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A weekend walk in Barcelona27, Parc de la Ciutadella1
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A weekend walk in Barcelona27, Parc de la Ciutadella1

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The Parc de la Ciutadella is Barcelona's most central park. The park includes a zoo, a lake, a large fountain and several museums. The Catalan Parliament is seated in a building at the center of the park.
The thirty hectare (74 acre) large park forms a green oasis close to the always crowded historic center of Barcelona. The park is laid out nicely with wide promenades, colorful flowerbeds and many palm trees.
There's much to see here: fountains and sculptures decorate the park while several interesting buildings will catch the eye of architecture buffs. There's plenty to do as well; the park's small lake is a popular spot where you can hire a rowing boat, there are several museums in the park and the zoo is always a popular attraction.

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  • Quadriga de l'Aurora on the top of the Font de la cascada Quadriga de l'Aurora sculpted in 1885 by Rossend Nobas i Ballbé. It is on the top of the fountain in the Parc de la Ciutadella
  • Eduard B. Alentorn ( Falset , 1855 - Manresa, 1920),fue un escultor catalán del siglo XIX. Eduard Batiste Alentorn nació en Falset, Tarragona el 5 de diciembre de 1855. Desde bien pequeño se interesó por la escultura, ya a los catorce años figura escrito en la Escuela Llotja de Barcelona como estudiante de Dibujo del Antiguo, Escultura y Anatomía Pictórica hasta el año 1874 en que finalizó los estudios satisfactoriamente. En Llotja tuvo a Joan Roig i Solé como maestro principal, con quien ya había empezado a estudiar la escultura a los trece años en su taller de la Calle Aragó. Entre 1870 y 1877 trabaja con Rafael Atché en un primer momento, pero sobre todo con Andreu Aleu, uno de sus principales maestros. Después será discípulo de los hermanos Vallmitjana (Venanci Vallmitjana y Agapit Vallmitjana), que fueron quienes lo introdujeron plenamente en el movimiento artístico de la época, cediéndole en el año 1882 la realización de l’escultura de la Venus de la Cascada del Parque de la Ciudadela. Estuvo estudiando unos años en Roma hasta 1881, aunque no queda claro por qué entidad fue becado. La Comisión de la Ciudadela, habiendo abandonado el trabajo los hermanos Vallmitjana, le encargó a él el trabajo de ejecución del grupo central de la Cascada del Parque, que previamente ya había sido esbozado por los ya citados hermanos. Así, tal y como constatan los documentos referentes a la ejecución de la obra (Archivo Histórico Administrativo de Barcelona), Alentorn ejecutó la obra a solas y además le añadío toda clase de detalles que no figuraban en el proyecto de los Vallmitjana. Este hecho hace que la obra se pueda considerar, sin duda, como obra de Alentorn y no de los hermanos Vallmitjana. La decoración fitomorfica de la parte posterior nos demuestra ya la enorme personalidad del escultor Alentorn, sobre todo en este tipo de naturalismo que caracterizará este primer periodo de su vida. De esta manera, un año después (1883), firmará el contrato con la Comisión de la Ciudadela para la realización de dos esculturas sedentes que se colocarán en la Fachada del Museo Martorell. Y es en la de Jaume Salvador, acabada el 1886, que vuelve a demostrar este naturalismo, al representar varias variedades de plantas alrededor de la escultura, remarcando así, la profesión de naturalista de Jaume Salvador.

