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ELT + IT Call for a Balance - Keynote Senegal 2013


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ATES Convention Dakar, Senegal December 7, 2013

ATES Convention Dakar, Senegal December 7, 2013

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  • Salam Alehem
    Nelson Mandella – a moment of prayer for a great human being. Important not only to Africa but to the world.
    Last night at the AhTES dinner learned: organization has survived hard times. Described as patient suffering cardiac arrest. Healthy now because of long line of dedicated teachers like PIERRE CLAVER POUYE and strong support from RELO office with John and Safie.
    Ngwee ministry of education
    Mareme Sarr – ATES president and conference organizer
    Mamadou and Moussa – Access coordinators
  • Usually have one photo. Today have two. Focus on our students and on ourselves and
    our roles as teachers in the 21st century.
  • NEXT
  • If the answers are yes, you are likely a digital native. Raise your hands, all digital natives!
  • Me! In 1987 – My first computer a Mac Plus. No hard drive. Save work on 800 kb disk. This PPT slide would fill the disk. Cost = $2,500 more than 1 million CFA (West African Francs)!
  • How many of you join me as a digital immigrant? Welcome!!
  • Don’t use email. Don’t visit Web sites. Maybe don’t own a computer. Dying breed?
    Can digital dinosaurs still be good teachers? YES! More on that later.
  • DNs used to receiving info rapidly, like to multi-task, parallel process, Prefer multimedia to text. Random to linear
    Outside classroom use cell phone, mp3 players, iPads, laptops. Facebook, Twitter, listen to music while work.
    DNs see wired world around them and don’t see the classroom environment as realistic or relevant.
  • Cultural anthropologist, award winning professor at Kansas State U., studies effects of new media in global society.
    Uses collaborative technology heavily in his teaching. We’ll come back to Michael Wesch later in the presentation. His views might surprise you!
  • Whether we are DNs or D Immigrants, we teachers must ask some important questions.
  • Computer literacy – pushing the right button. Swiping the right way on a touch screen
    Information literacy – find, read or view, save or throw away, if save how to find it again, evaluate for credibility
    Multimedia literacy – how to create digital material (blogs, wikis, podcasts)
    Computer Mediated literacy – how to engage appropriately in the social media arena. (not just email anymore: social networks, videoconferencing, etc.
  • To be competitive in the workplace. And not just for technology jobs – for all jobs including marketing, finance, management.
    Employers want workers who can use digital tools to collaborate, problem solve, and create.
    World economy now is a buyers market. Employers have the luxury to be selective
  • Beginning in 2010, more Am’s got their news from Internet than from newspaper or radio.
    A successful democracy cannot exist, in the long run if citizens are not knowledgeable.
    In today’s world, that means citizens must be digitally literate
  • Yes, in a flat world, Americans don’t just compete against Americans.
    Isn’t the same becoming true in Senegal?
    There is a global marketplace. So there is more opportunity BUT more competition too.
    We want our students to be digitally literate so they can have a fair chance to succeed.
  • SO DNs want to study with tech. tools. 21st century literacy demands it too.
    Are there also reasons to have ELT + IT from a language learning perspective? YES!
    ELT + IT can make the classroom come ALIVE! Nutshell = richer learning environment!
  • Carol Chapelle is one of the foremost researches studying Computer Assisted Language Learning. In a keynote address less than two months ago, she reported several advantages of using CALL in the classroom.
  • So, we have looked at several of the benefits of integrating tech. into language teaching.
    Are there no downsides? Of course, and many apply to tech. use in general, not just ELT
  • Those who have access to technology and those that don’t – ATES meeting – even the small cost of an sms may keep some students from accessing technology
    Internet (and even power) can be unreliable and/or slow
    Ed access is increasing with more chlidren in school. But according to ATES members quality of instruction can be inconsistent
    I worked with group of 30 teachers this week and will work with 60 more in the coming week. Core of dedicated, talented Ts! Who can serve as nucleus for movement toward high quality tech. enabled instruction.
  • Avoid the black hole where you aimlessly surf the net and you look down
    And an hour is gone!
    There is a learning curve and technology is changing faster than a speeding bullet!
    And what about our love affairs, not with each other, but with our devices? I’ll speak more to that in a minute
  • David Pogue, my favorite tech. writer. I rely on him to tell me about the newest sites and impact on society.
    Is there an addiction to the Internet and new Web 2.0 tools? Here is what he wrote.
  • Attitudes like this hint at the next pitfall – information overload!
  • How many identify with this?
  • Just some of the Web 2.0 tools. Learn about these and next month will be a new batch!
  • Student privacy/ pornography/cyberbullying some concerns.
    Teachers and parents need to develop strategies to help young people be safe.
  • Personal digital devices can be a learning tool, but can also be a distraction to learning.
