Alphonse Mucha4

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Born in Moravia in 1860, Alphonse Mucha moved to Paris in his 20s and went on to become one of the greatest exponents of the art nouveau style. Mucha was one of the most fascinating artistic personalities of the turn of the 20th century. He was not only a painter and graphic artist, but also took an interest in sculpture, jewelry, interior decorating, and utilitarian art.
Alfons Mucha died in Prague shortly before the invasion of Czechoslovakia by German troops on July 14, 1939. It was Mucha’s belief that through the creation of beautiful works of art the quality of life would be improved. He also believed that it was his duty as an artist to promote art for ordinary people. He was able to fulfill both of these objectives by means of his innovative concept of the mass-produced decorative panel.

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  • Alfons Mucha was born in Southern Moravia on July 24, 1860. At the age of seventeen the artist left his home, to work as a painter of stage decorations at the Vienna "Ringtheater". When there was a fire at the theater, Mucha lost his job. He found new employment at the Vienese castle with Count Khuen, who became his patron and sent him to the Munich art academy a few years later. From there, Alfons Mucha went on to Paris in 1887 to continue his studies at the "Académie Julian" and then at the "Académie Colarossi".
    Due to a lack of financial support from Khuen, however, the student was forced to leave the academy and earn a living as an illustrator. During this time he produced a large number of sketches and drawings. These were studies for illustrations, which were later published in "Figaro illustré", "Petit Parisien illustré" and other journals. This early work and the prints for illustrated books like "L´éléfant blanc" by Judith Gauthier, at which Alfons Mucha worked during this time, still reflect the usual academic historic style of the time. By coincidence, thanks to an employer of Lemercier printers, Mucha was commissioned to design a poster for Sarah Bernhardt in 1894. This provided the launch pad for Mucha's future success and importance as an influential designer of French "Art Nouveau".
  • Smith Museum of Stained Glass at Navy Pier Chicago
    The Four Seasons, c. 1907-08After Alphonse Mucha by an unidentified artist and fabricator, possibly Mucha himself or under Mucha’s supervision, in Chicago. Made for a house at 6502 North Sheridan Road, Chicago.
    “These Art Nouveau windows were removed from the house, now demolished, built at 6502 North Sheridan Road in about 1907. The year before, 1906, the internationally acclaimed Czech artist Alphonse Mucha, his wife Maruska, their cook and several servants moved to Chicago.  Mucha set up a studio, painted, and taught painting at The Art Institute of Chicago for two months. He also lectured and gave tutorials at the Pallet and Chisel Club, and was roundly celebrated by the Czech and Bohemian community. Dividing time between Chicago and New York, Mucha remained in Chicago on and off until 1909”.
     

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  • 1. 4 http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-2190183-mucha4/
  • 2. The idea of personifying the seasons was nothing new - examples could be found in the works of the Old Masters' as well as in Champenois's other publications. However, Mucha's nymph-like women set against the seasonal views of the countryside breathed new life into the classic theme. In the four panels Mucha captures the moods of the seasons - innocent Spring, sultry Summer, fruitful Autumn and frosty Winter, and together they represent the harmonious cycle of Nature. This was Mucha's first set of decorative panels and it became one of his most popular series.Alfons Maria Mucha (1860-1939)
  • 3. Smith Museum of Stained Glass at Navy Pier, Chicago The Four Seasons, c. 1907-08 After Alphonse Mucha by an unidentified artist and fabricator, possibly Mucha himself or under Mucha’s supervision, in Chicago.
  • 4. Smith Museum of Stained Glass at Navy Pier, Chicago Made for a house at 6502 North Sheridan Road, Chicago. These Art Nouveau windows were removed from the house, now demolished, built at 6502 North Sheridan Road in about 1907.
  • 5. Smith Museum of Stained Glass at Navy Pier, Chicago The year before, 1906, the internationally acclaimed Czech artist Alphonse Mucha, his wife Maruska, their cook and several servants moved to Chicago.  Mucha set up a studio, painted, and taught painting at The Art Institute of Chicago for two months.
  • 6. Smith Museum of Stained Glass, Chicago
  • 7. Smith Museum of Stained Glass, Chicago
  • 8. Smith Museum of Stained Glass, Chicago
  • 9. Smith Museum of Stained Glass, Chicago Mucha also lectured and gave tutorials at the Pallet and Chisel Club, and was roundly celebrated by the Czech and Bohemian community. Dividing time between Chicago and New York, Mucha remained in Chicago on and off until 1909.
  • 10. Documents décoratifs 1902
  • 11. 1899-1900 Woman with a Daisy Panel Printed cotton velveteen Victoria & Albert Museum London The first of Mucha’s decorative panels were The Seasons (1896), a series of four panels representing the theme of the four seasons. 
  • 12. Lady Surrounded by Flowers The series proved very popular and it was followed by other popular series including The Flowers (1898), The Arts (1898), The Times of the Day (1899), The Precious Stones (1900) and The Moon and the Stars (1902). 
  • 13. These panels illustrate all the typical qualities of the Mucha poster – the beautiful women with suggestive gestures, the decorative use of flowers and flowing hair, the subtle yet striking colours – all combine to create a compelling harmony of vision whose intention is to inspire and elevate the viewer. 1899-1900 Panel Printed velveteen Victoria & Albert Museum London
  • 14. 1898-1999 Woman with Daisies, Printed velours 78.5 x 81 cm Bibliothèque Forney, Paris
  • 15. 1897 Flowers lithograph 66.2 x 44.4 cm
  • 16. 1897 Fruits lithograph 66.2 x 44.4 cm
  • 17. The Flowers: Carnation (1898) In gaining wider public recognition as the ‘Master of the Art Nouveau poster’, Mucha’s success in a new genre – decorative panels (‘panneaux décoratifs’) – played a significant part. Study
  • 18. The Flowers: Lily (1898) Colour lithograph 103.5 x 43.5 cm
  • 19. The Flowers: Iris (1898) Colour lithograph 103.5 x 43.5 cm Decorative panels were posters without text, a prototype of today’s art posters, designed purely for artistic appreciation or decorating interior walls
  • 20. The Flowers: Rose(1898) Colour lithograph 103.5 x 43.5 cm
  • 21. It was Mucha’s belief that through the creation of beautiful works of art the quality of life would be improved.
  • 22. He also believed that it was his duty as an artist to promote art for ordinary people. He was able to fulfill both of these objectives by means of his innovative concept of the mass- produced decorative panel. 1898 postcard “Water Lily”'
  • 23. Of the panels, Mucha later wrote: ‘I was happy to be involved in an art for the people and not for private drawing rooms. It was inexpensive, accessible to the general public, and it found a home in poor families as well as in more affluent circles.’ Primevère et Plume - série de deux - 1899 Primrose (Primevère)
  • 24. Primevère et Plume - série de deux 1899 Feather (Plume)
  • 25. Sound: Nat King Cole - I love you for sentimental reasons; Serenata; Unforgettable Text and pictures: Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foi oreanuş www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda