the palace itself began in 1702 after the catastrophic earthquake of 1693 that destroyed half of Sicily. Before the dreadful earthquake, there was only one little palazzotto. Vincenzo, Ignatio's father bought property and constructed the palace with its surrounding grounds.
  • To most tourists, this is street food. You don't really get arancinis in restaurants. But to Sicilians, this is a national sicilian emblem, cooked with time and love by their mothers and grandmothers. Everybody knows a person 'who makes the best arancinis'.   Fried arancini   It could be preposterous for a Swiss to try and make such a difficult and symbolic dish, but I came well-equipped with some tastings and the absolute reference on Sicilian cuisine, Il diamante della grande cucina di Sicilia (The Diamond of the Great Cuisine of Sicily), written by Sicilian theater director with a passion for food Pino Correnti. Each recipe is explained in great details, with all the technicalities and tours-de-main as well as ample historical background.
  • Stuffing inside the arancini   What brought these glorified deep-fried stuffed rice croquettes such reverence? I am not sure. But they certainly hold a high status in Sicily. The most widely read author in Italia, Camilleri, whose 'Montalbano' detective novels fostered a hugely successful string of 12 movies, wrote one of the novels around this dish. In 'Gli arancini di Montalbano', the commissioner Montalbano goes to great lengths to ensure he can accept the invitation to eat arancinis on New Year's Eve at one of his informants' mother's house.   Montalbano has to lie to his girlfriend who organised him a romantic trip to Paris, lie to his boss and forge evidence to ensure he gets his arancinis. On the picture above you see the mother preparing the arancinis in the final scene. You can download the episode from the RAI TV website if your Italian is any good.  
  • Here is the paragraph in the book:  Gesù, gli arancini di Adelina! Li aveva assaggiati solo una volta: un ricordo che sicuramente gli era trasùto nel Dna, nel patrimonio genetico. Adelina ci metteva due jornate sane sane a pripararli. Ne sapeva, a memoria, la ricetta. Il giorno avanti si fa un aggrassato di vitellone e di maiale in parti uguali che deve còciri a foco lentissimo per ore e ore con cipolla, pummadoro, sedano, prezzemolo e basilico. Il giorno appresso si pripara un risotto, quello che chiamano alla milanisa (senza zaffirano, Pi carità!), lo si versa sopra a una tavola, ci si impastano le ova e lo si fa rifriddàre. Intanto si còcino i pisellini, si fa una besciamella, si riducono a pezzettini ‘na poco di fette di salame e si fa tutta una composta con la carne aggrassata, triturata a mano con la mezzaluna (nenti frullatore, Pi carità di Dio!). Il suco della carne s’ammisca col risotto. A questo punto si piglia tanticchia di risotto, s’assistema nel palmo d'una mano fatta a conca, ci si mette dentro quanto un cucchiaio di composta e si copre con dell’altro riso a formare una bella palla. Ogni palla la si fa rotolare nella farina, poi si passa nel bianco d'ovo e nel pane grattato. Doppo, tutti gli arancini s'infilano in una padeddra d’oglio bollente e si fanno friggere fino a quando pigliano un colore d'oro vecchio. Si lasciano scolare sulla carta. E alla fine, ringraziannu u Signiruzzu, si mangiano! Montalbano non ebbe dubbio con chi cenare la notte di capodanno. Solo una domanda l’angustiò prima di pigliare sonno: i due delinquenti figli d’Adelina ce l'avrebbero fatta a restare in libertà fino al giorno appresso?
  • Moving back to Piazza Duomo through Porta Uzeda, it is possible to find the famous Biscari Palace, built on the old “walls”. Its rich furniture and architecture made it famous, even though it has recently gained more notoriety because it has been the set of the video clip “Violet Hill” of the English group Coldplay. For those who are no longer teenagers, but love rock music, this event can be considered a déjà vu, because in the seventies, Biscari Palace was one of the favourite sets for concerts of important names of that period. Ignatius Paternò Castello, the fifth prince of Biscari, realized his dream of preserving his imperial baroque residence founded on the fifteenth century city walls of the city of Catania. The palace occupies an entire block and is kept as an exemplary abode, honouring the city of Catania. Its entrance is on the homonymous street, Via Museo Biscari. Palazzo Biscari is kept as the most beautiful and well kept palace in Catania, just as Prince Ignatius dreamed, a treasure to be enjoyed by all. Preliminary construction of the palace itself began in 1702 after the catastrophic earthquake of 1693 that destroyed half of Sicily. Before the dreadful earthquake, there was only one little palazzotto. Vincenzo, Ignatio's father bought property and constructed the palace with its surrounding grounds.
