A weekend walk in Barcelona6

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Between the 19th and 20th centuries in the centre of Barcelona, the architects of the Catalan Modernist movement created a variety of buildings for the bourgeoisie of the period. It could even be said that the work and art of Puig i Cadafalch, Doménech i Montaner and the world-famous Antoni Gaudí was instrumental in Barcelona's transformation into the capital of the western Mediterranean that it is today

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  • Thank you Pilar y Carmen, MIL GRACIAS!!! Thanks Den Walker for adding this presentation to lifestyleblog favourites
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  • Casa Batlló is my favourite. Multumesc! Congrats for these excellent shows Michaela, all of them.
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  • Magnífica presentación Michaela de esta maravillosa obra de arte, es un edificio bellisimo que destaca dentro del arte Modernista. Muchas gracias. Pilar
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  • Thank you so much John, Olga and Jorge, GRACIAS
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  • Gracias, Michaela. Excelente presentación. Un abrazo.
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A weekend walk in Barcelona6

  1. 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1916288-walk-barcelona6/
  2. 2. Casa Batllo, Passeig de Gràcia, 43 Casa Batlló is the most emblematic work of the brilliant Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí, one of his masterpieces, a key feature in the architecture of modernist Barcelona. It was built between 1904 and 1906 having been commissioned by the textile businessman Josep Batlló. Nowadays, the spectacular facade is an iconic landmark in the city.
  3. 3. The house that is today known as Casa Batlló was built between 1875 and 1877 by Emilio Salas Cortés, who, incidentally, was one of Gaudí's teachers. It was a sober and classical building with a basement, a ground floor, four upper floors and a garden behind the house. In 1900 the building was bought by the textile businessman Josep Batlló and his wife.
  4. 4. Mr Batlló bought the building at 43 Passeig de Gràcia for just 500,000 pesetas, the equivalent of 3,000 euros in today’s money. The original house was of no particular architectural interest; however, its location in the middle of Passeig de Gràcia, which was a very fashionable and prestigious area, made it a prized and desirable dwelling. Being a distinguished family, they wanted to stand out from the crowd, and to do this they wished to build a spectacular house.
  5. 5. In order to realise this ambitious project, Josep Batlló decided to contact an architect who was different, who was an innovator. The one he selected was Antonio Gaudí. His initial orders were to knock down the original building and to build a new one from scratch.
  6. 6. Gaudí, however, managed to convince Josep Batlló that this was not necessary, and that renovation would be sufficient. In November 1904, when Gaudí was 52 years old and at the height of his professional maturity, the planning application was submitted. Gaudí's assistants Domènec Sugrañes i Gras, Josep Canaleta y Joan Rubió also contributed to the renovation project
  7. 7. Gaudí carried out a full refurbishment of the building using innovative techniques and with total creative freedom. The result was the exceptional and extraordinary building that we are able to enjoy today
  8. 8. The refurbishment”: Gaudí modified the main facade and added the balconies and the main gallery. In the interior of the house, he transformed the main apartment, which was the residence of the Batlló family, expanded the central well to supply the entire building with light, and added new floors. He also crowned the house with what appears to be the spine of an animal.
  9. 9. 600 tiles, used to create the appearance of scales, cover the roof of Casa Batlló
  10. 10. Gaudí designed the roof of Casa Batlló in one great slope with rounded ends so that visual continuity with the neighbouring buildings would not be compromised
  11. 11. The railings of the balconies in Casa Batlló are composed of a single piece of wrought iron
  12. 12. The building works were completed in 1906. In the same year the Barcelona City Council selected the house as a candidate for the 1906 award for the best building. In the end this prize went to another architect, probably because the same prize had recently been awarded to Gaudí for another house, Casa Calvet.
  13. 13. Casa Batlló is part of the Illa de la Discòrdia in the Eixample district of Barcelona. The Illa de la Discòrdia (Block of Discord), is noted for having buildings by four of Barcelona's most important Modernista architects, Lluís Domènech i Montaner, Antoni Gaudí, Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Enric Sagnier, in close proximity. As the four architects' styles were very different, the buildings clash with each other and the neighboring buildings.
  14. 14. The block is the southwest side of Passeig de Gràcia. The houses are the Casa Lleó-Morera, at Passeig de Gràcia 35, designed by Lluís Domènech i Montaner; Casa Mulleras, at Passeig de Gràcia 37, designed by Enric Sagnier; Casa Bonet, at Passeig de Gràcia 39, designed by Marcel·lí Coquillat i Llofriu; Casa Amatller, at 41, designed by Josep Puig i Cadafalch; and Casa Batlló, at 43, designed by Antoni Gaudí. Due to the presence of these famous landmark buildings, the block is a significant tourist attraction in Barcelona. The name in Spanish, Manzana de la Discordia, is a play on words: manzana means both "city block" and "apple," referencing the Apple of Discord.
  15. 15. Casa Amatller, at Passeig de Gràcia 41, designed by Josep Puig i Cadafalch;
  16. 16. Casa Lleó-Morera, at Passeig de Gràcia 35, designed by Lluís Domènech i Montaner;
  17. 17. The 1906 award for the best building had been awarded for Casa Lleó-Morera, at Passeig de Gràcia 35, designed by Lluís Domènech i Montaner
  18. 18. Casa Bonet, at Passeig de Gràcia 39, designed by Marcel·lí Coquillat i Llofriu; Casa Amatller, at 41, designed by Josep Puig i Cadafalch; and Casa Batlló, at 43, designed by Antoni Gaudí. Casa Batlló
  19. 19. elevation la manzana de la discordia
  20. 20. In 2002, as part of the International Year of Gaudí, Casa Batlló began a new line of business: cultural visits to the Noble Floor, the former dwelling of the Batlló family.
  21. 21. The cross which crowns the roof is made of glazed stone from Majorca
  22. 22. In 2002, for the first time, Casa Batlló opened its doors to the public, and the initiative was met with a wholly unanticipated success
  23. 23. Appreciation for Gaudí on a national and international level and the architectural interest of Casa Batlló, not to mention its own particular charm, contributed decisively to this success. The Noble Floor was officially opened for tours on the 19th of March 2002
  24. 24. There are nine balconies and four terraces arranged across the facade. Some have curving shapes which look like the top part of a skull, though some people think they represent carnival masks; others, for example the small balcony at the top of the building in the shape of a flower, draw their inspiration from the natural world.
  25. 25. In 2005 Casa Batlló became a UNESCO World Heritage Site
  26. 26. 330 ceramic discs, in a myriad of different colours, give the main facade its colour and shine Gaudí directed the builders personally from the street, instructing them exactly where to place the glass fragments on the facade
  27. 27. As a whole, Casa Batlló is intensely evocative of the sea, of what is really meant by Mediterranean, of naturalism, theatricality, carnival and magic. Gaudí's creative freedom and the individuality of the early years of the 20th century, when applied to this masterpiece, forge a strong connection to the values which prevail in the Barcelona of today.
  28. 28. Casa Batlló is known locally as the "House of the Yawns", on account of the shape of the gallery, and also as the "House of the Bones" thanks to its columns which look like human tibias, and that it's even been compared to the house in Hansel and Gretel, the fairytale by the Brothers Grimm?
  29. 29. Text: Internet (The official website of Casa Batlló and Wikipedia) Pictures: Daniela Iacob & Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foi oreanuş www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound: Alenar - Maria del Mar Bonet con Paco Cepero

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