Architectural exuberance1


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Palacio del Infantado is a palace located in Guadalajara, Spain. It was the seat of the Dukes of the Infantado. It was declared Bien de Interés Cultural and currently houses a museum. The original building was in the Gothic style with numerous Mudejar details, and was commissioned by the second Duke of El Infantado from Juan Guas, who started work in 1480.

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  • You came to me as poetry comes in song and you showed me a new world of passion. You loved me without conditions or reason while I ignorant of the meaning of love protected my heart. The sun has gone and now I sing of you this solitude consumes me. Forgive me if I was stolen away by fear. You came to me I did not know how to love all that is left is this song.
  • Architectural exuberance1

    1. 1.
    2. 2. Guadalajara is a city andmunicipality in the autonomouscommunity of Castile–LaMancha, the capital of theprovince of Guadalajara. It islocated roughly 60 km northeastof Madrid on the Henares River,and has a population of 83,789(2010).During the 14th century, theMendoza family was prominentin Guadalajara. This familyincluded Íñigo López deMendoza, also known asMarqués de Santillana (1398–1458), and Pedro González deMendoza (1428–1495), GreatCardinal of Spain and adviser ofthe Catholic Monarchs. TheMendoza family held the title ofDukes and Duchesses of ElInfantado from 1475.
    3. 3. Palacio delInfantadothe MendozaFamily ordered thebuilding of ElPalacio delInfantado as theirmain residence.The Mendozafamily, the bearersof the title of dukesof El Infantado,embodied all theirpower in thisbuilding, which isthe mostrepresentativeproperty in theirpossession.
    4. 4. Palacio del InfantadoThis urban palaces mixesfinal gothic style, mudejarand mannerism. It was builtin 1483 by Juan Guas, thefirst person to hold the postof Royal Architect, (who alsodesigned the San Juan delos Reyes in Toledo).In 1569 rooms of the firstfloor were painted by RomuloCincinatto, an Italian artist. Itwas added a mythologicalgarden, disappearednowadays.
    5. 5. The façade is enriched with projecting diamond-shaped stones arrangedin a rhomboid grid all over the wall; above is an arcaded gallery withcorbelled balconies.Don Pedro González de Mendoza, más conocido como el Cardenal Mendoza
    6. 6. The original building was inthe Isabelline style (Gothicwith numerous Mudejardetails), and wascommissioned by thesecond Duke from JuanGuas, who started work in1480.
    7. 7. Later, the fifth dukeadapted it to Renaissancetastes in 1569, opening upbalconies on the façade,and replacing the columnson the lower floor of theCourtyard of the Lions.
    8. 8. He also commissioned Romulo Cincinato to create frescos in variousrooms; some of these paintings still survive as a unique testament tothe splendour of these apartments.
    9. 9. Palacio delInfantado deGuadalajara wasdeclared Bien deInterés Cultural. Itcurrently housesa museum.
    10. 10. In 1808, Guadalajara wastaken by the French Army ledby General Hugo and the citywas destroyed.
    11. 11. The palace lost a bigpart of his richnessduring Spanish civilwar (1936-1939),including some of thebest mudejar roofs ofthe world and greatpart of the paintings,so its just a reflect ofthe magnificent of thepast. Are speciallyimportant the courtyard(each lion is differentfrom each other) andthe front of the palace
    12. 12. After its virtual destruction in a bombing in 1936, it is most representativeelements –the Courtyard of the Lions, the façade and the Garden Gallery–were restored between 1961 and 1973.
    13. 13. Pedro Gonzálezde Mendoza(1428 –1495)Spanish cardinaland statesman
    14. 14. Juan Guas, alsospelled Was (inSaint-Pol-de-Léon—died c1496, Toledo),the central figure ofthe group of Spanisharchitects whodeveloped theIsabelline style, acombination ofmedieval structure,Mudéjar (SpanishMuslim) ornament,and Italian spatialdesign
    15. 15. Juan Guas is considered the finest architect oflate 15th-century Spain, he originated designsfor churches and residences that set thepattern for generations of later Spanisharchitects.
    16. 16. TheIsabellinestyleabsorbedItalian,Flemish,andGermaninfluencesTheexuberantdecorationcoverentirefaçade ofthebuilding
    17. 17. After training in Brussels, Guas settled in Toledo, accompanied by his Flemish assistants. From 1459 to 1469 he assisted Annequin de Egas on the Puerta de los Leones of Toledo cathedral, and in 1494 he was appointed official architect ofthe Infantado Palace 1865 the cathedral
    18. 18. His major workswere San Juan delos Reyes inToledo (begunaround 1478), theInfantado Palacein Guadalajara(1480–83), thechapel of SanGregorio inValladolid (1488)and the Castle ofBelmonte.
    19. 19. Text & Pictures: Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu Martini - La Soledad