Wonders in Maramures4

621 views
569 views

Published on

YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE (You have a link on the first slide): http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1396993-breb2/

Thank you!
Situat sub Creasta Cocoşului, într-un peisaj pitoresc, satul Breb este un adevărat muzeu al vieţii rurale maramureşene: case vechi din lemn, biserica de lemn din sec. XVI, vâltori, potcovării, pălincă, meşteri artizani şi tradiţii seculare.

Published in: Travel, Business
4 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
621
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
24
Comments
4
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Breb Village The village of Breb is like Hobbiton in the shires from Lord of the Rings. It's a sleepy little village of around 400 homes and depending on how many men and women are working away or at school in Cluj Napoca there can be up to 1,500 in the village. The bottom of the village is around 400 meters above sea level and the top is around 550/600 meters, the slope keeps going up to 1440 meters on the top of the mountain. The houses are arranged on a sort of grid system where the mountain slopes slowly into the river bad at the bottom of the hill. Unlike other village in Romania, the development was not along the main road but spread further up the mountain from the river. Originally there where three small villages here and in the mid 1900's the 'urban sprawl' made them one. People still talk of the the 'ones from the river' or up the hill like it was another village. “Why would I know about his problems, he lives on the river.”
  • Each home consists of the main house, either an original wooden traditional Maramures house or one that has been covered in plaster in the last 50 years. There is normally a barn the same size as the house opposite with a main swing door in the middle for a hay and carriages and two rooms on either side where the cows, pig and horses live. And the sheep in the winter. Grandma lives in a house the size of a rug somewhere in the courtyard that is fronted with a huge Maramures gate. These gates come from the time when only Lords could afford to have them to protect their houses and barns inside there walled gardens. It became a sigh of wealth and many of them where made when the men came home from the last recession in the early 90's. Each gate has the date it was made on it and the person who made it, normally their owner of the house behind it. The village of Breb is easy to walk around and explore. There are two churches, the Greco Catholic church which is the 16th century church made of solid oak next to the river and the Orthodox church that dominates the skyline for miles around. On Sunday you can hang around outside and watch the whole village turn up for church in tradition cloths and you feel like your in a Amish movie, only the camera crew forgot to turn up.
  • Iar daca biserica noua, cea de piatra, este usor de gasit, caci turlele se vad de cum treci de prima curba a drumului ce duce in sat, pentru a ajunge la cea veche de lemn, tii dreapta la intersectie, iar daca totusi ai nevoie de informatii, poti intreba primul satean iesit in cale. Dupa ce ii trece mirarea ca esti roman, iti spune pe unde sa mergi sau daca ai vreme sa zabovesti un pic pina gata treaba, merge de–ti arata exact unde e locul ce–l cauti. Si in satul Breb, parte a comunei Ocna Sugatag, gasesti destule locuri care sa merite efortul de a ajunge pina acolo. Unul dintre acestea este biserica de lemn, cu hramul Sfintii Arhangheli Mihail si Gavriil. Astazi declarata monument, ea a fost ridicata in anul 1531, pe vechea vatra a satului, zona ce este cunoscuta acum sub numele de Copaceni, de catre fiii lui Vasile, descendenti ai cneazului Giulea, la rindul lor locuitori ai satului. Aproape un secol mai tirziu, biserica este mutata pe locul unde se gaseste si in prezent, teren donat de sotia nemesului, adica nobilul Boteanu, de unde provine denumirea de Boteneasa, data locului. Daca din pictura initiala, cea a anului 1626, se mai pastreaza un fragment, locasul fiind repictat in 1868, se mai gasesc aici piese de mobilier vechi, icoane pe lemn si sticla, stergare si carti vechi.
