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Bali 15 Ngaben, the joyful release of the eternal soul
 

Bali 15 Ngaben, the joyful release of the eternal soul

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YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE (You have a link on the first slide): http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1534641-bali15-ngaben/ ...

YOU CAN WATCH THIS PRESENTATION IN MUSIC HERE (You have a link on the first slide): http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1534641-bali15-ngaben/
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The Ngaben is the last and most important ceremony of every Balinese life. It's the Balinese word for the cremation of the dead, in which the soul is released entirely from the body to ascend to heaven and to be reincarnated.
The cremation is a big happening in Bali, (especially a royal cremation such as in Ubud last July 2008). But before a cremation can actually take place, there are many complicated ceremonies and preparations before and after the cremation.

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  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • Thank you Jadwiga for adding this presentation to your favorites, thanks...
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  • @secotias71
    Gracias Jose Pedro, GRACIAS
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  • Magnífico trabajo, gracias, un saludo
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  • @1456789
    Ngaben, o ceremonia de cremación, es el ritual realizado en Bali para enviar al difunto a la otra vida. El cuerpo del fallecido será colocado como si estuviera durmiendo, y la familia seguirá tratando a los fallecidos como dormir. No se derraman lágrimas, porque el difunto no es sólo temporalmente presente y reencarnar o encontrar su descanso final en Moksha (liberación de la reencarnación y el ciclo de la muerte).
    Gracias per la visita. Un abrazo
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  • Maravillosos colores, debe ser una fiesta pero no entiendo cual, la presentación es magnífica. Gracias, Pilar
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  • Priests, who always belong to the highest caste, are never buried. They are kept in their own house until the family has gathered sufficient money for the ngaben. Before the funeral the body of the deceased is purified according to several ceremonies and then buried. The family can place daily food offerings on a small shrine that is built next to the grave. At the head and the feet of the grave the Balinese always place small coconut-leaves. This enables the demon of the deceased to find its way back after wandering at night. If there are no leaves at the grave, then the demon will wander for ever which the Balinese believe will have a negative impact on the village and family. The whole period before the actual ngaben is experienced as a very sad time as the Balinese believe that during this period the soul is not able the reach heaven yet. Only when there is enough funding, all the preparations have been made and the appropriate date has been determined by the priests, will the soul of the deceased be released through the Ngaben. 
  • The Cremation -- Ngaben Every Balinese family has the responsibility to ensure that a proper ngaben takes place if a family member dies. If this does not happen this will have severe consequences for the deceased and his/her family.  Families who can't afford a cremation often await the ngaben of a important or royal person . The preparations for these people are always the best one can have, as the best priest is called upon, the holiest water is used and the most appropriate date is chosen for the cremation. With everything perfectly planned and set for the big cremation, other bodies will be cremated too so they can profit from the ideal setting in which the cremation will take place. The families of the deceased will then know for sure that the soul will be guided to heaven under the best circumstances .