    Overuse can also lead to a loss of personal interaction
    Who do you think these teenagers are texting? “See
  • Continue quote: We go online because we are busy but end up spending more time with technology and less with each other.  We defend connectivity as a way to be close, even as we effectively hide from each other."
    My wife agrees with Sherry Turkle. She and I made an agreement that we are keeping. No SMART phones for us.
  • For teachers or in society at large, It’s very dangerous to believe that technology can solve every problem!!!!!!
    This couple learned their lesson the hard way. I’m sorry Barbara, but I think your husband isn’t being very realistic!!!
  • So, we have looked at the advantages of IT + ELT – they are many. We’ve looked at the Pitfalls too – they are many.
    Are there any angels to help us as we meet the challenges? Yes, I have time for only a few.
    You will see more in the presentations later in the day.
  • I consider Russell Stannard an angel. He has created Teacher Training Videos - well over a hundred. Videos show you how to use the best ELT tools.
    Completely free. Get on his mailing list and visit his Web site
  • Nik Peachey has 6 or more blogs/Web sites. Full of ideas on how to use Web resources in the classroom
    Very readable, practical. Includes lots of video. Look for the tags at the side of his blog pages – easy to search for what you need.
  • American English – Provided by the U.S. Dept. of State. Fantastic resources for teachers and for learners of English. Access to many materials to discover more about American culture. Many resources downloadable. There is an application made to run on phones. Don’t need a smart phone to use it.
  • Videos of talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design Now teachers can make q’s to go with them and keeps ss records.
    I believe in content-based teaching. Students don’t wake up eager to study English for English sake. They want to use English to learn interesting things and communicate for real purposes. Great content by great thinkers. Videos are subtitled. Video content helps with comprehension
  • Really helps with information overload. Join Diigo bookmark with the click of a button on your browser.
    Add tags (descriptive words) so you can easily search your collection. Can add highlighting or notes to Web pages. That’s how I prepared for this plenary
    Can form groups so students can collectively research and bookmark resources.
  • Start clicking through the points
    TESOL tech standards – clear goals and objectives. A set of standards for teachers, students and administrators.
    CALL IS – a database of useful resources submitted by ELTs from around the world. Searchable, up to date. Constantly growing.
  • TESOL Electronic Village Online
    Offered once a year in January/February. Lead by ELT + IT leaders in the profession
    Hands-on learning based on best practices. The Best!
  • Excellent series of online courses last several weeks.
    Building Teaching Skills through the Interactive Web is one course.
    Apply through the Embassy, English Language Office.
  • 3 week online course that I teach Have trained 100s of teachers over the years and it’s my privilege to do so.
    Mix of ELTs from around the world come together to create a learning community. Very hands-on,-- challenging but doable!
    with scholarships provided by the ELO.
  • So, now let’s turn to what I consider the most important aspect of this presentation – the role of the teacher.
    A first question to ask is “do our DN students” really need us? I say yes!!
    As Tom March, a long time leader in IT in education says, “The Internet can be an embarrassment of riches” without a qualified teacher to lead!
  • So let’s look at a couple of examples, which I hope you will enjoy, to see why our students truly do need us! How about preteaching some key vocabulary. Might have really helped in this situation. German coast guard employee using his Egnlish to help someone in trouble.
  • Another example which I hope you will enjoy – has to do with PowerPoint which we have all used.
    Is knowing how to push the right buttons enough to make an effective PPT presentation? (WAIT –afterwards say)
    After watching that, I am always slightly self conscious, wondering if am following PPT best practices!!
  • We know that the Internet is a treasure trove of resources. It provides unparalleled ability to collaborate BUT universal access does not guarantee success. So, what is the critical link?
  • So I hope you will agree that our digital students do need us. Teachers are the critical links in providing effective integration of technology.
    But what is the role of the teacher in the digital age? My model is the “player-coach.” Bill Russell – Boston Celtics NBA basketball team – 11 championships in his 13 years. One of greatest players ever.
    1966-69 accepted job as coach.
  • Let’s consider qualities the successful player coach must have and the tasks he or she must perform.
    For me, this describes some of the best characteristics of a 21st century teacher!!
  • As a DI who is getting older all the time, I decided to go back 40 years for some insight into qualities of a successful ELT.
    This is what I found. (SHOW ITEMS, then
    Competence is there, BUT notice the emphasis on building a relationship with your students!! And this is 40 year old data
  • In Exploring Web 2.0, teachers I work with complete a Wiki activity. Collaborate to answer question: What are the characteristics of an excellent ELT?
    Here are the results, displayed beautifully using Wordle, a Web 2.0 tool.
    What stands out for you?
  • Do you remember Michael Wesch – the video I showed you at the beginning of the talk?
    2012 Chronicle of Higher Education Wesch still believes that technology enhances the classroom. But recognizes that everyone cannot teach the same way. He compliments a great lecturer at his institution who does not use tech. at all. Important: bond + present material interesting/organized way
  • So, here are some of the things I hope you remember from today’s talk.