  • Text: Marcella DrAgan Capat de drum, intr–adevar, caci in Breb, catunul ascuns in muntii Maramuresului, nu ajunge nici trenul, nici autobuzul, iar cele citeva masini care mai folosesc drumul ingust ce se strecoara catre vatra satului sint ale localnicilor. Dis–de–dimineata, in sat ajung, din cind in cind, femei care mai fac un ban revinzind haine cumparate de la oras, scutindu–i astfel pe localnici de un drum si o zi pierduta departe de gospodarie. Caci, de unde te lasa autobuzul, mai sint un kilometru pina la primele case ale satului si inca vreo cinci minute de mers pina in centru, unde se afla biserica cea noua, scoala si barul in care, desi abia daca s–a crapat de ziua, e sigur vreun bade sa–ti tina companie la cafea si citiva copii care vin in pauze sa isi cumpere de mincare. Strain locului, esti repede observat si salutat, oamenii pastrind obiceiul de a da binete. In ce limba vine acest salut este o alta poveste, caci localnicii, prea putin obisnuiti cu turistii romani si mai mult cu cei straini, te saluta din toata inima intr–o engleza sau franceza cu accent maramuresean. Le raspunzi in romana, te privesc un pic mai lung, apoi te iau la vorba si iti spun cit de mindru este satul lor si cit de bine se traieste la ei. Aici se fac de toate, pamintul este roditor si le da toate cele necesare, vin turistii si ii lauda si le duc vestea de oameni gospodari. Mai au ei ceva probleme, dar nu prea mari, asa cum vreun interlocutor mai vorbaret iti marturiseste, caci unii dintre localnici tin niste sarbatori mai noi si nu prea cunoscute pe acolo, Sfintul Somn si Cuvioasa Lene, dar nu prea des si nu prea multa lume le cunoaste, asa ca, la urma urmei, la ei totul este bine.
  • Si, desi capat de drum, cum spun oamenii despre satul lor, au totusi motive de lauda, mai multe decit marile orase, caci pe aceste meleaguri a ajuns pina si Printul Charles, iar fundatia lui a reconstruit trei dintre vechile case ale satului, puncte de interes turistic, dar si stiintific, prin valoarea traditiilor si a mestesugurilor pe care le conserva. Tot aceste mestesuguri au adus faima satului, care mai ascunde printre casele vechi palincii, o potcovarie, o moara si doua viltori. Si cum de palinca din Maramures am auzit cu totii, palinciile sint locul unde miraculoasa licoare se fabrica, pentru ca aceste instalatii actionate de apa produc alcoolul din fructe. Pe toamna, cind activitatea de productie e in plin sezon, acestea devin locurile de adunare a localnicilor si oaspetilor lor, pentru a petrece cu veselie. Pentru cei mai putin cunoscatori, in general palinca din Maramures are 50o–60o tarie. Taranii verifica palinca prin citeva metode care nu dau gres. Prima este cea a frecarii intre palme a citorva picaturi, iar mirosul rezultat trebuie sa se asemene cu cel al mierii. A doua metoda este turnarea in pahare si, pina la degustat, palinca pura face un guleras de margelute, care, cu cit sint mai multe si mai mari, cu atit e mai buna bautura.
  • There is an interesting collection of icons from the 17th century, 18 and 19 sculptured within the beamed vault and through the roof. The rectory was built in 1903 on the site of the original from 1801 but is now empty. There is a partially preserved mural on the outside of Pop Anca Bratu's passing. The church, old basically and there is lots to discover in the carvings and painting on the walls showing a glimpse into the mediaeval past of life in Breb.
  • t he wooden church from Breb village, common Ocna Şugatag, Maramures county, was built in 1622 and the tower is dated in 1531, from an earlier church in Copacis, at the border of the village. The age of the structure’s construction from 1622 , the tower from 1531, the oldest tower stored in the wooden churches in the country, the local traditions and rituals, woven around the chamber, the  mural painting from  1626, partially visible and one of the oldest stored in the wooden churches in the country, a valuable collection of icons from the 17, 18 and 19th century, unique sculptures from the beam vault  and the archaic roof kept under the current, recommends the wooden church from Breb among the most significant monuments of this kind Maramures, Transylvania and the whole country . The Breb church stands in a well preserved architectural ensemble consisting of a yard with stones for the remembrance and consecration, a cemetery with stone, wood and wrought iron crosses from different eras, a 1992 bell, wooden gates  and a parochial house.
  • "
  • Wonders in Maramures4