  • It is not uncommon to have a mass cremation of 100 people on the same day as the ultimate royal cremation when money does not play an issue... Unlike the funeral, the ngaben is a joyful occasion as the soul of the deceased is now ready to continue its journey to heaven followed by reincarnation. Before the ngaben takes place, numerous preparations need to be organized. The body will be taken out of its temporary grave at the Pura Dalem and carried to its former house three days before the cremation. During the whole process complicated rituals follow a specific order.
  • A day before the cremation one final ceremony is held at the Pura Dalem. This is when everybody is beautifully dressed in traditional Balinese clothing and when the colorful offerings are carried to the temple. On the day of the ngaben the body is transported to the Pura Dalem in a funeral tower. The tower is made out of wood and bamboo. The village carpenter and carvers create an amazing structure full with bright decorations.  The funeral tower can be a couple to 10 meters high . In the past it was common to see really high towers, however today this is hardly possible since there are to many telephone and electricity cables hanging over the streets...
  • The tower consists of three levels, of which the platform is the highest. Here the body is placed while the priests stands next to it and escorts it to the Pura Dalem.  The base of the tower is built on bamboo poles which is then placed on the shoulders of a group of men who will carry the tower to the temple. In order to ensure that the soul of the deceased doesn't find his/her way back home the men confuse it by twisting, twirling and making full circles with the tower. All the men in the village are delighted to take part in this un-organized spectacle. As an spectator you are just surprised that the tower is still standing in the end... In front of the procession another group of men are carrying the sarcophagus, often in the form of a black bull. It is a impressive structure and the decorations are often very grand as a lot of gold is used in the decorations.
  • The sarcophagus always arrives first at the temple, and waits here for the funeral tower to arrive. There is a opening on the back of the bull in which the body will be placed.  The final rituals are conducted by the priest who sprinkles holy water on the bull and offerings are placed. Then the sarcophagus is set on fire in order to purify the deceased.
  • The Final Purification The final ceremony after the ngaben is usually 12 days after the cremation . But because it is another expensive happening, it can take longer before this ceremony actually takes place. During this ceremony the remaining ashes that was placed in white and yellow cloth is transported on a beautiful construction to the sea. If the sea is too far, then the ashes will be taken to a river which will eventually carry it to sea. During the ngaben the soul of the deceased has been purified by fire and resides in heaven where life is just as in Bali but without diseases and problems. However, during the last ceremony in which the ashes are placed in the water the soul is released to a higher level. From here the soul can follow the final stage of reincarnation. The Balinese people believe that the soul will return back as a reincarnation of a new family member, such as the first baby born after this final ritual.
  • Royal Cremation (Palabon) in Ubud Palabon is another word for Ngaben, however this cremation is for the higher caste only. On the 15th of July 2008 the biggest Palabon since 3 decades had taken place in Ubud. It was a great happening, of which preparations had begun months before. A total of 250.000 people gathered in Ubud to see this huge spectacle and there was a big media attention from all over the world. The streets of Ubud was full with colorfully dressed people waiting for the procession to pass.
  • In the past the widow would be cremated together with her deceased husband as it was her duty to assist him in finding the right way. But fortunately, when the Dutch ruled over Bali they forbade these practices... The initial purification of the deceased is a fact only when the whole sarcophagus is turned into ashes.  The white ashes of the bones are separated from the others and then places with flowers into yellow and white cloth. Only then is the soul of the deceased ready for the final ceremony, in which the soul of deceased is awaken by the priest one final time.