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  • 1. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1936055-walk-barcelona27/
  • 2. In 1714, after a thirteen month long siege, Barcelona fell to the army of king Philips V during the war of the Spanish Succession. In order to keep firm control over Barcelona, the Bourbon king built the largest fortress in Europe, a star-shaped citadel or 'Ciutadella'. A large part of the Ribera district was demolished to make way for this fortress. The neighborhood was rebuilt thirty years later at another location as 'Barceloneta'. The symbol of central government was demolished between 1869 and 1878 after the Catalan general Prim handed over the citadel over to the city. Only three buildings survived: the chapel, the Governor's palace and the arsenal, now home to the
  • 3. At the northern corner of the park is the Cascada, a triumphal arch with waterfall and fountain built for the 1888 Universal exhibition. The Baroque construction was designed by Josep Fontsère - who was responsible for the conversion of the citadel site into a park - and took six years to complete. The oldest building in the park is the Catalan Parliament Building, once part of the original Citadel.
  • 4. Entrance to the Parc de la Ciutadella The Parc de la Ciutadella is a park in Ciutat Vella. After its establishment during the mid- 19th century, it was for decades the only green area in the city, and hitherto of the most popular
  • 5. Allegory to Progress: Agriculture and Marine statues by Agapit Vallmitjana (1830-1905) L'Agricultura
  • 6. Allegory to Progress: Agriculture and Marine statues by Agapit Vallmitjana (1830-1905) L'Agricultura
  • 7. La Marina
  • 8. Allegory to Progress: Agriculture and Marine statues by Agapit Vallmitjana (1830-1905) La Marina
  • 9. Allegory to Progress: Agriculture and Marine statues by Agapit Vallmitjana (1830-1905) La Marina
  • 10. Allegory to Progress: Industry and Commerce statues by Venanci Vallmitjana (1828-1919) El Comerç
  • 11. Allegory to Progress: Industry and Commerce statues by Venanci Vallmitjana (1828-1919) El Comerç
  • 12. Entrance to the Parc de la Ciutadella Allegory to Progress: Industry and Commerce statues by Venanci Vallmitjana (1828-1919) La Indústria
  • 13. Allegory to Progress: Industry and Commerce statues by Venanci Vallmitjana (1828- 1919) La Indústria
  • 14. Home to Barcelona's zoo and the Catalan Parliament, this park hosts interesting events (and political demonstrations) throughout the year. But by far the biggest attractions are the massive fountain with its gorgeous central waterfall and sculptures, and a large lake, where you can rent a paddleboat for a few euros. The fountain of considerable size was designed by Josep Fontserè (with perhaps some attributions of the young student Antoni Gaudí, who at this time worked at Fontserès office).
  • 15. Parc de la Ciutadella is one of the biggest, traditional parks in the city. Both the Catalan Parliament building and Barcelona Zoo are located on its grounds. Part of its charms lies in its ornamental cascade and artificial lake, and children love it. You can take a boat out onto the lake, play table tennis, or enjoy any of the other seasonal activities and events, such as dancing by the bandstand in the park.The park encourages you to stroll along its fountains, sculptures, and other interesting and attractive decorative features
  • 16. The Cascada (waterfall or cascade in Spanish) is located at the northern corner of the park opposite to the lake. It was first inaugurated in 1881 without sculptures or any meticulous details, and was thereby criticized by the press, after which this triumphal arch was thoroughly amended by the addition of a fountain and some minor attributes, which required six years of construction from 1882 to 1888, and was thenceforth put on display at the Universal Exhibition, and hitherto not been redesigned.
  • 17. Fontsére aimed to loosely make it bear resemblance to the Trevi Fountain of Rome. Neptuno by Manel Fuxà i Leal (1850 –1927)
  • 18. The four water-sprouting griffins were sculpted by the same artist that created the famous 7.2 m high statue of Columbus at Las Ramblas, his name, Rafael Atché (1854 - 1923)
  • 19. Rafael Atché (1854 - 1923)
  • 20. Rafael Atché (1854 - 1923)
  • 21. Quadriga de l'Aurora (1885 by Rossend Nobas i Ballbé)
  • 22. Quadriga de l'Aurora on the top of the Font de la cascada A small podium is located in the centre of the monument. In front of it a sculpture (designed by Venanci Vallmitjana) of Venus standing on an open clam was placed.
  • 23. Amfitrita by Josep Gamot (1860-1890) In ancient Greek mythology, Amphitrite ( μφιτρίτη) was a sea-goddess and wife ofἈ Neptuno by Manel Fuxà i Leal (1850 –1927)
  • 24. Venus standing designed by Venanci Vallmitjana
  • 25. Quadriga de l'Aurora, 1885 by Rossend Nobas i Ballbé
  • 26. Leda by Manel Fuxà i Leal (1850 –1927)
  • 27. Danae by Joan Flotats Llucià (1847 - 1917)
  • 28. Danae by Joan Flotats Llucià (1847 - 1917)
  • 29. Venus (Francesc Pagès)
  • 30. Venus (Francesc Pagès)
  • 31. Designed by Venanci Vallmitjana Venus de la Cascada was sculpted by Eduard B. Alentorn (1855 - 1920)
  • 32. Medallions of lizard - Antoni Gaudí
  • 33. The whole cascade is divided in two levels. From the podium on a path leads to the Feminine Sculpture and to the northeastern corner of the park, and upon following the route down the stairs the fountain's pond is rounded and the southern tip of the artifact is
  • 34. The four water- sprouting griffins were sculpted by Rafael Atché (1854 - 1923), the same artist that created the famous 7.2 m high statue of Columbus at Las Ramblas
  • 35. In 1888, Barcelona held the Exposición Universal de Barcelona extravaganza, inspired by Mayor Rius i Taulet, and the Parc de la Ciutadella was redesigned with the addition of sculptures and other complementary works of art. The Castillo de los Tres Dragones was constructed briefly previous to the Exposición Universal de Barcelona (1888) by the architect Lluís Doménech i Montaner, and served as exhibition to the aforementioned extravaganza. Most of the building is constructed, as to be seen on the picture, with red bricks. Castillo de los Tres Dragones, until 2010 hosted zoology collections of the Museum of Natural Sciences when they were transferred to the Forum Building
  • 36. The ceramic decoration- patterned Joan Llimona and Alexandre de Riquer (1888)
  • 37. The 'Castel dels Tres Dragons‘ was built to resemble a medieval castle and served as a restaurant during the 1888 exhibition.
  • 38. This stone mammoth was built based upon a model by sculptor Miquel Dalmau and as part of an initiative of Norbert Font i Sagué (1874-1910), writer, geologist and renown speleologist. Thanks to Norbert Font speleology was first introduced in Catalonia.
  • 39. The five gazelles represent the Monument dedicated to Walt Disney on the occasion of his death, inaugurated 9 november 1969. Work by Nuria Tortras, located at the Barcelona Zoo.
  • 40. Text and pictures: Internet Copyrights of the photos belong to each photographer Presentation: Sanda Foi oreanuş www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound: Josep Carreras & luis Llach - El cant dels ocells