  • And to emphasize one last time, Improve your ELT + IT skills. Step by step is fine. Move forward and find your balance!!
    And as I believe you say here in Senegal: Ndank, Ndank (pause) Moi Japa Golo Sinyai.
    Thank you very much!
  • Transcript

    • 1. ELT + IT: CALL for a Balance Thank you!! • • • • • • • John Silver and Safietou Ndiaye Ngouye Sall Mareme Sarr Mamadou Boye Moussa Diouf ATES conference organizers and helpers All of you for attending ATES National Convention, Dakar, Senegal - December 7, 2013
    • 2. ELT + IT: CALL for a Balance Life is like riding a bicycle. To keep your balance, you must keep moving. Albert Einstein ATES National Convention, Dakar, Senegal - December 7, 2013
    • 3. 10 Questions to Consider 1. Who are the digital natives and are they getting impatient for change? 2. How does ELT + IT help ELLs attain 21st century literacy? 3. How does ELT + IT improve language learning? 4. What are some of the pitfalls of ELT + IT? 5. Are there any “angels” to help us with ELT + IT? 3
    • 4. 10 Questions to Consider 6. How can teachers prepare for ELT + IT? 7. Do our D.N. students really need our IT guidance? 8. What is the teacher’s role in the ELT + IT classroom? 9. What really makes a successful ELT? 10. What can you take away from this presentation? 4
    • 5. Who are the digital natives? Joe Morelock – Canby, Oregon School District 5
    • 6. Who are the digital natives?  Is it true that: – – – – – Born after 1980? Never used a typewriter? Wear watch for fashion not tell time? Never waited for photo to be “developed?” You text more than call? 6
    • 7. Who are the digital immigrants? 7
    • 8. Who are the digital immigrants? We adopt technology but have a digital immigrant “accent”  We don’t use technology intuitively  We might:  – – – Prefer CDs to downloaded music! Wish for paper vs online user manuals Feel disappointed that newspapers are disappearing 8
    • 9. Digital Dinosaurs Among Us? 9
    • 10. Why are D.N.s getting impatient?  DI assumptions about learning don’t match DN assumptions.  DNs can’t use their digital information tools in the classroom.  DNs don’t feel the classroom experience prepares them for global environment. 10
    • 11. Impatient Digital Natives? Michael Wesch A Vision of Students Today 11
    • 12. Questions to consider:  Do the students in the video remind you of your students?  Do DNs really learn differently? Can DNs actually multitask efficiently?  Should the DN students learn the old ways or should their DI teachers learn the new? Is there any middle ground? 12
    • 13. What skills must ELLs possess?  21st century literacy skills (Warschauer) – Academic Literacy - competencies related to academic work. – Not new to us » Summarizing » Critical Reading » Researching 13
    • 14. What skills must ELLs possess?  21st century literacy skills (Warschauer) – Digital Literacy - Competencies related to creation and use of digital materials » Computer Literacy » Information Literacy » Multimedia Literacy » Computer Mediated Communication Literacy 14
    • 15. Why do our students need to attain this new literacy?  “Technological Know-How is a Job Requirement” – Daniel Gulati, Harvard Business Review, March 2012 15
    • 16. Is there another reason? “In our Information Age twenty-first century society, knowledge is the coin of the realm and the ability to think critically is a prerequisite for democratic participation.” March 27, 2013 - Source: Pool/Getty Images North America Cummins, Brown and Sayers: Literacy,Technology, and Diversity. 2007, p. vi 16
    • 17. And yet another?     National borders becoming less important Globalization allows access to playing field More opportunities but more competition Digitally literate citizens will have the edge! 17
    • 18. How does ELT + IT change the L2 classroom?  Authenticity (unlimited access to authentic materials, communication and publishing)  Literacy (read, write, communicate, research & publish on Internet = 21st century literacy)  Interaction (key to acquiring fluency; Internet provides stimulus and opportunity)  Vitality (flexible, modern medium; provides opportunity for meaningful, relevant work)  Empowerment (mastery allows teachers and students to become lifelong learners). Internet for English Teaching, Warschauer, Shetzer & Meloni, TESOL, 2000. 18
    • 19. Five Advantages of using CALL in ELT 1. Improves language learning. (CALL Groups outperform non-CALL groups) 1. 2. 3. 4. Helps students use language in authentic ways Trains students in language learning strategies that transfer beyond classroom Enables learners to study more efficiently in a variety of disciplines Provides students the opportunity for cross cultural exchange and learning. Carol Chapelle – “The Case for Technology and Language Learning” delivered October 12, 2013. Online conference sponsored by TESOL CALL-IS and IATEFL 19