  • Catania. Andiamo

    1. 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1231985-catania6/
    2. 2. Island of the Sun Catania was one of the main centers of the Sicilian Vespers revolt (1282) against the House of Anjou, and was the seat of the incoronation of the new Aragonese king of Sicily, Peter I. In the early 15th century, Sicily was turned into a province of the larger Kingdom of Aragon and with the unification of Castile and Aragon (early 16th century) Sicily became part of the Spanish Empire. Catania was one of the vanguards of the movement for the Sicilian autonomy in the early 19th century. In 1434 King Alfonso V founded here the Siciliae Studium Generale, the oldest university in the island. Catania a fost unul dintre focarele principale ale revoltei „Vecerniile Siciliene” ( cu urmări notabile asupra ansamblului situaţiei politice a întregii creştinătăţi medievale ) împotriva Casei de Anjou şi a fost locul încoronării noului rege aragonez al Siciliei, Petru I. La începutul secolului XV Sicilia a devenit provincie a Regatului de Aragon iar la începutul secolului XVI, după unificarea Castiliei cu Aragonul, a făcut parte din Imperiul Spaniol. Catania a fost de asemenea în avangarda mişcării pentru autonomia Siciliei la începutul secolului XIX. În anul 1434 regele spaniol Alfonso V Magnanimul a fondat la Catania prima universitate din Sicilia. There is a little Italian proverb that said: " Palermo grandeza, Catania belleza." This proverb purported that Palermo have the larger City, but Catania the beauty of Sicily.
    3. 3. UNESCO World Heritage Site, representing "the final flowering of baroque art in Europe.” Catania
    4. 4. Via Garibaldi duce la Poarta Garibaldi, un arc de triumf care s - a numit ini ţ ial Porta Ferdinanda, ridicat cu ocazia căsătoriei regelui Ferdinand IV cu Maria Carolina de Austria (sora Mariei Antoanetta) Via Garibaldi ends at Porta Garibaldi, formerly Ferdinanda, which was erected in 1768 in honour of the wedding of Ferdinand IV and Maria Carolina of Austria. This city-gate was designed by the architects Francesco Battaglia (inner part) and Stefano Ittar (the elegantly decorated outer part).
    5. 6. Corso Sicilia The Via Etnea is one of Sicily’s most famous streets. When the weather is clear it offers a wonderful view of the peak of the Etna volcanoe that thrones over the city.
    6. 7. Corso Sicilia
    7. 10. V ia E tnea C hiesa dei M inoriti A rchitetto Francesco Battaglia
    8. 11. C hiesa dei M inoriti . A rchitetto Francesco Battaglia
    9. 12. V ia E tnea P alazzo dei M inoriti V ia E tnea Palazzo San Demetrio &P alazzo dei M inoriti
    10. 13. A fter the apocalyptic earthquake of 1693 t he aristocratic Palace of the family Massa di San Demetrio was the first construction of Catania to be rebuilt from the smoking rubbles. După cutremurul apocaliptic din anul 1693 Palatul San Demetrio al familiei Massa a fost prima construcţie din Catania realizat din „ruinele fumegânde”
    11. 14. V ia E tnea Palazzo San Demetrio
    12. 23. Via Etnea este una dintre cele mai faimoase str ăzi din Sicilia. In zilele senine se vede vârful vulcanului Etna care străjuie oraşul
    13. 25. Proceeding towards North, along Via Etnea we meet the CHIESA DELLA COLLEGIATA; the Royal Chapel was built in the first two decades of ‘700 by Antonio Amato; the façade is in late baroque style and within, fresco portrayals by Sciuti are present, and also paintings by Sozzi. Pe Via Etnea, în apropierea Universităţii, se află şi CHIESA DELLA COLLEGIATA; capela regală a fost construită la începutul secolului XVIII de Antonio Amato
    14. 30. Palazzo Biscari alla Collegiata
    15. 34. Arancini a national sicilian emblem The most widely read author in Italia, Camilleri, whose 'Montalbano' detective novels fostered a hugely successful string of 12 movies, wrote one of the novels around this dish 'Gli arancini di Montalbano'
    16. 37. Catania - Vincenzo Bellini Airport (Italian: Aeroporto di Catania-Fontanarossa Vincenzo Bellini) is located 4.3 km southwest of Catania
    17. 38. Sound : Canti Popolari Siciliani Text: Internet Pictures : Sanda Foişoreanu Internet Gabriela Cristescu Otilia Contraş Copyright: All the images belong to their authors. Arangement : Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda

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