    1. 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1396993-breb2/
    2. 2. In northern Romania, at the Ukrainian border, lies the county of Maramures. Here,amidst mountains, hills and depressions are one of the most interesting tourismobjects in the country, yet very well kept. Here, people lead their lives asauthentically and peacefully as in the old times.
    3. 3. Numele satului provine de la ospecie de castori, odinioarăfoarte răspândiţi aici, astăzidispăruţi. Mai demult el se maichema şi Brebi.Pe vremuri, castorul europeansau castor fiber, denumitpopular breb, popula aproapetoate râurile din România.Cauza dispariției acestorrozătoare a fost vânătoareapentru carne. Se spune chiar, căexista o rețetă de cârnați foarteapreciați, rețetă care s-a pierdutși ea.Din România a dispărut în 1823,ultima oară fiind observat înzona Moldova Veche, județulCaraș-Severin A fost reintrodusîn 1998, ca urmare a unuiprogram demarat de MinistrulMediului, 21 de castori dinlandul Bavaria fiind eliberați
    4. 4. Castor fiber, the Eurasian beaver or Europeanbeaver (in Romanian language Breb) is a species ofbeaver, which was once widespread in Eurasia,where it was hunted to near extinction both for furand for castoreum, a secretion of its scent glandbelieved to have medicinal properties. Re-introduced through much of its former range, itnow occurs from the British Isles to China andMongolia.
    5. 5. Maramureşul nu este doarun punct de atracţieturistică: el este mai alesun simbol de tradiţieautentică românească şicontinuitate. Maramureşuleste unul dintre puţinelelocuri din România undetradiţiile sunt încăpăstrate şi respectate,aşa cum au fost cu sutede ani în urmă.Maramures is not only atourist attraction: it’s thevery symbol of Romaniantradition and continuity.Maramures is one of thefew places in Romaniawhere traditions are stillkept and respected, asthey were hundreds ofyears ago.
    6. 6. Localitatea Breb, careface parte din comunaOcna Sugatag, a fostatestată documentar înanul 1360, istoria lorfiind strâns legată deexploatarea sării.The village of Breb is asleepy little village ofaround 400 homes anddepending on howmany men and womenare working away or atschool in Cluj Napocathere can be up to 1,500in the village.
    7. 7. Vatra satului este plasatăla gura de vărsare a VăiiCaselor în ValeaBreboaiei. O parte din satse întinde la sud debiserică, până pesteValea Sunătoarelor.The bottom of the villageis around 400 metersabove sea level and thetop is around 550/600meters
    8. 8. There are two churches,the Greco Catholicchurch which is the 16thcentury church made ofsolid oak next to the riverand the Orthodox churchthat dominates theskyline for miles around.
    9. 9. Biserica de lemn, cu hramul Sfinţii Arhangheli Mihail şiGavriil este declarată monument, ea a fost ridicată în anul1531, pe vechea vatră a satului, zona ce este cunoscutăacum sub numele de Copăceni, de către fiii lui Vasile,descendenţi ai cneazului Giulea, la rândul lor locuitori aisatului. Aproape un secol mai târziu, după un incendiu, bisericaeste mutată pe locul unde se găseste şi în prezent, terendonat de soţia nemeşului, adică nobilul Boteanu, de undeprovine denumirea de Boteneasa, dată locului.Built in 1531, the Wooden Church Saint Archangels isfound in the old hearth of the village called today"Copaceni" by the children of Vasile, descendants of PrinceGiulea, and the village residents. The church is moved tothe current site donated by the wife of the noble Boteanu,for which the place is called Boteneasa, in 1626. It hassuffered innumerable transformations over time, but stillkeeps the original elements specific to the medievalarchitecture.
    10. 10. The small wooden churchon the road to Hotini isdedicated to the HolyArchangels Michael andGabriel.Chronology research hasdetermined that thechurch burnt down duringthe winter of 1621-1622.The church was probablyrebuilt in 1622, nowstanding among theoldest preserved inMaramures andTransylvania. The datingof some pieces of thetower structure to havebeen cut in the winter of1529-1530, the onlypreserved wooden towerfrom a 16th centurywooden church thoughout Maramures and
    11. 11. Text: Internet Pictures: ♦ Sanda Foişoreanu ♦ Mirela Capãtã ♦ Otilia Contraş ♦ Internet slide 1- 4,29,30 Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Arangement: Sanda FoişoreanuFond muzical: Hermina Marc Iluţi - Cine-şi lasã satul; O mãicuţã sfântã www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda

    ×