    • 20. What about the pitfalls of ELT + IT? 20
    • 21. Challenges in Senegal?      Digital divide Lack of infrastructure Shortage of tech. trained teachers Commitment to fund projects for long term But movement is in the right direction! 21
    • 22. What about the pitfalls of ELT + IT?  Time, time, time – Learning new tools/techniques – Keeping up with changes – Technology addiction 22
    • 23. What about the pitfalls of ELT + IT? David Pogue, New York Times, Feb 15, 2012 writes: “OMG! Did you see Brad Pitt’s post on Digglr last night?” “No, I was too busy cruising What did he say?” “OMG, it was all over Regurgtatr!” Have you ever had the sinking feeling that the online world is moving so fast that you’ll never catch up? 23
    • 24. Every year, there’s another hot new online service, another drain into which to pour your time. Question: Once you’re on Facebook and Twitter and Foursquare and Google Plus and Tumblr and LinkedIn and Instagram and Reddit and Path — when, exactly, do you have time left over for a life? Well, never mind. Incredibly, yet another free site has become white-hot popular, because it’s found yet another purpose not quite served by anyone else . . . 24
    • 25. What about the pitfalls of ELT + IT? Are you drowning in information? 25
    • 26. What about the pitfalls of ELT + IT? You mean you don’t know what all these Web tools do? 26
    • 27. What about the pitfalls of ELT + IT? Internet Safety 27
    • 28. What about the pitfalls of ELT + IT? Distraction and loss of f2f interaction. 28
    • 29. What about the pitfalls of ELT + IT? "The ties we form through the Internet are not, in the end, the ties that bind. But they are the ties that preoccupy. . .” p. 280 Sherry Turkle, MIT technology and society specialist. 29
    • 30. Pitfall – Belief in Technology as “Silver Bullet” 30
    • 31. Are there any “Angels” to help us? 31
    • 32. Are there any “Angels” to help us? 32
    • 33. Are there any “Angels” to help us? 33
    • 34. Are there any “Angels” to help us? (Web Sites) 34
    • 35. Are there any “Angels” to help us? (Web Sites) 35
    • 36. Are there any “Angels” to help us? (Tools) 36
    • 37. How can teachers prepare for ELT + IT?  Self-education – Get familiar with the TESOL technology standards + vignettes – Subscribe to CALL-IS VSL (Virtual Software List) – Subscribe to blogs/sites by Stannard, Peachey, Ferlazzo – Join social networks like EFL 2.0 – Attend professional conferences!
    • 38. TESOL EVO Sessions 2013 (free and need not be TESOL member) •Becoming a Webhead •Podcasting for the ESL/EFL classroom •Digital Storytelling-Young Learners •Moodle for Teachers •Neuroscience in Education •Multiliteracies for Social Networking •Designed for Business 38
    • 39. E-Teacher Online Courses and Webinars 39
    • 40. Exploring Web 2.0 Online Course 40
    • 41. Do DN students really need IT guidance? 41
    • 42. An ELL without ELT guidance: Mayday! Mayday! Mayday! 42
    • 43. Do DN students really need guidance? 43
    • 44. Do DN students really need guidance? Teachers are the critical lin k! 44
    • 45. What is the role of the teacher in IT + ELT? The Player-Coach 45
    • 46. The Player Coach Leads the team but also participates  Has the same stake in success as the players  Applies expertise in setting goals and objectives  Designs meaningful practice to support improvement  Knows the strengths and weaknesses of the players  Strives to motivate all players  Assesses performance and gives constructive advice  Establishes an emotional bond with the players  46
    • 47. What Makes a Successful ELT? Inspiration  Enthusiasm  Professional competence  Attention to affective development of student  Tolerance, patience, warmth, sensibility and openmindedness  ROBINETT, B.W. (1977): «Characteristics of an Effective Second Language Teacher» in M. Burt, H. DULAY and M. FINOCCHIARO (eds.) (1977): Viewpoints on English as a Second Language. New 47 York: Regents Publishing Co.
    • 48. 48
    • 49. “A Tech-Happy Professor Reboots After Hearing His Teaching Advice Isn’t Working”   “I implemented your idea, and it just didn’t work. The students thought it was chaos.” (Wesch colleague) “It doesn’t matter what method you use. . . you must focus on . . . the bond between teacher and student.” (Wesch) Michael Wesch 49
    • 50. Final Takeaways for ELT + IT Technology is our ally, but not a silver bullet!  Technology can make a good teacher better, but cannot make a bad teacher good!  Every old technology was once new. New is not necessarily good. Old is not necessarily bad.  Beware, computers can serve as “digital cocaine” both for digital natives and digital immigrants.  Everything in moderation. Strive for balance when doing ELT + IT.  50
    • 51. Improve your ELT+IT skills. Step by step is fine! Move forward and find your balance! Ndanke Ndanke Muy Diap Golo Chi Nai 51