Bali 15 Ngaben, the joyful release of the eternal soul Bali 15 Ngaben, the joyful release of the eternal soul Presentation Transcript

  • http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/michaelasanda-1534641-bali15-ngaben/
  • 15
  • The Ngaben is the last and most important ceremony of every Balinese life. Its theBalinese word for the cremation of the dead, in which the soul is released entirelyfrom the body to ascend to heaven and to be reincarnated.The cremation is a big happening in Bali, (especially a royal cremation such as inUbud last July 2008). But before a cremation can actually take place, there aremany complicated ceremonies and preparations before and after the cremation.The three major events which take place before the soul of the deceased is fullyreleased are:• The Funeral: here the prethiwi (solids) are placed into the earth by burial• The Cremation: the teja (radiance) is released by burning with fire• The purification of the soul: the apah (liquids) is dispersed by throwing the ashesinto the waterBefore the influence of the Majapahit, which spread the Hindu religion throughoutBali, the Balinese guided the soul of the deceased in a more simple way.The deceased was taken into the forest where the high humidity and the animalswould break the body down quickly. Through this way the soul would be releasedfrom the body.Today this burial method only takes place in the Bali Aga villages, such asTenganan and Trunyan who have never been influenced by the Majapahit before.Incinerarea este cel mai elaborat şi costisitor dintre toate ritualurile din Bali. Ngaben(incinerarea) eliberează sufletul etern (alma) din vehiculul pământesc temporar,corpul fizic. Aceasta implică distrugerea deliberată a unor însemnate cantităţi debunuri materiale folositoare trecerii sufletului în lumea de dincolo. Pentru cei viimulte din datorii sunt astfel plătite.
  • In Bali a funeral takes place shortly after a person dies, unlike theHindu in India where the deceased is cremated immediately.The deceased is buried at the Pura Dalem, the temple complexfacing the sea. The Pura Dalem is also often referred to asthe temple of the dead‘.The length of the period between the funeral and the ngabendepends entirely on the financial position of the family, sometimes iteven takes years.Only the rich are cremated soon after they have died. Even non-royal funerals can cost eight or nine thousand dollars, in a countrywho’s per capita GDP is under four thousand dollars a year,meaning the vast bulk of the population live on much, much lessthan that.Din momentul morţii până la încheierea ceremoniei de incinerare,cele 5 elemente principale din care este format corpul sunt retrimiseîn cosmos în acelaşi fel în care au venit:•bayu (energia) este eliberată odată cu ultima suflare a decedatului•prethiwi (solidele) sunt încredinţate pământului prin îngropare•teja (lumina care radiază) este emisă prin arderea cu foc•apah (lichidele) prin aruncarea cenuşii în râu•akasa (spiritul ceresc) prin rugăciuni şi ritualOdată eliberat, sufletul se bucură de minunăţiile cerului sau depedepsele iadului, în funcţie de acţiunile lui din cursul vieţii. Aceastaeste concepţia karma-phala, adica „acţiunea care are fructe(consecinţe)”. Sufletul aşteaptă reîncarnarea şi, la un moment datîn viitor, va fi absorbit în marea esenţă divină.
  • On the day of the ngaben the body is transported to the Pura Dalem in afuneral tower. The tower is made out of wood and bamboo.The village carpenter and carvers create an amazing structure full withbright decorations.The tower consists of three levels, of which the platform is the highest.Here the body is placed while the priests stands next to it and escorts itto the Pura Dalem.The base of the tower is built on bamboo poles which is then placed onthe shoulders of a group of men who will carry the tower to the temple.In order to ensure that the soul of the deceased doesnt find his/her wayback home the men confuse it by twisting, twirling and making full circleswith the tower.All the men in the village are delighted to take part in this un-organizedspectacle. As an spectator you are just surprised that the tower is stillstanding in the end…In front of the procession another group of men are carrying thesarcophagus, often in the form of a black bull. It is a impressive structureand the decorations are often very grand as a lot of gold is used in thedecorations.
  • The funeral tower can be a couple to 10 meters high. In the past it wascommon to see really high towers, however today this is hardly possiblesince there are to many telephone and electricity cables hanging over thestreets...
  • giant bull sarcophagus inwhich a deceased memberof the Ubud royal familywill be crematedThe sarcophagus alwaysarrives first at the temple,and waits here for thefuneral tower to arrive.There is a opening on theback of the bull in whichthe body will be placed.
  • It is not uncommon to have a mass cremation of 100 people on the sameday as the ultimate royal cremation when money does not play an issue...
  • The gamelan orchestra, at funeral
  • Unlike the funeral, the ngaben is a joyful occasion as the soul of the deceasedis now ready to continue its journey to heaven followed by reincarnation.
  • In the past the widow would be cremated together with her deceased husbandas it was her duty to assist him in finding the right way.But fortunately, when the Dutch ruled over Bali they forbade these practices...
  • Men play "sulings", traditional music instruments, during the procession
  • The initial purification of thedeceased is a fact only whenthe whole sarcophagus isturned into ashes.The white ashes of the bonesare separated from the othersand then places with flowersinto yellow and white cloth.Only then is the soul of thedeceased ready for the finalceremony, in which the soul ofdeceased is awaken by thepriest one final time.
  • The final ceremony after the ngaben is usually 12 days after the cremation. But because it is another expensivehappening, it can take longer before this ceremony actually takes place. During this ceremony the remaining ashes thatwas placed in white and yellow cloth is transported on a beautiful construction to the sea. If the sea is too far, then theashes will be taken to a river which will eventually carry it to sea.
  • Text & pictures: Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Arangement: Sanda FoişoreanuSound: Gamelan Gending Bumbung Jangkrik www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda